Latest 1000 Articles of our Journal in JSON Data Format Free for Researchers
{Published By : Hassan H. Alrehamy}

{"articles" : [


{"articleID" :67 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Microalbuminuria and In-Hospital Complications of Acute Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Back ground: The microalbuminuria happens more often in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) but it has been reported even in non-diabetic patients with AMI. The microalbuminuria is a considerable predictive factor for in-hospital morbidity and mortality in patients with AMI. Objectives: To examine whether microalbuminuria has predictive power for early in hospital morbidity and mortality after acute myocardial infarction. Methods: Sixty patients with acute myocardial infarction were studied, aged (53 ± 5years), 45 male and 15 female. The incidence of early (3-7 days) in-hospital complications and mortality of AMI was related to the first day urinary albumin. Results: There was significant Interrelationship between microalbuminuria and incidence of early complications of AMI (p value 0.002, RR 2.1). Conclusions: Microalbuminuria is a significant predictor of in-hospital morbidity and mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Microalbuminuria","Acute Myocardial Infarction","Complications."], "publishers" : ["Safaa Ali Khudhair"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_67.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_67.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_67.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_67.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:09:11", "views" : 1131, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :68 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In vitro and in vivo Activity of Selected Antibacterial Agents ; Alone and in Combination Against Multi Drugs Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Burns Infections", "abstract" : " This study included (70) swabs being collected from burned patients of both sexes ,males and females of different ages attending to burned unit at AL- Hilla Teaching Hospital in AL-Hilla city during a period of three months from October to December 2012. The results indicated that 26/70(37.01 %) of samples were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 44/70(62.9%) revealed others types of bacteria. The susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa towards 6 antibiotics included in this study by Disk Diffusion Test showed that P. aeruginosa isolates (100%) exhited resistance for Rifampen,Gentamycin , Pipracillin , Tobramycin .While they were presently sensitive to Meropenem and Amikacin.In addition, P.aeruginosa revealed remarkable susceptibility toward natural products, Garlic Vinegar but it did not affected by Garlic Oil. According to these results the 6 antibiotics were employed for in vivo experiments , since they were used for treatment of experimentally infected animals alone and in combination .The response of experimentally infected animals in recovery from experimentally burned infection was remarkable when combined antibiotics were used for treatment in relation to the use of single antibiotics ,which indicated for synergy reaction as well and the results were in according with well diffusion method." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antibacterial Agents","Pseudomonas aeruginosa","Burns Infections"], "publishers" : ["Zahraa Kais Saleman","Habeeb S. Naher"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_68.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_68.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_68.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_68.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_68.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:20", "views" : 1037, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :221 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Lapin Mucosal Versus Systemic Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses to Oral Helicobacter Pylori Bacterin Administration", "abstract" : "The gut compartment, the common mucosal immune system was attempted as a model for providing the immunological opinion that mucosal immunization induces mucosal as well as systemic immune responses specific to the stimulating antigen" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lapin Mucosal","Versus Systemic","Helicobacter Pylori"], "publishers" : ["Qasim N.A. Thewaini","Ala’a J. Hassan","Samah A. Kadum"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_221.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_221.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_221.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:48", "views" : 688, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :66 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Comparative Study of Percutaneous Suprapubic Cystolitholapaxy versus Open Cystolithotomy in Adults", "abstract" : "Objective: to compare the outcome of percutaneous suprapubic cystolitholapaxy with open cystolithotomy in adult. Study design: comparative study. Place and duration of the study: urological and surgical department of AL-Hilla teaching hospital, from March to November 2012. Methodology: forty patients (34 male and 6 female), from 21-44 years of age were enrolled in the study. The size of the stones range from 31mm to 44mm. patients were divided in two equal groups, group 1 and 2. Group 1 submitted for percutaneous suprapubic cystolitholapaxy and group 2 for open cystolithotomy. The procedure was done under general or spinal anesthesia. Result: complete clearance of stone was achieved in all cases of group 1 and group 2, P value>0.05, transient hematuria occurs in seven patients in group 1, while in group 2 only one patient develop hematuria, p value (<0.05). Postoperative fever occurs in one patients and in eleven patients in group1 and 2 respectively, p value<0.05. Postoperative pain that require parenteral analgesia not occur in group 1 and in seven patients in group 2, p value <0.05. Average of wound length in group 1 was 2cm and 5 cm in group 2, p value <0.05. The average of the operative time 52.5 minutes and 37.5 minutes in group 1and 2 respectively, p value <0.05. The duration of transurethral catheterization 3-4 day, and 7-10 days in group 1 and 2 respectively, p value<0.05. No one develop wound infection in group 1 and five patients in group 2, p value<0.05. No one develop urinary leakage and three patients develop that in group 2, p value>0.05. Conclusion: percutaneous suprapubic cystolitholapaxy is an efficient, safe, minimally invasive and cost effective method." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Comparative Study","Percutaneous Suprapubic","Cystolitholapaxy versus ."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Turki Obaid "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_66.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_66.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_66.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_66.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:13:25", "views" : 1805, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :241 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Nasal Septal Deviation, pre and post Operative Symptoms Assessment", "abstract" : "Prospective study of seventy eight patient presented with signs and symptoms of nasal septal deviation; treated in the department of E.N.T-Hilla teaching and private hospitals from January 2005 to January 2010. The age of patient is between 18-40 years. 18 female and 60 male were assessed by complete ENT examination including anterior rhinoscopy Fiber optic nasoendoscopy and radiological examination of nasal sinuses ,septal deviation was corrected by septoplasty.Follow up was upto six months" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Nasal Septal"," Deviation","pre and post"], "publishers" : ["Saad Al-Juboori","Ahmed Kareem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_241.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_241.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_241.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:23:16", "views" : 726, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :433 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Progeria", "abstract" : " A 21 year-old male patient with progeria , the patient during an early age, affected by this disease & develop many of the problems usually not seen till much later in life, such as atherosclerosis , baldness, cardiovascular disease, loss of subcutaneous fat, and joint stiffness. In this case we stressed the mucocutenous manifestations in the form of Pemphigus Vulgaris " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["progeria ","atherosclerosis","cardiovascular disease"], "publishers" : ["Monem M. Al-Shok"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_433.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_433.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_433.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:42:05", "views" : 698, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :70 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Our Laparoscopic Experience in Management of Chronic Abdominal Pain: A Cross-sectional Study", "abstract" : "Background:Laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery are currently worldwide surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgery in particularis a minimal invasive surgery. The rapid evolution of laparoscopic surgical subspeciality have introduced it into a wide range of clinical applications regarding diagnosis and/or therapy of remarkable spectrum of diseases. Laparoscopy, in optimal circumstances , enables excellent visualization of the abdominal cavity. Accordingly, it has been practiced in this study to assess and/or treat cases of chronic abdominal pain. Objectives :This study tries to evaluate the significance of adopting laparoscopy in the management of patients with chronic abdominal pain in Al-Hilla General Teaching Hospital. Methods :This is a cross-sectional case series study that had assessed (49) patients of an average age of (35)years complaining of chronic abdominal pain for the period 01/09/2008-01/09/2011. Postoperative follow-up was conducted for (12) months. All cases of known intra-abdominal malignancies were excluded from this study. All data were collected using a formed questionnaire by the worker and information were filled by the worker single handly. Results :Thirty-four patients ( 69 %) of the study group had previous abdominal or pelvic surgery. Thirty-five patients (71 %) showed intra-abdominal adhesions. Thirty-one patients (63 %) had underwent laparoscopic adhesiolysis while the remaining four cases had their adhesions kept undisturbed as they were considered to be insignificant. Three patients (6.1%) exhibited mesenteric lymphadenopathy which was discovered to be secondary to chronic upper respiratory tract infections. Two cases (4%) of unilaterl left-sided inguinal hernias were disclosed. One case (2%) of abnormally looking appendix was detected and managed by laparoscopic appendectomy. Eight Patients (16.3 %) showed complete normality on laparoscopy. Conclusion :With standard laparoscopic equipements , techniques and postoperative care laparoscopy is a safe, useful and more informative invasive investigation to evaluate and/or resolve the problem of chronic abdominal pain." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Laparoscopy ","Chronic Abdominal pain ","Babylon"], "publishers" : ["Mahmoud M. Al-Mukhtar"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_70.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_70.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_70.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_70.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:50", "views" : 928, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :494 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of Metformin in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome as a Treatment of Infertility", "abstract" : "This study was conducted to study the therapeutic benefit of metformin in achieving ovulation in women with ploy cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Twenty eight women received metformin, ovulation rate was (60.2%). While it was (100%) when we add clomiphene citrate to it. So over all ovulation rate was (100%) and overall pregnancy rate was (10.8%) which was with metformin alone." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Polycystic Ovarian","Women","Treatment of Infertility","Metformin"], "publishers" : ["Hanan Abdul Al Jabar Altaee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_494.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_494.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_494.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:41", "views" : 752, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :71 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Occurrence of mecA, SCCmec IV, pvl, lukED Genes in Community Acquired Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) from Hilla/Iraq", "abstract" : " Twenty four (24) MRSA isolates were obtained from clinical specimens and subjected to genetic study in Babylon Province in a period from July to January2011. Polymerase Chain Reaction was used for detection the genes that responsible for methicillin resistance (mecA, SCCmec type IV) and genes that responsible for toxin production (pvl, lukED). It was found that 24 (100%) isolates have positive result for mecA gene. The MRSA isolates were also SCCmec typed to differentiate between HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA isolates by using a uniplex PCR assay, 23 (95%) were found to be carrying SCCmec type IV, 19 (79%) had positive result for pvl toxin gene, 20 (83%) had lukED toxin gene." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["genetic study","MRSA isolates","Polymerase Chain Reaction"], "publishers" : ["Huda H. Al-Hassnawi","Alaa H. Al-Charrakh","Jawad K. Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_71.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_71.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_71.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_71.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_71.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:00", "views" : 1384, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :76 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Screening of Human Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in Diabetic Patients", "abstract" : "The aim of current study was to study the relationship between the virus and diabetes mellitus through detection of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in diabetic patients in Najaf governorate by screening of anti-human cytomegalovirus IgM antibodies in the serum of diabetic patients by using of ELISA technique and detection of human cytomegalovirus DNA in blood samples by using of PCR technique. Blood samples collected from 140 diabetic patients randomly. ELISA technique was used to know the activity of humeral immunity among patients through detection of anti-HCMV IgM antibodies, where the result showed that IgM profile was positive in 49 patients(35 %). Regarding PCR technique, the study showed that among 140 diabetic patients gave positive results in 27 patients(19.2%); In contrast, the results of control group were negative for anti-HCMV IgM antibodies in both ELISA and PCR technique. This study concluded that the higher prevalence of seropositivity for human CMV in diabetic patients comparing with normal individuals which means that cytomegalovirus patients with diabetic were at high risk for CMV infections. A higher prevalence of CMV antibodies was observed in diabetic patients of all age-groups as compared with control group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["HCMV"," Diabetic"," ELISA"," PCR."], "publishers" : ["Saif Jabbar Yasir(a)","Heider H. Abbas(b)","Zainab Hemeed Al-Heidery(c)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_76.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_76.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_76.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_76.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_76.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:08:52", "views" : 991, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :552 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Low cost non-hazardous modified extraction method of DNA from human blood", "abstract" : "A simple, relatively non-expensive, and non-dangerous method was used isolate DNA from human blood. Several toxic organic solvents were omitted in this procedure and compensated with salting out technique representing by utilization of NaCl instead. Since significant resolution of DNA bands were identified this procedure could be used in routine clinical laboratories and might be suitable for restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["non-hazardous","DNA","human blood","toxic organic","RFLP"], "publishers" : ["Israa Adnan Ibraheam "," Muhammed Baqur Sahib Ahmad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_552.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_552.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_552.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:31", "views" : 996, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :69 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Obesity and Overweight among Sample of Foundation of Technical Education Students in Iraq During 2011", "abstract" : "The aims of this study are to find the prevalence of obesity among the studied sample, the BMI, waist and hip ratio, and to find out any association between BMI, W ? H Ratio and socio-demographic variables. Methods:- A cross-sectional study conducted in College of Health and Medical Technology, College of Administration Technology, Almansour medical technology Institute, Bab-almoadham Medical Technology Institute. The data was collected by self recording of a previously designed questionnaire to obtain socio- demographic information and the sampling was systematic random one. Results: 63.8% of the studied sample of students was in the age 21-25 years. The studied ample was 500 students 64.4% male and 35.6% female, about 35.5% of students were overweight. A significant association between the family history of obesity and gender with BMI. Highly significant association of Hip circumference with age and BMI . The mean age for male was 20.9 ± 23.7 years, while for female was 19.1± years, there was significant association with W ? H Ratio (p=0.000) for both sexes. A positive correlation was obtained between BMI and age , WC., HC., W ? H Ratio. Conclusions: A significant association between the family history of obesity and gender with BMI. Hip circumference was significantly associated with age and BMI. A positive correlation was obtained between BMI and age , WC., HC., W ? H Ratio." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["BMI (body mass index)"," W/H ratio (waist/ hip ratio)"," WC (waist circumference)"," HC (hip circumference) "," students."], "publishers" : ["Wafaa. F.T","Suhair M. Hassoon","Muna .A.Zadian"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_69.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_69.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_69.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_69.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:02", "views" : 831, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :28 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Citrobacter freundii as a Heat Labile (LT) Enterotoxin Producer", "abstract" : "This study included the investigation of the ability of C. freundii to produce Heat labile enterotoxin by both genotype and phenotype. Only 11 isolates were isolated from 422 clinical sample (282 stool and 140 urine samples), 8 isolates from stool samples and 3 from urine samples. All isolates identified by biochemical tests and confirmed with API 20 E. Molecular detection for gene responsible for heat- labile (lt, ltI-h and ltA) enterotoxin genes was achieved by PCR technique. The result showed that ltA was the heat-labile enterotoxin gene in 5 isolates (45.45%). Rabbit ligated ileal loop assay RIL, was applied to the 11 Isolates, only 4 of the bacterial isolates gave a positive results." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rabbit ligated ileal loop assay (RIL","Citrobacter freundii","Heat labile"], "publishers" : ["Dhia Shanan Al-Hissnawy","Salman Azez Al-Jibouri","Azhar Ammran AL-Thahab†"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_28.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_28.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_28.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_28.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_28.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:28:16", "views" : 4200, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :648 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 2}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Management of Swallowed Foreign Body", "abstract" : "Two boys, aged 9 & 2 years who had each swallowed a nail are reported. Both nails were iron and about 5 cm long; one had a pointed end, the other was blunt at both ends. Conservative expectant treatment was successful. The nails passed out in 50h in one case & 120h in the other without causing ill effects. The different types of swallowed foreign bodies in the gastro-intestinal tract, their clinical features, methods of diagnosis and management, with possible complications are described." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Swallowed Foreign Body"], "publishers" : ["Ali A. AL-Katib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "07 July 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "2_1_648.jpg","full_file" : "2_1_648.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "2_1_648.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:11", "views" : 965, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :86 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Correlation between Nasal Staphylococcus aureus and Persistent Allergic Rhinitis in Comparison with Atopic Dermatitis", "abstract" : "In this study(224 )nasal swabs were collected from Asthma and Allergy Center,AL-Hilla teaching Hospital and Private clinic in Hilla city and included three groups: Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group,Atopic Dermititis Group and healthy subjects as Control Group to study the correlation between nasal carriage rate of staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and these two diseases and the development of symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Patients .It was found that the rate of isolated S. aureus was higher in Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group(86)% in comparison with Atopic Dermititis Group (63.7)% and the incidence of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis in (10-20) year age group was higher than other age groups (29.5)%. Isolated S. aureus was higher in male(92.9)% than female(78.7)%,as well as symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis and the rate of incedince of S. aureus were decreased with proceeding in age and symptoms showed high rate in (10-20) year age group.. Antibiotics sensitivity test studied of the isolated S. aureus showed that all isolates were highly sensitive to Vancomycin, and moderately sensitive to Oxacillin (84.1)% and Ciprofloxacin(61.4)%" , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Nasal Staphylococcus aureus","Persistent Allergic Rhinitis","Comparison","with Atopic Dermatitis"], "publishers" : ["Ouday Hussein K. AL-Janabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_86.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_86.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_86.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_86.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:23:49", "views" : 1048, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :85 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Use of Dexamethasone to Minimize the Morbidity of Tonsillectomy", "abstract" : "Objective: To determine the effects of a single dose of dexamethasone on post-operative morbidity in patients undergoing tonsillectomy and/or adeno-tonsillectomy. Design: prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trail. Methods: In a period between February 2007 to January 2010 one hundred sixty patients (94 male and 66 female),aged between 4 and 42 years,undergoing tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy were randomized to receive a single dose of intravenous dexamethasone 0.4 mg/kg or 8 mg for adult or placebo saline single dose postoperatively and were assessed for post operative pain, nausea and vomiting, tolerance to oral intake, uvular edema, fever and the time of discharge from hospital. Result: The use of inject able dexamethasone in a dose 0f 0.4 mg per kg body weight for children or 8 mg for adult was effective in reducing post operative undesirable symptoms like pain, nausea, vomiting, edema , inadequate oral intake and fever." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dexamethasone"," the Morbidity of Tonsillectomy"], "publishers" : ["Safaa Hussain Alturaihy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_85.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_85.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_85.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:28", "views" : 901, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :656 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 2}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Morphological Changes of Proximal Segment of Fallopian Tube after Injury", "abstract" : "The type of regeneration of the fallopian tube was different in various oviduct segments with regards to their response to tissue injury i.e. the proximal segment (isthmus] regenerated by activation of epithelium which invade the submucosa or muscularis layer leading to the formation of fistula. This type of regeneration of tubal epithelium affect the prognosis of tubal surgery on both proximal and distal segment and its relation to ectopic pregnancy after tubal injury." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Morphological Changes "," Proximal Segment ","Fallopian Tube"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed U. Hamza "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 July 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "2_1_656.jpg","full_file" : "2_1_656.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "2_1_656.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:48", "views" : 632, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :30 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effectiveness of Right Iliac Fossa Ileus AS A Helpful Clinical Finding in Acute Appendicitis", "abstract" : "The diagnosis of appendicitis is still based primarily on the patients history and the physical examination, accurate diagnosis reduce the risk of perforation and prevent complication. Ileus is a sign which can be diagnosed by inspection as distention in the right iliac fossa and by palpation as a gurgle (functional obstruction) and confirmed by radiological examination. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ileus in patients presented with acute appendicitis and its correlation with the pathology of acute appendicitis. This is a prospective study done on (100) patients with clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Fifty patients with ileus (Group A) and Fifty patients without ileus (Group B ) were interviewed , examined , investigated and operated on . In group (A) perforated appendix was found in 10 % , while in group (B)it was 16% with a range of 13% in our study . four patients 8% had normal appendix while in group (B) severe inflammation found in 50% ,mild inflammation found in 40% and five patients 10% had normal appendix . Thirty patients 60% of those with ileus in the right iliac fossa presented late afte24 hrs and sixteen patients 32% presented within 24 hrs from beginning of pain in the right iliac fossa. The sensitivity and specificity of ileus is 50.05% , 55.5% respectively, in comparison with other symptoms and signs which help in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis . From this study we conclude that ileus is a helpful sign in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis, especially in cases presented late after (24) hours with mild inflammation of the appendix, but this finding need to be studied more thoroughly and on a larger number of cases in the future." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Acute AppendicitisوRight Iliac Fossaو"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed A.R. EssaوWadah M. AL_Bader"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_30.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_30.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_30.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:52", "views" : 794, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :683 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 2}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacterial translocation in surgical patients ( a prospective study)", "abstract" : "Bacterial translocation may be defined as the passage of intestinal microflora across the lamina propria to local mesenteric lymph nodes and from there to other normally sterile extraintestinal sites. It has been proposed that bacterial translocation may initiate a cytokine-mediated response from macrophages which may, under certain conditions, predispose the host to the development of septic morbidity and multiple organ failure [1]." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bacterial translocation ","surgical patients ( a prospective study)"], "publishers" : ["Ali A.Al-kateb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 July 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "2_2_683.jpg","full_file" : "2_2_683.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "2_2_683.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 01:02:03", "views" : 437, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :707 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 2}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Sucessful Pregnancy of Aviable Fetus for Patients with Tubal Occlusions", "abstract" : "Succesful Pregnancy of aviable and to bring hope and happiness for infertile couples. 42 selected reported and followed up . cases in Babylon teaching hospital for maternity and children . Main outcome measure Preguancy rate." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Sucessful Pregnancy"," Aviable Fetus ","Tubal Occlusions"], "publishers" : ["Layla A. Amir"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 July 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "2_2_707.jpg","full_file" : "2_2_707.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "2_2_707.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 01:03:15", "views" : 564, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :31 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Findings of Brain Computed Tomography in Neonatal Seizure", "abstract" : "Background: Seizure is the commonest neurological manifestation in the neonatal period, and usually it shows an underlying problem in the brain due to brain damage and developmental defect in the central nervous system. As CT(computed tomography ) scan is more reliable, more sensitive and more specific in determining underlying brain lesion that cause seizure like ischemia, hemorrhage and brain structural dysgenesis, so it became an important tool in assessment of neonatal convulsion. Aim of study : To find abnormality in CT scan which are the possible causes for neonatal convulsion . Patients and methods :A descriptive study ,performed for 70 neonates referred for CT scan of the head from period of the first of the January 2008 to the first of April in 2010 in AL-Diawanyia teaching hospital in Iraq after good history information, clinical examination and paraclincal investigation. All informations are collected in check list, including time of occurring seizure & underlying causes. CT scan(Siemens) used is with multiple axial sections, after general anesthesia to the neonate . Results :From 70 neonates with neonatal seizures 28 were female and 42(60%) were male, 39 neonates have normal CT scan and 31 have abnormal CT scan such as brain dysgenesis, intracranial hemorrhage, brain ischemia and cerebrites. Conclusion :High incidence of abnormal CT scan (87.5%) in seizure occurring during the first 72hours. Among those positive CT scan of brain hypoxic ischemic was found in (45.9%) ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Findings of Brain"," Neonatal Seizure","The Findings of Brain Computed Tomography in Neonatal Seizure"], "publishers" : ["Amjaad Majeed Hameed"," Nasma Naji AL-Hijia"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_31.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_31.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_31.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_1_31.pdf" , "tables_file": "8_1_31.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:09:37", "views" : 3604, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :90 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effectiveness of Right Iliac Fossa Ileus AS A Helpful Clinical Finding in Acute Appendicitis", "abstract" : "The diagnosis of appendicitis is still based primarily on the patients history and the physical examination, accurate diagnosis reduce the risk of perforation and prevent complication. Ileus is a sign which can be diagnosed by inspection as distention in the right iliac fossa and by palpation as a gurgle (functional obstruction) and confirmed by radiological examination. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ileus in patients presented with acute appendicitis and its correlation with the pathology of acute appendicitis. This is a prospective study done on (100) patients with clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Fifty patients with ileus (Group A) and Fifty patients without ileus (Group B ) were interviewed , examined , investigated and operated on . In group (A) perforated appendix was found in 10 % , while in group (B)it was 16% with a range of 13% in our study . four patients 8% had normal appendix while in group (B) severe inflammation found in 50% ,mild inflammation found in 40% and five patients 10% had normal appendix . Thirty patients 60% of those with ileus in the right iliac fossa presented late afte24 hrs and sixteen patients 32% presented within 24 hrs from beginning of pain in the right iliac fossa. The sensitivity and specificity of ileus is 50.05% , 55.5% respectively, in comparison with other symptoms and signs which help in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Effectiveness of Right Iliac Fossa","Clinical Finding in "], "publishers" : ["Ahmed A.R. Essa","Wadah M. AL_Bader"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_90.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_90.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_90.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_90.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:16", "views" : 854, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :32 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison of Clinical Symptoms, Plain Radiographs, Coronal CT and Antral Lavage in Patients with Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis", "abstract" : "Aim of the study : this study was conducted to compare the clinical symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis , plain x-ray ( Water s view) , CT scan of the maxillary sinuses and the results of antral lavage . Material and Methods: 150 patients had been examined at the otolaryngology department of Al-Diwaniya teaching hospital and diagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis. Plain x-ray ( Water s view ) and CT scan done to all of these patients. Radiological features of chronic sinusitis found in 118 patients , 84 bilateral (71% ) and 34 unilateral (29% ) , the radiological findings classified as well aerated , mucosal thickening , fluid level, haziness and complete opacity . Antral lavage done to 202 sinus and return classified to be clear, mucoid , mucopurulent and frank purulent . Results: plain x-ray and CT scan show sinus opacity in 32 patients (16%) , haziness 80 patients ( 39 % ) , fluid level 54 patients ( 27% ) , mucosal thickening 36 patients (18%). False negative plain x-ray found in 8 patients ,while false positive found in 14 patients . The antral lavage return was 100% purulent in opaque sinus , while hazy sinus shows 50% purulent , 31% clear , 19% mucoid . Fluid level 80% purulent , 18.5% mucoid , 1.5% clear . Mucosal thickening 55.5% clear , 44.5% mucoid return . Conclusions: radiological findings of maxillary sinus opacity is the most reliable evidence of sinus infection followed by fluid level . Water s view gives good information about sinus pathology but CT scan is the most sensitive radiographic modality for the diagnosis of chronic sinusitis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Comparison of Clinical Symptoms"," Plain Radiographs"," Coronal CT and Antral Lavage in Patients "], "publishers" : ["Ayad A. Al-Azzawi "," Khalil K. Al-Umeri"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_32.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_32.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_32.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "8_1_32.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:15:30", "views" : 4194, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :811 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 2}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Significance of Agnor Statuus in Epithelial Salivary G land Tumors", "abstract" : "The presenrte trospectivweo * wasc onductedo n epilheliasl alivaryg landt umo$ (ESCTS()b enigna nd rnalignan)t anong lmqi patientsw ith them aino bjectiveo fchancterizingd ifferenlb iologicabl ehavioo. f differents alivaryg landt umors-T he AgNOR statusw as assesseidn relationt o the cellulara ctivityo f" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Significance of Agnor Statuus "," Epithelial Salivary G land Tumors"], "publishers" : ["SuhaA . H.Hindy Balkees T . Garib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "2_4_811.jpg","full_file" : "2_4_811.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "2_4_811.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 13:36:14", "views" : 517, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :821 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 1}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Fine Needle Aspir.tion Of Breast Lesions:Ten Years E xperience", "abstract" : "330t lne needlea spi€tionq tologies( FNA) ofbreastl esionsp erfomedd uringa ten year period , from 1992 to 2002 , atthe Pathology Depafimert and Surgical Teaching Hospital were studied." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Fine Needle Aspir.tion "," Breast Lesions"], "publishers" : [" Ali Hassan Al-Timimi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "1_1_821.jpg","full_file" : "1_1_821.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "1_1_821.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:02:53", "views" : 549, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :33 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Dental Arch Dimensions of Patients with Class III Malocclusion of Iraqi Sample Aged (14-24) (A comparative study)", "abstract" : "Information regarding arch dimensions in human populations is important to clinicians in orthodontics, prosthodontics, and oral surgery. It also is of interest to anthropologists and other students of human oral biology. The aim of this study was to compare the transverse dimensions of the dental arches of Class III groups with a group of untreated normal occlusion subjects. This study was performed using measurements of dental casts of 41 Class III malocclusion (21 males and 20 females) and 50 normal Class I occlusion (25 males and 25 females), of Iraqi adult samples aged (14-24 )in Hilla city. The dental and arch width dimensions measured were intercanine, intermolar, and molar alveolar in both arches were taken and independent-samples t-test was applied for comparing the groups. The finding from this investigated indicated that,(1) there are no significant differences in all measurements between Class I and Class III overall samples except for the maxillary molar alveolar width (UA6-6) are found to be significantly larger in Class I than in Class III overall samples and the mandibular intercanine width (L 3-3) are found to be significantly larger in Class III than in Class I overall (2) there are no significant differences in all measurements between Class I and Class III male samples except for the mandibular intercanine width (L 3-3) are found to be significantly larger in Class III than in Class I males (3) the lower intermolar width (L6-6) and the lower molar alveolar width (LA6-6) are significantly larger in Class III than in normal Class I female samples while the Class I are significantly larger than Class III females in the upper intercanine widths (U3-3) and in the upper molar alveolar width (UA6-6), whereas the lower intercanine widths (L3-3) and the upper intermolar width (U6-6) show no significant difference between normal Class I and Class III female samples (4) the upper intercanine widths (U3-3) ; the upper intermolar width (U6-6); and the lower intercanine widths (L3-3) are significantly larger in males than in females of Class III samples while the upper molar alveolar width (UA6-6); the lower intermolar width (L6-6) ; and the lower molar alveolar width (LA6-6) show no significant difference between males and females of Class III samples." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dental Arch Dimensions of Patients with Class III Malocclusion of Iraqi Sample Aged (14-24) (A comparative study)"," Dental Arch Dimensions "], "publishers" : ["Thaer Jaber Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_33.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_33.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_33.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_1_33.pdf" , "tables_file": "8_1_33.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 10:21:57", "views" : 3479, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :827 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 1}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Chemotherapy Drugs Correlation With Red Blood Cells Antioiidants And Plasma Uric Acid", "abstract" : "Thee ffecto fspecifiedd rugso n Ther edb loodc ellsg lutathionele velh aveb eens tudied and the result revealedt hat mitomycine-ch asa large eft ecta t the concentrationo fo.6 mg /ml which indicateth ed istractiono fcell memdranaen dt herei s no transporst ystbmfo r suchd rugs. Thisn ovel studyr €vealedth atw e hav€g ivea n attentionto thed oseg ivent o thep atients" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Chemotherapy Drugs Correlation","Red Blood Cells Antioiidants"," Plasma Uric Acid"], "publishers" : ["ASIM A.ALSALEHI"," MUFEED J.EWADH"," KHOWLA A. SHEMRAN"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "1_1_827.jpg","full_file" : "1_1_827.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "1_1_827.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:39:00", "views" : 539, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :35 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Double Combination of Some Antibiotics Against Local Isolate of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)*", "abstract" : "We compared in this study the in vitro potency of some antibiotics when used singly and in combination against the multi-drugs resistant Staphylococcus aureus using the wells diffusion in agar. Rifampin, vancomycin, tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were randomly selected for this study. The isolate of S. aureus used in this study was previously characterized in our laboratory as methicillinresistance Staphylococcus aureus-MRSA carrying the mec-A gene which is responsible for methicillin resistance. Tremendous potencies were observed when the antibiotics used in combination compared with each antibiotic alone. The inhibition zone of vancomycin plus rifampin was 28 mm. in diameter compared with 18 mm. and zero (fully resistance) for vancomycin and rifampin respectively. Like rifampin, trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole was inactive per se, since no inhibition zone was seen but when combined together, the inhibitory action significantly increased up to 19 mm. in diameter. Furthermore, combination of tetracycline with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole scored an inhibition zone as high as 43 mm. compared with 30 mm. for tetracycline alone (data for the later combination are not shown in this paper)*." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Double Combination ","Local Isolate ofMethicillin Resistant"," (MRSA)*"], "publishers" : ["Habeeb"," S. N."," Rabab"," J. H."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_35.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_35.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_35.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_4_35.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:31:12", "views" : 639, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :88 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Spirometrical Changes in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis*", "abstract" : "Rheumatoid arthritis is relatively common disease with many extra articular manifestations; one of these manifestations is respiratory involvement that may occur by RA itself or as a side effect to pharmacological treatment. The study was designated to estimate the difference in spirometrical results between RA patients and control group. The cross-sectional/control study was conducted in rheumatology unit in Marjan teaching hospital in AL-Hilla city from 12th ? November/2011 to 31th ? May / 2012. The total number of subjects involved in this study was 200 (140 patients &60 healthy control persons). Spirometrical test {Forced vital capacity (FVC),forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), Forced vital capacity/ forced expiratory volume in one second ( FEV1/FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF),forced expiratory flow 25-75% (FEF25-75 %) and its subdivision }was done to all patients and control group, All spirometrical parameters were significantly lower in RA patients than in control. This indicate that respiratory involvement is common in RA even in symptom-free patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rheumatoid arthritis","Spirometrical Changes","spirometrical"], "publishers" : ["Maysam Essam","Saad M. Al-Araji","Sabah J. Al-Rubaei"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_88.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_88.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_88.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_88.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:15", "views" : 853, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :832 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 1}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Spectroscopic studies of different purrified forms of testosterone Receptors in uterineTumor Homogenate", "abstract" : "Spectrophotometdpc H titation and severals pectralc hangesw ere obtainedi n the presenceo f differ€nt polar and non-polar solvents, such as the alteration of L* position and intensities ofprotein spectrum, and the appearanceo fnew clfonophores on drc surfaceo fprotein molecule.T hesec hromophoresa re embeddedin an interior region ofthe protein in the absenceo fthe solvent" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Spectroscopic studies of different purrified forms","testosterone Receptors "], "publishers" : ["Sami A. Al-Mudhaffar"," Bilal.J.M.Al Rawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "25 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "1_4_832.jpg","full_file" : "1_4_832.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "1_4_832.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 07:12:17", "views" : 478, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :36 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Immunohistochemical Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and its Relation to Laboratory and Clinical Findings", "abstract" : "The Aims of the study: To determine the immunohistochemical expression of VEGF in CLL patients and its relation to laboratory and clinical parameters and its prognostic role in those patients. Patients and methods: This study was carried out during a period of 5 months from January 2011 to May 2011 including 40 cases of CLL (27 males and 13 females), randomly collected from the teaching laboratories in Medical City of Baghdad. Clinical information were collected with re-evaluation of complete blood counts, peripheral blood smear, bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy. BM biopsy paraffin embedded blocks subjected to the immunohistochemical method using the LSAB technique. Monoclonal Mouse Anti-Human VEGF was used as primary antibody for the detection of VEGF protein. Results: The age of the patients ranged between 38-74 years with a mean of 57 years, including 27 males and 13 females of 2.1:1 M: F ratio. The most common clinical presentations of CLL patients were lymphadenopathy as seen in 70% of cases. The mean complete blood counts were PCV 34.5%; platelets count 134 x 109/L and WBC count 105 x 109/L. Bone marrow findings at diagnosis included mean marrow lymphocytes of 86.0 % of all nucleated cells with diffuse pattern 64%, mixed 19%, interstitial 11% and focal 6% of marrow involvement. According to modified Rai staging system; 60% of patients were in high risk group, 27.5% in intermediate group and 12.5% at low risk group. VEGF was expressed in 45% of patient with CLL showing nuclear and/or cytoplasmic expression. The VEGF expression showed statistically significant correlation with PCV% and platelets counts, while no such correlation found with other complete blood counts and morphology of blood film. Bone marrow involvement pattern showied statistically significant correlation with VEGF expression, but not with other bone marrow findings. The VEGF expression showed no statistically significant correlation with any of clinical presentation of CLL patient, but significant correlation with Modefied Rai staging system. Conclusions: VEGF was expressed in 45% of CLL patients with statistically significant association with laboratory findings of advance disease while had no association with clinical parameters of patients. VEGF expression might have role in determining advance stage of disease and prognostic significance in CLL patients and can be considered as an informative and useful tool for assessing disease activity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Immunohistochemical","Expression of Vascular","Endothelial Growth","Factor in Chronic"], "publishers" : ["Raheem Mahdy Raheem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_36.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_36.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_36.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_36.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_36.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:33:55", "views" : 3183, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :858 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 1}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Unsafe Termination of Pregnancy", "abstract" : "A refogmde study of 16 ladies with induced abotion due to unwanted Fegnancy for many reasons was made. Atl patients wefe admitted to hospital because of various complications and were treated accordingiy- Th€ main aim ofthe studyw ast o d€creaseth e numbero funsafe ierminaaiono fpregnancy and give advicea nd Foper contmceptiona s preventiono funvant€d pregrancy. we notice a clear drop in the number of such cases b€€ause of ibo pres€nce of family planning " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Unsafe Termination","Pregnancy"], "publishers" : ["Iayla Abdul Amir"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "1_2_858.jpg","full_file" : "1_2_858.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "1_2_858.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:45:42", "views" : 400, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :38 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Correlation between Nasal Staphylococcus aureus and Persistent Allergic Rhinitis in Comparison with Atopic Dermatitis", "abstract" : "In this study(224 )nasal swabs were collected from Asthma and Allergy Center,AL-Hilla teaching Hospital and Private clinic in Hilla city and included three groups: Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group,Atopic Dermititis Group and healthy subjects as Control Group to study the correlation between nasal carriage rate of staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and these two diseases and the development of symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Patients .It was found that the rate of isolated S. aureus was higher in Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group(86)% in comparison with Atopic Dermititis Group (63.7)% and the incidence of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis in (10-20) year age group was higher than other age groups (29.5)%. Isolated S. aureus was higher in male(92.9)% than female(78.7)%,as well as symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis and the rate of incedince of S. aureus were decreased with proceeding in age and symptoms showed high rate in (10-20) year age group.. Antibiotics sensitivity test studied of the isolated S. aureus showed that all isolates were highly sensitive to Vancomycin, and moderately sensitive to Oxacillin (84.1)% and Ciprofloxacin(61.4)%" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Correlation","Nasal Staphylococcus aureus","Persistent Allergic Rhinitis","Comparison","Atopic Dermatitis"], "publishers" : ["Ouday Hussein K. AL-Janabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_38.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_38.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_38.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:53", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :462 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparative Evaluation of Saline –Sonograghy Hystro- Salpingograghy and Laprascopy in Determination of Tubal Patency", "abstract" : "Objective: To compare diagnostic accuracy of saline-sonography ,hystro-salpingography and laparoscopy in assessment of tubal pathology in infertility in women. Study Design: Prospective study on one hundred infertile women in Babylon Maternity and Pediatrics Teaching Hospital had undergone tubal patency assessment with saline-sonography ,hystrosalpingography and laparoscopy from June2008 till June 2009,their ages between 18-43 years. Results: Hystrosalpingography has sensitivity of 83.6 percent and specificity of 66 percent in predicting tubal pathology and saline-sonography has sensitivity of 89.4 percent and specificity of 90.6 percent for detecting tubal patency. Laparoscopy been of choice for tubal pathology as detection and treatment, but initial assessment of tubal patency for infertile women using saline-sonography as safe , noncosty,with-outradiationhazards." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Comparative Evaluation ","Saline –Sonograghy Hystro ","Salpingograghy ","Laprascopy ","Determination of Tubal Patency"], "publishers" : ["Bushra Jabber Al-Rubaii"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_462.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_462.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_462.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 722, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :861 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 1}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Postmenopausapl regnancy ( Tow reported cases)", "abstract" : "Pregnancy is a nomal physiological condition which can occur during femal€ reproductive life startingt iom menarcheu ntil menopauseT.. ow reportedc asesw erer egistereda fter menopause. Firct caseb ecomesp r€gnants ix yearsa fter menopause. Second case ten years alter menopause, And becauseo ftheir mrities, I introducet hem in this study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Postmenopausapl regnancy"], "publishers" : ["Layla Abdul Amir"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 September 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "1_4_861.jpg","full_file" : "1_4_861.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "1_4_861.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:39:11", "views" : 406, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :40 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Sex-Pheromone System and Plasmid Transfer in Enterococcus feacalis", "abstract" : "Pheromone-inducible plasmid transfer is an important mechanism for dissemination of antibiotic resistance and virulence factors in these organisms. Plasmid-free strains of Enterococcus faecalis secrete at least half a dozen peptide sex pheromone-probably many more-that induce a mating response by potential donor strains carrying members of specific families of conjugative plasmids. The response is associated with synthesis of surface proteins that facilitates formation of donor-recipient mating aggregates. When a recipient acquires a given plasmid , the corresponding pheromone becomes shutdown or masked. Although the structure of at least five of these peptides has been determined." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Sex-Pheromone System ","Plasmid Transfer in Enterococcus"], "publishers" : ["Jawad Kadhum Tarrad Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_40.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_40.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_40.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_1_40.pdf" , "tables_file": "8_1_40.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:53:52", "views" : 2807, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :89 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Magnetic Resonance Imaging Finding in Comparism with Arthroscopic Finding in Mensceal Tear", "abstract" : "Objective: mri study of od different knee condition to assess the mensci and compare it with the arthroscopic finding Material and Method: 91 patients where studied complain of different knee problems ; mainly mensci ; & to some extent ligments ;;& and an associated symptoms using Phillips MRI machine ;saggital ;axial ; coronal ; T1W ;T2W ;T2W STIR; sequences; slice thickness 3mm ;42SLICE FOV 160 x 160 X79 MATRIX 512;VOXEL SIZE 0.6 RL (MM);were it perform in patient supine with 15 degree of external rotation;1; matrix were used on Hilla Teaching Hospital since October 2010 till June 2011. Results: MRI is the most preferable diagnostic tool in diagnosis of mensceal tear its specfity may reach 82.9%& sensitivity of 90% in both medial & lateral mensceal tear with positive predictive value of 86.5%& negative predictive value of 87.1% withsmall different between lateral &medial mensci in specifity& sensitivity of diagnosis Conclusion: MRI is the study of choice in diagnosis of mensceal tear &planning for treatment & arthroscopic surgical intervention" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["MRI","knee problems","slice thickness"], "publishers" : ["Hassanain Ahmed Jasim Al Bayati(a)","Usama Ayad Abd Alsatar(a)","Mohamed Khalil Mula Mohawish(b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_89.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_89.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_89.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_89.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_89.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:30", "views" : 970, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :889 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of The Content of Preoperative Consent and Its Application in Karbala Maternity Hospital in 2012; A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study", "abstract" : "The art of medicine and treating the other human is a complex issue consists of three elements those are (DOCTOERS, PATEINTS ,DISEASE) for long time the physicians use the medics and knife as only tool to treat their patient and forgotten that there was third tool to be used which is communications with patients . Nowadays, informed consent has replaced the old paternalistic notion of “the doctor knows best”, with a more collaborative patient-physician relationship. Objectives: To evaluate the content and comprehensiveness of informed preoperative consent from patient and physician view, Express the important of the patient commitments to giving the pre-operative consent, Find out the effect of patient acknowledgment with pre-operative form on their consent and effect on the operation rates, To measure the level of doctor commitment to explain the preoperative form for their patients and the level of explanation given to them Methods and Data Collection: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out from first of august to 31 of december of 2012 . The sample 103 patient was extracted from patients, operated by different Obstetricians (working at Karbala Maternity Hospital).We developed two types of questionnaires(one for patients and other for the doctors) The questionnaire consists of several items organized in four parts: 1) The demographic data 2)The obstetric information 3) informed consent knowledge and 4) post interviewing data.Specialist obstetrician explained the purpose of the study to each patient atthe second postoperative day asked for her consent to be included in the study and to complete the questionnaire and to explain the form of consent found in patient file and the suggested informed consent that developed according the guideline of the WHO and universal consensual by different academic associations..The Chi square test was used tocompare the results Differences with a p value <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results and Discussion:In total, 103 patients operated by different surgeons, volunteered to respond to the questionnaire. Most of them were in 26-35 years age group.About 58.3% % of patient have previous surgery one or more , of them 51% they did not know about the consent form at all . About 92% haven’t read the consent form. 99% of patients have understood the concept of consent just after we read the consent form ,while 100% of them agreed that they understood the consentmore after explanation . 84% of patients agreed that the consent should be changed. Regarding the response of the surgeons in the hospital there is mismatch between their answers and the patient answer about any explanation preoperatively ,43% of surgeons did not see the patient signature on consent form preoperatively , 61.9% not sure that their patient signed by themselves on the consent form 33.3% of surgeons preoperative don’t give any information to the patient most of them state that is not their duty,23.8% 0f surgeons don’t share their patients in decision making, 43% of surgeons face problem with patient and family , 44% of these problems because of communications about 90% of them answer that we can prevent these problem by good informed consent ,53% of surgeons faced a patient who refused to do the operation after the consent only 33% of surgeons attended course about informed consent . Conclusion and recommendations: unfortunately we haven t any protocol or education programs about preoperative informed consent and its follow-up by both surgeons and patients so we recommend to initiate those protocols and programs and more courses to train the doctors and medical staff and administrative staff about those protocols . and to change the consent form to approved one. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Preoperative Consent"," Karbala Maternity Hospital"," Karbala"," Iraq. "], "publishers" : ["Mousa Mohsen Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 October 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_3_889.jpg","full_file" : "11_3_889.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_3_889.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:59", "views" : 631, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :1011 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 12}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Uvulo palatopharyngoplasty: Treatment of Habitual Snoring", "abstract" : "Habitual, loud snoring is common in the adult population, and may be the only symp¬tom of the more serious Obstructive Sleep Apnoea syndrome. We report here our results of uvulo palatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), with or without nasal surgery, for snoring. Quantitative grading of the severity of the snoring shows that all patients were cured of symptomatic snoring, but that snoring was not altogether abolished in all patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["uveolopalatopharyngoplasty. habitual snoring."], "publishers" : ["Saad AL-Juboori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2015" , "published" : "16 May 2015"}, "media":{"icon_file": "12_1_1011.jpg","full_file" : "12_1_1011.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "12_1_1011.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"13/11/2017 21:14:17", "views" : 279, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :50 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Comparative Study of Fine Needle Aspiration and Imprint Cytology with the Histopathology of Cervical Lymphadenopathy Related to the Oral Malignancy", "abstract" : "Background: In this study we evaluate the way for the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy related to the oral malignancy whether there is metastasis or not. So we used a technique of fine needle aspiration cytology as preoperative diagnosis for the clinically palpable lymph nodes(L.Ns.) and we used a technique of imprint cytology as intra operative diagnosis for the clinically and surgically palpable L.Ns. Their accuracy has been evaluated by comparing their results with the histopathological diagnosis result. Aims of Study: To use the fine needle aspiration cytology( F.N.A.C.) as a rapid preoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis related to the oral malignancy, to use the imprint cytology as intra operative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis (instead of frozen section technique) related to the oral malignancy, to choose the line of treatment for those patients with oral malignancy who may need prophylactic or therapeutic lymphadenectomy and to evaluate the results of F.N.A.C. and imprint cytology by comparing them with the histopathological results to ascertain their diagnosis value. Materials and Methods: In our study there were (20) patients with oral malignancy with or without cervical lymphadenopathy. Results: The histopathology of the primary site was mainly Sq.C.C. (70%). For (18) clinically palpable L.Ns. we used F.N.A.C. most of these lymph nodes (61%) were associated with reactive hyperplasia and only (39%) of them were associated with malignant metastasis. There were one false positive and one false negative result. Accuracy rate (88.8%). For (54) L.Ns. which were clinically and surgically palpable L.Ns. we used imprint cytology. Most of these L.Ns. (81.5%) were associated with reactive hyperplasia and only (18.5%) of them were associated with malignant metastasis. Accuracy rate (96.2%)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Imprint cytology"," fine needle aspiration"," and histopathology"], "publishers" : ["Sabah Abdulaziz Issa","Najwa Jamil Abdulrazzak"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_50.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_50.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_50.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_50.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:10:57", "views" : 2078, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :1062 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 12}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Hiplabral Tear Management In Athletics", "abstract" : "Objectives • To review the most up-to-date evidence-based literature in managing patients with labral tear, particularly athletic population • To appraise the current understanding about labral tear management • To suggest some future recommendations and formulate new research questions " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hip pain"," groin pain"," acetabular labral tear"," cartilage"," management"," conservative management"," surgery"," arthroscopy"," debridement"," excision"," and repair"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Elmajee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2015" , "published" : "17 November 2015"}, "media":{"icon_file": "12_3_1062.jpg","full_file" : "12_3_1062.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "12_3_1062.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:52:19", "views" : 375, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :1175 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 13}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Pre-Operative Vs Post-Operative Shunt Procedure in Meningocele Repair", "abstract" : "A prospective study of 50 neonates with hydrocephalus and meningocele (one of the important congenital malformations involving defective development of spinal neural tube). This study to compare between patients with V-P shunt before repair of meningocele and those with repair first and the results shows that preoperative shunt procedure in patient with meningocele and hydrocephalus is very important aspect to prevent post-operative CSF leak and wound infection." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CSF"," MRI","OFC"," CT-scan","U/S","V-P shunt "], "publishers" : ["Ali Abbas Hashim Almusawi","Asr Faeq Abdulrasool Alattar"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2016" , "published" : "16 April 2016"}, "media":{"icon_file": "13_1_1175.jpg","full_file" : "13_1_1175.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "13_1_1175.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 12:52:02", "views" : 201, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :91 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Teucrium polium L. and the Relation with Antibacterial Activity", "abstract" : "The research was involve preparation two aqueous extracts (hot and cold) and ethanolic extract (70%) from Iraqi Al-ja´ada plant ( Teucrium polium) which cultivated in Alsodoor/Diayla city, for qualitative and quantitative study of active components. This study provided that hot extract contained higher amount of active component (such as flavonoids) than another extracts. This is may be due to the role of heat in extraction some of active components which cannot extracted by cold water nor by alcohol. The biological activity (antimicrobial) of these extracts was studied with E.coli, staphylococcus and streptococcus, in comparison with some antibiotics such as Gentimycine, Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol. This study proved that biological effect of these extracts on the bacteria used, may be due to present the active compounds" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Qualitative","Quantitative Analysis","Teucrium polium","Relation with Antibacterial Activity"], "publishers" : ["Ali M. A. AL-kufaishi","Lamia A. M. Al-Mashhedy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_91.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_91.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_91.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_91.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:03:02", "views" : 1105, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :48 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Dorsal Adipofascial Turnover Flap for Dorsal Defects of Finger Injury", "abstract" : "Deep dorsal defects of fingers are common problems which often seen in emergency units, and there are several methods of treatments for reconstruction. In our prospective study composed of seven patients with dorsal defects of fingers in different sites at Al-Wasiti hospital in which reconstruction were performed by the use of dorsal adipofascial turnover flaps. By this technique we use this flap from the dorsal aspect of the finger which is raised from the base of the base of the proximal phalanx to cover the full thickness defect as a one stage procedure. Our results were good the flaps survived completely, the mean follow up was 6 months. This technique proved to be simple, did not require the use of distant flap or a flap from adjacent digits, ready availability & it s Single and simple procedure with no significant donor site morbidity. Our results and complications were comparable with other studies which were carried for reconstruction of deep dorsal defects of the fingers." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dorsal Adipofascial Turnover Flap"," Dorsal Defects"," Finger Injury"], "publishers" : ["Sabah Hassan Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_48.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_48.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_48.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_1_48.pdf" , "tables_file": "8_1_48.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 01:22:29", "views" : 1497, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :72 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Pericardial Effusion in Chronic Hypoxic Lung Diseases", "abstract" : "Background: Chronic lung diseases (CLDs) are a major cause of chronic morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Many people suffer from this disease for years and die prematurely from it or its complications. Chronic lung diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung. Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and occupational lung diseases. Respiratory diseases affect all ages: children, teens, adults and elderly. Aims of the study: This study was aimed to study and compare some demographic changes in hypoxic and non-hypoxic groups of patients with chronic lung diseases (CLDs) and to illustrate the correlations of pericardial effusion with hypoxia due chronic lung diseases and its correlation with severity of obstructive and restrictive lung diseases. Design and method: The study was performed in Merjan teaching hospital of Babylon province in the period from December 2010 to April 2012, the study included one hundred eighty two (182) patients with history of chronic lung diseases were studied clinically and by spirometry, pulse oximetry, electrocardiography and echocardiography. According to the results of oximeter, patients were divided into two groups, hypoxic and non-hypoxic group. Hypoxic group included 96 patients ( mean age was 57.14±11.24, 66% was male) while the non-hypoxic group included 86 patients (mean age was 54.42±12.75, 62% was male). Results and conclusions: The study also found that the numbers of patients with pericardial effusion (PE) were more in hypoxic group than non-hypoxic group, study also showed no significant correlation between PE and severity of hypoxia in both groups. Moreover, the study revealed no significant correlation between PE and severity of obstructive and restrictive diseases in both groups. In addition, there was significant correlation between PE and right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) in both groups." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Chronic lung diseases","some demographic changes in hypoxic and non-hypoxic groups","obstructive and restrictive lung diseases."], "publishers" : ["Hawa A.A. Al-Dhahir(a)","Ali.S.Baay(b)","Amjed H. Abbas(b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_72.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_72.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_72.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_72.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_72.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:32", "views" : 1213, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :45 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Genotypes among Seropositive Blood Donors by Polymerase Chain Reaction in Babylon Governorate\ Iraq", "abstract" : "Objectives: To detect the hepatitis C virus infection and genotypes among blood donors by Polymerase Chain Reaction and biochemical measurement of Alanine Transaminase, Aspartate Transaminase & Alkaline phosphatase enzymes levels and measurement of viral load among the studied sample. Methods: A descriptive Cross sectional study done on 45 hepatitis C virus sero-positive blood donors(20-53 years old). A non probability (convenient) sample of blood donors at their first donation of blood, who accepted to participate in the study were included, interviewed and blood samples were taken. Results: The seroprevalence of anti-Hepatitis C virus antibody was 0.29%, whereas prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus-Ribo-Nucleic Acid-positivity after confirmation by Polymerase Chain Reaction was 0.2%. 46.7% of the blood donors were infected with genotype 4 followed by genotype 1b in 15.6% and genotype 1a in 6.6. The presence of Hepatitis C virus infection significantly associated with biochemical parameters in the three groups of genotypes, except in the levels of alkaline phosphatase. Statistically significant association was found between age infections. Conclusions: The prevalence of anti-Hepatitis C Virus- antibodies was relatively low in blood bank of Babylon province in Iraq compared to other with province in Iraq and other neighboring countries more among males than female and rural than urban area. The most common genotype was genotype 4, followed by 1b then 1a. The main factor associated with transmission of infection was blood transfusion in association with surgical procedures." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hepatitis C Virus"," Blood donors"," Genotypes"," Liver enzymes."], "publishers" : ["Wafaa Faeq Tawfeeq(a)","Raed F. Aboqader Al-Aouadi(b)","Ali Mohammed Salman Al-Yousif(b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_45.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_45.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_45.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_45.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_45.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:50:05", "views" : 2947, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :46 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of Some Echocardiographic and Some Physiological Changes in Malnourished Children", "abstract" : "The aim of the present study was to detect the frequency of myocardial damage in malnourished children as shown by echocardiography also to detect some other hematological, biochemical and electrolyte abnormalities that occur in malnourished children and may also, by way or another, have effect on the heart. The study include 104 patients, (40 male and 64 female), malnourished infants and young children diagnosed by special pediatrician during the period extended from November 2011 to May 2012. The patients were recruited from the inpatient department and nutritional rehabilitation unit in the Babylon Pediatric and Maternity Hospital. The age of patients (mean ± SD) was 11.3 ± 7.8.The patients were matched with 20 apparently healthy controls their age (mean ± SD) was9.5 ± 7.6. All patients underwent full history ,detailed physical examination, Hematological, Biochemical and echocardiographic evaluation. The study show that there are many alterations in body composition of malnourished children, these alterations were statistically significant regarding weight, mid arm circumference, body mass index, hematological tests , biochemical tests. Regarding myocardial changes there were statistically significant increment in end systolic dimension (16.07mm ± 7.3SD) and decrement in fractional shortening (38mm ± 0.87SD) in malnourished children. The end diastolic dimension although it was higher in malnourished children (24.7mm ± 7.2SD) however it was statistically not significant. All patients with significant increase in end systolic dimension were in grade III (severe malnutrition), however patients with significant decrease in functional shortening were distributed in grade II (moderate) and grade III (severe) malnutrition. We conclude from this study that malnutrition can affect myocardial function although this effect appear clearly only in high grade of malnutrition, and also the higher the grade of malnutrition the more the effect on the myocardium." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Some Echocardiographic","Some Physiological Changes "], "publishers" : ["Saad Merza Al-Aaraji (a)","Yahya A. Al-Tufaily(a)","Hawraa Saleem Abd AL-Ameer(b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_46.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_46.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_46.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_46.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:10:25", "views" : 1784, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :47 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Protection from the Acute Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity by Simvastatin in Rats", "abstract" : "Background: The usefulness of cisplatin, a potent anti-tumor, is limited by its ability to induce nephrotoxicity. The cellular changes leading to this toxicity are suggested to be mediated by increased free radicals generation and lipid peroxidation. Aim of the study: To investigate the protective properties of simvastatin on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats using biochemical and histopa- thological approaches. Material and methods: 35 healthy male Swiss albino rats were used. They were divided into 5 groups (7 animals in each group and all animals supplied with standard food during the experiment): control group (1 ml/kg of normal saline i.p. once daily for 14 days), cisplatin treated group (7.5 mg/kg, i.p. single dose), simvastatin treated group (1 mg/kg, i.p., once daily for 14 days), simvastatin (1 mg/kg) plus cisplatin treated group (i.p., once daily for 7 days before and after cisplatin injection), and simvastatin (2 mg/kg) plus cisplatin treated group (i.p., once daily for 7 days before and after cisplatin injection). Blood samples were collected and used to determine the serum urea, creatinine and total antioxidant status (TAS) levels. kidneys were removed and prepared for histopathological examinations. Results: In simvastatin plus cisplatin treated groups serum urea and creatinine were significantly lower than those of cisplatin-treated group, While serum TAS was increase. These changes occurred in a dose-dependant manner (simvastatin). Histopathological examinations showed a massive damage in the proximal tubules in cisplatin-treated group. No damage was observed in simvastatin treated groups. Conclusion: These data show that simvastatin can provide a protective effect against Acute cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. This protective effect of simvastatin may be related to the antioxidant status on the kidney." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Acute Cisplatin","Nephrotoxicity","Simvastatin in Rats"], "publishers" : ["Al-Thamir"," S. N. K.","Al-Shalah"," H. H."," Bairam"," A. F. H."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_47.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_47.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_47.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_47.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:10:11", "views" : 1800, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :49 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Depression for Adult Patients with Hemodialysis", "abstract" : "Background:-Hemodialysis is the most common method of dialysis. Hemodialysis is used for patients who are acute ill and require short-term dialysis (days to weeks) and for patients with End stage renal disease (ESRD) who require long-term or permanent therapy. A dialyzer (also referred to as an artificial kidney serves as a synthetic semi permeable membrane, replacing the renal glomeruli and tubules as the filter for the impaired kidneys. For patients with chronic renal failure, hemodialysis prevents death, although it does not cure renal disease and does not compensate for the loss of endocrine or metabolic activities of the kidneys. Treatment usually occurs three times a week for 3 to 4 hours per treatment. Patients receive chronic or maintenance dialysis when they require dialysis therapy for survival and control of uremic symptoms. The trend in managing End stage renal disease (ESRD) is to initiate treatment before the signs and symptom associated with uremia become severe. Methods:-A descriptive study was carried out of Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Surgical Specialties Teaching Hospital from 6\4\2010 to 1\7\2011. A purposive "non- probability" sample of (50) patient with hemodialysis with criteria of the sample (adult patients and 18 years and above).questionnaire form was constructed for the purpose of the study. Data were collected through the application of the questionnaire and interview technique. Validity of questionnaire was response through panel of (10) experts. Test- Retest reliability was determined through a computation of Pearson Correlations for the health problems assessment of depression scales (r=0.86). Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency, percentage and mean of score0 and inferential statistical approach (chi-square, and correlation coefficient). Results:-The findings of the study had revealed that most of patients with hemodialysis has mean age were (47.2) years and most of them from group (48-58) years (26%) and were males (64%) living in urban residence (94%), and they were married (88%). Most of them no read and write (22%) in the level of education with retired occupation (36%) and then barely sufficient (50%) for monthly income in spite of living in ownership house (78%). Conclusions:-The study concluded that most of the study sample who suffering from depression were (middle age, males, married, secondary graduate, housewives, urban residence, and live in renter house). Although all the items of depression scale among moderate and high severity. The study concluded that there is a significant association at ( P? 0.05) between depression and educational level only." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Assessment of Depression","Adult Patients","Hemodialysis"], "publishers" : ["Hussein Hadi Atia","Amean A. Yasir","Khalida Mohammed Khuder"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_49.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_49.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_49.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_49.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:09:56", "views" : 1543, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :51 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Incidence of CT Scan finding of Concha Bullosa in Sinonasal Disease", "abstract" : "Background And Purpose Concha Bullosa is an air pocket (pneumatization in the middle turbinate. Turbinate s are the part of your nose that warms and humidifies the air you breathe. Concha bullosa is a very common anatomical deviation. While it does not necessarily predispose you to sinus problems, persons with enlarged turbinates and concha bullosa may have a blockage which prevents their sinuses from draining properly resulting in frequent sinus infections. This condition may require surgical intervention. This surgery is generally done in a same day setting using an nasal endoscope . The incidence of middle turbinate pneumatization, or concha bullosa, has been well described in the literature. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated concha bullosa in relation to sinonasal disease in our Babylon province/Hilla General Teaching Hospital/Otorhinolaryngology Depts. sought to analyze the incidence of concha bullosa and any correlation with Para nasal sinus disease. Methods: A prospective study of 52 consecutive paranasal sinus CT studies conducted between February-July 2011 at Hilla general teaching hospital/Otolaryngology dept. All examinations were performed for evaluation of a symptom referable to the sinonasal region By endoscopic examination of the nasal cavities ,lateral wall structures, with coronal CT Scan of the sinuses in 3 mm slices antroposteriorly. Paranasal sinus inflammatory disease including polyposis was identified and graded as mild, moderate, or severe. Sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillary, and frontal sinuses were each graded separately on both sides. If a concha bullosa was present, it was graded in size as small, moderate, or large. If bilateral concha were present, sizes were compared and when one was larger, it was identified as dominant. When nasal septal deviation was present, it was graded as mild, moderate, or severe. The direction of nasal septal deviation was identified as the face of the convex surface. Results: There was a clear association between the presence of a unilateral concha, or a dominant concha (in the case of bilateral concha), and the presence of sinonasal disease(P < .0001). Moreover, there was a significant relationship between the presence of concha bullosa and deviation of the nasal septal to the contralateral side (P < .0001). From 52 CT Scan of sinuses,there is 24 patient have variant types of concha Bullosa, 14 of patients with concha bullosa had paranasal sinus inflammatory disease.14 cases are of Bullous type & 10 cases lamellar type.18 cases are bilateral, 4cases on the Rt. & 2 cases on the LT.(Fig.1,2,3) There is male predominance 16 male, 8 female. Age range from 18-60y. mosly between 30-40y" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Incidence of CT Scan","finding of","Concha Bullosa"," Sinonasal Disease"], "publishers" : ["Safa Saheb Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_51.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_51.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_51.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_4_51.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:18", "views" : 733, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :92 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "An Attempt to Utilize One Gel Double Staining Technique to Visualize DNA – Seminal Proteins Interactions", "abstract" : "The main goal of this research is to test the rate of success of a low cost double staining method in visualizing any DNA-seminal proteins interactions. After collection of rabbit’s ejaculate and removing sperm cells, ion exchange chromatography was used to separate seminal proteins on the basis of their charge. Positively charged seminal proteins were eluted, lyophilized, and involved in this study. After incubation of this eluted group with the DNA, band shift assay was applied on this group. The results were compared. According to the results of this study, we demonstrated the necessity of utilizing a double staining technique for the same band shift gel in order to ensure weather real or false band substitutions were obtained." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["An Attempt to Utilize","ne Gel Double Staining Technique","Visualize DNA","Seminal Proteins Interactions"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Baqur Sahib Ahmed Al-Shuhaib","Ali Hmood Al-Saadi","Mahanem Mat Noor‡"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_92.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_92.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_92.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_92.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:09:59", "views" : 944, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :53 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Molecular Study of Sortase Enzyme and Characterization of Some Virulence Factors in Streptococcus pyogenes", "abstract" : "This study included 90 throat swabs collected from patients suffering from acute pharyngitis who attending to AL-Hilla General Teaching Hospital (ENT unit) during the period from October 2010 to January 2011. The age of the patients ranged from (3 to 63) years. Only six isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes were obtained. It was observed that only four isolates had the fibrinolytic activity through the production of streptokinase enzyme, while two isolates failed to lyse fibrin, also the present study showed that streptokinase activity became apparent after 3 hours of incubation and clot began to decrease after 10-16 hours and disappeared completely after 24 hours of incubation. Hyaluronidase activity was investigated, it was found that 50% (3) of GAS isolates give a positive result via the formation of a hallo around the colony and this is an indicator of hyaluronidase activity. Specific primers for PCR techniques were used for the detection of sortase enzymes (A, B and C). Sortase A was found existed in all GAS strains and this enzyme was designated as housekeeping enzyme. Sortase B and C was also detected ,it was found that only two isolates were positive for both sortase B and C genes. However, only two isolates were found to have all these three enzymes whereas the others contained only the housekeeping one" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Molecular"," Sortase Enzyme"," Characterization","Virulence Factors","Streptococcus pyogenes"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Sabri A. Razak","Rafah Fakri Al-Jebori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_53.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_53.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_53.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_53.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_53.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:11:25", "views" : 1566, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :94 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "TThe Incidence of CT Scan finding of Concha Bullosa in Sinonasal Disease", "abstract" : "Background And Purpose Concha Bullosa is an air pocket (pneumatization in the middle turbinate. Turbinate s are the part of your nose that warms and humidifies the air you breathe. Concha bullosa is a very common anatomical deviation. While it does not necessarily predispose you to sinus problems, persons with enlarged turbinates and concha bullosa may have a blockage which prevents their sinuses from draining properly resulting in frequent sinus infections. This condition may require surgical intervention. This surgery is generally done in a same day setting using an nasal endoscope . The incidence of middle turbinate pneumatization, or concha bullosa, has been well described in the literature. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated concha bullosa in relation to sinonasal disease in our Babylon province/Hilla General Teaching Hospital/Otorhinolaryngology Depts. sought to analyze the incidence of concha bullosa and any correlation with Para nasal sinus disease. Methods: A prospective study of 52 consecutive paranasal sinus CT studies conducted between February-July 2011 at Hilla general teaching hospital/Otolaryngology dept. All examinations were performed for evaluation of a symptom referable to the sinonasal region By endoscopic examination of the nasal cavities ,lateral wall structures, with coronal CT Scan of the sinuses in 3 mm slices antroposteriorly. Paranasal sinus inflammatory disease including polyposis was identified and graded as mild, moderate, or severe. Sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillary, and frontal sinuses were each graded separately on both sides. If a concha bullosa was present, it was graded in size as small, moderate, or large. If bilateral concha were present, sizes were compared and when one was larger, it was identified as dominant. When nasal septal deviation was present, it was graded as mild, moderate, or severe. The direction of nasal septal deviation was identified as the face of the convex surface. Results: There was a clear association between the presence of a unilateral concha, or a dominant concha (in the case of bilateral concha), and the presence of sinonasal disease(P < .0001). Moreover, there was a significant relationship between the presence of concha bullosa and deviation of the nasal septal to the contralateral side (P < .0001). From 52 CT Scan of sinuses,there is 24 patient have variant types of concha Bullosa, 14 of patients with concha bullosa had paranasal sinus inflammatory disease.14 cases are of Bullous type & 10 cases lamellar type.18 cases are bilateral, 4cases on the Rt. & 2 cases on the LT.(Fig.1,2,3) There is male predominance 16 male, 8 female. Age range from 18-60y. mosly between 30-40y" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Incidence of CT Scan","inding of ","Concha Bullosa","Sinonasal Disease"], "publishers" : ["Safa Saheb Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_94.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_94.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_94.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_94.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"19/11/2017 21:28:04", "views" : 1081, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :143 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of Bleeding Per Rectum in Paediatric Age Group", "abstract" : "Background: Gastrointestinal bleeding is a frequently encountered clinical complaint in routine medical/surgical practice. It has different aetiology in both extremes of age. There are many reports regarding the aetiology, presentation, epidemiology and management of this complaint in adults. Yet, there is little literature exploring its different aspects in infants and children. This study was carried out in an attempt to find out causes, epidemiology, presentation and the proper management that can be offered to affected infants and children. Objectives: This study tries to assess the multiple aetiologies and different modalities further management of bleeding per rectum occurring in infants and children in our locality. Methods :All children below 12 years of age presenting with the complaint of passing blood per rectum were included. The data was reviewed for gender, age, the clinical presentation and the modality of management employed. Complete blood picture and general stool examination were done for all the cases. Flexible sigmoidoscopy was performed for some cases. Also all the rectal polyps and colonic mucosal biopsies taken during sigmoidoscopy were submitted to histopathological examination. Results :In our study we reviewed 80 patients, of whom 57 (71.25%) were boys and 23 (28-75%) were girls. The male: female ratio ratio was 2.5: 1. The mean age at diagnosis was 6.31 years. The most common aetiology was rectal polyps which was found in 45 (56.25) of the cases. Rectal polypswere diagnosed by performing per rectum exam and/or sigmoidscopy. Twenty one (26.25%) of the patients were treated conservatively with the provisional clinical diagnosis of infectious colitis. We revealed non-specific colitis in 2 patients, ulcerative colitis in 2, anal fissure in 2, complicated Meckels diverticulum in 1 and intussusception the remaining 2 cases. Conclusion : A complete and proper physical exam including per rectum digital exam together with sigmoidoscopy when required helps promotion of both fast and precise diagnosis and offers the opportunity for quick management procedures to be undertaken. The most common cause for bleeding per rectum were rectal polyps. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bleeding per rectum"," Rectal bleeding"," Per rectal exam"," Babylon"," Sigmoidscopy."], "publishers" : ["Mahmoud M. J. Hamada"," Dheyaa Ali H. Al Sultani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_143.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_143.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_143.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:43:25", "views" : 1299, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :57 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Physiological study on Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors: in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Normal and Abnormal ECGs", "abstract" : "The study sample size was 100 patients whom they have been recruited from Diabetes Unit in Marjan Teaching Hospital. We divided the sample into two groups; 88 with normal ECGs (group1) and 12 with abnormal ECG changes the (group2) .The range of their age 17-76 years old. The study includes nine risk factors that causes coronary artery disease (CAD) which are, High density lipoprotein (HDL-C), Low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), Total cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG), Body mass index BMI, Age, Glucose, Duration and BP. Laboratory analyses of HDL-C, LDL-C, TC, TG, and glucose reveal, that, LDL-C correlated negatively with TGs and positively with HDL-C in the (group1), and TGs show positive correlation LDL-C size in (group2).The only positive significant correlation coefficient was the glucose in (group1), 394.36±40.82 compared to 244.75±54.4 (group2) with p value < 0.01. While 51%of all patients associated with hypertension. Duration of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) was 10-32 years for all patients. Factor analyses for both groups variants result in: Variables analyses of component matrix of (group1) represent the risk factors on four categories while (group2) variables descript three risk factor categories, according to their performance percent on Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Factor analysis reveals that; first, the factor of lipid profile had the great percentage of risk factor on CAD in both groups. Second; there was unobserved risk factors, one of these risk factors might be cytomegalovirus (CMV) which can infect pancreatic islet cells result in T2DM the main CAD risk factor. The group1 with abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) changes reveals that 30.787% may be affected with CMV or even other reason rather than the common risk factors. Third; a glance to the percent, 42.16%, of first factor variance of the (group2) with normal ECGs, and 24.822% first factor variance of the (group1) match, tell more positive significant difference. Pearson correlation coefficients demonstrate no significant difference between all variables in both groups except glucose (394.36±40.8) expose an increase difference in group1 compared to (244.75±54.4) group2 with (P<0.01). And 51%of all patients associated with hypertension" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological study","Coronary Artery","Risk Factors"], "publishers" : ["Abdul-Majeed H. Al-Saffar","Muhammad O. Almuhammadi","Mouayad A. Alwash"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_57.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_57.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_57.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_57.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:10:40", "views" : 1416, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :58 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Apium graveolens Leaves and Stalks in Reducing the Side Effects of Doxorubicin in Male Rabbits", "abstract" : "The aim of the present study is to evaluate the potential protective effect of Apium graveolens (A. graveolens) against cumulative DOX-induced toxic effects to the heart, liver and blood components in male rabbits. DOX was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) to the rabbits at a dose of (4mg/kg) four times within 14 days (cumulative dose 16 mg/kg). A. graveolens was given orally (7.5 g/kg/day) for 14 days. The results indicated that the concurrent use of A. graveolens with DOX significantly (p<0.05) protected against DOX-induced toxicities as evidenced by significant increase in RBC, WBC, Hb, and neutrophiles levels (p<0.05). No significant changes in monocytes, lymphocytes, eosinophiles and basophiles percentages were noticed in all groups of treatment. Also, Coadministration of A. graveolens significantly ameliorated the DOX-induced elevation in serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Alanine Transaminase (ALT), Aspartate Transaminase (AST) and bilirubin as well as inhibited DOX-provoked serum glutathione (GSH) depletion (p<0.05). No significant alterations in serum albumin level and catalase (CAT) activity were observed in all groups of treatment. Furthermore, the histopathological sections showed that the DOX caused significant structural changes in hepatic and cardiac tissues like necrosis and inflammation which were attenuated with combined use of A. graveolens. The study conclude that A. graveolens has the potential in protecting against DOX -induced cardiac, hepatic and hematological damage through a mechanism related to direct and indirect antioxidant property." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Apium graveolens","Doxorubicin in Male Rabbits"], "publishers" : ["Haider Ridha Salman1","2","Batool Amein Al-Khafaji","Nisreen J. Mohammed1"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_58.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_58.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_58.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_58.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_58.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 01:22:36", "views" : 3154, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :59 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors (ER and PR) Status of Breast Cancer Cases in Kurdistan and Their Correlation with Pathologic Prognostic Variables", "abstract" : "Background: breast cancer shows different clinico-pathological features according to geographic and ethnic groups variation. The ER and PR positive status is an indication that the patient is a good candidate for hormone therapy. Furthermore, the high percentage and intensity of ER and PR positive cells are important predictive markers for this cancer. Aim To assess breast cancer-specific features for patients diagnosed in the north of Iraq and to assess the hormone receptors status and their relation to other pathological prognostic factors. Patients and Methods: This study included 324 breast cancer cases diagnosed and reviewed by histopathology in the central lab of Duhok/ Iraq, from May 2007 to March 2012. Immunohistochemical markers were used to identify the ER and PR status and scoring according to Allred scoring guideline. Results: About 68.2% of the patients included in this study were younger than 50 years. Most of them presented at stage II and III. Negative stain for ER was seen in more than half of the patients. The score proportion was decreasing with the increase in the stage, but the correlation was statistically insignificant; on contrary the correlation of ER and PR scoring with lymph node involvement was statistically highly significant Conclusion: The young onset of breast cancer among Kurdish patients, the high stage at first presentation and the relatively high percentages of hormone insensitive cancers in both young and old patients could be attributed to the genetic predisposition modified by the revolution in life style and required additional study and analysis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Immunohistochemistry"," ER"," PR"," Breast"," Cancer"," Prognosis"], "publishers" : ["Mayada I. Yalda"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_59.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_59.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_59.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_59.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 01:22:25", "views" : 2207, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :60 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Expression of Ki-67 and p53 in Oral Squamous Epithelial Abnormalities", "abstract" : "Objective: We intended to study the cellular proliferation by means of Ki-67 labeling index and the protein product overexpression of p53 in a series of oral intraepithelial lesions and squamous cell carcinoma, to evaluate the potential association between their histologic grades and the expression of the two markers. The expression of these markers on sections taken from hyperplastic and normal mucosal epithelium was also evaluated in order to determine whether the combination of p53 and Ki-67 over-expression could be used as a diagnostic aid in evaluating oral biopsies. Materials and Methods: Archival biopsy specimens from 35 patients, with oral squamous cell carcinoma (19) and intraepithelial lesions (16) were retrieved from the histopathology departments of Erbil and Duhok cities, Iraq, between January and December 2010. From the same patients, 13 blocks with hyperplastic epithelium and 7 with normal mucosal epithelium were also retrieved. The study was done in Duhok Central Laboratory, Duhok, Iraq. Ki-67 labeling index and p53 overexpression was determined by immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections, using avidin–biotin technique. Results: Overall, the staining patterns for Ki-67 antigen and p53 were similar. High Ki-67 and p53 overexpression was observed in 52.6% and 63.2% of carcinoma cases respectively, in 62.5% and 56.3% of intraepithelial lesions respectively, in 23.1% and 15.4% of hyperplastic epithelium respectively, and none in benign epithelium. Both high Ki-67- labeling index and p53 overexpression were significantly higher in carcinomas and intraepithelial lesions than in hyperplastic epithelium and were associated with the grade of both carcinomas and intraepithelial lesions. Conclusions: Combination of p53 and Ki-67 overexpressions can be used as a specific marker for oral lesions that are probably at high risk for malignant transformation, their immunohistochemistry emerges as a clinically useful supplement for histopathological assessment of grading of oral squamous cell carcinoma and intraepithelial lesions." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Ki-67"," p53"," oral intraepithelial lesion"," oral cancer"], "publishers" : ["Intisar Salim Pity (a)","Jalal Ali Jalal"," (b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_60.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_60.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_60.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_60.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:11:11", "views" : 1954, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :61 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Nutritional Assessment of Elderly Persons in Babylon", "abstract" : "Objective: To assess the risk of malnutrition among elderly people living in Babylon using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and to study the characteristics of the instrument in this patient group. Design: A cross-sectional study using the MNA score to assess the nutritional status of eligible elderly persons from out patient clinic in Marjan hospital. Subjects: A total of 155 out of 249 eligible elderly patients agreed to participate, men 76.7% ( n= 119 ) and female 23.3% ( n= 36 ). Results: 26.5 % and 43.2 % of elderly are malnourished and at risk of malnutrition. The means of the body mass index ( BMI ) , mid arm circumference ( MAC ) and calf circumference (CC ) were about 23.4 kg \m² , 26.2 cm and 29.6 cm, respectively. elderly people , who were classified as malnourished , according to the (MNA) , had the lowest (BMI ), ( MAC ) and (CC ) . When the score of the (MNA) was based on the diagnosis of the elderly, the results show that elderly subjects with more than one main diagnosis had a lowest score. Based on the score of the (MNA) test, more than 1/4 of the subjects were malnourished. Most of the subjects were consuming three meals and more than two serving of fruit and vegetables per day. It seems that food intake was satisfactory, among subjects, despite that the present of malnourished subjects reached 26.5%. The result of the (MNA) test indicates the necessary of performing National nutritional assessment for this vulnerable group of people in Iraq." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["NutritionalوAssessmentوElderly Persons"], "publishers" : ["Hadeel Fadhil Farhood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_61.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_61.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_61.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_61.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:11:40", "views" : 1488, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :144 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: History, Diagnosis and Pathogenesis: A Review Article", "abstract" : "After 2003, there is almost no day without an explosion or terrorist attacks in Iraq. The effects of repeated explosions extended to cover all aspects of life and places, where the negative effects of destruction, devastation and death continue. Consequently, the psychological and social effects are one of the most important negative effects which remain for long periods as a result of these traumatic experiences, as well as, the experiences of severe psychological stress had an evident impact on most individuals who have experienced such traumatic events. Usually, our communities have no sufficient interest in psychological care for disaster survivor, despite the fact that the psychological effects of disasters have often more impact than organic effects [1]. This review article highlights to the history, diagnosis and pathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["posttraumatic stress disorder","PTSD"," diagnosis"," pathogenesis"," DSM-IV"," ICD–10"], "publishers" : ["Abdulsamie H. Alta’ee"," Lamia A. M. Al-Mashhady"," Tarik H. Al-Khayat","Waleed Azeez Al-Ameedy "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_144.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_144.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_144.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:09:08", "views" : 2157, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :63 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Psychological Stress of Companions (Care givers) of Children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit", "abstract" : "Background: Admission of a child to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) can create high parental and other companions psychological problems. Many factors contribute in a negative way to this abnormality. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) has been used to help physicians to identify these care givers at risk and address contributing factors. Methods: The HADS has been administered to 42 care givers (26 in PICU and 16 as a control group in a general pediatric ward) in Babylon Gynecology and Children Teaching Hospital after their staying in hospital for 14 days. Factors which may have an effect on psychological status have been studied. Results: Fifteen care givers (57.7%) show depression and anxiety in the range of (11-21) according to HADS compared to only 2 (12.5%) of the control group<0.05. All care givers think their patients are in pain and all complained of noise in the PICU as causes of their distress. Twenty four patients were under ventilator, fourteen care givers (93.3%) fall in the (11-21) range according to HADS.. Conclusion: Care givers in the PICU were at more risk of psychological stress compared to the control group and there are stressful factors playing a significant role in aggravating this abnormality." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Psychological Stress of Companions "," Care givers "," Pediatric Intensive Care Unit"], "publishers" : ["Sabih S Mehdi "," Wejdan Abid Sebty"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_63.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_63.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_63.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "8_1_63.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:09:43", "views" : 1363, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :64 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacterial Infections Caused by Achromobacter xylosoxidans", "abstract" : "Achromobacter xylosoxidans was first time isolated in Iraq from patients admitted to Medical city in Baghdad from july 2010 to july 2011 whose majority were compromised, Eleveenth patients were infected by this microorganism in different body sites and frequently isolated in combination with other organisms and finding in all well-described cases in which its pathogenic role is clearly demonstrated and may be confused with Pseudomonas species in laboratory diagnosis.The laboratory characteristics were done by culturing in different media and by biochemical reactions and showed a differents in their characteristics from Pseudomonas species." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Achromobacter xylosoxidans"," infections."], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Kadum Al-Araji","Samah Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_64.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_64.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_64.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_64.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 01:22:32", "views" : 1850, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :73 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Students in University of Kerbala", "abstract" : "Background: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems because of their impact on co-morbidity they are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases. Recent data worldwide show an absolute increase in the prevalence of obesity in recent years Objective: To study the prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesityamong college students of University of Kerbala in Holy Kerbala, Iraq. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study started from 1st March 2010 – 26th April 2010, a total of 463 students (219 male and 244 female) between 18 and 32 years of age (mean 21.28 ± 1.91 year) were selected randomly from the 11 colleges of the university. A questionnaire was distributed to each subject; Age, gender, dietary habits, sport activity, family history of obesity; number of households, monthly family income, were considered, weight, height, waist circumference; were measured, and BMI was calculated and used to assess weight status. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0, P-value greater than 0.05 was considered as statistically insignificant. Results: The mean BMI was 23.58 ± 3.78 kg/m²; about two thirds (65.9%) of the students were of normal weight (60.7% of the male students and 70.5% of the female students); whereas the prevalence of overweight and that of obesity among them was 22.9% and 5.6% respectively. The prevalence of overweight was more common among male students compared to females (27.4% vs. 18.9% respectively), while the prevalence of underweight and obesity were not significantly different between them (5.6% vs. 5.3% respectively for both variables). Depending on their waist circumference, 4.6% of the males and 20.9% of the females were at higher risk of developing obesity comorbidities. There was a significantly higher mean BMI (t=4.905) and waist circumference (t= 3.825) within students with family history of obesity; (P<0.001 for both variables).Male students who reported that they used to practice regular sport activity had significantly lower body mass index and waist circumference. Conclusions: This study supports the fact that obesity is a multifactorial problem; it shows that male gender and family history of obesity are risk factors, while regular sport activity is a protective factor." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence; Overweight; Obesity; Students; Holy Kerbala; Cross-sectional study"," Lifestyle factors."], "publishers" : ["Saad I. Al-Ghabban"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_73.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_73.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_73.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_73.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 06:39:45", "views" : 2587, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :74 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Protective Effect of Aminophylline on Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Rats", "abstract" : "Background: Doxorubicin is a highly effective antitumor drug, however its usefulness is limited due to its ability to induce cardiotoxicity. Cellular changes leading to this toxicity are suggested to be mediated through a drug-induced increase in free radicals and lipid peroxidation. Aim of study: to evaluate the protective properties of aminophylline on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in rats using biochemical approaches. Materials and methods: Thirty five healthy male Swiss albino rats were used. They were divided randomly into 5 groups (7 animals in each group). All animals supplied with standard food during the experiment with an access of water. They were distributed as follow: first group (normal saline treated group, 1 ml/kg, i.p.) in six equal doses in alternative days over a period of 2 weeks and considered as control group. Second, doxorubicin treated group (2.5 mg/kg, i.p., in six equal doses in alternative days over a period of 2 weeks to make a total cumulative dose of 15 mg/kg, body weight). The third, fourth and fifth groups were treated with aminophylline in doses (10, 20 and 30 mg/kg, i.p.) respectively plus doxorubicin (one hour prior each administered dose of doxorubicin ). Blood samples were collected and used to determine the serum levels of cardiac biomarker {Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Creatine Kinase (CK-MB) and troponin I} in addition to oxidative stress parameters {malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH)}. Results: In aminophylline plus doxorubicin treated groups serum levels of LDH,CK-MB, troponin I and MDA were significantly lower than those of doxorubicin-treated group, While serum GSH was increase. These changes occurred in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions: These data show that aminophylline can provide a protective effect against doxorubicin cardiomyopathy. This protective effect of aminophylline may be attributed to its enhancing effect on cellular cyclic nucleotides antioxidant defense on the heart." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["the protective properties of aminophylline","Cellular changes","biochemical approaches."], "publishers" : ["Sabah N. Al-Thamir(a)","Enass Najem Oubaid (b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_74.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_74.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_74.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_74.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:48", "views" : 969, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :75 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Value of Kleihauer Test in the Detection of Foetomaternal Transfusion in Iraqi Patients", "abstract" : "Back ground: Rh isoimmunization represents an important problem that contributes to foetal morbidity resulting in h?molytic disease of newborns (HDN) and abortions in successive pregnancies. The major treatment strategy relies upon prevention of sensitization by administration of Anti-D immunoglobulin to Rh negative mothers giving birth to Rh positive babies within 72 hours after birth. This is usually controlled by counting the number of foetal red cells in the maternal circulation by Kleihauer test which is routinely conducted to all Rh negative mothers. Objectives: This study is designed for detection of random cases of foetomaternal transfusion during delivery in Iraqi patients irrespective of mother s Rh status, in order to understand fully the probability of isoimmunization after uneventful deliveries. Material and method: Blood samples were collected from mothers just delivered, immediately smeared making thin blood film and subjected to Kleihauer test. Results: Out of 86 maternal blood samples collected one hour after delivery, 25 (28.9%) cases revealed significant foetomaternal transfusion, ranging from minor (1-3 ml) transfusion representing 16 cases out of 86 (18.6%), moderate (4-10 ml) transfusion representing 4 cases (4.6%) and major (>10 ml) transfusion representing 5 cases (5.8%). Massive foetomaternal transfusion (>30 ml) was not detected in all cases. Conclusions: Foetomaternal transfusion with different degrees is a frequent event during IU Anti-D immunoglobulin 72 hours after birth is adequate in elimination of almost all foetal red cells in Rh negative mothers giving birth to Rh positive babies." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Value of Kleihauer","Rh isoimmunization","Foetomaternal transfusion"], "publishers" : ["Ghafil Saihood Hasan","Mazin Jaafar Mousa"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_75.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_75.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_75.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_75.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_75.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:10", "views" : 1157, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :77 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs on Serum Lipid Profile in Hyperlipidemic Rats", "abstract" : "Background. Diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia both are independent risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis, which is a major cause of death worldwide. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effects of some hypoglycemic drugs on serum lipid profile in hyperlipidemic, non- hyperglycemic rats, and to see whether these effects are related to their hypoglycemic effects. Materials and Methods: This study included 50 rats which have been randomly allocated into five groups, 10 for each group. One of these groups was put on normal diet, and considered as a control group, the remaining four groups were feed with fat-rich diet for eight weeks. Before starting treatment with hypoglycemic drugs, blood samples were collected form these five groups, and serum lipid profile namely, triglycerides(TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoproteins(VLDL), and high density lipoproteins (HDL), were measured. The results have revealed that the four groups have become hyperlipidemic. Then one group out of the four hyperlipidemic groups received distilled water, while the other three received one of the following hyperglycemic drugs: Metformin, Rosiglitazone, and Acarbose. The four groups were kept on fat-rich diet four eight weeks. Results: 1). All three hypoglycemic agents produced a highly significant reduction in the level of TG compared to control. However, the magnitudes of reduction varied from one drug to another. 2). Metformin and Rosiglitazon produced a significant reduction in the level of total serum cholesterol (TC) compared to control . Acarbose produced non-significant reduction in the level of TC compared to control. 3). Metformin produced a highly significant reduction in the level of LDL , Rosiglitazone produced reduction in the level of LDL, however this reduction is not significant. Acarbose, on the other hand, produced a highly significant increase in the level of LDL. 4). Metformin, Rosiglitasone, and Acarbose all produced a highly significant reduction in the level of VLDL . 5). Metformin produced a highly significant increase in the level of HDL (P<0.01), while Rosiglitazone and Acarbose produced a significant reduction in the level of HDL (P<0.05). Conclusions: Metformin reduced serum levels of Triglycerides TG, total serum cholesterol TC, low density lipoprotein LDL, and very low density lipoprotein VLDL, but increases serum level of high density lipoprotein HDL. These effects may share in decreasing the risk of atherosclerosis. Rosiglitazone reduces serum TG, TC, VLDL, and HDL levels, but has no effect on serum LDL level. Rosiglitazone therefore, should be cautiously prescribed for patients with cardiac problems. Acarbose reduces serum TG, VLDL, HDL, and increases LDL levels, but has no effect on TC. Acarbose should also be used cautiously in patient with cardiac problems." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Diabetes mellitus","Serum Lipid Profile","Hyperlipidemic Rats"], "publishers" : ["Nemah H. Mahdi Al-Jabouri"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_77.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_77.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_77.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_77.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:48", "views" : 1429, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :78 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Deferasirox on the Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Iron Overloaded Beta-Thalassemic Patients", "abstract" : "Iron overload represents a serious complication in transfusion dependent ?-thalassemic patients. Once the body’s storage capacity is exceeded, free iron catalyzes the formation of highly reactive oxygen species, which leads to membranes, DNA and protein damage. This process leads to cellular death, tissue necrosis and inflammatory reaction in multiple organs particularly liver, heart, and endocrine glands. Indeed organs failure due to chronic iron overload represent the major cause of death in patients with ?-thalassemia major who receive blood transfusions regularly. Iron chelation represents life-saving therapy that lead to a significant improvement in the survival of transfusion dependent ?-thalassemic patients. Deferasirox is an orally administered once daily iron chelator that mobilize tissue iron by forming soluble stable complexes with iron that are then excreted in feces. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of deferasirox treatment on the oxidative stress and inflammation in iron overloaded ?-thalassemic patients. Forty one ?-thalassemia major patients were enrolled in this study they were diagnosed by specialist pediatric physicians depending on the clinical features, family history and confirmed by laboratory analysis of blood film, Hb-electrophoresis and serum ferritin. They were free of infections. All patients were on monthly blood transfusion and regular daily oral chelation therapy with deferasirox (30-40mg/kg/day). The patients were monitored monthly for six months by measuring [serum C-reactive protein (CRP), serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and serum glutathione (GSH)]. Base line study for all the above investigations was done. The results showed: There was a significant decrease (P < 0.01) in the means of serum CRP and serum MDA, while there was a significant increase (P < 0.01) in the serum level of GSH after six months of DFX treatment. It was concluded that: Deferasirox can play important role in controlling the oxidative stress and inflammation which are secondary to iron overload. It is noticed from the significant decrease in the oxidative parameter (MDA), the inflammatory parameter (CRP) and from the significant increase in the antioxidant (GSH)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["?-thalassemic","The Effect of Deferasirox","Oxidative Stress"], "publishers" : ["Abdul-Razzak A. Latif","Hussein Naji Al-Shimmary","Ali Jihad Hemid"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_78.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_78.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_78.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_78.pdf" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:49", "views" : 1055, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :79 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Transcutaneous Bilirubin Testing: A Screening Tool for Jaundiced Term and Near- Term Neonates", "abstract" : "Objective: To evaluate the transcutaneous bilirubin (by Minolta JM-103 Jaundice Meter) as a screening tool in near term (?35 weeks) to term neonates with jaundice who presented to our hospital. Methods: This prospective study which was done in Karbala teaching hospital for children, during the period from April 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010, studied the correlation between the total serum bilirubin (TSB) measurements by (APEL BR-501 BILIRUBIN METRE) and the paired transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements (by Minolta JM-103 Jaundice Meter). Result: Transcutaneous bilirubin showed a good correlation with TSB (r=0.827) in 107 neonates aged between 1 to 13 days old. The mean difference between TcB and TSB was -1.15. Conclusion: Transcutaneous bilirubin (measured by JM-103) cannot be considered a substitute for laboratory measurement of TSB, but appears to be useful as a screening tool." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bilirubin Testing","laboratory measurement of TSB","chemical laboratory method"], "publishers" : ["Zuhair Omran Easa"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_79.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_79.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_79.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_79.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_79.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:13", "views" : 1410, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :80 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Replantation and Revascularization of Upper Limb Injuries, an Iraqi Experience", "abstract" : "Background: Revascularization/replantation is a complex but vital job that plays an important role in life improvement and functional recovery in devascularization /amputation injuries. The purpose is to estimate the survival rate of revascularization/replantation in different location of upper limb and different mechanisms of injury and to clarify the benefit/risk ratio of this complex job. Patients and methods: 59 cases aged from1 year to 56 years with 86 amputated parts of upper limbs of different levels and types were evaluated and managed by revascularization/ replantation. Results The survival rate was 72% of cases and 81% for parts. Conclusion: The revascularization /replantation is worth doing and vital process that plays an important role in improvement of shape and function of victims &can be considered as life improving procedure." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Microvascular surgery"," revascularization"," replantation"," arm replantation"], "publishers" : ["Jafer H.Zainy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_80.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_80.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_80.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_80.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_80.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:49", "views" : 1095, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :81 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of Thyrotropin Hormone Receptor Antibody (TRAb) in Distinguishing between Autoimmune and non-Autoimmune Disease", "abstract" : "The present study was intended to investigate Thyrotropin Receptor Antibody (TRAb) level in hyperthyroidism. A total of 65 patients and 25 apparently healthy as a controls were assessed. Twenty-seven of the 65 patients had Graves disease, twenty-one had toxic nodular goitre and the remaining group had toxic nodule. In comparison with the control group, patients with diffuse goitre showed a highly significant increase in TRAb (P<0.01) significant increase in TRAb (p < 0.05) in nodular toxic goitre, while non-significant (p> 0.05) found in nodule toxic. Thyroid function tests appear significant increase (P<0.01) T4, T3 while significant decrease in thyroid stimulating hormone TSH concentrations. The incidence of positive TRAb assay in diffuse goitre group was 89%, whereas 24% were positive in toxic nodular goitre group and 6% in toxic nodule. It can be concluded that as a practical method, TRAb assay may be useful in making a differential diagnosis of Graves disease rather than other autoimmune thyroid diseases (toxic nodular and toxic nodule)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Thyrotropin hormone receptor antibody (TRAb)"," Toxic multinodular TMN"," Toxic nodule (TN)"," T4"," T3."], "publishers" : ["Moaed Emran Al-Gazally","Muhanned Abbas Al-shalah","Saif Ali Muttaleb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_81.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_81.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_81.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_81.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_81.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:58:44", "views" : 1074, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :93 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Risk Factors for Left Ventricular Disorders in Chronic Haemodialysis Patients", "abstract" : "Background : Cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease and represent the major hazard for mortality in this population , anomalies of left ventricular structure and function are very frequent and shows negative impact on cardiovascular prognosis. Objective : To study left ventricular disorders in patients with chronic renal failure on haemodialysis program including left ventricular dysfunction , hypertrophy and dilatation and their relation with risk factors . Methods : 62 patients with end stage renal failure on dialysis were studied by echocardiography, patients were divided into 4 groups G1 with normal echo , G2 left ventricular dysfunction , G3 left ventricular hypertrophy , G4 left ventricular dilatation, risk factors including age , sex , duration of dialysis , hypertension, S. calcium S. albumin and hemoglobin were compared between G1 and G2 , G3 , G4 . Results :Left Ventricular disorders occurred in 67.7% (17% left ventricular dysfunction , 63% left ventricular hypertrophy and 27% left ventricular dilatation) , older age group, longer duration of dialysis , hypertension ,hypocalcaemia , hypoalbuminemia and anemia were found to be significantly associated with left ventricular disorders . Conclusion : Left ventricular disorders are common in patients with end stage renal failure on haemodialysis and it is important to correct risk factors like hypertension , anemia and hypocalcaemia" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Risk Factors","Left Ventricular Disorders","Chronic Haemodialysis Patients"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase Haider"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_93.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_93.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_93.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_93.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:19", "views" : 1000, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :96 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluate of Malondialdehyde Level and Antioxidant Systems in Asthma Patients", "abstract" : "Background: Asthma is a chronic airway inflammation which involves the interplay of different types of inflammatory cells and cytokines in the airway, it is characterized by recurrent cough and wheeze , recent small scale studies have demonstrated that asthma severity may be associated with both airway and systemic inflammation. Purpose: It is determined that disturbance of oxidant- antioxidant balance in inflammatory disease especially in asthma. Materials and Methods: Malondialdehyde, super oxide dismutase, catalase & glutathione (GSH) were conducted on 25patients( males) aged 28-45 years compared with 20 males sex and age matched as a healthy control . Results: Serum malondialdehyde level was shown a significantly increased in asthma patients compared with healthy control, but super oxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) & glutathione (GSH) were significantly decreased for asthma patients compared with healthy control." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Evaluate","Malondialdehyde Level","Antioxidant Systems","Asthma Patients"], "publishers" : ["Rana Abd Al-Aly"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_96.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_96.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_96.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_96.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_96.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:46:02", "views" : 888, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :100 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In Vivo Efficacy of Nigella Sativa Aqueous Seed Extract Against Metacestode of Echinococcus Granulosus", "abstract" : "Hydatidosis is an endemic disease of human and animals which is difficult to treat. Experimental studies indicated that Nigella sativa seeds had an efficiency against various parasitic infections. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo efficiency of Nigella sativa aqueous seeds extract against hydatidosis . A total of 40 white albino mice were divided into 4 equal groups . Each mouse in the first, second, and third groups were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with 2000 protoscolices, whereas mice in the fourth group were left as non-infected control. Four months post infection, mice in the second and third group treated with 12 and 25mg of Nigella sativa aqueous seeds extract respectively in every other day for one week. Mice in the first group were untreated and considered as infected control group. Morphological and histopathological changes in cysts and infected organs were studied . Enzyme activities of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were recorded in each mouse . Mice from treated groups with either concentration had lower number and diameter of cysts and higher cyst reduction percentage than infected control group. Histological sections of the liver from mice treated with either concentration showed degeneration and necrosis of hydatid cysts . An elevation of ADA and dropping in ALP activities was recorded in treated mice especially with 25 mg" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["In Vivo Efficacy","Nigella Sativa","Aqueous Seed","Extract","Against Metacestode"," Echinococcus Granulosus"], "publishers" : ["Kasim Sh. Al-Mayah","Nada M. Al-Bashir","Bader M. Al-Azzawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_100.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_100.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_100.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_100.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_100.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:34", "views" : 1408, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :145 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Lipids in Diabetic and Hypertensive Patients Attending Clinic in Aba Metropolis, South-Eastern Nigeria", "abstract" : "Systolic and diastolic blood pressures and body mass index were carried out in 150 patients attending Abia State Teaching Hospital, Aba, South-Eastern part of Nigeria, and in another 50 persons from the same locality, who were neither hypertensive nor diabetic (controls); bringing to total number of participants to 200. The result showed that the mean total cholesterol (TC) 6.73±1.19 mm/L, triglyceride (TG) 2.66±0.83 mm/L, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)3.84±1.07mm/L, and fasting blood glucose (FBS)10.19±3.69mm/L were significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive diabetic subjects compared with the control subjects with values: TC 4.59±0.94mm/L, TG 1.59±0.33mm/L, LDL-C 2.8±0.49mm/L. The systolic and diastolic blood pressures were also significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive diabetics 172.00±12.21 mmHg, and 105.50±9.96mm/Hg, respectively, compared with the control subjects 120.56±13.79mmHg, and 76.8±8.5mmHg respectively. The mean serum levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in hypertensive and diabetic patients: 0.89±0.58mm/L was significantly lower at (P<0.05) than of control: 1.71±0.40mmHg. The mean levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, were significantly higher (P<0.05) in hypertensive non diabetic subjects compared with normal healthy subjects studied. The HDL-C of non diabetic hypertensive subjects: 0.96±0.45mm/L was significantly lower at (P< 0.05) than values obtained in control subjects:. 1.71±0.40mm/L. The mean glucose level showed no significant difference (P>0.05) between the hypertensive non diabetic subjects and control subjects. No significant difference was found in the mean body mass index (BMI) of the hypertensive, diabetic and control subjects. The findings, which provide data from the South –Eastern part of Nigeria, agree with literature report on effect of diabetes and hypertension on the blood level of these parameters in persons from other localities. Of particular interest is the level of HDL-C and TC in both hypertensive and diabetic patients which is suggestive of the higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The results underscore the necessity of carrying out complete lipid assay and FBS in patients who present either of these conditions. This should be in addition to looking out for other clinical manifestations of the diseases and following up treatment. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Blood Glucose"," Blood Pressure"," Diabetes"," Hypertension"], "publishers" : ["Adikema N. A"," U. L. Udodirim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_145.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_145.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_145.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:53", "views" : 911, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :98 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison between the Efficiency of Liposome and Dimethylsulfoxide to Induce Transfection of the Rabbit’s Sperm", "abstract" : "The main objective of this research is to identify the efficiency of reducing the total cost of the utilizing of the cost-effective liposomes by using non-cost effective substitutes such as DMSO. Direct comparison between two transfectants; the high cost liposome and the low cost DMSO was made on the basis of their direct DNA interaction ability. Direct protective relationship of liposome with DNA and seminal fluid was identified compared with DMSO. Different treatments (linearized DNA, circular DNA, restriction enzyme – liposome – DNA, restriction enzyme – DMSO – DNA, DMSO – DNA and liposome – DNA, and even naked DNA) were all found to be successful to internalize inside the head of the sperm according to PCR results. Despite the clear and significant relationship that were observed between liposome and DNA compared with DMSO, but there was no difference in the efficiency of each of which to escort the exogenous DNA in its way into the head of the sperm" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Comparison between","the Efficiency of Liposome","Dimethylsulfoxide","the Rabbit’s Sperm"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Baqur Sahib Ahmed Al-Shuhaib","Ali Hmood Al-Saadi"," Mahanem Mat Noor"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_98.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_98.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_98.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_98.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_98.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:48:08", "views" : 877, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :101 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlation of Body Mass Index (BMI) With Cardiac and Ventricular Repolarization Parameters in Young Healthy Students", "abstract" : "Background: Recently, increased frequency in cardiovascular events was observed in young population.It has not been clearly determined whether cardiac and ventricular repolarization parameters differ between the young who have normal body mass index (BMI) and the young who are in overweight BMI class. Subjects and Methods: Forty-Three overweight (BMI-28.6±1.2 kg/m2, mean age- 20.6±1.5 years) and 39 normal weight (BMI - 21.8±2.0 kg/m2, mean age - 20.4±1.4 years) healthy male students from Baghdad University/ Medical College participated voluntarily in this study.All subjects underwent a blood pressure measurement and an electrocardiography recording. Results:Significant statistical differences in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, Q-T interval duration and corrected Q-T interval duration between subjects with normal weight and those with overweight was found, also a positive linear correlation between BMI and Q-T interval duration and corrected Q-T interval duration and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate thatthe problem of overweight in youngmen should not be ignored. In a younger agegroup, weight gain and a higher BMI may affect cardiac and ventricular repolarization parameters, even if there areno obesityrelated disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Correlation","Body Mass Index (BMI)","Cardiac","Ventricular","Repolarization Parameters","Young Healthy Students"], "publishers" : ["Affan Ezzat Hassan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_101.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_101.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_101.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_101.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_101.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 02:08:24", "views" : 965, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :99 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Hirsutism: A Clinical and Biochemical Study among Iraqi Women in Hilla City", "abstract" : "Background: Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal hairs that appear in women in a male-like pattern (i.e., sexual hair). It is relatively a common and important medical problem affecting about 5-10% of women in reproductive age. The growth of sexual hair is entirely under the influence of androgens, many hormones have androgenic potential in the human body, but testosterone is the key circulating androgen which is produced by the ovaries and adrenals. Hirsutism can be familial, idiopathic, or caused by excess androgen secretion by the ovary, adrenal glands or exogenous pharmacologic sources of androgen and other miscellaneous endocrine abnormalities. Aim of the study: To shed alight on hirsutism as a rising problem among women in our society, evaluating those hirsute women both clinically and biochemically. Results: Fifty women with hirsutism were included in this study, their ages ranged from 14-45 years with a mean of 27.64 + 7.266. Mean duration of disease was 7.52 + 6.217 years; while mean age of onset 20.36 + 4.758 years. All patients had slow progression of hirsutism over years. Positive family history was found in 80% of patients, 38% were married, 6 (12%) are infertile. Irregular menstrual cycles were found in 44%, mostly in a form of oligomenorrhea. The number of hirsute patients who were over weight or obese (BMI ?25) was 30 patients (60%), [16 patients had android obesity (WHR?0.85) and 14 patients had overall (non android) obesity], while the number of non obese hirsute patients (BMI<25) was 20 patients (40%). 31 patients (62%) had elevated serum total testosterone, there was highly significant statistical difference regarding serum testosterone when compared with control group (p-value 0.0001). 20% of patients had elevated serum prolactin, while 4 patients (8%) of control group had elevated serum prolactin. There was no significant correlation between serum total testosterone and serum prolactin levels with BMI or WHR (P-value>0.05). 36 patients (72%) had mild hirsutism (score 8-15) and 14 patients (28%) had moderate to severe hirsutism (score >15). Significant correlation was found between the score of the patients with BMI and WHR (P-value <0.05). Also there was highly significant statistical relationship between the score of the patients and serum androgen level; patients with scores>15 had significantly higher levels of serum androgen than those with lower scores. Seborrhea, androgenetic alopecia, acne and acanthosis nigricans were recorded in patients with decreasing frequencies, while hypertrichosis if found in 72% of patients especially in those with high score hirsutism. Conclusion: Hirsutism is not merely aesthetic problem, it can be linked to several metabolic and endocrine abnormalities especially if a patient presents with moderate-severe hirsutism even when it had a slow progression or family history can be obtained" , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" A Clinical","Biochemical Study","Iraqi Women in Hilla City"], "publishers" : ["Zena Saeed Al-Fadhily"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_99.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_99.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_99.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_99.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_99.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:50", "views" : 1311, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :102 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Studies The Effects of Finastrides and Diane or Metformin, Diane and Andocur For Treating Subfertile Women with Poly cystic ovary Syndrome", "abstract" : "Background: Sub fertility is the inability of a couple to conceive after one year of unprotected coitus in women less than 35 years and six months in women over35 years .It carries significant personal ,social and financial consequences, one half of sub fertility causes due to female causes and one third of the female causes is the an- ovulation and the commonest cause of an-ovulation is the poly cystic ovary Syndrome. Objective: The aim of this study to evaluate the benefits of Fin strides and Diane versus Metformin, Diane and Andocur on fertility in poly cystic ovary Syndrome with moderate to sever hyperandrogenism. Patients and Methods: During a period between first of March 2010 and first of September 2010 a prospective study was performed on 90 patients from infertility centre and outpatient clinic in Babylon Maternity and Paediatrics Teaching Hospital. We divided them into three groups: Group A, 30 women received Fin stride and Diane, Group B,30 women received Metformin,Diane andAndocur while Group C,30 were normal as a control. Results: It showed that the commonest age group affected with poly cystic ovary Syndrome were (25-35) years with history of primary infertility and larger body mass index. There is greater reduction in the LH level in both treatment regimes while in prolactin there’s little increment after treatment in Group B, it may be due to cyproterone acetate. Conclusion: Our study showed significant response in both treatment groups A and B support the effect that in poly cystic ovary Syndrome with sub fertility and hyperandrogenism we can use Finstride with Diane or Metformin ,Diane and Andocur to restore fertility." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Poly cystic ovary Syndrome","Finastrides","Sub fertility"], "publishers" : ["Bushra J. Al-Rubaiie"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_102.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_102.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_102.pdf" , "figure_file" : "10_1_102.pdf" , "tables_file": "10_1_102.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:15:16", "views" : 823, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :103 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Impact of Education Program upon Mother s Knowledge and Practices of Haemophilic Children Type A", "abstract" : "Background and objectives: World Health Organization and Haemophilia Foundation Australia 2000 [1] reported that the identification of patients with haemophilia remains a major problem, even in countries which have made a great efforts to establish haemophilia care facilities. Only 10-60% of expected number of patients have those facilities and 50% of problems seen in people with haemophilia could be avoided simply by education [2]. Subjects and methods: Quasi experimental study was carried out at Hereditary Bleeding Diseases center in AL-Mansur Pediatric Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, to identify the impact of education program upon knowledge and practices of Haemophilic children type A ,Seventy mothers having haemophilia A children were included in this study and divided into study and control groups.. Results: The results revealed that mothers of the study group had benefit from the implementation of educational program, their knowledge and practices were adequately improved and developed. .Conclusion: The study concluded that the educational program could be considered as a need for all mothers having haemophilic child." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["educational program. "," haemophilia "," mothers "," knowledge and practices."], "publishers" : ["Kareema Ahmad Hussein","Sawsan Al-Azzawi","Eman M. Al-Khateeb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_1_103.jpg","full_file" : "10_1_103.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_1_103.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "10_1_103.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:45:32", "views" : 820, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :114 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Dexamethasone Improve Ovarian Response to Ovulation Induction Drugs in Women Over 35 Years", "abstract" : "Background: With aging, the ovarian reserve is decreased and that is a major contributor to poor ovarian response to ovulation induction treatment. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of Dexamethasone on ovarian response in infertile patients aged over 35 years. Materials and Methods: In this study, a total of 36 infertile women over age 35, referred to Babylon hospital-infertility clinic from May 2010 to may 2011 were selected. Ovulation induction was initiated for them using HMG (human menopausal gonadotrophin) for 2 consecutive cycles then after excluding 10 women Dexamethasone co-treatment (1mg/d) was started ( in 26 women ) in their next menstrual cycle. It was started on the 21st day of the menstrual cycle and continued until CD12 together with the HMG (from CD 2-12) of the next cycle. The main outcome measures were number of mature follicles detected by U/S, number of used HMG ampoules/cycle , and serum E2 level on HCG injection day. Results: There was no significant statistical difference in age, duration of infertility, hormonal tests, and number of mature follicles. However, the number of used HMG ampoules was significantly lower in Dexamethasone used cycle compared to non-dexamethasone cycles (p<0.05). Conclusion: The addition of dexamethasone 1mg/d to ovulation induction treatment decreased the number of HMG used in patients over 35 years who hold known risk of low ovarian response." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dexamethasone","Improve","Ovarian","Response","Women Over 35 Years"], "publishers" : ["Suhaila F. Al-Shaikh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_114.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_114.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_114.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_114.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"21/11/2017 22:21:20", "views" : 1436, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :105 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of Vibrio Cholerae with its Virulence Factors Isolated from Diarrheal Patients in Babylon Province", "abstract" : "Stool specimens were collected from (136) patients with watery diarrhea aged (from 5 months to 80 years) prior administration to antimicrobial agents who were referred to Hilla teaching hospital (Emergency department) during a period from (September to December 2008). This study found that 44 (32.35%) suspected isolates of Vibrio cholerae 23(52.3%) male and 21 (47.7%) female. All isolates were proven to be Vibrio cholerae in central public health laboratory in Baghdad. Regarding to the serotyping of Vibrio cholerae this study found that all isolates have only Inaba serotype. The virulence factors were detected in all isolates was produce siderophores and colonization factor antigens." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Study of Vibrio Cholerae","Virulence Factors Isolated","Diarrheal Patients","Babylon Province"], "publishers" : ["Shaimaa O. Hasson","Zaitoon A. Al-Khafagi","Nada K. K. Hendi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_105.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_105.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_105.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_105.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_105.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:50:36", "views" : 726, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :106 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Measurement of Intact Parathyroid Hormone and Serum Electrolytes and Their Relation with Renal Stones in Hilla City", "abstract" : "The study was conducted on seventy patients with renal stones and fifty apparently healthy were taken as control group. Blood collected from clinic of urology in AL-Hilla Teaching Hospital .The sera obtained from the blood were used to measure intact PTH and electrolytes (calcium, phosphorus) and its relation with renal stones. The results of the present study showed a significant increase in intact PTH and calcium concentration and a significant decrease in phosphorus concentration in sera of the renal stones group compared to the control group, significant increase in intact PTH concentration in the sera of male with renal stones than their counterparts females" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Measurement"," Intact Parathyroid Hormone","Serum Electrolytes","Their Relation"," Renal Stones"], "publishers" : ["Rana A.M. Shaker","MoaedE. Al-Gazally","Emad H. Al-Jaff"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_106.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_106.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_106.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_106.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 16:30:33", "views" : 786, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :107 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Impact of Contributing Factors that Effect Duodenal Ulcer Patients with Some Variables", "abstract" : "The etiology of duodenal ulcer (D.U.) is completely Unknown; however .Gastric acid secretion plays an important role in pathogenesis of the disease. The study is planned to find out the relationship between the contributing factors of D.U. and some variables, such as age, sex; level of education . It was a descriptive study was conducted in Baghdad teaching hospital. Reviewing (30) D.U. patients who were admitted to the surgical world of Baghdad teaching hospital. Data were collected though the use of the questionnaire (interview) with the patients. The results have revealed that the majority of the samples were from heavy smokers of alcoholic male. It was recommended that an educational program for duodenal ulcer patient should be developed regarding Duodenal ulcer." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Impact of Contributing Factors "," Effect Duodenal Ulcer Patients"], "publishers" : ["Abdulmahdi A. Hasan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_107.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_107.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_107.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"20/11/2017 23:25:28", "views" : 761, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :109 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Intralesional Triamcinolone Injection in the Management of Cutaneous Hemangiomas in Children", "abstract" : "Background: Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors in children. Various approaches have been advocated in the management of hemangioma. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intralesional triamcinolone injection in the treatment of hemangioma. Patients and methods: All patients studied regarding the age, number of lesions, presence of any complications, site and size of lesion and the percentage of regression after treatment with steroid. The patients were treated with local injection of diluted triamcinolone (40 mg) with 5 ml normal saline in a dose of 3 – 5 mg/kg. The injection was given every 4 – 6 weeks. The number of injections varied from two to six. Results: The response was excellent (more than 75% regression in size) in 10 patients (42%), good (50-75% regression in size) in 6 patients (25%), poor (25-50% regression in size) in 5 patients (21%) and no response (less than 25% regression in size or no response at all) was seen in 3 patients (12%). Conclusion: Intralesional injection of triamcinolone is a safe and effective treatment of hemangiomas. To get optimum response, it should be used in patients below one year of age" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["IntralesionalوTriamcinoloneوInjectionوManagement of Cutaneous Hemangiomas in Children"], "publishers" : ["Arkan Hadi AhmوAshraf Hashim AhmedوFadel Abbas Alhamami"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_109.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_109.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_109.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_109.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:11:53", "views" : 1018, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :108 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Relationship between Anemia and Diastolic Dysfunction of the Heart", "abstract" : "Background: Diastolic dysfunction is an echocardiographic pattern identified via transthoracic echocardiography. It is classified as primary or isolated when the systolic function is normal and secondary when there is systolic dysfunction. Aim of the study: This study is conducted to evaluate the relationship between anemia and diastolic dysfunction of the heart. Patients and methods: 200 participants were enrolled in this study and classified into two groups; anemic and non-anemic (n=100 for each) according to the definition of WHO. Measurements were taken for blood pressure, heart rate, and BMI. Standard biochemical indices, ECG and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography examination were also performed. Results: Of the anemic group, 8 participants had diastolic dysfunction and 92 patients did not. None of the control group had diastolic dysfunction. The difference was statistically significant. Among the anemic group, 12 participants had left ventricular hypertrophy while no subject from the control group had left ventricular hypertrophy. The correlation was statistically highly significant. Among these participants who had diastolic dysfunction, 6 participants had left ventricular hypertrophy and 2 participants had not. The correlation between left ventricular hypertrophy due to anemia and diastolic dysfunction was statistically highly significant. The severity of anemia was not correlating with the development and severity of diastolic dysfunction. Sex had no significant influence on the development of diastolic dysfunction in anemic participants. Conclusion: Anemia was identified to correlate well with the development of left ventricular hypertrophy and with the resultant diastolic dysfunction. The severity of diastolic dysfunction was unrelated to the severity of anemia and sex of the patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Relationship betweenوAnemiaوDiastolic Dysfunction of the Heart"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Abd Abdul Hussein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_108.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_108.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_108.pdf" , "figure_file" : "9_1_108.pdf" , "tables_file": "9_1_108.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:44:33", "views" : 1199, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :110 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlates of Current Cigarette Smoking Among In-School Adolescents in Kut City", "abstract" : "Background : Cigarette smoking is a major ‘preventable’ cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Most adult smokers start smoking regularly some time before 18 years of age. Objectives : This study aimed at identify the prevalence of, and determine some of socio-demographic correlates of current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in Kut City. Methodology : We carried out a cross-sectional survey of 1067 students in classes 7th to 11th (ages: 13 to 20 years) in 14 intermediate and secondary schools in Kut City, Wasit Province in 2007, by using multistage probability sampling technique (stratified – simple), an anonymous self-completion questionnaire as a part of Global School-based Student Health Survey ‘GSHS’ questionnaire was used. Results : Results shows that cigarette smoking prevalent among male school students only, where 22.6% (140 student of 619) stated that they had smoked at least once and (13.4%, 83 student of 619) stated that they were currently smoking, so the data analysis involve male students only (sample size = 619). The percentage of students who were currently smoking increased gradually with age: 7% in 13-14 years old, 16% in 15-17 years old to 29% in 18-20 years old. Findings indicates that adolescents who had parents who smoked, were more likely to be smokers compared to adolescents who did not have parents who smoked ‘P <0.05’ this suggests that parents imitation plays an important role in initiation of smoking in adolescents. Fortunately, students who perceived parental supervision were less likely involved in smoking behavior ‘P <0.05’. Conclusion : Smoking is highly prevalent among secondary school male students in Kut City, while, there are no smokers among female students, and this is due to the behavior of a socially acceptable habit of smoking for men only and is not acceptable for women, and this gives immunity against the prevalence of smoking among female students. The smoking behavior of adolescents influenced by complicated interactions of varying sets of factors such as age, gender, parental smoking and parental supervision." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Correlates of Current Cigarette Smoking ","School Adolescents in Kut City"], "publishers" : ["Issam S. Ismail"," Khalida Abdul-Sattar*"," Hassan A. Baey**"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_110.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_110.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_110.pdf" , "figure_file" : "8_1_110.pdf" , "tables_file": "8_1_110.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:46:57", "views" : 771, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :111 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Selenium and Vitamin E on Male Infertility", "abstract" : "100 male patient complain from primary or secondary male infertility with asthenospermia and teratospermia submitted to this prospective study attained to the privet clinic from June /2010-june/2011 with normal or mild subnormal sperm count, received antioxidant selenium and vitamin E for 90 days, and result show good percentage improvement in shape and motility, also these drugs are safe if given in the recommended does. It is difficult to asses the rate of pregnancy exactly because difficult to follow the patient when his wife become pregnant." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Effect","Selenium ","Vitamin E"," Male Infertility"], "publishers" : ["Mohammad Ridha Judi Abbood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_111.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_111.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_111.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_111.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:15:53", "views" : 1150, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :112 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effectiveness of Glucosamine Treatment on the Modulation of Some Immunological Parameters in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis", "abstract" : "The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral glucosamine treatment that had prescribed to knee OA patients on the serum IFN-? and IL-4.This study was included 40 patients had knee osteoarthritis on regular oral glucosamine.20 patients had osteoarthritis on acetaminophen only without glucosamine treatment (1stcontrol) and 20 healthy control peoples (2ndcontrol), their age ranged 40-67 and of both sex .Blood samples were taken from all groups and serum values of IFN-? and IL-4 were measured by ELIZA technique. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS computing program at (p<0.05) the level of significant. The result showed that the concentration of IFN-? and IL-4 in OA patients on glucosamine were significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of both OA patients without glucosamine treatment and healthy group. However, it was significantly higher (p<0.05) in OA without glucosamine treatment as compared with healthy group. The conclusion was glucosamine treatment can reduced the pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-?, IL-4 level in OA patients even below that of healthy control group" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effectiveness of Glucosamine Treatmentوthe Modulation","immunological","Knee Osteoarthritis","Parameters "], "publishers" : ["Rusul Ali Kadhum Sabah N. Al-Thamir* Ali M.H. Al-kazzaz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2012"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_112.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_112.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_112.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "9_1_112.pdf" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"21/11/2017 21:11:21", "views" : 752, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :186 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Inflammatory Breast Masses", "abstract" : "From January 2, 2010 to December 31, 2011; 190 patients, attended Breast Clinic in Al-Sadder Teaching Hospital, 28 patients 14.8% of them have been proved to have inflammatory breast masses. The majority were lactating ladies (25 out of 28) 89.2%, most of them were inadequately treated; in 14 patients 56% that was because of patients’ wrong thoughts that any surgical intervention to the breast may eventually cause cancer, while the in the rest was due to inadequate treatment with antibiotics only. Although the history of the lactating patients was so suggestive of their inflammatory nature, still some clinical findings were so similar to those associated with breast cancer; 57.1% had axillary lymph nodes enlargement, 64.2% had skin, and 7.1% had nipple changes. Mammography and ultrasonography couldn t decisively distinguish between the two. However, FNAC was of great assistance, and its results were so close to that of the open biopsy in all patients 100%. The remaining three patients; one male patient was proved to have TB mastitis while the other male had a non-specific mastitis due to a repetitive trauma. The only post-menopausal lady was proved to have chronic pyogenic mastitis. The conclusion is that an inadequate treatment of breast abscess leaves a mass that requires more laborious, and worrisome investigations. Therefore, the proper treatment is an essential step in the avoidance of this inconvenience, and this is the objective of this study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Breast Mass"," Antibioma"," Chronic Mastitis."], "publishers" : ["Hadi Showaish Mutashar Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_186.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_186.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_186.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:29", "views" : 921, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :188 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Headache and its Relation to Absenteeism among a Sample Paramedical Students in Baghdad-Iraq", "abstract" : "Background: Headache is a world-wide problem that affects all ages, headache occur more in girls. Headaches can vary in frequency and severity of pain, some individuals may experience headaches once or twice a year. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence rate of headache and its relation to absenteeism among paramedical students in technical medical institutes in Baghdad –Iraq. Subjects and materials: study design is cross–sectional study. Setting: This study was conducted from December 2010 to April 2011. The students ages ranged from 18 to 24 years. Sample Size: Total sample of 500 students, selected as statistic convenient . Results: The most common symptoms that occurred before headache were blurred vision 33.7%. The most common type of headache was described as sever headache 41.4% and unilateral 26.5%. The factor relieving of headache was rest 34%. The Absenteeism due to headache was 29.4%. Conclusion: The present study showed that the prevalence of headache was 85.1%. in the age group less than 22 years. It was higher among female students (83.4%) in comparison to males (82.3%). The students had more daily headache attacks 22%. The current study indicated that absenteeism among students due to headache was significantly associated with positive history of severe headache, positive history of unilateral headache and less frequent (weekly/ monthly/ variable) headache compared to daily attacks, but not significant statistically with gender, age and positive history of severe headache." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Headache"," paramedical students"," absentees."], "publishers" : ["Faraj Hato Juni"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_188.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_188.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_188.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:34:33", "views" : 678, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :115 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Spirometric and Haemodynamic Changes after Therapeutic Thoracocentesis", "abstract" : "Objective: Pleural effusion is accumulation of plural fluid by different mechanisms. Thoracocentesis is associated with subjective improvement in many patients. The results of spirometric and haemodynamic changes after this procedure are controversial.We aimed to study the effect of therapeutic thoracocentesis on patients with pleural effusion by assessment of spirometric values and haemodynamic changes (blood pressure assessment)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Spirometric and Haemodynamic Changes","Therapeutic Thoracocentesis"], "publishers" : ["Falah A Deli"," Haider Jabbar kadum "," Hasan Saleh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_115.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_115.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_115.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:18", "views" : 840, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :136 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Various Presentation of Myomas", "abstract" : "A retrograde personal study of 12000 girls and women were attended the private clinic, gynecology clinic and infertility clinic in Babylon from 1978 to 2009 was made . The age group varied from 21 to72 years. It involved all stages of life ,before marriage ,late marriage ,during or without pregnancy and after menopause. The main symptoms were abdominal distension ,dull ache, menstrual disorders mainly bleeding ,infertility. During pregnancy pain and miscarriage. In my experience and follow up of the cases recurrence of the tumors occurred once or many time , patients succeed to get pregnancy after removal of the tumor but malignant change or transformation were minimum or negligible while on the whole the tumors were mostly benign in nature. All surgical complication treated and assisted by the surgeon." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Various Presentation ","Myomas"], "publishers" : ["Layla A.Al- Amir ","Abdul Ghany Al- dabbagh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_136.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_136.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_136.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:51:54", "views" : 728, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :146 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Testosterone and Prolactin in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for Iraqi Terror Attack Victims", "abstract" : "Background: Abnormal levels of testosterone and prolactin have been reported in various psychiatric disorders and the important roles of in the regulation of many processes in human metabolism have been described. Objective: Investigate the hormonal changes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients and control group. Patients and Methods: Eighty two males witnessed on explosion occurred at 10th June 2010 in Hilla city of Iraq, as well as thirty five males apparently healthy persons as a control groups. Participants were grouped to four groups according to PTSD Checklist (PCL) scores. Total testosterone, free testosterone, and prolactin (PRL) were determined using ELISA. Results: Total testosterone, free testosterone, and PRL showed an insignificant decreased in all groups of PTSD patients, when compared to control group. There is negative correlation between each of total testosterone, free testosterone, and PRL with severity of PTSD. Conclusion: Results of present study may indicate that there are inhibition of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) and hypothalamic-pituitary-prolactin (HPP) axes in PTSD patients. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["PTSD"," Testosterone"," Prolactin"," HPG"," HPP"], "publishers" : ["Abdulsamie H. Alta’ee"," Lamia Abdul Majeed","Waleed Azeez Al-Ameedy","Tarik Hufdy Al-Khayat "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_146.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_146.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_146.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:55", "views" : 1491, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :151 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Level of Adiponectin as a Risk Marker for Cardiovascular and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients", "abstract" : "Adiponectin has anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. its study as a risk marker for Cardiovascular and type -2- diabetes mellitus patients. This study was done in the period from 1/7/2011 to 1/11/2012 in Al-Hussein hospital in Karballa government. The study groups were divided into four groups ,one is control ,the others were patients ( type -2- diabetic , type - 2- diabetic with cardiovascular and Cardiovascular diseases ) . The results were showed , there were lowering in fasting serum adiponectin hormone concentration for (three study groups ) with respect to than normal subjects , significant different ( p< 0.001 ). When use adiponectin measurement as a marker to limitation the kind of pathogenic case and from Least Significant different (L..S.D) a statistical system were observed there were highly significant different between DMII group compared to control group while there were medium significant different with (DMII- CVD and CVD) groups . The results indicated that there were no significant different between (DMII-CVD and CVD) groups. while there were a significant difference between(DMII -CVD and CVD) groups and control group less than previous group DMII .Therefore concentration of adiponectin were considered as predictor of incident of diabetes mellitus more than cardiovascular diseases." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["cardiovascular diseases","Cardiovascular","Adiponectin hormone"], "publishers" : ["Hanan A. M. Al- zubaidi","Abdul hussien M .K. Al-jebory"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_151.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_151.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_151.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 23:25:51", "views" : 801, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :152 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Maxillary Sinus Area in both Gender and its Relation to Skeletal Class III Malocclusion", "abstract" : "The maxillary sinus is the largest of the four paranasl sinus ,among the paranasal sinus. Its plays an important role in the formation of facial contours. Therefore, knowledge of the development and size of the maxillary sinus may be crucial for diagnosing and treating various cases of malocclusion . The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of malocclusion in skeletal class III on maxillary sinus dimensions ,80 Iraqi subjects have been chosen, lateral cephalometric radiograph had been taken for each examined subject, then samples has been divided into two groups according to SNA and ANB angle .the first group included 40 subjects who were class I skeletal malocclusion which composed of 20 males and 20 females ,the second group included 40 subjects who were class III skeletal malocclusion which composed of 20 males and 20 females. Then the radiograph were analyzed to determine the measurements of maxillary sinus area. The procedure was accomplished by mean of computer and Auto Cad program version 2008,it had been found that maxillary sinus area were Larger in male than females in both skeletal classes. There is significant difference between SNA angle and CL.III ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["UMSA","TMSA","LMSA"], "publishers" : ["Arkan Muslim Abdulkareem Al-Azzawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_152.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_152.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_152.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:20:45", "views" : 1110, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :153 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Commercial Real Time PCR and Immunochromatography Techniques in Laboratory Diagnosis of Tuberculosis ", "abstract" : "This study is a diagnostic evaluation study to real time PCR and Immunochromatography compared to conventional microbiological techniques (represented by Acid fast smear and culture) in laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis. Whole blood and sputum samples were collected from 136 tuberculosis patients, 124 of them were pulmonary tuberculosis and 12 of them were extrapolmonary tuberculosis in addition to 102 healthy control subjects at consultant clinic for respiratory diseases in Hilla – Babil province-Iraq, during the period from May 2010 to June 2011. Real-time PCR kits, Immunochromatography rapid test in addition to acid fast smear and Lowenstein-Jensen culture were used to diagnose the tuberculosis cases. The results show that the sensitivities of the AFB smear, culture, RT-PCR and ICG were 74%, 43% 88% and 24%, respectively. The sensitivity of 99% was obtained by using RT-PCR and/or AFB smear as a diagnostic criteria. The specificity of AFB smear, culture, RT-PCR was 100%, while the specificity of ICG was 98%. The using of both AFB smear and RT-PCR as diagnostic tests raised the sensitivity to 99% compared with the using of the AFB smear, culture and ICG as a single test. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Immunochromoatography"," laboratory diagnosis"," Real time PCR"," tuberculosis."], "publishers" : ["Mohammed A.K. Al-Saadi"," Habeeb S. Naher","Ammar Abbas Shalan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_153.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_153.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_153.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:54", "views" : 1128, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :154 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effectiveness of the Organic Volatile solvents in Retreatment of Root Canal System( in vitro Study)", "abstract" : "This study tested the hypothesis that root canal sealer cements insoluble in the volatile solvents chloroform and eucalyptol. Forty samples were prepered for each material ( AH26, Endofil sealers) these were divided into eight groups of five; for immersion in chloroform or eucalyptol for 30 s, 1 min, 5 min, 10 min. Clear differences were shown in the solubility profile of major classes of root canal sealer cements in two common volatile solvents. The resulte of this study shows that the AH 26 was significantly more soluble than the other material in both chloroform and eucalyptol in all immersion times. Also shows that the chlorofom is more soluble than eucalyptol for both sealer cements." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["AH26","the hypothesis","the root canal","gutta-percha"], "publishers" : ["Nibras.T.Al-Qurane"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_154.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_154.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_154.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:30:37", "views" : 860, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :148 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Physiological and Neurological Study of Chronic Renal Failure Patients with Continuous Hemodialysis", "abstract" : "Chronic renal failure (CRF) has become a great problem throughout the world. It is connected to increased morbidity and mortality and also to decreased quality of life in patients compared to the general population. The study was designated to estimate some endocrinological disorder in CRF patients with continuous hemodialysis. Sixty patients (35 male& 25 female) were studied. Sixty healthy volunteers match in age and sex were enrolled and accepted as a control group ,their range between (20-58 years). All patients and control underwent hormonal assessment for triiodothyronine hormone, thyroxin hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, prolactin hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol hormone and testosterone hormone by viadas technique, as well as biochemical assessment of blood urea ,serum creatinine, total serum calcium and serum phosphorus. Assessment of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy for male only with CRF. The study revealed that there was high frequency of hormonal disorder in CRF patients of both sex .Also the study revealed high frequency of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in CRF patients, therefore assessment of autonomic nervous system should be considered." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Neurological Study","Chronic Renal Failure","Continuous Hemodialysis"], "publishers" : ["Shafak Namah Hadi"," Muhammad O. AL-Muhammadi"," Moshtak A. Wtwt"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_148.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_148.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_148.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:54", "views" : 884, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :122 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Superficial Temporal Artery Aneurysm Two Case Reports", "abstract" : "Aneurysms of the superficial temporal artery (STA) are a rare and potentially critical cause of facial masses. Usually, these aneurysms are Pseudoaneurysm and occur following blunt or penetrating trauma to the head or following surgery in the temporal region. Most cases (about 75%) are the result of blunt head injury. Only 11 cases of spontaneous aneurysms were reported. These aneurysms are assumed to have been congenital or arteriosclerotic. Pseudoaneurysm has occurred mainly in the anterior branch of the STA. The first case of a STA Pseudoaneurysm was described by Thomas Bertholin in 1740 and since then about 400 cases have been published in the literatures. I present two cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the STA and I discuss pertinent diagnosis and treatment options, as well as provide a brief review of the anatomy and histopathology of pseudoaneurysms." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Superficial Temporal","Artery Aneurysm"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Jaber Al-Mamori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2011"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_122.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_122.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_122.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 02:27:00", "views" : 1087, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :147 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Impact of Sewage Water on the Water Quality of Tigris River in Maysan Province and their Possible Health Risks and Removal by Using Granular Activated Carbon and Sand ", "abstract" : "The objective of this research was to know range effect Sewage water on physico-chemical quality of Tigris river water in Maysan province of Iraq and to estimate the environmental status of the river. Water samples were collected seasonally during 2009-2010 from eight sites on the river in Maysan province. Samples were collected before and after entering the river to Al-Ammarh city, in addition to two samples from sewage water through the two pipes of discharge, as well as, four samples, before and after the two pipes. The physical and chemical parameters of water were included the temperature (T), hydrogen activity (pH), electric conductivity (EC), salinity, total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand(BOD), total hardiness(TH), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), calcium (Ca) concentration, Magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), potassium (K), Chloride (Cl), Sulfate (SO4), nitrate (NO3), total nitrogen (TN), ammonia (NH3), phosphate (PO4),total phosphor (TP), silicate (SiO3), manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Copper (Cu),Vanadium (V), Nickel (Ni), Cobalt (Co) and Lead (Pb). Results of present study were showed that the pH of the studied area varies from neutral to weak basic, and showed high conductivity (Total salinity) in addition to increase the concentration of TDS, TH, Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, SO4, and NO3 in the sewage water according to the drinking water criteria of (WHO), and Iraqi limits. Whereas, SAR in the water samples was less than (10), while the mean of TH was above the international limits therefore it’s classified as hard water. Also, present study was compared between activated carbon, activated carbon-sand filters, sand - activated carbon filters and sand filter respectively to obtain the difference for removal according to average flow rate is 10 m/sec. the study proves that activated granulated carbon was more efficient than carbon –sand, sand-carbon and sand respectively. The removal efficiency for major content ion and trace metals were observed in the order of Mg+2 < Cl- < K+ < Ca2+2 < PO4-3 ,


{"articleID" :155 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Seroprevalence of Human Parvovirus B19 Infection among Thalassemic Children in Babylon Center of Hereditary Blood Disorders", "abstract" : "Background: Human Parvovirus B19 is the etiological agent of erythema infectiosum in children, and frequently cause transient red cell aplasia in chidren with chronic hemolytic anemias like thalassemia syndrome. Objective: To detect the seroprevalence of Human Parvovirus B19 infection in children with thalassemia major in Babylon center of hereditary blood disorders. Methods: This is a descriptive, comparative hospital based study conducted in Babylon center of hereditary blood disorders in Babylon Gynecology and Children teaching hospital from May of 2012 to August 2012.It include 46 children with thalassemia major age ranging from 2-17 years old and 40 non thalassemic children with matched sex and age attending the same hospital at same time for different reason, as control group. Anti-HPV B19 IgM and Anti-HPV B19 IgG were done on patient and control sera by ELISA. Results:Anti-HPV B19 IgM antibodies were detected in 6 of 46 thalassemic patient(13%), and not detected in any children of control group , P value (0.028). Anti-HPV B19 IgG antibodies were detected in 14 of 46 of thalassemic patient (30.4%)and 2 of 40 in control group(5%), P value(0.004). Conclusion: Thalassemic children are more prone to get infection with HPV B19 than other nonthalassemic children , so we must consider this possibility specially when thalassemic child develop sudden dropping in hemoglobin and reticulocytopenia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Parvovirus B19","Thalassemic Children","chronic hemolytic"], "publishers" : ["Adnan Handhil Tarish"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_155.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_155.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_155.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:52", "views" : 1030, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :157 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults among Type 2 Diabetic Patients Using Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Antibodies", "abstract" : "Background: Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) is a slowly progressive form of autoimmune diabetes initially managed with diet and oral hypoglycemic agents before becoming insulin requiring. GADA are used for differential diagnosis between LADA and type 2 diabetes. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of LADA among type 2 diabetic patients using glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibodies. Methods: Cross sectional study conducted on 100 patients with primary diagnosis of T2DM, 52 female and 48 male, aged 30-70 years. The GADA test is used for diagnosis of LADA patients. Results: Out of 100 patients with primary diagnosis of T2DM , 14 patients (14%) were positive for GADA. Conclusions: LADA patients accounts for 14% of T2DM using GADA assay. Age, sex, and BMI had no significant effect on the prevalence of LADA patients among T2DM." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["GADA"," LADA"," T2DM."], "publishers" : ["Safaa Ali Khudhair"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_157.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_157.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_157.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:58", "views" : 1023, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :149 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Erectile Dysfunction in Al-Hilla City Study the Most Common Causes", "abstract" : "Aim : study of the most common causes of erectile dysfunction in Al – Hilla city. Patent and method: 300 married male individuals their ages falls between (40 – 60 ) years old underwent the study. A structured questionnaire requested information concerning general information, sexual activity , smoking , diabetes and hypertension history. Results : The present study involved 300 married male individuals showed 141 patient complaining of ED and in 159 men not complaining of EDof the 141 ED patients, 65 (46%) were smokers , 40 (28.3%) suffered from diabetes mellitus, 36 (25.7%) had hypertension . Among 159 control men 62 (39%) were smokers , 16 (10%) had diabetes mellitus and 19 (12%) had hypertension. Conclusion : the probability of developing ED was very high in the presence of smoking, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["erectile dysfunction","Al–Hilla city"," sexual activity "," smoking ","hypertension","diabetes mellitus. "], "publishers" : ["Emad H. Mahmood"," Mustafa Makki Ajamm Zaid Shakir Kareem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_149.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_149.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_149.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:53", "views" : 937, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :150 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Association of Pathogenic Bacterial Isolates in Burn Wound Infections", "abstract" : "Burn wound infection is a major medical problem in all areas of the world. One hundred fifty burn wound swabs were studied from 100 patients admitted to Al-Karama teaching hospital in Baghdad from 1/ 11/ 2007 to 1/ 4/ 2008.Fourty two ( 42%) of patients were males and fifty eight ( 58 %) were females. The age group of patients rang was from one year to 50 years. The high incidence of burn patient was 36 ( 36 % ) at the age group 10-19 years in both sex and the low incidence was 2 ( 2% ) at the age group 50 years in both sex. According to the causes of burn ; 50 (50 % ) were due to flame , 41 (41 % ) were due to scald, 7 (7% ) were due to electrical burns and 2 ( 2 % ) cases were due to chemical burns. Out of 195 (100 %) bacterial isolated, 103 (52.8 %) were isolated in pure culture while 92 (47.2%) were mixed culture .The most dominant bacteria were Klebsiella SPP 36 (18.5%) followed by Pseudomous aeuginosa 19 (9.7%),Staphylococcus aureus 15(7.7%), Candida albicans 11(5.6%), Escherichia coli 8(4.1%), Proteus mirabilis 6(3.1%), Staphylococcus epidermidis 4(2.1%) ,Enterococcus faecalis 2(1%) and Streptococcus pyogens 2(1%)" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Pathogenic Bacterial Isolates"," Burn Wound Infections."], "publishers" : ["Abbas Atiya Hammoudi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_150.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_150.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_150.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:28:11", "views" : 1047, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :156 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Visual Outcomes and Complications of Spherical Intraocular Collamer Lens Implantation (ICL), One Year Follow up", "abstract" : "Aim: This is a Prospective nonrandomized clinical study designed to assess the safety and efficacy of the Implantable collamer Lens (ICL) to treat moderate to high myopia. Material and Methods: It included fifty eyes from 31 patients with between -5.50 and -21.0 diopters (D) of myopia without or with astigmatism up to -2.0 diopters. The Main Outcome Measures were Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), refraction, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BCVA),IOP, adverse events, operative and postoperative complications, subjective satisfaction, and symptoms. Results: Twelve months postoperatively 54.0% of patients had a visual acuity of 6/12 or better, and 84.0 % had an uncorrected visual acuity of 6/18 or better. Patients averaged a 1.31 line improvement in UCVA and 86.0% were within 0.00 to -1.00 D. Only one case (2%) lost more than 2 lines of BCVA. Gains of 2 or more lines of BCVA occurred in 18 cases (36.0%) at 1 year after ICL surgery. Late onset surgically induced anterior subcapsular (AS) opacities were seen in 2 cases (4.0%);and one eye developed traumatic dislocation of ICL at 9 months postoperatively which was repositioned without any visual compromise; iritis developed in one eye (2%) which was first observed at 1 month of the surgery; one of cases had clinically and cosmetically insignificant pupil ovalisation postoperatively. Early postoperative IOP rise (more than 21mmHg) seen only in 3 eyes (6%). Patient satisfaction (very/extremely satisfied) was reported by 96.0% of subjects on the subjective questionnaire. Conclusions: The results support the safety, efficacy, and predictability of ICL implantation to treat moderate to high myopia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Intraocular collamer lens"," Spherical"," Myopia "," Astigmatism."], "publishers" : ["Hassenien S.Shuber(a)(d)","Faraidoon Fatih(b)","Hussain Ali Al Hamami(c)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_156.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_156.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_156.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:55", "views" : 850, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :158 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Bad Oral Habits and Relationship with Prevalence of Malocclusion in Sammawa City Students Aged (6-18) Years Old", "abstract" : "Background : These oral habits maybe seen in children, adolescents and adults causing serious effect on their facial growth and dentition that is to say they may be related to malocclusion which is a condition where there is departure from the normal relation of the teeth in the same dental arch or to the teeth in the opposing arch. Materials and methods: This study was conducted from 10 April 2011 to 29 may 2013 on (3300 ) students and (300) students as control group aged (6-18) years old attending primary ,intermediate and secondary schools in Sammawa city which lies 280km to the south of Baghdad, itself part of middle furat of Iraq were studied with respect to bad oral habits ,sagittal occlusion according to Angle s classification, overjet, overbite, posterior crossbite and spacing and crowding. Results: The sample consisted of 3300 students. 786 students of all the age groups were found to have bad oral habits, which represented 23.8% of the total sample examined in this study (411,52.3%) of the 786 were males and (375,47.7%) were females. Some of the students had a single habit ( 481,61.2%) and others were found to have multiple habits (305,38.8%). The most prevalent habit was nail biting (184,23.4%),followed by tongue thrust (169,21.5%), digit sucking (147, 18.7%), mouth breathing (129,16.4%), lip habit (111,14.1%), and the least was other habits (46,5.9%). Conclusion: The Prevalence of malocclusion in digit sucking group had very highly significant difference when compared with control group followed by tongue thrust group, mouth breathing group while other groups had low significant difference. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence of bad oral habits; Prevalence of malocclusion;Sammawa city."], "publishers" : ["Hayder S. Al-Atabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_158.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_158.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_158.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:35:07", "views" : 3453, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :159 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Mean Platelet Volume, Platelet Distribution Width and Plateletcrit Values in Differentiating Clonal from Secondary Thrombocytosis", "abstract" : "Objective: To assess whether platelet indices [platelet count, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW)) and plateletcrit (PCT) could serve as diagnostic tools to differentiate between primary and secondary thrombocytosis. Subjects and Methods: A total of 83 Iraqi patients with thrombocytosis attending the Iraqi centre for cancer research & medical genetics and the National Iraqi Centre for Blood Diseases were included in this prospective case series study. A group of 20 healthy persons were included as a control . Complete blood count was done using Mindwayhaematologicautoanalyser. Results: Mean platelet volume ,platelet distribution width &plateletcrit in primary thrombocytosis were significantly higher than in secondary thrombocytosis. In primary thrombocytosis group platelet count inversely correlate with both Hb& MCV, while in secondary thrombocytosisplatelet count inversely correlates with MCV only but less significantly than the correlation found in primary thrombocytosis. Conclusions: MPV, PDW and PCT can be used as helpful parameters in the differential diagnosis of thrombocytosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["MPV"," PDW","Plateletcrit","Thrombocytosis"], "publishers" : ["Khaleed Jumaa Khaleel(a)","Abeer Anwer Ahmed(b)","Maysem M.Alwash(b)","NahiYousif Yasin(a)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_159.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_159.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_159.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:04:57", "views" : 3928, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :163 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and C among Thalassemic, Haemophilic patients in Babylon Governorate-Iraq", "abstract" : "A randomly selected of 60 haemphilic, and 56 thalassemic patients from Babylon Governorate – Iraq were studied during the period from November (2011) to June (2012).A total of (116) blood samples were collected from (71 were males) and (45 were females) with a mean age of (24.5±7.1 years) and tested for anti- HBsAg and anti-HCV IgG antibody by ELISA test .The anti-HBsAg reactivity was confirmed by enzyme –linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA) that is performed in the automated VIDAS system while the anti-HCV reactivity was confirmed by Cobas apparatus and the viral load was measured by RT-PCR .The study showed that there are no anti-HBs Ag seropositive cases in both haemophilia and thalassemia groups while the ratio of seropositivty cases of anti – HCV Ab in hemophilia patients were (6.67%) in which (10.52%)were infected males while (4.5%) were infected females. In thalassemia the anti-HCV prevalence were (25%) in which (27.27%) were males while (26.0%) were females. The study showed that there is a higher rate of HCV infections in rural residence than in urban areas. Also HCV had more incidences in people with low economic status, low educational level, and it was more in smokers than in non smokers. The results of RT-PCR and ELISA technique were not compatible for (anti-HCV IgG)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["RT-PCR","ELISA","anti-HCV"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed A. Muhsin","Iman Fadhil Abdul-Husin"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_163.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_163.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_163.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:55", "views" : 1056, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :161 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study the Prevalence of ACL,APL,CMV,HSV, Rubella and Toxoplasma Gondii in Aborted Women in Baghdad", "abstract" : "A total of 210 serum samples from women in Baghdad with history of one or more unexplained abortion were screened for the presence IgM and IgG antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex virus II, Rubella virus, anticardiolipin (ACL) and antiphosphatidylserine(APS) by using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA). out of 210 aborted women in Baghdad a total of 44 (21%) were positive for IgM CMV Toxoplasma IgM positive were 32 (15.23%), Rubella IgM positive were 15 (7.14%) and 10 (4.76%) were positive for HSV II IgM also 12(5.7%) were positive ACL IgG antibodies and 7(3,3%) were positive for APS IgG and 7 aborted women showed mixed infection with CMV IgM antibodies, 5 were with Toxoplasma IgM, two with Rubella IgM Moreover; the rate of one miscarriage in abortive women was71.6% (86/120 ) higher than two and three miscarriages25% (30/120 ), 3.4% ( 4/120 ) respectively with significant difference (P<0.05) .Also The results pointed out that the seropositivity rate for CMV IgM, T. gondii IgM, Rubella IgM, HSV II IgM, ACL IgG and APS IgG were higher in first trimester abortion when compared with second and third trimesters abortion with highly significant difference (P<0.05)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ACL","APS","Toxoplasma gondii","Cytomegalovirus"], "publishers" : ["Basim Mosa Hussan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_161.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_161.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_161.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:50:22", "views" : 1388, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :162 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Leptin and Some Steroid Hormones in the Sera of Pre-eclamptic Iraqi Women", "abstract" : "Background: Pre-eclampasia (PE) is a disease characterized by elevation of blood pressure and proteinuria after 20th week of gestation. It is a common and major complication in pregnancy causing significant morbidity and mortality. The etiology of PE is still poorly understood, and several theories have been put forward. Aim of the study: To find out the relationship between serum leptin level and some steroids hormone in mild and severe cases of PE. Patients and Methods: Eighty three pregnant women with PE (All of them in third trimester of pregnancy) were enrolled in this study. They were subdivided into three groups i.e. G1 (comprising 28 women) with mild PE, G2 (comprising 25 women) with severe PE. The third group (G3) (comprising 30 women) was taken as control group. Serum leptin, free testosterone (fT), estradiol (E2) were determined by using enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Serum levels of leptin were significantly higher (p<0.01) in mild and severe group compared with control group in the third trimester, Also free testosterone and estradiol were significantly higher (p<0.01) in mild and severe groups compared to their control group. A significant positive correlation (p<0.01) between leptin and estradiol in preeclamptic patients in mild and severe cases. Conclusion: Estradiol plays a major part in the induction of leptin synthesis in preeclampsia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Steroid Hormones","Pre-eclampasia","ELISA"], "publishers" : ["Tarik H. Abid Tawfik Al-Khyat","Bushra Jaber Al- Rubaiee","Zeid Adnan Abdul Hameed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_162.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_162.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_162.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:57", "views" : 698, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :164 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Quantitative CT Scan in Diagnosis of Osteoporosis in High Risk Patients in Babylon, IRAQ", "abstract" : "The measurement of bone marrow density is one of best ways for diagnosis and monitoring of bone health, the bone mineral density of hip and spine is most commonly used because they are of great risk of fractures For analysis of the bone density T score and Z score are used ,T score is derived by comparing BMD to BMD of healthy adult of the same sex[25 years age],and Z score with same age group . for evaluate the bone density measurement by Cat scan densitometry as alternative tool of DEXA machine for diagnosis of osteoporosis in Babylon province in different age groups and risk groups 120 patients from both sex had been evaluated for osteoporosis in Merjan teaching hospital between 2009 and 2010 using quantitative CT Scan densitometry all were at risk of osteoporosis because the post menopause age or with other risk factors ,steroid usage patients ,connective tissue disorders or other illness that result in osteoporosis. The female patients were [ 90 ]75% and the male were[30]25% All the patients that exposed to the test lumbar spine between L3 and L5 with average result of T and Z score ,the age was range from 18-84 years and the mean age was 63+ -,53[44.1%] of them were without any risk factors [only female post menopause age above 60 ,35[29.1%] patients were on steroid drugs at least was for one year period ,21[17.5%] patients were suffer from connective tissue disorders ,15[12.5%] were rheumatoid arthritis,5[4.1%] patients were lupus and 1 patient was Sjogerns disease. The result of T score for all patients was 45.4%was less than-2.5, 48%of them were between -1 to -2.5and only 6.6% was less than-1. The CT for detection of osteoporosis is important tool for diagnosis of osteoporosis and its structural changes in the vertebral spine." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Osteoporosis"," QCT scan"," Babylon"," bone mineral density [BMD]"], "publishers" : ["Ali Alkazzaz(a)","Zaid Alkafagi(b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_164.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_164.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_164.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:56:32", "views" : 655, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :165 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Psycho-Social Stressors on Occurrence of Breast Cancer in Women: A Retrospective Study in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "Background: The rapid increase in the cancer burden as breast cancer represents a real crisis for public health and health systems worldwide. Stressful life events are related to the risk of infected women developing an illness (cancer). One of the risks psycho- social life stressors which effects directly or indirectly on breast cancer occurrence in women. Aims of the study: 1.To determine the effects of psychological &social stressors on occurrence of breast cancer in women. 2. To find out the relationship between breast cancer occurrence and the psychological & social stressors. Methodology:- A Retrospective Study, a purposive sample of (400) women; (200) women diagnosed with breast cancer were visited the Merjan Teaching Hospital Oncology Cancer Center in Babylon Governorate as a study group and (200) women free of breast cancer as a control group. An assessment tool was constructed for the purpose of the study , it was comprised of Socio-Demographic Data, reproductive Data, Information related to woman healthy life style (exercise & nutrition), Information related to breast cancer (stage, side, period, family history) and psychosocial life stressors consist of (19 psychological item) and (11 social items) of 10 years previous breast cancer occurrence divided to two periods (previous 1-5 years) and (previous 6-10 years). Physical measurements for measuring obesity and overweight of body mass index as well as the medical records to explain in which stage of breast cancer and other details may be assisting this study. Data were collected from 5 February 2012 to 10 April. 2012. Analysis of data was performed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach. Results: The study demonstrates that the highest percentage (39.5%) of study sample was in age (50-54) years in comparison with the other age groups for both of study and control groups. There are a highly significant different at P<0.01 between the psychological stressors and breast cancer. While a non significant at P>0.05 was reported with the social stressors." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Psychological Stressors"," Social Stressors"," "," Breast Cancer"," Women"," Retrospective Study"], "publishers" : ["Najaat Hamza Hassan(a)","Rabea M. Ali"," (b)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_165.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_165.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_165.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:57", "views" : 786, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :166 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence and Severity of Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases and Dental Erosion among ( 20 – 40 ) Years Old Pregnant Women in Hilla city, Babylon governorate-Iraq", "abstract" : "This study was performed in HILLA City in Maternal and Child Health Care Centers. A total random sample of 100 adults pregnant women between 20-40 years old was examined. In this study the prevalence of dental caries was found to be 74% while the prevalence of periodontal dieses was 82%, and the prevalence of dental erosion was 12%. Dental caries was recorded by application of decayed missing filled surfaces DMFS index, while periodontal health status were recorded by CPITN index and dental erosion was recorded as present or not present of tooth wear. Results showed that a higher caries prevalence 49.21% was recorded in pregnant women in second trimesters, while the lowest was recorded 18.57% in third trimesters. Statistically this study shows that their was highly significant association between DMFS scores and trimesters. While in the periodontal dieses a higher prevalence of gingivitis among pregnant women was 57% and the higher prevalence of periodontitis was 25% in all trimester. Statistically, no association was found between scores of periodontal disease with trimesters. The study alsoreveals that the higher percentage of dental erosion (24.0) were located in the third trimester. Statistically, dental erosion was found to be significally associated with period of pregnancy (trimester). From all these findings, we concluded that pregnant women do have dental and periodontal problems and may require preventive programs directed for improvement of oral health." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dental Caries","Dental Erosion","women","CPITN"], "publishers" : ["Hassan Faleeh Farhan AL-Sultani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_166.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_166.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_166.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:49:14", "views" : 1642, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :167 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Preparation of Diagnostic Monovalent Antisera Against Staphylococcus aureus", "abstract" : "Background: Monovalent antibodies have a great values in the diagnosis and monitoring of infectious diseases. Objective: the present study an effort to prepare diagnostic monovalent antibodies against Staph. aureus in order to reduce time and cost of diagnosis in bacteriological and biochemical tests. Methods: Diagnostic monovalent antibodies were prepared against Staphylococcus aureus. Hyper antibodies were obtained by rabbit immunization with whole antigen of Staphylococcus aureus. Anti-serum was checked for the presence of antibodies that detected by slide agglutination and ELISA tests. Sera were purified from cross-reacted antibodies by absorption with whole antigens of other bacterial isolates (Staph. epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Proteus) that cross-reacted with Staph. aureus antibodies. Antibodies were purified by repeating absorption process, then checked by ELISA test to diagnose presence of cross-reacted antibodies. Results: Specific monovalent antibodies against Staph. aureus were tested with different bacterial isolates, it was high sensitive and high specific diagnostic properties. Conclusions: Monovalent antibodies could be used for rapid diagnosis instead of classical way of culture and biochemical tests." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["monovalent antibody"," bacterial antigen"," Staphylococcus aureus."], "publishers" : ["Abdulelah A. Al-Mayah","Eiman A. Saeed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_167.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_167.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_167.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 22:29:32", "views" : 821, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :168 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Median Diastema in a College Students Sample in the Baghdad City", "abstract" : "Background: Maxillary midline diastemas are a common esthetic problem that dentists must treat. Many innovative therapies have been used, varying from restorative procedures to surgery (frenectomies) and orthodontics This study aimed at determining the prevalence ,heredity and acceptance of diastema in a sample of Iraqi students in institute of medical technology in Baghdad. Material and method: This study was based on examination of a sample of students of institute of medical technology/ Baghdad to determine the prevalence ,satisfaction and heredity of median diastema in Baghdad from October 2010 till June 2011,the age was ranged between 18 -21 years . A total of 200 students (100 males and 100 females) were randomly selected. Gathered information included the presence of midline central diastema. Results: The incidence of midline diastema was 28% (maxillary 22.5%, mandibular 2.3%, and both arches- 3.2%). It occurred more frequently in males (40%) than males (16%), and also better appreciated in females (50.6%) than in males (4.1%). A female is more likely to have a maxillary midline diastema (81.2% females: 65% males), while a male is more likely to have a mandibular midline diastema (22.5% males: 12.5% females). Majority of females (87.5%) found with median diastema were dissatisfied with their esthetic and seek treatment ,whereas only (40%) were dissatisfied. Close to two-thirds (62.5%: p>0.05) of the cases of diastema were inherited, with equal chances in both genders. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that median diastema is common in the study sample of Iraqi population ,most of sample students were unpleasant with their diastema ,and diastema could run between families .Further studies on the variations and hereditary patterns of midline diastema among different populations will help greatly on cosmetic dentistry." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["median diastema","prevalence"," satisfaction"], "publishers" : ["Mehdi Abdul Hadi Al-Rubayee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_168.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_168.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_168.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 18:51:09", "views" : 1259, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :169 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Boric Acid with Iodine Powder Verses Local Antibiotic in the Treatment of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media", "abstract" : "94 patients with CSOM divide in to 3 groups 1stgroup treated with aural toilet (AT) only ,2nd group aural toilet + quinolone (Ciprofloxacin) drop locally, 3rd group aural toilet+ BI(Boric acid iodine) powder locally . The results were 13%, 63%, 87%respectively. Conclusion: AT+BI powder is more effective as a local antiseptic treatment for CSOM than AT+ local antibiotic (quinolone) drop." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CSOM"," Boric acid- Iodine powder"," Quinolone"," ciprofloxacin drop"], "publishers" : ["Husain Ali Musa(a)","Ihsan Hadi Musa(b)","Taisir Abdulelahkadhim(c)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_169.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_169.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_169.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:36:45", "views" : 2495, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :171 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Celiac Disease Screening in Short Stature Children Using Antigliadin IgA and IgG", "abstract" : "Objective: To assess the possibility of celiac diseasein short stature children by estimating serum level of antigliadin IgA and IgG. Method: Forty short stature children (height below 3rd centile) were screened, 18 (45%) were males and 22 (55%) were females with male/female ratio; 1:1.2.Antigliadin IgA and IgG levels were assessed by ELISA, and considered to be positive if the level of antibody ? 18 IU/dL. All patients had been already sent for X ray for bone age, thyroid function test, and growth hormone assessment (both basal and after stimulation). No patient on gluten-free diet. Results: Of the 40 patients, 12 patients (30%) had positive antigliadin antibody test, 3 of them (25%) had no underlying cause for short stature, while 9 (75%) had already diagnosed cause. Conclusion: Screening for celiac disease is mandatory in all short stature children." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["IgG","ELISA","celiac diseasein","estimating serum"], "publishers" : ["Rehab Faisal Laftah1","Bushra G. Roudhan2","Amall M. Hassan3"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_171.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_171.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_171.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:29:50", "views" : 976, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :170 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Primary Repair of Bilateral Complete Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity: Iraqi Experience", "abstract" : "Background: Simultaneous surgical correction of bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity is becoming more common. This is a major change from the conventional strategy of secondary nasal correction. Many studies had concluded that primary nasal repair will not affect the nasal cartilages growth; it usually reorients the deformed nasal cartilages into a near normal position, and will allow a better growth pattern. Aim: This study was conducted to document the pattern of primary nasal repair in bilateral complete cleft lip deformity and to evaluate the medium term outcome. Method: A total of 13 babies with bilateral complete nasolabial clefts underwent simultaneous nasal correction with their lip closure. Mean age was 4 months. The study was performed between March 2006 and April 2009. Alar cartilage manipulation using combined Mulliken - Cutting retrograde nasal approach was performed for all cases. Results: The average follow up periods were 3 years (ranging from 6 months – 6 years).The results were evaluated by comparing 3 nasal anthropometric measurements with those of normal, age-matched children pre and postoperatively at 3 months and then yearly till 3 years. The selected nasal anthropometric measurements were: nasal tip projection, columellar length, and interalar distance. Nasal tip projection and columellar length were normal or near normal in 5 babies but slightly shorter than in control group in 8 babies. The interalar distance was near normal in 9 babies but moderately wider than in control group in 4 babies. In one case, partial prolabial flap necrosis occurred and was revised successfully 6 months later. In another 2 cases, a hypertrophic scar formed on the upper lip which subsided after 6 months of scar management. Over all nasal tip shapes were improved in all cases with acceptable nostrils asymmetry. Conclusions: In cases where presurgical molding is not available, a combined Mulliken-Cutting approach is advisable for obtaining a reasonable primary nasal repair in bilateral complete cleft lip deformity. It is not advisable to create a philtral dimple with a deep dermal suture at the prolabial flap as it may compromise the blood supply. Alar dome suspension stitches might be useful for further improvement of alar dome projection. A long follow-up is needed to observe nasal growth over time and detail final outcomes." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["bilateral cleft lip"," bilateral cleft lip nose"," Cleft lip"," nasal deformity."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed A. M. Nawres"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_170.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_170.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_170.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:10:39", "views" : 945, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :172 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Characterization of Burkholderia cepacia Isolated from Clinical Samples, in Hilla City, Iraq.", "abstract" : "This study involved 250 sputum samples collected from patients suffering from respiratory tract infections. Who attended tuberculosis center-Hilla city-Babylon province during the period from October 2011 to January 2012. The results of morphological properties and biochemical tests revealed that only four isolates (1.6%) were belonged to Burkholderia cepacia species. The results revealed that all isolates had the ability to produce protease, phospholipase C, ?-lactamase, urease, gelatinase, and hemolysin. All isolates had capsule that plays an important role in resistance to phagocytosis. They also had the ability to produce bacteriocin which consider as competitive factor that enables them to survive by secreted this material outside the cell. The results also revealed the ability of B. cepacia to hydrolyze the amino acid lysine and oxidize glucose. Results of gel electrophoresis confirmed that all B. cepacia isolates in this study had plasmid more than 3000 bp." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Burkholderia cepacia","phospholipase C","Clinical Samples"], "publishers" : ["Hasanain F. AL-Dahash","Alaa H. AL-Charrakh","Jawad K. AL-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_172.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_172.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_172.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:24:30", "views" : 640, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :173 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical Assessment Of Low Level Laser (GaAlAs) on Gingivectomy Wound Healing", "abstract" : "Low-intensity laser therapy aims to suppression of pain, edema reduction and acceleration of wound healing. The main aim of this study is to clinically evaluate the effects of Aluminum Gallium Arsenate laser 670nm in wound healing after gingivoectomy in 11 patients. Surgery was performed in anterior upper and/or lower regions. The right side of the patient (test group) received a laser energy density of 4J/cm², in a 48-hour interval, during one week, totalizing four sessions. The irradiation was punctual in a contact mode in three points. The left side did not receive irradiation (control group). Clinical evaluation was performed by naked eye inspection by five observers, that they do not know the irradiated side, through photography of the treated areas at post-surgical periods of 7, 15, 21,30,60 days. The best healed side was observed. The Sign test was used for statistical analysis with a confidence level of 5% (P<0.05). The examiners found a better pattern of healing sometimes in the test and sometimes in the control group until 21 days after surgery. After this period there was no apparent difference between them. There was no statistical difference between the sides (p>0.05). These results have shown that low-intensity laser therapy did not accelerate oral mucosa healing after gingivectomy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Laser; Gingivectomy; Wound healing."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed A H Hindy Hammadi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_173.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_173.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_173.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 10:18:06", "views" : 595, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :174 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "CT Scan Evaluation of Pulmonary Embolism", "abstract" : "Purpose: To determine the prevalence & anatomic distribution of pulmonary embolism in a group of Iraqi population with clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolism, & to evaluate the utility of CT pulmonary angiography using our new 64-multidetector CT systems. Materials and Methods: 57 patients clinically suspected of having PE were examined with contrast-enhanced spiral CT in the cardiac CT center of Ghazy AL-Haryry specialized surgical hospital & Baghdad Teaching Hospital from December 2011 through August 2012. The clinical outcome was used as the confirmatory reference to evaluate the contribution of spiral CT to the final clinical diagnosis. Results: Spiral CT helped correctly identify 23 patients with PE (sensitivity, 100%). In 19 (56 %) of the 34 patients without PE, spiral CT provided additional information that suggested or confirmed the alternate clinical diagnosis. In the remaining 15 patients, spiral CT scans were normal. Conclusion: Spiral CT has good sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of PE. In the majority of patients who do not have PE, it also provides important ancillary information for the final diagnosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CT"," pulmonary embolism"], "publishers" : ["May Khalid Ameen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_174.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_174.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_174.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 09:21:35", "views" : 513, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :176 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Alcohol on Human Sperm Parameters in vitro", "abstract" : "This study aimed to investigate if the deleterious effect of alcohol exerted directly or mediated through metabolites so we added different ethanol concentrations (25,50 and100)mM to normal human spermatozoa in vitro. Three incubation periods ( 30, 45 and 60 ) minutes were used in this study . The addition of different ethanol concentrations to glucosaline media which used in incubation of normal spermatozoa in vitro caused a significant decrease in sperm motility percentage and grade activity of the sperm in different incubation periods in exception the concentration 25 mM of ethanol at 30 minute of incubation period was caused a significant decrease in the sperm motility percentage only . This result refered to that the effect of ethanol on human spermatozoa was being directly without any mediator metabolite." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Alcohol"," Normal spermatozoa"," male infertility"], "publishers" : ["Batool Ibrahim Hussain"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_176.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_176.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_176.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:51", "views" : 771, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :175 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Dental Manifestation of Generalized Enamel Hypoplasia and the Calcium Role Due To Environmental Vitamin D Deficiency in Rickets and Osteomalacia Patients", "abstract" : "Purpose: The aim of this study was detection of the aesthetic and functional defect of the teeth and the role of calcium and environmental vitamin D deficiency in adult male and female patients with generalized enamel hypoplasia. Materials and Methods: A 25 female and male patients with yellowish discoloration of all their teeth. They complained of sensitivity to hot and cold and difficulty in masticatory function. Medical history: They were complaining from rickets, softening and weakening of the bones in childhood as diagnostic. This can be caused by vitamin D and calcium deficiency as well as variety of metabolic bone disorders and abnormal dental development during infancy and adolescence. Results: All the patients have low serum calcium even those who took treatment continuously and total calcium 8.33 ± 1.46 mg/d in comparison with normal range in control group in my study 10.79 ± 2.19 mg/ dl. Dental features of rickets include enamel hypoplasia and delayed tooth eruption due to failure of tooth mineralization. This details from diagnosis allowed logical treatment sequence. The importance of treating the generalized enamel hypoplasia patient was not only from a functional point, but also from psychological health point. The complexity of the treatment of these cases required careful and special considerations of patient expectations for a successful outcome of the treatment. Conclusion: The clinical study concluded that the defect in the teeth will be a big problems for most of patients as esthetic , functional was done and psychological problems, so I did restoration for 5 patients with generalized enamel hypoplasia, this should be oriented and represented a big challenge toward the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation. A concordant approach of generalized enamel hypoplasia with use of full metal crown, porcelain fused metal fixed (PFM) dental prosthesis to restore the masticatory function to improve the aesthetics." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Calcium"," Ceramic"," Metabolic bone disease"," 1","25-dihydroxyvitamin D"," Enamel hypoplasia"," 25-hydroxyvitamin D"," Hypophosphataemic Rickets"," Oral rehabilitation"," Phosphate"," Porcelain"," Osteomalasia"," Concordant approach"," Rickets"," Vitamin D-dependent rickets."], "publishers" : ["Sana Abdul-Razak Ibraheem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_175.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_175.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_175.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 14:01:43", "views" : 542, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :177 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effectiveness of Teaching Methods in College’s Education of Hawler Medical University", "abstract" : "Aims: To assess of student s opinion regarding effectiveness teaching methods in different BS colleges (medical, pharmacy , Dentistry and nursing ) Hawler medical university in Erbil city . Methodology : comparative study design was use to investigate the effectiveness of different teaching method for undergraduate student s , in different BC colleges , data was collected by using questionnaire format and filled out by the investigators , direct interview techniques were used with the student s , the study carried out during the period from may 15th to June 15th 2011, data were analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS, Version 17). Results : Show that the majority of age of the colleges student s in Hawler medical university were 23years old which present ( 35.9%) ,also the study shows that( 32.60%) were from nursing college and (94%) of student can ask if they need any clarification .There is significant relationship between student s Hawler medical university student s opinion and effectiveness teaching methods at P ?0.05. Recommendation: Evaluate teaching effectiveness different methods can be used including, peer review , self -evaluation." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effective"," Teaching"," Hawler medical University"], "publishers" : ["Kareema A.Hussein(a)","Shukir Salem(b)","Afifa Radha Aziz(c)"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_177.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_177.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_177.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 07:42:22", "views" : 544, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :178 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Genotyping and Detection of Some Virulence Genes of Klebsiella pneumonia Isolated from Clinical Cases", "abstract" : "A total of 158 samples were collected from different clinical materials (urine ,sputum, wounds and burns swabs) during the period from January to June 2012, Only 46(29.1%) isolates were identified as Klebsiella pneumonia. The molecular detecting of capsular polysaccharide gene (cps)was investigated by using PCR specific primer .It was found that only 43 isolates were positive for this marker ,whereas 3 isolates were negative to it. Genotyping of these isolates was indicated also carried out by using K1,K2 specific PCR primers. PCR technique was shown that 8 isolates were positive to K1 serotype , 14 isolates to K2 serotype, 3 isolates were positive for both K1 and K2 so they were designated as K1/K2 and 18 isolates were negative for both markers. The mag A gene was investigated, and it was found that 21 isolates were positive for mag A marker. Also ,rmpA,rmpA1 and rmpA2 markers were investigates. rmpA is found in 21 isolates, whereas rmpA1and rmpA2 were positive in 19 isolates ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Klebsiella pneumonia","rmpA","rmpA1 and rmpA2","Virulence Genes"], "publishers" : ["Mhammad S. Abdul Razzaq","Jawad Kadhim Trad","Esraa H. Ker-Alla Al-Maamory"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "2013"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_2_178.jpg","full_file" : "10_2_178.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_2_178.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:54", "views" : 1260, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :179 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Association of Toll-Like Receptor 4 Gene Oolymorphism with Trichomonas vaginalis Infection in Iraqi Women", "abstract" : "Background: Trichomonas vaginalis is a world-wide sexually transmitted protozoan, which induces inflammatory response by stimulating toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of TLR4 polymorphism with the incidence of T. vaginalis infection among Iraqi women. Subjects and methods: Blood samples were obtained from 139 married women (87 infected with T.vaginalis, and 52 healthy controls). DNA was extracted, and TLR4 gene was amplified using specific primers. Restriction fragment length polymorphism technique was used for genotyping. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) were investigated in their relation with T. vaginalis infection. Results: There is insignificant association between both Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile with T. vaginalis infection (OR=2.647, 95%CI= 0.718-9.835, p= 0.163 and OR== 1.558, 95%CI= 0.463-5.238, p=0.494 respectively). Conclusion: The SNPs Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile may not be considered as a risk factor that increases susceptibility to T. vaginalis infection. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Trichomonas vaginalis"," Toll-like receptor 4"," polymorphism"," Asp299Gly"," Thr399Ile."], "publishers" : ["Fatima Abood Chaloob"," Ausama Saadi Abdul-Mohsen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "25 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_179.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_179.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_179.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:50", "views" : 938, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :180 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Strabismus in Patients with Cerebral Palsy", "abstract" : "Aim: To evaluate the type and severity of strabismus in cerebral palsy patients and the response to their medical treatment Patients and Method.. This observational, cross-sectional, prospective study was done in Ibn Al-Haithem Teaching Eye Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. It included 60 patients with Cerebral Palsy and strabismus. Complete history was taken and assessment of strabismus was done by cover, cover uncover and alternate cover test and Cycloplegic refraction. The degree of strabismus was measured by Hirschberg corneal reflex test and Krimsky test. Results: • 44 (73%) of the patients had Esotropia and alternating strabismus was found in 41(68%) patients. • Regarding the degree of strabismus, 14(23%) were less than 10 degrees, 39 (65%) had 10- 30 degrees and 7(11.5%) had more than 30 degrees. • Improvement in the degree of strabismus was noticed in 33(55%) patients in response to their medical treatment. • Surgery was done on 4(7%) patients in whom 3 patients were under-corrected and 1 patient was over-corrected, Conclusions 1- Esotropia is the commonest type of strabismus in patients with Cerebral Palsy 2 -55% of the patients had significant improvement regarding the degree of strabismus in response to their medical treatment given by paediatric-neurologist. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Strabismus","Cerebral Palsy"," Baghdad"], "publishers" : ["Suzan A.M.A. Kareem"," Ali A.Mahmood"," Ahmed A. Al-Hamdi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "25 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_180.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_180.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_180.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:40:01", "views" : 994, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :183 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Eelectrophysiological Assessment for Children with Sensory Neural Hearing Impairment", "abstract" : "Background : Hearing impairment refers to a lessening of hearing ability in the widest possible sense, ranging from subjectively barely appreciable impairments to total deafness. An identification or assessment method is broadly defined as any test, measure, or procedure that can be used to identify possible hearing impairment or assess the hearing status of infants and young children. Auditory brain stem response are the most widely used physiological measures for neuro-otological evaluation. The aim : The aims of this study are to assess children with sensory neural hearing impairment and to explore the importance and the benefits of auditory brain stem response (ABR ) in diagnosis of children with hearing impairment in Iraq. Materials and methods : One hundred and ten Iraqi children with sensory neural hearing impairment (53 male and 57 female ) , and sixty normal hearing children (29 male and 31 female ) are involve in this study. The children between 1- 12 years age old .All children did auditory brain stem response . Results: Regarding the hearing threshold of left and right ears stimulation and the difference of hearing impairment degree between right & left ear of the children measured by ABR test the percentages of patients with severe degree of their hearing disability as it was measured by ABR test, with highest value in severe degree (54 patients , 49.1%) and lowest value in borderline and profound degree (2 patients , 1.8%). Conclusions: ABR , is the main use in the assessment of hearing level in children with no age limitation or mentality state of patients, and in the determination of hearing threshold in children." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ABR; Auditory brainstem response"," HI ;Hearing impairment "," HL; Hearing level (dB) decibel"], "publishers" : ["Beshaer H. Obayes","Naseer J. H. Almukhtar","Safaa H. Alturaihy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "26 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_183.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_183.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_183.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:14:39", "views" : 692, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :184 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Determination of Glucose Level as a Parameter for Cell Inhibition by 5-Flurouracil in Human Colonic Cancer SW-480 Cell Line", "abstract" : "Colonic cancer (SW-480) cell line was cultivated on two microtiter-plates of 48 wells, by using the routine culture methods and all what needed from culture media and reagents. One microtiter-plate of SW-480 cell line was exposed to serial double dilutions of 5FU starting from 80 µg/mL of 5FU for 12 hours incubation. Optical density was measured after staining with crystal violet and growth inhibition percentage was calculated. Second SW-480 cultured plate was also exposed to same 5-FU dilutions and incubation period, and then the glucose level was determined in the culture medium. There was significant increase (P<0.05) in the inhibition percent and glucose level in SW-480 culture media for 5FU concentrations starting from 2.5µg/ml and up word. In conclusion: According to the result, determination of glucose concentration may be a valuable predictor for the antitumor drug response." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Glucose Level","5-Flurouracil","Colonic Cancer SW-480 "], "publishers" : ["Hamid Naji Obeid"," Najat A. R. Hasan"," Adeeb A. Al-Zubaidy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "27 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_184.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_184.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_184.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:53", "views" : 899, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :185 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Possible Adverse Cutaneous Effects in Patients Taking Imatinib Mesylate ( Gleevec ) in Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) and Gastro Intestinal Stromal Tumors ( GISTs) at Hilla City", "abstract" : "Imatinib mesylate (gleevec ) is a drug that used to treat certain cancers. Sixty – two patients with CMLs and GLSTs received gleevec capsules as a chemotherapeutic treatment were studied.. These patients developed one of the following cutaneous diseases mainly as an adverse cutaneous reaction to gleevec therapy for malignant diseases or as an association with it. Melasma ( 19.3% ), Eczema or dermatitis ( 14.5%), Acne – form rash (12.9%), Folliculitis (9.7%), Erythema nodosum (6.4%), Erythema multiforme (4.8%), Pruritus ( 4.8%), Pityriasis rosea( 3.2%), Psoriasis ( 3.2%), Chronic urticaria ( 3.2%), Xerosis of skin (3.2%), Vitiligo( 1.6%), Beau s lines of nails (1.6%), Cheilitis (1.6%), Common warts (1.6%), Herpes zoster (1.6%), Tinea incognito (1.6%),Lichenification (1.6%), Prurigo simplex (1.6%) and Palmar keratoderma (1.6%).From this study, gleevec was reported for the first time to cause or trigger the following adverse effects: seborrheic dermatitis , acne – form rash, classical erythema multiforme, atypical pityriasis rosea ( pityriasis circinate et marginate of widale) and acquired ichthyosis. Also this work, was the first one showed the association between gleevec and induction of erythema nodosum in Iraq. Gleevec was one of the considerable causes of melasma in Iraq." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Glecvec "," Adverse effects"," Chronic myeloid leukemia"," Gastro intestinal stromal tumor."], "publishers" : ["Mohammed K. AL – Hattab"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_185.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_185.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_185.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 10:42:39", "views" : 819, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :187 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Early Mobilization of the Extensor Tendon Repair by Self Made Splint", "abstract" : "Background: Acute post traumatic tendon repair immobilized by static splint for several weeks may ended with adhesions and long term rehabilitation. So early mobilization by simple dynamic splint aids to alleviate these problems, but may otherwise lead to tendon lag as the flexor tendons are more powerful than the extensor tendons, and stiff MPJs as their lateral collateral ligaments shortened if they left for long period extended. We tried to use a simple (easy made) dynamic splint in a way of right angled splint at the MPJ, full extension of IPJ and slight extension of the wrist joint, to facilitate early movements within the casts. Traditionally the repaired extensor tendons have been treated postoperatively in static splints for several weeks, leading to formation of adhesions and prolonged rehabilitation. Early mobilization using dynamic splints is common, but associated with many shortcomings. We attempted to study the results of early active mobilization, using a simple static splint, and easy-to-follow rehabilitation plan. Materials and Methods: From January 2009 to September 2011; 21 cases of extensor tendons in zone 5to 7 were treated with primary or delayed primary repaired (i.e. 2 to 10 days), splinting and early mobilization were undertaken using self-made prefabricated splints. Our results were evaluated according to the degrees of stiffness of the MPJ and the scope of extension of the extensor tendons in their full range while the hands in a table top flat position. Results: All the 21 patients were followed up for three months. 16 out of 21 patients were 18-35 years of age (76.1%) all were manual workers, and the rest were bellow 18 (23.9%), most of them were injured in zone 3(17 out of 21) and 4 cases in zone 4. Conclusion: Early movements of a repaired extensor tendons coincidentally with use of easy self-made splint gives better results from preventing adhesion and MPJ stiffness with a good range of extensor tendon movements. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Extensor tendon"," self-made splint"," early movement"," dynamic"," static splints."], "publishers" : ["Hassn S. Attai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_187.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_187.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_187.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"18/11/2017 21:09:29", "views" : 953, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :189 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Ankle Brachial Pressure Index as a Measure of Peripheral Vascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Patients", "abstract" : "Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common worldwide disease, it occurs in 10-20% of population and is a well-known cause of vascular complications which include microvascular and macrovascular. The ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI)is a measure of peripheral arterial diseases (PAD). Aim of study: To calculate the ankle brachial pressure index as a measure for macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 DM, and correlate it with different risk factors. Patients and methods: For fifty type 2 DM patients, ABPI was measured, and relationship between it and diabetes duration, age, gender, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) levels, and body mass index were studied. Results: The values of ankle brachial pressure index were found significantly low in patients with type two diabetes mellitus in relation to diabetes duration and high levels of LDL or TG, and no significant relationships were found between low ABI with age, gender, or body mass index. Conclusion: In type two diabetic patients ankle brachial pressure index is a measure of peripheral vascular diseases, and it correlates with DM duration and high LDL or TG levels." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Vascular Disease","Ankle Brachial Pressure","hypoglycemic agents."], "publishers" : ["Mohammed A. Abdulhussein","Zehraa Abdul-Aali Al-Mudheffer","Ammar Jabbar Al-Shamari"," Ali Hamid Abbas"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_189.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_189.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_189.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:14:41", "views" : 796, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :191 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Hemodynamic Changes during Pregnancy by Deep Breathing Test and Standing up Test", "abstract" : "Deep breathing test and standing up test are used to evaluate the integrity of autonomic nervous system .Cardiovascular reflexes were studied in 25 pregnant women in comparison with 20 non pregnant women. This study showed that pregnancy altered the HR response in deep breathing .In deep breathing test HR variability(mean heart rate range) and E/I ratio decreased in pregnancy . Systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased after standing up in pregnant women, So this study conclude that parasympathetic responsiveness decreased during pregnancy and sympathetic activity increase." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Deep Breathing","Hemodynamic Changes"], "publishers" : ["Ahlam K. Abood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_191.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_191.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_191.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 12:33:47", "views" : 742, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :190 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Endometrial Histopathological Changes in Women with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Kirkuk City, a Clinicopathological Study", "abstract" : "Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as any excessive, erratic, or irregular bleeding that does not correspond with the amount, duration or frequency of blood flow of a normal menstrual cycle .It is considered one of the most common and challenging problems presenting to the gynecologist regardless of the age the women ; it occurs in 9-14% of women between menarche and menopause, significantly impacting quality of life and imposing financial burden. Aim: To determine the types and frequencies of various types of histopathological changes of the endometrium in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding in Kirkuk city. Methods: In this study a total number of 525 endometrial biopsies obtained by dilatation and curettage from patients with abnormal uterine bleeding between 18-68 years old attending to Azadi teaching hospital, Kirkuk general hospital & a private clinic over a period of 26months . Results: Most of our patients were in the age group 41-50 years and most of our patients were grand multiparous and of normal wieght. The main presenting complaint among our patients was menorrhagia (42.7%). Dysfunctional causes accounted for majority of the cases (61.3%), In which proliferative endometrium was the commonest seen in 159 cases. Organic causes of abnormal uterine bleeding constitutes (38.7%) , the commonest histopathological finding in this category was endometrial hyperplasia which was found in (60.1%) of cases. Age specific comparative analysis of organic causes of abnormal uterine bleeding revealed that endometrial hyperplasia was commonest in perimenopausal women in the age group 41-50 year (48.5%) followed by premenopausal women 31-40 year (36.8%), while all the cases with endometrial carcinoma was found in postmenopausal women in the age groups 51-60 year and >60 year 5 and 9 cases respectively. Conclusion: In this study Obesity & nulliparity are important risk factors of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma, Menorrhagia was the commonest clinical features of abnormal uterine bleeding and dysfunctional causes constituents the majority of cases and endometrial hyperplasia was the commonest histopathological changes in abnormal uterine bleeding however endometrial carcinoma was more common at postmenopausal age groups." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Obesity","nulliparity","Clinicopathological"], "publishers" : ["Mahmoud Mohammed Mahmoud","Aseel Ghazi Rifat"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_190.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_190.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_190.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:37:56", "views" : 1304, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :192 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In Iraqi Cirrhotic Patients, Can Oesophageal Variceal Bleeding Make Child Pugh Score more Predictive of outcome and Mortality", "abstract" : "Background: Variceal bleeding is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with liver failure (i.e. acute and chronic) cases. Aim of Study: To evaluate the prognostic value of Variceal bleeding in addition to Child Pugh Score (CPS). Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was carried out on patients with chronic liver failure attending Babylon Gastrointestinal and Hepatology Centre. Results: A total of 1786 patients with liver diseases were seen at the tertiary hospital, 127 (7.11%) were with chronic liver failure. The overall mean age of those patients with chronic liver failure with bleeding presentation was 47.62 ± 17.14 years and of those patients without bleeding presentation was 49.50 ± 15.10 years. Majority (65.4%) of patients were male and (92.1%) of patients were married. Majority (45.7%) of patients with chronic liver failure were from Al-Hillah city. Majority (55.1%) of patients with chronic liver failure were presenting with abnormal liver tests followed by ascites (24.4%) and bleeding (20.5%). Majority (58.3%) of the patients with chronic liver failure their primary aetiology were viral infection. Meanwhile, HBV was constituted (31.5%) of all primary aetiology followed by HCV (26.8%). Majority (59.0%) of patients with chronic liver failure were class A, meanwhile only (33.9%) and (7.1%) were class B and C, respectively. there were significant associations between haemorrhagic presenting feature with CPC and primary aetiology. Conclusion: The findings support the importance and significance of the prognostic and predictive value of variceal bleeding in the assessment of patients with chronic liver diseases for further treatment, liver transplantation or the overall mortality. The additive value of variceal bleeding to CPS is still to be defined and formalized and further work is needed to address this important issue." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CPS"," Variceal Bleeding"," Chronic liver failure."], "publishers" : ["Ali A. Alshareefy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_192.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_192.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_192.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:25:45", "views" : 605, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :193 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of SETON as a surgical treatment of a High Fistula- in- Ano", "abstract" : "Objectives: To put the light on surgical treatment of high Fistula-in- ano by using the seton and a trial to know it s importance. Material and methods: A retrospective study of 72 patients, their age range 19-57 year the mean age 34.2, all of them were male except one female, with a high fistula-in-ano collected within a period of 14 years from Jan.1995 to Dec. 2008,57 patients diagnosed during operation by simple probing while 15 of them were diagnosed by contrast x-ray (fistulogram).The lower part of the fistula was excised while a thread put around the high part . Result: The time was needed range from 2-6 weeks for seton to cut completely and drops away this true for all except one who cut the seton and disappeared. All the rest got a sound healing and no reported recurrence. Conclusion: It is appeared from this study that seton is an excellent surgical way for the treatment of high fistula-in-ano." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Evaluation of SETON "," surgical treatment of a High Fistula"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Abd Ali Al Taie"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "N/A","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "N/A" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:53", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :194 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Insomnia in Patients with Renal Failure Undergoing Hemodialysis.", "abstract" : "Background: Sleep disorders are common among patients with kidney failure undergoing dialysis . The most frequently reported sleep disorders are insomnia , restless leg syndrome , sleep disordered breathing and excessive daytime sleepiness. Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the rate of insomnia in patients with renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. Method: This is cross sectional study to assess the rate of insomnia in patients with renal failure admitted to dialysis unit in Marjan Teaching Hospital . The sample composed of 88 cases ( 51 males and 37 females ) referred for hemodialysis. The study done during the period from 18th of July 2012 to 29th of September 2012. Our questionnaire consists of 2 parts , the first part include informations about common demographic characteristics. The second part of questionnaire include questions exploring the presence of insomnia and other sleep disorders. Results : 57.9% of the sample were males and 42.1% were females. Insomnia was reported by 53.4% among 88 patients undergoing hemodialysis. Insomnia was significantly associated with age , morning hemodialysis , restless leg syndrome and presence of diabetes mellitus There was no significant association between insomnia and other variables( Body Mass Index , sex ,smoking habits and duration of dialysis ). Conclusion : The study showed high rate of insomnia and other sleep disorders among uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis and these findings need to be taken seriously from the nephrologists as sleep disturbances cause significant impairment and disabilities among uremic populations." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Insomnia "," restless leg syndrome(RLS)"," sleep apnea"," excessive daytime sleepiness"," renal failure"," hemodialysis."], "publishers" : ["Waleed Azeez Al-Ameedy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_194.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_194.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_194.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 05:50:46", "views" : 1417, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :195 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Weight Reduction Drug Chitocal Contained Gymnema sylvester Extract on Body Weight, Lipid Profiles, Kidney Function and Histological Structure of Kidney and Intestine in Male Albino Rats", "abstract" : "Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of doses of Chitocal for 4 weeks on body weight, lipid profiles, kidney functions and histological structure of kidney and intestine in male rats. Methods: Twenty adult male albino rats (200 -215 gm) were divided into 2 groups: The first group was considered as control group. The second group was treated orally with Chitocal (50 mg/kg b.w) by use of intragastric tube. Different physiological parameters were performed including recording of the body weight and measuring lipid profiles, creatinine and urea levels. Results: Body weight gain, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, and VLDL cholesterol levels were significantly (p< 0.05) reduced in Chitocal treated rats when compared with the control rats. HDL cholesterol and urea levels were significantly (p< 0.05) increased in Chitocal treated rats, but creatinine level was none significantly (P <0.05) increased when compared with the control rats. Histological examination of Chitocal treated rats kidney’s showed congestion of blood vessels between renal tubules, aggregation of inflammatory cells in lumen and wall of blood vessels, enlargement of renal tubules and aggregation of inflammatory cells around glomerulus. In intestine tissue of Chitocal treated rats moderate increase of monocytes in lamina propria and hyperplasia of goblet cells was observed, aggregation of inflammatory cells in epithelium, adhesion of intestinal villi, hyperplasia in epithelium and aggregation of inflammatory cells in lamina propria. Conclusion: From the results of this study it can be conclude that the treatment with Chitocal produced a significant reduction in body weight and lipid profiles, but it is incapable of improving the kidney functions. Also there are histopathological effects on kidney and intestine tissues in treated rats." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effect of Weight","Drug Chitocal","Contained Gymnema"], "publishers" : ["Jabbar H.Yenzeel Al-Hilfy","Nusaibah Amer"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_195.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_195.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_195.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 22:22:47", "views" : 1072, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :196 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Anatomical Aspects of the Technique of Trans Anal One Stage Endorectal Pull-Through Procedure in Children with Hirschsprung s Disease", "abstract" : "Purpose: this prospective study presents the technique and results of transanal one-stage endorectal pull-through procedure in children with rectosigmoid lesions from Hhirschsprung s disease at Pediatric Central Teaching Hospital – Baghdad – Iraq from ( jan.2007-may.2009). Methods: twenty children aged one month to 6 years with section biopsy-proven Hhirschsprung s disease underwent transanal one-stage endorectal pull-through procedures during a 12-month period. A rectosigmoid transitional zone was suggested by contrast enema in 16 patients. Preoperative colonic irrigation to evacuate feces out of the dilated colon was done in the hospital. Bowel preparation was the same as conventional colorectal surgery. Full – thickness rectal biopsy at 1 to 2 cm above the dentate line was submitted for pathologic diagnosis. A rectal mucosectomy dissection was started 0.5 cm proximal to the dentate lines and was extended into the intraperitoneal rectum. The muscular sleeve was divided circumferentialy at 3 to 4 cm proximal to the dentate line,exposing the Intraperitoneal rectum and allowing full-thickness mobilization of the rectosigmoid colon was pull down to anastomose with the distal end of anorectal mucosa. Results: operating time, ranged from 110 to 180 minutes. The length of bowel resections ranged from 9 to 25 cm . the length of hospital stay depended on the amount of fecal impaction in the colon. Older children with substantial fecal impaction required 2 weeks of preoperative saline enema. One infant needed 3 days for bowel preparation, the same as for conventional colorectal surgery. The hospital stay ranged from 6 to 7 days in children younger than 2 years and 10 to 28 days in older children. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complication related to the pull-through procedure. One case of colitis occurred in the 6 years old child, which required rectal tube decompression one week after the operation. Seven patients passed stool within 24 hours after surgery. All patients had normal bowel movements within 3 weeks. There was no rectal cuff stricture or enterocolitis during one year of follow-up. Conclusion: transanal one-stage endorectal pull-through operations for rectosigmoid lesions from Hhirschsprung s disease can be performed successfully in all ages of children with good results, avoiding transabdominal exploration. The early postoperative enterocolitis in the older children might occur and should be treated urgently. The partial coloanal anastomosis obstruction found in older children coild be treated by placing a rectal tube into the anus to decompress the dilated pull-through colon. The limitation of this approach is that retroperitoneal fixation of the descending colon could not be dissected by transanal route" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Anatomical Aspects","the Technique of Trans","Hirschsprung s Disease"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Ubaid Hamza"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_196.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_196.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_196.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:23:51", "views" : 768, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :197 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical Evaluation of Bovine Derived Xenograft with a Bioabsorbable Collagen Membrane in the Treatment of Molar Class II Furcation Defects", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is to clinical evaluation bovine derived xenograft with guided tissue regeneration membrane used was osseoguardresorbable collagen membrane in the treatment of human periodontal Class II molar furcation defects. Ten patients(6 males, 4 females) suffering from chronic periodontitis, with Grade II molar furcation defect, were treated using bovine derived xenograft with GTR membrane, completed the study with the following clinical parameters were assessed immediately before the surgical procedure(Baseline) and at 6 months after treatment. These parameters were, Plaque index Score(PlI),gingival index (GI) vertical probing depth (VPD) ,clinical attachment level (CAL),gingival recession(GR) and closed horizontal probing depth (CHPD).This therapy resulted in significant VPD reductions and no significant improvement was seen (CAL),(GR) and significant reduction of(CHPD). For the mean values for the of (VPD)(5.3 ± 1.35),(CAL)( 3.5±1.4), (GR)( 0.3±0.51) and(CHPD)( 4.8±0.99) at baseline ,while these parameters at 6 months after surgical treatment were(2.82 ± 1.56),(2.3± 1.4), (0.28±0.5)and(2.2±1.54) respectively. The findings of this study suggest improvement in clinical results when the use of resorbable collagen membrane with bovine derived xenograft in treatment of class II molar furcation involvement." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["periodontal; regeneration;GTR","furcations; graft"," bone","bovine- derived xenograft"," bioresorbable membrane."], "publishers" : ["Zainab Muhi H. Al-Fatlawi","Raad Ali Jassim","Zeyad Nazar M. Al-Talib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_197.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_197.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_197.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:52:57", "views" : 934, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :198 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of SETON as a surgical treatment of a High Fistula- in- Ano", "abstract" : "Objectives: To put the light on surgical treatment of high Fistula-in- ano by using the seton and a trial to know it s importance. Material and methods: A retrospective study of 72 patients, their age range 19-57 year the mean age 34.2, all of them were male except one female, with a high fistula-in-ano collected within a period of 14 years from Jan.1995 to Dec. 2008,57 patients diagnosed during operation by simple probing while 15 of them were diagnosed by contrast x-ray (fistulogram).The lower part of the fistula was excised while a thread put around the high part . Result: The time was needed range from 2-6 weeks for seton to cut completely and drops away this true for all except one who cut the seton and disappeared. All the rest got a sound healing and no reported recurrence. Conclusion: It is appeared from this study that seton is an excellent surgical way for the treatment of high fistula-in-ano." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Evaluation of SETON "," surgical treatment of a High Fistula "], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Abd Ali Al Taie"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_198.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_198.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_198.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:52", "views" : 468, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :199 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Nephro-Protective Effect of Punica granatum in Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats", "abstract" : "The aqueous extract of Punica granatum (AEPF) was investigated for its protective effects on gentamicin-induced renal toxicity in rats. Nephrotoxicity was induced by intraperitoneal injection of gentamicin (100 mg/kg) for 8 days. The effect of AEPF (100mg/kg) given orally either with gentamicin or after 8 days of gentamicin administration was assessed by biochemical and histopathological changes of kidneys. AEPF protected the rats from alteration in serum levels of urea, creatinine, uric acid, sodium, potassium and chloride better when co-administered with gentamicin than when given after induced gentamicin nephrotoxicity and also through reversing the mild tubular necrosis than severe tubular necrosis" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Nephro-Protective","Punica granatum","Nephrotoxicity in Rats"], "publishers" : ["Nidhal AK Mohammed Ali","Shatha Z Saeed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_199.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_199.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_199.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:37", "views" : 946, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :200 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Older Adult Social Needs Nursing Home", "abstract" : "A nursing home is usually the main place of caring for older adults when family attendances are inattentive. The concept of nursing homes is becoming out-of-date, noting that the society is working to develop a new model for caring of older adult. The purpose of the study is to review social needs for elderly in nursing homes in Jordan.The study was used with clients who were residing in nursing homes. A convenience sampling method (n= 155). Residents were selected; a questionnaire was constructed as tools for data collection by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Content validity was determined by a panel of experts in different specialties. Reliability of instrument was determined by the use of test-retest approach through the pilot study which was carried out and was used as tools for data collection.The findings revealed that, majority of the residents were widowed who represented 38.1%.Only 15.5% of them were visited by their family relatives more than 5 times during the year. The study depicted that 61.3% had trusted staff and 25.1 % had trusted friends in the nursing home. In regard to loneliness, 66.5% of subjects had been feeling aloneness and they required outside assistance. Older adult were Suffering from compressive of social factors that caused psychological health problems which need to policy to solve those factors." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["social function"," older adult"," nursing homes"], "publishers" : ["Hussein Mohammad","Nuhad Kassim","Ameen A. Yasir"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_200.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_200.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_200.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:52", "views" : 575, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :201 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Phytotherapeutic Effect of Traditional Crude Oil of Nigella sativa on Male Reproductive System of Albino Mice Treated with Low Toxic Dose of Paracetamol", "abstract" : "The study included (20) adult male Swiss albino mice Balb/ C, they were randomly divided into four groups:The first was injected intra peritoneal with 300 mg / kg body weight (B.W.) of paracetamol which considered as low toxic dose, followed by 0.3 ml of normal saline(0.9 % w/v) was administrated orally . Second, mice administrated orally with 0.3 ml of crude traditional oil of Nigella sativa, then injected intra peritoneal with 0.3 ml of normal saline(0.9 % w/v).Third , mice injected intra peritoneal with 300 mg / kg (B.W.) of paracetamol , then administrated orally with 0.3 ml of crude traditional oil of Nigella sativa . Fourth the control group, mice injected intra peritoneal with with 0.3 ml of normal saline (0.9 % w/v), then administrated orally again with 0.3 ml of normal saline. The experimental time of treatment were 24 hours for all groups , then all animals were sacrificed, the reproductive organs were dissected out for weighing then preserved in Bouins fixative for histopathy. Statistical analysis showed a significant increase ( P< 0.05) in the value of GPT ( 0.043 ± 0.017) /IU , in the mice treated with 300 mg /kg (B.W) of low toxic dose of paracetamol in compare with control and other treated groups . Also, there is a significant increase ( P< 0.05) in the weight of seminal vesicle ( 0.213 ± 0.058 )/gm in mice administrated with 0.3 ml of crude oil of Nigella sativa as compare with control and other treated groups . Mice group administered with 0.3 ml of crude oil Negilla sativa revealed highly significant increase in sperm count (336 ± 100.17 * 104 ) sperm /mm3 at (P <0.01 ) as compared with control and other treated groups Histometry of reproductive organs, revealed a significant increase ( P<0.05) in the wall thickness of testicular seminiferous tubules (66 ± 26.8)/ ? in mice administrated with 0.3 ml of crude oil Negilla sativa , in contrast to control group and other treatments . Whereas ,the diameter of seminiferous tubules and the height of glandular epithelia of seminal vesicle never be affected either by the administration of crude oil of Negilla sativa nor with the injection of 300 mg /kg (B.W) of low toxic dose of paracetamol . The weights of right and left testis and prostate gland never be affected with all treatments that included in the current study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Phytotherapeutic","Effect of Traditional","Nigella sativa"], "publishers" : ["Rihab Galib Mohammad AL- Zuhairy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_201.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_201.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_201.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:29:10", "views" : 872, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :202 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Fortified Topical Vancomycin Drops in the Treatment of Bacterial Keratitis", "abstract" : "Background:Bacterial keratitis is among the most important external ocular surface diseases because of its associated serious morbidity.Variable bacterial agents are implicated as causative agents and emerging bacterial resistance to the routinely used antibiotics should be always thought of. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of fortified vancomycin drops in managing bacterial microbial keratitis. Patients and methods: thirty seven patients with bacterial microbial keratitis were included in this study,19 patients(Group A) received the empirical monotherapy; ciprofloxacin eye drops and 18 patients(Group B) received the empirical dual therapy; fortified gentamicin plus cefuroxime eye drops.Response to treatment was monitored and non responding cases in the two groups received additional fortified vancomycin drops(50mg/ml). Results: In group A, 14 patients (73.3%) showed positive response to the empirical treatment within two days and 5 (26.3%) did not. In group B, 12 patients (66.7%) responded well and 6 (33.3%) did not.The eleven non responding cases in both groups; A and B, were given topical vancomycin drops (50mg/ml) as an additional antibiotic. Eight of them (72.7%) were labeled to be good responders within the first 24 hours. The remaining three patients (27.3%) were not and two of them (18.2%) ended in vascularization and opacification of the cornea while the last one (9.1%) developed corneal perforation. Discussion and conclusion: topical fortified vancomycin shows positive additive effect when added to the empirical mono or dual therapy regimens we usually use in the treatment of bacterial keratitis .It saved two thirds of the resistant infected eyes with a more potent effect when combined with the dual therapy regimen (P value <0.05) . Recommendations: In view of the wide spread, often unjustified, use of topical antibiotics in our society and the expected microbial resistance we recommend considering adding this medication to the empirical regimen of the dual therapy (gentamicin and cefuroxime) or monotherapy (fluroquinolone) specialy in cases of chronic ocular surface disease and chronic use of antibiotic drops." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Fortified Topical","Vancomycin Drops","Bacterial Keratitis"], "publishers" : ["Alya`a Abood Kareem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_202.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_202.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_202.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:18:15", "views" : 714, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :203 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "When Do Women with Breast Lumps Seek Medical Advice?", "abstract" : "worldwide, breast cancer comprises 22.9% of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers) in women. In 2008, breast cancer caused 458,503 deaths worldwide (13.7% of cancer deaths in women). The first noticeable symptom of breast cancer is typically a lump that feels different from the rest of the breast tissue. More than 80% of breast cancer cases are discovered when the woman feels a lump. Indications of breast cancer other than a lump may include changes in breast size or shape, skin dimpling, nipple inversion, or spontaneous single-nipple discharge. Pain ("mastodynia") is an unreliable tool in determining the presence or absence of breast cancer, but may be indicative of other breast health issues. Most symptoms of breast disorders, including most lumps, do not turn out to represent underlying breast cancer. Benign breast diseases such as mastitis and fibroadenoma of the breast are more common causes of breast disorder symptoms. Nevertheless, the appearance of a new symptom should be taken seriously by both patients and their doctors, because of the possibility of an underlying breast cancer at almost any age.[1-5]" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["WhenDo Women"," Breast Lumps Seek","Medical Advice"], "publishers" : ["Shabander T. Fathulla"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_203.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_203.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_203.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:51:40", "views" : 781, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :204 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Significance of Bowels Sounds in Acute Abdomen", "abstract" : "acute abdomen refers to a group of medical conditions in which accurate and early diagnosis must executed. Following to diagnosis, proper surgical or medical treatment modalities must be applied. Auscultation comes from the Latin word auscultare (to listen). The word was introduced to moden medical literature by René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec in 1819. The syndrome of acute abdominal pain generates a large number of hospital visits and may affect the very young, the very old, either sex, and all socioeconomic groups. Bowel sounds are caused by the movement of free gas in the digestive tract. Therefore, it reflects the gastrointestinal motility as long as the amount of gas in the guts remains the same. Main production of bowel sounds belong to stomach where the jejunum seems to generate very few sounds of long duration. The colon distinguishes by the sounds of high amplitude, short and with a frequency around 100 Hz. Auscultation of the abdomen gives information about the presence or absence of bowel sounds. A quiet abdomen indicates ileus. Hyperactive bowel sounds may occur in gastroenteritis. Periods of quiet interrupted by the onset of high-pitched hyperactive bowel sounds characterize the peristaltic rushes of mechanical small bowel obstruction. Evaluation of bowel sounds requires careful auscultation for several minutes. During auscultation of the abdomen, the examiner can effectively evaluate tenderness and guarding further by palpating gently with the stethoscope. By approaching the abdominal pain patient in a systematic fashion, the physician can improve his or her performance in evaluating the patient in a safe and efficient manner without extensive or redundant tests.[1]" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Significance"," Bowels Sounds","Acute Abdomen"], "publishers" : ["Shabander T. Fathulla"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_204.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_204.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_204.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:26", "views" : 864, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :205 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Different Doses of Lead on the Mouse Hepatocyte", "abstract" : "Background: In a number of studies, lead is playing a role in damaging process of liver cells. The objective of this study is to gain more understanding about the correlation between certain doses of lead and the changes that may occur in the liver cells. Material and methods: The study was conducted on mice, which were divided into four groups of six mice each. Group I received tap water during the entire period of experimentation (30 days), group II, group III and group IV were received 10mg, 20mg and 30mg/kg body weight lead as PbO2 Consecutively (orally and daily). Sections of livers were made and examined by light microscope. Results: Lead affected liver cells (hepatocytes) in mice under certain doses. Group III and group IV animals which received 20mg and 30mg/kg body weight lead as PbO2 Consecutively showed various degrees of degenerative changes in the hepatocytes, such as increased size and dark appearance of the cytoplasm , increased size of the sinusoids. The degree of these changes was more abundant in liver cells of high dose group in comparison with the changes in liver cells of moderate dose group, whereas none of these changes were present in both group I (controls) and group II (low dose group) which received tap water and 10mg /kg body weight lead consecutively. Conclusion: Certain doses of lead could cause damages to the liver cells" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Effect"," Different Doses","the Mouse Hepatocyte"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed A. Albir"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_1_205.jpg","full_file" : "9_1_205.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_1_205.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:58:47", "views" : 814, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :206 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Superficial Temporal Artery Aneurysm Two Case Reports", "abstract" : "Aneurysms of the superficial temporal artery (STA) are a rare and potentially critical cause of facial masses. Usually, these aneurysms are Pseudoaneurysm and occur following blunt or penetrating trauma to the head or following surgery in the temporal region. Most cases (about 75%) are the result of blunt head injury. Only 11 cases of spontaneous aneurysms were reported. These aneurysms are assumed to have been congenital or arteriosclerotic. Pseudoaneurysm has occurred mainly in the anterior branch of the STA. The first case of a STA Pseudoaneurysm was described by Thomas Bertholin in 1740 and since then about 400 cases have been published in the literatures. I present two cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the STA and I discuss pertinent diagnosis and treatment options, as well as provide a brief review of the anatomy and histopathology of pseudoaneurysms." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Superficial Temporal"," Artery Aneurysm"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Jaber Al-Mamori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_206.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_206.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_206.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:41:25", "views" : 631, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :207 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Predictors of Admission of Patients with Bronchiolitis to the Intensive Care Unit(ICU)", "abstract" : "Background: Bronchiolitis is a lower respiratory tract infection that occurs in children younger than two years old. It is usually caused by a virus, Bronchiolitis is a common cause of illness and is the leading cause of hospitalization in infants and young children. Bronchiolitis diagnosed clinically and can be treated by adequate fluids and oxygen therapy, but it can cause serious illness in some children and need Intensive Care Units management. Objectives: To know the predictors of admission of the patient with bronchiolitis to the Intensive Care Unit. Methods: A prospective, cohort study was conducted during the period from November 2011 to March of 2012 in Babylon Gynecology and Children Teaching Hospital. All our patients(251) aged less than 2 years and were diagnosed as bronchiolitis according to the American Academy Of Pediatrics definition were enrolled in the study. Regular ward admission and ICU admission were compared. Results: Two hundred fifty one patients were studied, 215 (85.7%) were admitted in regular ward and 36 (14.3%)patients were admitted in Intensive Care Unit(ICU) .Emergency department predictors of ICU admission were age less than 3 months(mean 3.15±2.5 VS 4.8±4.5: P value 0.002), formula feeding(36% VS 13% :P value 0.005), low oxygen saturation SPO2 (83.2%±7.3 VS 92.1%±4.5 :p value 0.000), rapid respiratory rate(64.3±7 VS 55.07±8.1 breaths/min :P value 0.000), and inadequate oral intake(97% VS 59% P value 0.000). Other factors like family history of asthma, eczema, sex, breast feeding, birth weight, heart rate and chest x rays finding were not associated with ICU admission. Conclusion: Age of less than 3months,formula feeding, low oxygen saturation SPO2(83%), rapid respiratory rate, and inadequate oral intake are all predictors of ICU admission in children with bronchiolitis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["bronchiolitis","Babylon Gynecology","ICU"], "publishers" : ["Adnan Handhil Tarish"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "29 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_207.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_207.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_207.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:26", "views" : 798, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :208 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Violent Behavior among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders in Psychiatric Hospitals", "abstract" : "Mental illness, For most people is associated with severe behavioral disturbances such as violence .The problem of violence and aggressive behavior among patients with psychiatric disorders needs careful assessment This study aimed to identify the violence behavior of psychiatric patients. Who admitted to Al-Rashad and Ibn-Rushed psychiatric hospitals. The study included 100 male & female patients who were purposely selected from Al-Rashad and Ibn-Rushed Psychiatric Hospitals. These patients were suffering from violence behavior. A questionnaire was especially designed by the investigator, the data collected from the nurses or responsible person by individual meeting, the relatives and the patients chart. The results revealed that 64% of the samples were male patients and they are at age group 26 - 37 years old. Most of them suffer from schizophrenia 42% and 28% they suffer from verbal assault. The main recommendations were educate the family and the nurses about the violence behavior and how to deal with them to change their behavior during hospitalization and in the community." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Assessment of Violent","Psychiatric Hospitals","Alcohol and criminal behavior"], "publishers" : ["Saja Hashem Mohammed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "30 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_208.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_208.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_208.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:34:46", "views" : 629, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :209 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Evaluation of Use Tenodermodesis Procedure with Fixation of Distal Interphalangeal Joint in Extension Position by Kirschner Wire in Management of Delayed Mallet Finger", "abstract" : "Objective :To evaluate the validity of tenodermodesis with fixation of distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint in extension position by kirschner wire(k. wire) in management of delayed cases of mallet finger . Methods: This study was conducted on 30 patients in Al-Diwanyia teaching hospital who were complaining from dropping of distal phalanx (mallet finger) and presented after 10 days from the time of injury ,they underwent surgery by tenodermodesis procedure and fixation of DIP joint in extension position by k. wire .The time of study was between 2008 and 2010 and followed up for a period for 1 year. The patients were evaluated according : Sex and age, wether the injured hand was right or left ,the finger that commonly injured, average delay before presentation ,type of trauma, extensor lag at presentation and radiograph :x-ray AP and lateral views for injured finger to see If there is bone avulsion or volar subluxation of distal phalanx .We excluded the open injuries with soft tissue loss and injuries associated with fractures greater than one third of articular surface from the study. Conclusion: We conclude that delayed cases of mallet fingers can be managed with tenodermodesis procedure with fixation of DIP joint in extension position by k. wire with no joint problems like( stiffness or deviation),accepted flexion ability ,negligible extension lag and good patients satisfaction at 1 years follow up." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["mallet"," k.wire"," delayed"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Miri Saadoon"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "30 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_209.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_209.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_209.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:19:50", "views" : 1002, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :210 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Vitamin C, an Antioxidant Attenuates Gentamicin-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Female Albino Wister Rats", "abstract" : "We investigated the effect of vitamin C against acute kidney injury(AKI) in female Albino Wister rats. AKI was produced by gentamicin as a simple method for induction AKI, so this achieved by injection of gentamicin as single dose [100mg/kg intra peritoneal (I.P) a day for 10 days] in rats. Vitamin C (200mg/kg I.P a day) was administered 1hr before AKI induction by gentamicin for 10 days. The blood urea nitrogen(BUN), serum creatinine(Scr) concentrations and Malondialdehyde (MDA) level were markedly elevated in gentamicin-AKI group after treatment 78.05±0.591mg/dl, 1.169±0.017 mg/dl and 85.70±0.587mg/dl (P<0.0001) respectively, but these elevations were significantly suppressed by vitamin C in vitamin C–treated AKI group17.81±0.457mg/dl, 0.724±0.009 mg/dl and 50.30±0.213 nmol/g (P<0.0001) respectively. These findings suggest that vitamin C can protect the renal damage caused by gentamicin." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["AKI"," gentamicin"," vitamin C"], "publishers" : ["Ali Abdil Razzaq Aldallal"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "30 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_210.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_210.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_210.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 02:42:03", "views" : 1177, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :211 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Estimation of C3 and C4 Level in non-Pregnant Women with Iron Deficiency Anemia", "abstract" : "Background: Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional disorders in menstruating women and adolescents. Iron and other micronutrients have immunomodulating functions that influence the susceptibility of a host to infectious diseases. Complement C3 and C4 are the components most frequently measured which are capable of lysis of bacteria or red cells or can opsonize bacteria or cells so that they are phagocytosed. Objective: To determine the level of complements proteins (C3&C4) in adult non-pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia. Patients and methods: A total of 57 young adult non pregnant females were enrolled in this case control study .Serum complements C3 and C4 were evaluated in 32 women with iron deficiency anemia and 25 age matched normal women as a control group. Measurement of complements (C3&C4) was done by using quantitative determination by radial immune diffusion plates. Results: The mean ± standard deviation for C3 &C4 were 95.02± 27.35& 21.03± 9.72 respectively for the group with iron deficiency anemia while for control group was 112.79 ± 32.46 for C3 &26.32 ± 8.38 for C4, with statistically significant differences, p- value 0.0297 for C3 & 0.0034 for C4. Conclusion: Adult non pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia have low level of C3 and C4 in compare to normal adult non pregnant women." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["non-Pregnant Women","Deficiency Anemia","Iron deficiency"], "publishers" : ["Zainab Wahab Al-Maaroof"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "31 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_211.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_211.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_211.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 20:31:02", "views" : 1237, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :212 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Some Antibiotics on Uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Detection of Some Virulence Factors", "abstract" : "In this study, three hundred urine samples were obtained from patients from both sexes suffering from urinary tract infections (UTIs), who have attending to Hilla Teaching Hospital, one hundred thirty four (134) male (44.6%) and one hundred sixty six (166) female (55.3%) with no age range. Out of the) 300(urine samples, only (47) (15.7%) isolates were found to be related to Escherichia coli. Hemolysin production by E. coli was studied and it was found that (19) (40.4%) out of (47) isolate of E. coli were able to produce hemolysin on blood agar as zone of hemolysis surrounding bacterial colonies, and other isolates of E. coli (28) (59.6%) have able to produce siderophore on M9 media. Also, the antibiotic sensitivity test was studied on (47) isolates of E. coli and the results show that these isolates were resistance to Clindamycin (97.8%), (63.8%) for Cefotaxime and Cefaxime, Norfloxacine (59.5%), Naldixic acid (51.0%), Gentamycin (45.4%) and Amoxillin (44.6%, and all isolates were sensitive to Amikacin and Nitrofuranation (100%), (85%) for Chloramphenicol, (59.5%) for Streptomycin and Amoxillin (57.4%)" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Escherichia coli","Virulence Factors","Hilla Teaching Hospital","Hemolysin production"], "publishers" : ["Haythem Ali Al-Sayigh","Hiyam Faez Ahmed Al-Hasson","Jwan Ahmed Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "31 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_212.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_212.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_212.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:25:39", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :213 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of Adenovirus Type F and G in Children Less Than Five Years Suffering from Acute Gastroenteritis in Hilla Province", "abstract" : "The current study was performed on two hundred fifty children infected with acute watery diarrhea admitted to Babylon maternity and children hospital during 10 months from June 2012 to February 2013 .The age ranged between 2 months - 5 years .The virus was determined in stool and serum using the CerTest Adenovirus Card Test (stepcoloured chromatographic immunoassay) for the qualitative detection of Adenovirus in stool samples and ELISA for the qualitative determination IgM antibodies against adenovirus in human serum. The viruses were determined in109 (43.6%) of patients. Adenovirus were detected in 41(16.4%) and Rotavirus in 68(27.2%).The adenovirus associated with gastroenteritis was mostly seen between the age (2-24) months. The positive cases dominated in rural patients which depending on the mixed feeding while the breast feeding infants less infected. The frequency of adenovirus in girls and boys was similar. The study revealed that the infections with these viruses were spread predominantly from person to person with a duration from 3-10 days and an illness lasting approximately one week. Diarrhea is more prominent than vomiting or fever, and respiratory symptoms are often present." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Acute Gastroenteritis","Babylon maternity and children hospital","ELISAthe CerTest Adenovirus Card Test"], "publishers" : ["Ziton Abdulrida Ighewish Al-khafajia","Ghanim Aboud Al-Molab"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "31 May 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_213.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_213.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_213.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:19:14", "views" : 767, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :214 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Electrophysiological changes of Asymptomatic Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Frequency Distribution and Correlation to Disease-Related Factors", "abstract" : "Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease characterized by chronic symmetrical and erosive arthritis with various extra articular manifestations. Of main neurological manifestations of RA is carpal tunnel syndrome CTS. Objective: To explore the frequency of asymptomatic CTS in patients with RA and relationships to various RA-related factors. Methods: In this cross sectional case controlled study, fifty consecutive patients with Rheumatoid arthritis were studied at Rheumatologic?Rehabilitation and Neurophysiological departments in Marjan teaching hospital in Hilla city. The study was conducted in the period from January to August 2011. Thirty two healthy individuals, age and gender matched, were included in the study as control. Both patients and control groups had no clinical evidence of carpal tunnel syndrome. Thorough medical history, comprehensive physical examination and nerve conduction study(NCS) of median nerve for CTS were done for both patients and control. Serologic, acute inflammatory response tests, radiographic studies were done for patients. Results: Seventeen patients (34%) all of them were females, were found to have electrophysiological evidence for CTS, versus one female in control group (3%). Asymptomatic CTS was found more prevalent in patients with positive family history of RA, prolonged morning stiffness and duration of the disease, polyarticular joint involvement, wrist swelling and deformity, restriction of wrist movement, prolonged delay in the initiation of Disease Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) therapy, patients with severe RA according to DAS -28, positive CRP, high ESR , positive RF and positive Anti-CCP antibodies and joint erosion. Conclusion: Asymptomatic CTS is a common neurological manifestations of RA (34%), exclusively in female gender with severe disease profiles. Therefore, NCS is essential in RA for detection of asymptomatic CTS. Key words: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Asymptomatic Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, nerve conduction study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Electrophysiological","Asymptomatic Carpal Tunnel","Distribution and Correlation to Disease"], "publishers" : ["Naseer J. Al-Mukhtar Sabah J. Al-Rubaie Thaier K. Al-Husseiny"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_214.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_214.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_214.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:52:55", "views" : 818, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :215 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Attitude to Smoking Cessation and Triggers to Relapse among Iraqi Male Smokers", "abstract" : "Background: Smoking is related to many diseases, and the relapse to smoking after cessation in Iraq is noticeable. We examined the attitudes of Iraqi male smokers regarding smoking cessation and reasons for relapse. Objective: The aim of this study is to asses the ability of Iraqi male smokers to stop smoking and factors that lead to relapse after cessation. Method: We interviewed 200 male smokers in Babylon town, Najaf town, Iraq who had tried to quit smoking at least once in order to identify reasons for quitting and situations triggering relapse. Results: The most significant reported reasons for quitting included personal health (37.5%), the advice and example from other (22.5%), and family pressures to quit (12.5%). The most common factors triggering relapse were social situations (27.5%), feeling negative or down (17.5%) and times of being alone (10.0%). Conclusion: Health and family concerns, personal factors, the influence of others and a lack of cessation resources were cited as salient factors concerning smoking cessation among male smokers in this study. Effective smoking control efforts in Iraq will require attention to these influences if Iraq is to curb its current smoking epidemic. Keywords: Smoking, Social, Quit, Health, Family" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Smoking"," Social"," Quit"," Health"," Family"], "publishers" : ["Qayssar Joudah Fadheel"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_215.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_215.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_215.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:25", "views" : 832, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :216 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Carbohydrate Malabsorption in Acute Diarrhea", "abstract" : "Background: Lactose, a disaccharide that comprises the monosaccharaides glucose and galactose, is the primary carbohydrate found exclusively in mammalian milk. Lactose intolerance can occur among infants and young children with acute diarrheal disease, although the clinical significance of this is limited except in more severely affected children. Aim: to assess the frequency of carbohydrate malabsorption in a group of patients presenting with acute diarrhea. Patients and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study , included 100 patients between 2 -36 months of age who were randomly selected from patients presenting with acute diarrhea to the Babylon Gynecology and Children Teaching Hospital. All those patients were screened for carbohydrate malabsorption by determination of stool pH and reducing substance. Further investigation by microscopy for fat, parasites, leukocytes and screening for rotavirus were performed in their stools. Results: The study included 100 children 2- 36 months of age with acute diarrhea. Fifty six of them were males. The frequency of carbohydrate malabsorption was 41% and was highest among infants below one year, Mean± SD (10.25± 13.78) months. There was no significant difference regarding baseline and diarrhea characteristics of the study population and carbohydrate malabsorption apart from vomiting. Conclusion: The frequency of carbohydrate malabsorption is common in infants and children with acute diarrhea." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Carbohydrate","Malabsorption","Acute Diarrhea"], "publishers" : ["Jasim M. Al-Marz","Bashar S. Khalaf"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_216.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_216.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_216.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:04:26", "views" : 814, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :217 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Increasing Sudden Cardiac Death Predictability among Patients for whom Intracardiac Device were Implanted for Different Indications", "abstract" : "Background: sudden cardiac death (SCD) is defined as death due to any cardiac disease that occurs within one hour after the onset of symptoms. Estimation of the prevalence of QRS prolongation in the population with heart failure (HF) ranges between 20-50%, especially with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) patients with LVEF< 30%. Intra-ventricular conduction delay (IVCD) or LBBB (but not RBBB) had a 50% increase in the risk of cardiac arrest and total mortality. Aim of study: to test the viability of the following: a cardiac patient who acquires a special clinical triplet is at increasing risk of SCD. , if combined, in a sequence, with IVCD presence). Study design: retrospective study. Patients and methods: 53 consecutive patients, have been studied , for whom ICD. were implanted for various indications from 9\2000 - 9\2006 at AL Kadhimiah teaching hospital Males constituted 41\53 (77.35%), compared to females 12\53 (22.64%) were >46<75 years of age (mean: 60y). All males are > 40<65 years of age. (mean 52ys.) For all these patients who sustained cardiac death & recovered wither spontaneously or through medical intervention & the event responsible for the syncope were well established by continuous ECG monitoring, full history & full clinical examination along with ECG & ECHO study were done. Results: Most common ECG findings were Q waves (either due to MI or DCM),while LBBB\ IVCD were relatively uncommon Most common Echo findings were ischemic HF (segmental hypokinesia\akinesia)- especially old anterior akinesia. Sub-group I (StHD in males) constituted 35/53,and.Sub-group II (LVS Dysfunction<40%>30%, StHD and male sex) constituted 30/53 Lastly the sub-group III (IVCD, LVS dysfunction, StHD, and male sex) constituted 9/53, Conclusions: *20.45% increment in the probability in predicting SCD in the presence of combined IVCD, LVS dysfunction ( LVEF<40%>30%), StHD, and male sex ; indicating a significant role of the presence of these combined 4 clinical criteria (IVCD, and LVEF<40%>30%, StHD, and male sex) , as potential predictors of SCD. Recommendations: the presence of 4 clinical criteria in a patient is associated with higher probability of SCD. ; neccessating close and watchful surveillance. Key wards: SCD.; Males; St HD.; LVS Dysfunction ; IVCD." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["SCD.; Males; St HD.; LVS Dysfunction ; IVCD"], "publishers" : ["Majed A.A. Labban","Radhi. F. Shlash. Al-shaibani."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_217.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_217.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_217.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 20:47:26", "views" : 743, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :218 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Total , Free Testosterone and Insulin Hormone Levels in Patients with Hirsutism", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is evaluated the levels of testosterone hormone (total and free) and insulin hormone in women that suffering with hirsutism; which is defined as the presence of excessive terminal hair in androgen-dependent areas of a woman s body. It may result from various causes including polycystic ovarian syndrome, nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenal or ovarian tumors. Serum samples were taken from forty women with hirsutism with [mean age± SD ( 29 ± 7.4 )years; body mass index (BMI) 26.95 ± 6.8 kg/m2] as well as fifteen healthy women with (mean age± SD (30 ± 6.1 ); BMI, 24.14± 2.2 kg/m2) as a control group. The results showed that the total testosterone hormone and free testosterone are increased significantly (P<0.00 ) in the female patients with hirsutism compared to control group. Also, basal insulin found to be significantly increased in patients with hirsutism (p<0.05) when compared with control group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Total","Free Testosterone","Insulin Hormone","Levels in Patients"], "publishers" : ["Khawla Abed Al-Hemza Shemran"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_218.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_218.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_218.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:22", "views" : 753, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :220 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Changes in Testosterone, Progesterone and Prolactin Levels in Pregnant Women with Chronic Toxoplasmosis", "abstract" : "The present investigation dealt with studying the influence of chronic infection by protazoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii on levels testosterone, progesterone and prolactin hormones in pregnant women through trimesters of pregnancy. A total number of 55 pregnant women with chronic toxoplasmosis(Seropositive IgG) and 51 healthy pregnant (Seronegative IgG) were used. The results revealed that chronic infection by T. gondii exhibited significant increased of testosterone serum levels and significant decreased of prolactin serum levels in all trimesters. we found no significant difference in progesterone levels in overall seropositive IgG pregnant women, We have detected fluctuation in levels of progesterone from trimesters to other, in first trimester progesterone levels did not show significant variation, significant decrease in progesterone levels in seropositve IgG in second trimester while a significant increase occurred to progesterone in seropositive IgG pregnant women when compared with those of the control group during third trimester. Testosterone , progesterone and prolactin concentrations were highest in the 3rd trimester. We can conclude that chronic infection by T. gondii in pregnant women associated with variations in levels of testosterone, progesterone and prolactin hormones and these variations may be influences the probability of the Toxoplasma infection or that infection changes the concentration of hormones in infected host as adaptive stratagem enhance parasite survival in host." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Testosterone; Progesterone; Prolactin ; chronic toxoplasmosis"], "publishers" : ["Raad A. Kadhima","Haytham M. AL-awadib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_220.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_220.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_220.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 23:23:26", "views" : 1295, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :219 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study Effect of Glimepiride and Repaglinide on CIMT and Long Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Double Blind Study", "abstract" : "Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular complications ,namely coronary ischemia, Peripheral vascular disease, and stroke. Atherosclerosis is highly associated with Diabetes mellitus . Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) is used extensively as a method to detect atherosclerosis. Aim of the study repaglinide and glimepiride are newly introduced and used for non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) ,the study aim to compare the difference in their effect on CIMT. Patients and Methods The study enrolled 62 patients NIDDM all from Al Hakeem Diabetic center in Najaf in period from January 2011 to the March 2012 all had their recording files with mean age (53±0.23), 35females and 27 males with body mass index (BMI) Mean( 28±0.4 ) divided into two groups (blindly grouped) each one 31used Repaglinide 3mg/day and second one used Glimepiride 3mg/day. followed after 6 months and then after 12 months record the hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c), lipid profile , CRP, blood pressure ,the blood urea and serum Creatinine and studying the CIMT of both internal carotid and the common carotid arteries using ultrasonic Doppler study . Results There was a significant( p<0.05) reduction in CIMT of left internal carotid and the right common carotid arteries in patients treated with repaglidine compares to those patients treated with glimepiride and there was also reduction in the other parameters Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) , Triglyceride (TG) ,HbA1c still these decrement were not a significant one. Conclusion and recommendation repaglinide is better in reduction of the CIMT than Glimepiride in spite of insignificant reduction in the lipid profile or HbA1c. We recommend to study what dose required to achieve a best reduction in CIMT." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["diabetes ","glimepiride"," repaglinide"," CIMT."], "publishers" : ["Hussein Aziz Naser"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "01 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_219.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_219.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_219.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:25", "views" : 757, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :222 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Treatment of Recalcitrant Lichen Planus with Low Molecular Weight Heparin (Enoxaparin): A Case Series Study among Iraqi Patients", "abstract" : "Lichen planus (LP) is a unique, common, pruritic, inflammatory disease of the skin, mucous membranes and hair follicles. The exact pathogenesis of LP is unknown, but it is evident that immunologic mechanisms almost certainly mediate the development of LP. Cell mediated immunity plays the major role in triggering the clinical expression of the disease. Both CD4 and CD8 T-cells are found in lesional skin of LP. Low dose, low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin) has been proven effective in various types of Lp. Enoxaparin has been shown to inhibit the expression of heparanase enzyme that is produced by CD4 lymphocytes (this enzyme is crucial in T-cell migration to target tissue). The Aim: is to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose enoxaparin in treatment of Iraqi patient with recalcitrant LP that is unresponsive to traditional courses of topical and systemic steroid therapy. Methods: Fifteen patients with recalcitrant LP were included in this study Enoxaparin was given to each patient in a dose of 3mg subcutaneous injection every week for a period of 20 weeks. Assessment of response to treatment was done for each patient every two weeks by assessment of the severity of itching and reduction in the number of lesions. VAS score used to assess improvement of itching. Patients divided into 3 groups (mild LP, moderate LP, and severe LP) according to the number of lesions at initial presentation. Response to treatment classified for 4 grades (no response, mild response, moderate response, dramatic response). Results: There was dramatic reduction in VAS score in 13 patients of the 15 patients (86.6%). This reduction is considered statistically significant in the end of the 1st month of treatment (pvalue 0.0002). The number of patients that respond to therapy in the end of treatment course was 12 patients (80%), this include all grades of improvement (mild 26.6%, moderate 20%, and dramatic 33.33%). patients with mild type LP showed a response of (83.33%) which is higher than the response rate of moderate type LP (71.42%). Conclusions: Enoxaparin is effective, safe, simple and good alternative therapy for acute and chronic recalcitrant lichen planus, specially those who complain from severe itching, those who use prolonged courses of steroid therapy without benefit and those with hypertrophic type LP." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Treatment of Recalcitrant Lichen Planus "," Low Molecular Weight Heparin A Case Series Study among Iraqi"], "publishers" : ["Wisam Ali Ameen Zena Saeed Alfadhily"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_1_222.jpg","full_file" : "8_1_222.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_1_222.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:40:23", "views" : 763, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :223 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Physiological Study of Chronic Renal Failure According to Peripheral Neuropathy", "abstract" : "Bachground: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a pathological syndrome developed due to a progressive destruction of renal structures by chronic nephropathies. It is characterized by gradually increasing renal functions impairment. peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common neurological complications of CRF , the mechanism of production of neuropathy is that accumulation of slowly dialyzable middle molecules (500- 2000 Daltons) which may include methylguanidine, parathyroid hormones, ?2 microglobulin and myoinositol, can be correlated with the degree of neurotoxicity. Objective: This study aims to estimate the variations in the peripheral nerve via electrophysiological changes in patients suffering from CRF on continuous hemodialysis with uremic peripheral neuropathy and without uremic peripheral neuropathy since the changes in these parameters are important in detecting, quantifying, identifying some possible risk factors and assessing patient’s response to treatment. Method: The study lasted from November/2010 to April /2011 in Marjan Teaching Hospital.. The study was carried out on 100 persons ( 70 patients and 30 healthy persons as a control group) . The patients and controls were classified into four age groups. Also the patients suffering from CRF on continuous hemodialysis classified into patients with uremic peripheral neuropathy and without uremic peripheral neuropathy . The patients and controls enrolled in the study had undergone full assessment that included:- electrophysiological assessment for the following nerves ( median ,ulnar ,peroneal ,tibial and sural nerve ) that involved the sensory and motor nerve conduction studies. Results: Regarding electrophysiological changes patients had shown significant increase in latency for sensory and motor nerves and significant decrease in amplitude and conduction velocity for sensory and motor nerves in patients with peripheral neuropathy than that of the controls and patients without peripheral neuropathy . Conclusion: The results of this study supports the hypothesis that CRF is a critical disease that results in a multi-systemic disorders The incidence of uremic peripheral neuropathy present to be very high in this study . Therefore, a good attention should be directed to study this problem and seriously creates the suitable solutions." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological Study","Chronic Renal Failure","According to Peripheral Neuropathy"], "publishers" : ["Naseer Jawad Hamad AL.Mukhtar","Maha Fadhil Kareem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_223.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_223.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_223.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:44:32", "views" : 684, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :224 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Erythrocytes Membranes Variables, Conductivity of Erythrocytes Suspension and Activity of Purified Erythrocyte Glutathione-S-Transferase Enzyme GST in Diabetic Patients", "abstract" : "This study was included 69 persons (26 patients with insulin dependence diabetes mellitus IDDM with mean ages ( 49.5?7.66) years , and 43 patients with non- insulin dependence diabetes mellitus NIDDM with mean ages (46.16?7.22) years , for patients admitted to Medical city of Margan in Hilla, Babylon Governorate, Iraq. and 25 healthy person with mean ages (30.72?4.46) years, as control group. The blood glucose, sera malondialdehyde (MDA), sera glutathione (GSH), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and conductivity for erythrocyte suspension are measured and compare with control group. The purified enzyme activity glutathione S-transferase (GST) from erythrocyte using anionic exchanger was measured at 340 nm with using 1-Chloro-2,4-Dinitrobenzene (CDNB) as a substrate at 37 °C . The specific activity of enzyme was calculated .The levels of variables are contacted together with these relationships to the erythrocyte cell wall by comparing with control group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Diabetes Mellitus"," Erythrocyte conductivity"," Glutathione-S transferase"], "publishers" : ["Oda Mizil Yasser Al-Zamelya","Haider Hamza Al-Shreefyb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_224.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_224.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_224.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:11", "views" : 571, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :226 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Renal Function in Type 2 Diabetic Patients by Measurement of Serum Cystatin C in Al- Hilla City", "abstract" : "This study was intended to evaluate the performance of serum cystatin C and its equations for the estimation of glomerular filteration rate in comparison with serum creatinine and its equations . A total of 62 diabetic patients and 21 apparently healthy subjects as a control group were assessed. The tests done were; urine analysis , serum cystatin C , serum creatinine , HbA1c , ,and serum glucose. The weight , height and blood pressure were measured for all subjects . The results of this study showed a significant differences in the serum cystatin C level of the patients group (1.11±0.25mg/l , p < 0.01 ) as compared with its level in the controls group (0.76±0.08mg/l, P<0.01). Similarly there were a significant differences in the serum levels of glucose (224±61.9 mg/dl) , , HbA1c ( 9.6±2.1%) and creatinine (1.01±0.31mg/dl )( p< 0.01 )of the patients group as compared with that of controls group: (106.57 ±19.17mg/dl), (6.13%±2.7%), ( 0.76±0.66mg/dl) (p<0.01)respectively. There were a very strong negative correlations in the patients group between serum cystatin C and estimated GFRcyst+creat (r= -0.929, p< 0.01) , while the results for serum creatinine were :(r=-0.798 p<0.01) . The results of this study showed superiority of serum cystatin C and its equations over serum creatinine and its equations in detecting early decline in GFR." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Diabetes Mellitus (D.M)"," Glomerular Filteration Rate (GFR)"," Cystatin C"," Creatinine"], "publishers" : ["Jabbar Abid-Allah Saee","Haydar H. Alshlah","Alaa S. Alawad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_226.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_226.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_226.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:22", "views" : 587, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :231 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Halothane Anesthesia on Patients with Abnormal Renal Function Tests", "abstract" : "Thirty patients (age range 10-70 years), (14) 46.7% males and 16 (53.3%) females, all of them presented with abnormal renal functions were studied in Basrah General Hospital during the period from (March to November 2007), for evaluate safety of halothane anesthesia during routine investigations to elective surgeries under general anaesthesia(the common use of halothane known to cause hepatotoxicity), In addition, drugs like analgesics and antibiotics are, also, heavily used particularly in the postoperative period. Several of these drugs can compromise renal functions, five milliliters from venous blood were taken before operation and then immediately after the operation, and on the first and third day postoperatively. Blood was tested for (blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine and serum uric acid), using appropriate kits. Seventeenth (56.7%) had repeated exposure to halothane by underwent previous surgeries, and 13 (43.3%) are newly exposed to halothane. No significance change had been observed in relation to gender of patients for all parameters. We conclude that laboratory values immediately after surgical operations and for 3 days later have no trend for a major derangement in patients with renal diseases." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effects of Halothane Anesthesia","Abnormal Renal Function"], "publishers" : ["Wafaa A. N. Fleifel "," Hamid A.N. Fleifel* "," Hashim Al-Khayat** "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_231.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_231.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_231.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:39:19", "views" : 653, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :233 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study the Spermatozoal Lipid Peroxidation and Creatine Kinase Activity on Sperm Parameters after Use of Simvastatin in Infertile Male Patients", "abstract" : "The present study was carried out on a total of 55 patient with primary male factor infertility in Maternity and Childhood Teaching Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Kufa Medical College in Najaf Province between April 2005 - June 2006. The distribution of 55 patients in group I was classified into 8 subgroups according to the pathological cause of infertility and 35 normal proven fertility volunteer men served as a control group. All patient group was given simvastatin (simlo) tablets lpca, lpca laboratories Ltd Mubai: India at dose 20 mg twice per day for a period of 3 months. Spermatozoal malondialdehyde and creatine kinase (CK) were assessed before and after termination of treatment period. The present results showed a statistically significant decrease (p<0.05) in malondialdehyde MDA level and creatine kinase CK activity. Data also pointed out that there was a positive relation between spermatozoal MDA level and CK activity in most Simvastatin treated sperm pathological subgroups. This study might suggest and adopt an evidence of the action of simvastatin in lowering lipid peroxidation as MDA level and CK activity as an indicator of sperm parameters improvement due to antioxidant properties in patients with spermatozoal oxidative stress." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lipid peroxidation"," creatine kinase"," sperm"," antioxidant."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed S. Al-Hilli","Foud Shareef Dleikh","Samia M. H. Al-Shahawanib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_233.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_233.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_233.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:21", "views" : 555, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :227 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Outcome and Prognosis of Patients with Bladder Cancer below 20 Years Old", "abstract" : "Objective: evaluate the treatment and prognosis of the bladder mass in young patients less than 20 years old Patients and methods: twenty patients with bladder tumors (papilloma and transitional cell carcinoma)18 male and 2 female underwent this study from 2001-2011 all evaluated by abdominal ultrasound and cystoscopy. Results: the age of the patients between 18 months to 20 years, 18 male and 2 female. Hematuria is presenting symptoms in 15 patients, lower abdominal pain in 3 patients and irritative voiding symptoms in 2 patients. Histopathology was papilloma in one patient transitional cell carcinoma grade I in 16 patients, grade II in 2 patients and grade III in one patient. All patients treated by TUR of the tumor except 2 patients treated by open excision and fulguration and one patient by total cystectomy. Follow up period between 6 months to 10 years, mortality reported in one patient only. Conclusion: the bladder tumor in young patient carry good prognosis with low grade and stage at time of presentation" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Outcome","Prognosis","Bladder Cancer"], "publishers" : ["Emad Hassan Mahmood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_227.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_227.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_227.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:45:11", "views" : 765, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :234 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of ?FP and CEA in Diagnosis Patients with GIT, Thyroid and Ovary Tumors", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is to determine the importance of simultaneous blood ?FP and CEA in 60 patients with GIT, thyroid ,ovary diseases .The positive value of ?FP and CEA tumor markers in female were 14(23%), 18(30%) respectively and male 4(6.66%),13(21.66%) respectively and diagnosed as age ? 25 years 2(3.33%),1(1.66%) and ?25years were 16 (26.66%),30(50%) respectively. The ?FP, CEA in GIT were 6(10%),20(33.33%) respectively ,in thyroid malignancy were 4(6.66%),5(8.33%) respectively and in ovary tumor were 8(13.33%),6(10%) respectively. It is important to use more than one tumor marker to determined tumors in the patients and ?FP,CEA levels showed no significant correlation between ?FP and CEA in the patients with GIT, significant at thyroid, ovary diseases according gender, age, GIT, thyroid malignancy and ovary tumors" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Role","?FP and CEA","Diagnosis"], "publishers" : ["Hassan A.Al-Saadi Muhamed Salih Mahdi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_234.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_234.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_234.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:54", "views" : 715, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :228 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Oxidative Status and in Post-Menopausal Women with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Type 2 in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "The risk of ischemic heart disease increases in women after menopause, Women with type 2 diabetes showed versatile changes in antioxidant status and lipid profile patterns, these changes differ according to environmental and dietary habits. The aim of this study is to investigate lipid profile changes and antioxidants status in postmenopausal women with and without diabetes, also to evaluate the association of diabetes mellitus (DM) as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. The study involved diabetic type 2 in postmenopausal women matched for age and body mass index ( BMI) with healthy postmenopausal women (control). In comparison with the control group, the results of the present study showed that postmenopausal women with diabetes had significantly higher serum levels of HbA1c (p<0.001), triglyceride(TG) concentrations(p<0.001) and a significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) (p<0.001) as oxidative stress marker , with elevation of extracellular-superoxide dismutase ( EC-SOD) concentrations (p<0.001), also a significant decrease in catalase activity ,,uric acid, zinc concentrations(p<0.001) and HDL-C (p<0.05), On the other hand there were no significant changes in total cholesterol(TC) ,LDL-cholesterol, calcium ,total protein, albumin and ionized calcium concentrations(p>0.05), may be attributed to the fact that hormonal changes occurring during menopause has much greater effect than the effect of diabetes mellitus. Finally , we can conclude that EC-SOD can be considered as a good marker of the effects of oxidative stress and dyslipidemia in diabetic post-menopausal women particularly in cases related to coronary artery disease, since EC-SOD was positively correlated with the incidence of heart disease by some previous studies ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Oxidative Status","Post-Menopausal","Women with Diabetes Mellitus"], "publishers" : ["Wafa H. Ajam","Tariq H. Al-Khyat","Kadhum J. Al-Hamdani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_228.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_228.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_228.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:27:05", "views" : 717, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :229 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors Overexpression in Breast Carcinoma and Their Correlation with Ages of Patients, Histopathological Types and Grades of Tumors", "abstract" : "Background Carcinoma of the breast is one of the most important diseases for women, in the world .The disease is the commonest cause of death among women aged 40-50. Breast carcinoma is uncommon in women younger than age 30, thereafter, the risk steadily increases throughout life, but after menopause the upward slop of the curve almost plateaus. The incidence of breast carcinoma is increasing in all industrialized countries, changes in diet, reproductive patterns and altered exposure to endogenous and exogenous substances with hormonal activity have been suggested as contributing to this increase. Aim of the study: To assess estrogen and progesterone receptor over expression in breast carcinoma and its correlation with ages of patients, histopathological types & grades of tumors. Materials and methods: This study was included 58 paraffin embedded samples from female patients with breast carcinoma were collected randomly from period of June2010- November 2012 in AL-Hilla Teaching hospital. The clinical information were collected including ages of the patients, histopathological types, & tumor grades from clinical reports of the hospital . A manual avidin biotin peroxidase complex procedure(ABC) system was used in the imunohistochemical analysis (Dako Cytomation Copenhagen, Denmark). Results: The estrogen, progesterone receptors determined by immunohistochemical method revealed ER+/PR+ in 15.5% of cases, ER+/PR- in 3.4%, ER-/PR+ in 29.3 and ER-/PR- in 51% of cases , all ER+/PR+ are of invasive ductal carcinoma,most cases with ER+/PR+ are of premenapuasal and perimenapuasal age group 36.2% & 32.7% respectively and most cases with grade III are ER-/PR- Conclusion: Present study reported high percentage of ER-/PR- cases of breast ca ,all ER+/PR+ cases are of invasive ductal ca, the population of high grade IDC were predominantly ER-/PR-" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Progesterone Receptors","Estrogen","Carcinoma of the breast","Histopathological Types"], "publishers" : ["Sura Salman Ejam","Rawaa Ghalib Farhood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_229.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_229.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_229.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:06:20", "views" : 637, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :230 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Physiological Study of Some Hormonal Parameters in Infertile Hyperprolactinemic Women in Pre and Post-Treatment with Cabergoline and Bromocriptine", "abstract" : "Hyperprolactinemia is the most common endocrine disorder. It occurs more frequently in women than in men. The clinical symptoms of hyperprolactinemia are amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea infertility, and galactorrhea in women; decreased libido and impotence in men. The aims of the study are to estimate some possible risk factors for hyperprolactinemic infertile women and to assess some hormonal and hematological changes to these women. And also to reveal the role of two types of dopamine agonist drugs(cabergoline and bromocriptine) in treatment of hyperprolactinemia and restoring normal ovulation. This study consists of a total number of 100 married women in the reproductive age(their age ranged between 18 and 42years), seventy women were in patient s groups and thirty healthy women were regarded as a control group. Thirty five from seventy patients were given cabergoline and other thirty five of patients were given bromocriptine drug . The results were obtained from the study found that most age group was 28-32 years. The percentage of patients who had positive family history of hyperprolactinemia was significantly more than those in control group. the percentage of patients and control who living in urban areas were significantly more than those living in rural areas. In addition to that, The percentage of patients who had primary infertility more than those who had secondary infertility. Regarding the percentage of pre-treatment patients who had irregular menstrual cycle and galactorrhea, there was highly significant increase compared with control group and post- treatment patients while there was less significant decrease in patients after cabergoline drug therapy compared with patients treated with bromocriptine drug regarding the presence of these signs and symptoms. Regarding hormonal assay ,the study showed highly significant increase in serum prolactin hormone and testosterone hormone levels and high significant decrease in serum FSH,LH, and progesterone hormone levels in pre-treated patients compared with control group. Furthermore; there was high significant decrease in serum prolactin hormone level, and less significant decrease in serum testosterone hormone level, and high significant increase in serum FSH,LH and progesterone hormone levels in post-treatment patients in compared with pre-treated patient s groups. Additionally; there was highly significant decrease in serum prolactin, low significant increase in LH and progesterone , and there was no significant difference in serum FSH and testosterone level in post- treated patients with cabergoline drug compared with post- treated patients with bromocriptine drug. To conclude, hyperprolactinemia associated with increased and decreased in some hormonal parameters and the dopamine agonist agents are effective in correcting the disturbance in these parameters." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological Study","Some Hormonal"," Hyperprolactinemic"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad O. Al-Muhammadi","Bushra .J. Al- Rubaie","Nada Hussein Al-Emeedi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_230.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_230.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_230.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:20", "views" : 787, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :232 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Extracorporeal Shock Waves in the Treatment of Peyronie s Disease", "abstract" : "Background: Peyronie s disease is an acquired disorder of the tunica albuginea characterized by the formation of a plaque of fibrous tissue that may be associated with erectile dysfunction and pain on erection. There may be difficulty of penetration as a result of the curvature. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock waves in the treatment of patients with stable Peyronie s disease . Methods: A total of 30 male patients were included in the study from December , 2007 till October, 2010. The mean age ±SD was 42.77 years ±9.38. Detailed medical and sexual history was obtained. Five patients ( 16.66 % ) were diabetics and other 5 patients ( 16.66 % ) had hypertension as well as diabetes mellitus. Thorough physical examination including local examination was performed. All the patients had dorsal plaques. Twenty patients (66.7 %) were presented with dorsal plaques , curvature and erectile dysfunction . The remaining 10 patients ( 33.3 % ) had pain in addition to these features. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy was performed in all cases with low energy shock waves using Wolf lithotripsy machine in Basrah General Hospital. Results: No serious complications occurred . The average decrease of the plaque length was ( 0. 14 centimeters ) . Pain relief obtained in 6 out of 10 patients who were presented with pain ( 60% ) . Improvement in the sexual function occurred in 15 out of 30 patients ( 50 % ). Improvement in the psychological status obtained in 20 out of 30 patients ( 66.7 % ). No definite cure occurred in the current study in terms of disappearance of the plaque and symptoms. Conclusion :Extracorporeal shock wave therapy in Peyronie s disease seems to be a safe procedure without severe side effects. It seems to have an effect on penile pain during erection , sexual function and the psychological status of patients with no statistically significant decrease in the plaque length." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Peyronie s disease ( PD )"," extracorporeal shock wave therapy ( ESWT )"," plaque."], "publishers" : ["Murtadha M.S.Majeed Al-Musafer"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_232.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_232.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_232.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:46", "views" : 793, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :339 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate in Knee Osteoarthritis", "abstract" : "Osteoarthritis common disease of knee joint , due to aging specially after age of 40 , it disorder of synovial joint .the glucosamine and chondrotin provide much of the resistance to compression and its used now for the treatment .the aim of this study to show the effect of this dietary supplement in knee osteoarthritis ,between 2006 &2008 in merjan teaching hospital 120 patients was selected according to ACR criteria & divided in two groups 60 for each ,they examined and follow-up regularly for six months ,group [1] given the dietary supplement ,the other given NSIAD [meloxicam],the knee joints of both groups examined at regular interval to show the response according to different parameter ,the functional score show improvement 31 while group [2] show 26 and the visual analogue score was more improved in group [1] than in group [2] and the radiological score show no difference In this study the dietary supplement show rapid improvement with maximum at 4 months while other group show improvement at 2 months with no more improvement , the side effect in group [1] were less in group [2]. The glucosamine and chondrotin should be uswd as alternative drugs tn NSAIDs because less side effect and better response in different functional score." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Glucosamine ","Chondroitin Sulfate ","Knee Osteoarthritis"], "publishers" : ["Ali Alkazzaz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_339.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_339.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_339.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:52:05", "views" : 594, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :236 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Use of Nitroglycerin Ointment in the Treatment of Anal Fissures", "abstract" : "Purpose: Comparing nitroglycerin ointment and other modalities of treatment like anal dilatation by four fingers under general anaesthesia, lateral sphincterotomy of the internal anal sphincter muscle, botulinum toxin injection, calcium channel blockers ,....etc in regard to patients compliance, healing rate, symptomatic relief, side effects and cost . Methods: 48 patients , 29(60%) were males and 19(40%) were females had been studied prospectively after receiving a two weeks course of 0.2% nitroglycerin ointment every 6 hours, stool softeners and simple analgesia. The patients had been followed up in the outpatient clinic and the response to the treatment, regarding healing of fissures and relief of symptoms has been recorded. Results: 28(58%) of the patients had symptomatic relief and good healing of their fissures and 20(42%) had poor healing. 10(50%) of the poor healers had symptomatic relief 36(75%) of the patients needed no subsequent surgery. None of the patients had side effects to the treatment. Conclusion: Nitroglycerin ointment is a safe and effective method for the treatment of anal fissures with high healing rate and symptomatic relief together with low cost and minimal side effects leading to the high level of compliance of the patients" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Nitroglycerin","Ointment in the Treatment","Anal Fissures"], "publishers" : ["Ameer S. Tawfeek","Ehab A.Witwit"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_236.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_236.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_236.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 698, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :237 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Visual Evoked Potential in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy", "abstract" : "Background: Cerebral palsy is a group of non-progressive neurological disorders appearing in infancy or early childhood which permanently affect body movements and muscle coordination. It is due to abnormal development of the cerebral motor cortex during fetal growth or due to brain injury either before, during or after birth. Spastic cerebral palsy being the most prevalent of its various forms. There is scanty information about the neurophysiologic investigations in children diagnosed as having spastic cerebral palsy. Aims: To investigate the relationship between abnormal visual evoked potential findings with different clinical parameters in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Patients and Methods: Twenty four children with spastic cerebral palsy in the age range 1 to 10 years participated in this study. Evaluation of visual evoked potentials, were performed in all study patients as well as 24 healthy children as controls. Results: A significant difference was found in the visual evoked potential latencies and amplitudes between the children with cerebral palsy and controls. Abnormal visual evoked potentials in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy demonstrated a correlation with the presence of moderate to severe developmental delay. Conclusions: It is concluded that visual evoked potentials of the patient group revealed a marked differences with that of the control group and that it demonstrate a statistically significant correlation with the presence of neurological deficits. Further to conclude, since visual evoked potentials s is non-invasive neurophysiological investigations; they can serve as important tool in the diagnostic work up of spastic cerebral palsy. Abbreviations: VEP-visual evoked potential , CP-cerebral palsy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Visual Evoked"," Potential in Children","Spastic Cerebral Palsy"], "publishers" : ["Farah Nabil Abbas Al- Sadik"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_237.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_237.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_237.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:23:18", "views" : 700, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :238 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Applicability of Free Anterolateral Thigh Flap in Limbs Injuries", "abstract" : "Free anterolateral thigh flap is considered as the work horse for reconstruction of different body areas, this study is designed for evaluation of its applicability for reconstruction of limb injuries.Free ALT flap is a sort of perforator flap,1st described by Song et al in 1984 & since that time it has been evolved as a versatile flap that is able to harbor multiple combination of tissues [1]. Fifteen free anterolateral thigh flaps were used to cover soft tissue defects of upper or lower limb injuries during the period from April 2010 to April 2013. The patients’ data are summarized in table no. (1).of the fifteen flaps, one flap (6%) suffered total necrosis in a patient with spina bifida with senseless deformed feet; another flap (6%) underwent partial necrosis. Free ALT flap is safe, applicable & somewhat easy flap when anatomical consideration is respected. anterolateral thigh flap, free ALT flap." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Free anterolateral thigh flap","Limbs Injuries","Evaluation of Applicability"], "publishers" : ["Jafer H. Zainy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_238.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_238.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_238.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:28:41", "views" : 569, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :239 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Screening for Bacteriocins Production in Enteric Bifidobacterium Isolates and Study of Some Production Affecting Factors", "abstract" : "Enteric Bifidobacterium isolates were screened for bacteriocins production against food – born Listeria monocytogenes by agar – well diffusion assay. Bifidobacterium longum B1 and Bifidobacterium bifidum B2 was potent producer of antilisterial bacteriocins. Maximum bacteriocins production was achieved using MRS broth medium. The antilisterial activity appeared to be pronounced in mid logarithmic growth phase after 6h, 9h in B1 and B2 respectively. The optimum temperature and initial pH for bacteriocins production was 35°C and 6.5 respectively. Bacteriocin production decreased by the addition of NaCl to MRS broth. Glucose as a carbon source stimulated bacteriocin production in isolate B1 (12.8 mm inhibition zone), while supplementation of MRS with fructose doubled bacteriocin production in isolate B2 (13 mm inhibition zone). Inclusion of peptone to MRS broth clearly enhanced bacteriocins production in the two tested isolates, comparison to other tested nitrogen sources." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Screening for Bacteriocins","Production","Enteric Bifidobacterium Isolates"], "publishers" : ["Shadan Abas. Al- Wendawi","Adil Abead. Al- Saady"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_239.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_239.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_239.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:25", "views" : 779, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :240 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Gallbladder Colonization by H. Pylori in Patients with Symtomatic Gallstones Disease", "abstract" : "Background: Bacterial infection is accepted as a precipitating factor in gallstone formation, and recent studies have revealed the presence of H.pylori in the hepatobiliary system; still causal relationship could not be established till now. This study aimed to detect the presence of H.pylori antigen in bile and stool of patient with gallstone. Aim of the study: To evaluate the colonization of gallbladder by H. pylori in patients with symptomatic gallstone disease, and to find a possible causal relationship between them. Patients and method: The study enrolled (73) patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstones. Bile and stool samples were taken from all patients and subjected to rapid antigen detection test for H.pylori utilizing polyclonal anti H.pylori capture antibody meridian diagnostic kit (CTK biotech Inc.). The data were tested by applying chi-square at a level at significance (p< or = 0.05) using SPSS version19. Results and discussion: H.pylori antigen was detected in the stool of 16(21.9%) patients, 14 were females and 2 males, and it was also detected in gallbladder bile of 14(19.2%) patients, 13 females and one male. A positive test was found in both bile and stool in 7(9.6%) of patients, all of them were females, The test was negative in both samples in 36(49.3%) of patients. It has been proposed that the presence of H.pylpri antigen in the bile may represent an increased risk of gallstones formation. Conclusion: This study concluded that H. pylori antigen may be detected in the bile of many patients with gall stones. Consequently, gallbladder colonization by H. pylori might serve as initiating factor in development of gallstones. Nonetheless, whether eradication of H. pylori may or may not reduce future gallstone formation is yet not settled down." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["H. Pylori"," Patients"," Gall Stone."], "publishers" : ["HaiderM.Abdul-nabi","WaseemA.Elkatib","Ali Jabir Neima Al-khafaji","Eman Abdulameer"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_240.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_240.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_240.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:05:47", "views" : 818, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :242 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Physiological and Clinical Changes in Temporomandibular Joint in Patients with Systemic Rheumatoid Arthritis", "abstract" : "The rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common autoimmune disease, characterized by systemic chronic inflammation of joints. This study done in marjan hospital in rheumatology centre in AL-Hilla City. The total number of subjects involved in the study was 200 (130 patients & 70 control). Tempromandibular joint effected with RA found clinical physiological symptom such as pain, clicking hearing , limitation of mouth opening. The radiographic examination occur within normal, other have varies change such as flatting of condylar, abnormal or loss of normal shape or diminished thickness of condylar cartilage or complete destruction of condylar. The results showed for hematological studies found the WBC and platelet count elevated when compared with healthy control that result from chronic inflammation, and another sample taken from same patient to analysis immunolgical studies (interleukin-1B, tumer necrotic factor alfa and serotonin) which highly elevated when compared with healthy control that leading increase clinical symptom in TMJ and condylar erosion with change of vertical dimension and occlusion." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The rheumatoid arthritis","marjan hospital","flatting of condylar","vertical dimension and occlusion"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad O. Al-Muhammadi","Qais Habeeb Mussab","Anass Moez Abed Al-Husein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "02 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_3_242.jpg","full_file" : "10_3_242.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_3_242.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:57:59", "views" : 552, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :243 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Toward more Objective Teaching Learning and Teaching", "abstract" : "I s affected by the total state of the learner A training program must be organized so that students can acquire their professional skills under conditions similar to those in which they will later practice. Teaching requires interactions between teacher and student under the teacher`s responsibility in order to bring about expected changes in the student`s behavior. Conditions to facilitate learning ? Encourages people to be active ? Accepts that difference is desirable ? Recognizes people`s right to make mistakes ? Tolerates imperfection ? Encourages openness of mind and trust in self ? Makes people feel respected and accepted ? Facilitates discovery ? Puts emphasis on self-evaluation in cooperation ? Permits confrontation of ideas Some principles of learning ? Learning is individual ? Motivation is the key ? Relevance of learning experience should be clear to the student * ? “ feedback” to learner is important ? For many years readiness has been recognized as very important prerequisite for learning. A student is ready when he understands and accepts the value and objectives involved. The characteristics of learning ? Producing a behavioral change in the learner ? Leading to a relatively permanent change that is also gradual, adaptable and selective ? Resulting from practice, repetitions and experience Teaching approaches ? Talk to students ? Talk with students ? Have them talk together ? Show students how ? Supervise them ? Provide opportunities for practice Purpose of teaching To help students to ? Acquire, retain and be able to use knowledge ? Understand, analyze, synthetize and evaluate " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Teaching Learning ","Teaching"], "publishers" : ["Dr. Hekmat Abdulrasol"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_243.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_243.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_243.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"20/11/2017 16:12:10", "views" : 462, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :244 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Studies of the Effects of Metformin, Diane, and Androcur in Treatment of Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Babylon Province", "abstract" : "Back ground: Infertility is one of problems that affect women and one of its cause is increase androgen level specially in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). The aim is to assess the effect of metformin alone versus metformin with oral contraceptive and antiandrogen on PCO patients. Patients and method: The study was conducted in Babylon province,from the infertility center of maternity and pediatrics teaching hospital. Women with PCOS were recruited from November 2008 to April 2009. The subjects study consisted of (90) married women. (n=30) received metformin only. B.(n=30)received Metformin+ ethinyloestradiol-cyproterone acetate(Diane)+cyproterone acetate (Androcur C. Thirty women were normal, and fertile as a control group. The results: The results show that the highest incidence of PCOS among adult women occurs in age group (25-35) years and represent 58%, and 55% of patients have positive family history, and 65% of them had a history of primary infertility and high geographical distribution of PCOS occurs in urban areas .Also there is larger reduction in LH hormone in both treatment s regimes While in prolactin there is little increment after (group B) regimes, this may be due to effect of Cyproterone acetate. Conclusion: Our study showed significant response in both groups (more in group B)that support the effect of metformin added to that of Diane together give a better response in PCO patients with moderate to sever signs of hyperandrogenism." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Metformin "," Diane "," Treatment of Infertile Women "," Polycystic Ovary Syndrome"], "publishers" : ["Bushra J. Al-Rubaie "," Naseer J. H. Al-Mukhtar "," Ban D. Al-Shemmary"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_244.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_244.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_244.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:25", "views" : 607, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :247 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of ESBLs in Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) Isolates Associated with Infantile Diarrhea in Kut City", "abstract" : "A total of 325 fecal specimens were collected from children with diarrhea. 28 E. coli isolates (8.6%) were recovered and serotypically identified as EPEC. Results found that the highest numbers of the EPEC isolates were belonging to polyvalent I, with the following serotypes, O111: k58(B4) (54%), O55:k59(B5) (14%). The antibiotic susceptibility phenotypes of the EPEC isolates were also determined. All isolates (100%) were multi-drug resistants. None of the isolates were found to be resistant to imipenem. All isolates have been found resistant to at least one ?-lactam antibiotic and 27 isolates (96.4%) were able to produce extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs). This study showed that the prevalence of ESBL among EPEC producers is higher than previous studies in Iraq." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)"," Prevalence"," Detection"," ESBLs"], "publishers" : ["Jinan A. Shamki","Alaa H. Al-Charrakh","Jawad K. Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_247.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_247.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_247.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:02:37", "views" : 900, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :245 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Significance of ST Segment Elevation in Lead aVR in Acute Anterior Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Background and purposes: lead aVR is an ignored lead in ECG, several studies showed that ST segment elevation in aVR may predict left main stem or 3 vessels disease, and so suggest that ST- elevation in patient with acute anterior myocardial infarction can be predictors for poor prognosis to confirm this; this study was conducted. Patients and Methods: 100 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction were divided into two groups;1st group had ST-segment elevation in lead aVR more than 0.5 mv and other group had no ST-segment elevation in lead aVR. All patients were followed in hospital staying through history, examination ,and investigations for risk factors of coronary vascular disease ,complications, and mortality. Results: ST-segment elevation in lead aVR was an important predictor of occurrence of adverse prognosis, it occurred more in patients with increasing age. Also it occurred more in patients with more risk factors for coronary vascular disease including diabetes mellitus ,hypertension ,smoking, and family history of ischemic heart disease. The study found that the occurrence of complications like shock, post myocardial infarction angina, heart failure, arrythmia were more in patients with ST-segment elevation in lead aVR . It was also found that mortality rate in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation in lead AVR of more than o.5 mv was higher than patients without ST-segment elevation in lead AVR. Conclusion: The results of this study showed the significance of ST-segment elevation in lead aVR as important predictors of occurrence of complications in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction and determination which patient require more intensive care and early referral to invasive treatment. Key words: acute anterior myocardial infarction ; lead aVR, electrocardiography" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Significance of ST Segment Elevation ","Lead aVR in Acute ","Myocardial Infarction"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase Ameer Ahmad ALjubawii"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "N/A","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "N/A" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:41:26", "views" : 552, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :246 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Significance of ST Segment Elevation in Lead aVR in Acute Anterior Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Background and purposes: lead aVR is an ignored lead in ECG, several studies showed that ST segment elevation in aVR may predict left main stem or 3 vessels disease, and so suggest that ST- elevation in patient with acute anterior myocardial infarction can be predictors for poor prognosis to confirm this; this study was conducted. Patients and Methods: 100 patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction were divided into two groups;1st group had ST-segment elevation in lead aVR more than 0.5 mv and other group had no ST-segment elevation in lead aVR. All patients were followed in hospital staying through history, examination ,and investigations for risk factors of coronary vascular disease ,complications, and mortality. Results: ST-segment elevation in lead aVR was an important predictor of occurrence of adverse prognosis, it occurred more in patients with increasing age. Also it occurred more in patients with more risk factors for coronary vascular disease including diabetes mellitus ,hypertension ,smoking, and family history of ischemic heart disease. The study found that the occurrence of complications like shock, post myocardial infarction angina, heart failure, arrythmia were more in patients with ST-segment elevation in lead aVR . It was also found that mortality rate in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation in lead AVR of more than o.5 mv was higher than patients without ST-segment elevation in lead AVR. Conclusion: The results of this study showed the significance of ST-segment elevation in lead aVR as important predictors of occurrence of complications in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction and determination which patient require more intensive care and early referral to invasive treatment. Key words: acute anterior myocardial infarction ; lead aVR, electrocardiography" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Significance of ST Segment Elevation ","Lead aVR in Acute ","Myocardial Infarction"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase Ameer Ahmad ALjubawii"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_246.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_246.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_246.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:22", "views" : 567, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :248 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Uranium Intoxication in Relation to Biochemical Parameters (Urea, Creatinine and Total Antioxidants)", "abstract" : "Introduction: Depleted uranium (DU) (as uranyl acetate) is a byproduct of the uranium enrichment process used to generate fuel for nuclear power plants. About 96% of the byproduct from the enrichment is (DU) [1], which can be used by the armed forces to increase the density of munitions to help them penetrate enemy armored vehicles and is also used as armor in some parts of military tanks [2,3]. Aim of the study: To estimate the LOEL (lowest observed effective level) dose of uranyl acetate. Material and methods: 30 healthy young adult male albino Sprague Dawley rats were used. They were divided into 5 groups (6 animals in each group), all animals supplied with standard food during the experiment with water). Control group (1 ml/kg of normal saline i.p.), uranyl acetate treated groups (5, 10, 15, 20 mg/kg, i.p. single dose). Blood samples were collected and used to determine the serum urea, creatinine and total antioxidant status (TAS) levels. Results: There are no significant changes in the serum urea, creatinine and total antioxidant status (TAS) levels at doses of (5, 10, 15 mg/kg) uranyl acetate treated group, while a significant changes are seen at 20 mg/kg uranyl acetate treated group. Conclusion: These data show that the LOEL dose of uranyl acetate is 20 mg/kg." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Depleted uranium"," LOEL dose of uranyl acetate"," urea"," creatinine"," total antioxidant"], "publishers" : ["Al-Thamir"," S. N. K"," Al-Maamory"," I. G. H"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_248.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_248.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_248.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:56", "views" : 627, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :249 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of the Some Causes Associated with Single and Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion in Al-Hindia City", "abstract" : "A total of 87 consecutive women (mean age 26 years; SD 6 years) had history of abortion (single or recurrent) ,were undergo details of their previous reproductive history and complete investigations in order to detect an underlying cause of their pregnancy losses. All women were asked about if they complained from infertility (primary or secondary) or had history of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2). Fasting blood sugar (FBS) was performed looking for any hidden cases of diabetes mellitus, while abdominal ultrasonagraphy was done to determine if there is any abnormalities in there genital tract ,also ELISA technique was used looking for anti-Toxoplasma and anti-cytomegalovirus antibodies in the sera of those women who visited the gynecological department in AL-Hindia General hospital during the period from November / 2009 to May / 2010. We found that 27(31%) of those women had anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and 15(17.2%) had anti- CMV antibodies in their sera; 11 (12.6%) women had anomalies in their genital tract (uterine anomalies and cervical incompetence), 10 (11.4%) were infertile (primary or secondary); and 6(6.8%) were diabetic. The rest of the studying group (18) were normal." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Study of the Some Causes Associated "," Single and Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion"], "publishers" : ["Nawrass J. AL-Salihi "," Saad M. AL-Aaraji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_249.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_249.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_249.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:32", "views" : 577, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :250 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bone Mineral Density and Some Physiological Changes in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients", "abstract" : "Rheumatoid arthritis (RA),was relatively common disease with many extra articular manifestations; one of these manifestations was osteoporosis which is well-known complication of rheumatoid arthritis ,related to disease activity, that may occur by RA itself or as a side effect to pharmacological treatment.The study was designated to estimatedifference in bone mineral density results between patients with RA and control group.The cross-sectional/control study was conducted in rheumatology unit in Marjan teaching hospital in AL-Hilla city/Babylon /Iraq from 12th ? November/2012 to 31th ? May / 2013. The total number of subjects involved in this study was 184 (120 patients and 64 apparently healthy persons as control). Bone mineral density results were significantly lower in RA patients than in control group. The study revealed that osteoporosis was common in RA patientsandbone loss in RA was an ongoing phenomenon which continues despite anti-inflammatory treatment with DMARD." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rheumatoid arthritis","Cross-sectional","Rheumatoid Arthritis"], "publishers" : ["Zahraa Tariq","Saad Merza Al-Araji","Sabah Jassim Al-Rubiae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_250.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_250.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_250.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:10:58", "views" : 596, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :251 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Descriptive Study of Breast Cancer in Missan (South of Iraq)", "abstract" : "Breast cancer, is the most common cancer and most common cause of death in middle aged women. This was a descriptive study conducted over period of four years ,from July 2005 to July 2009, in surgical unit, Al-Sadder general hospital, Missan , south of Iraq. A total 144 patients were included in this study , 143 female and 1 male patient. The most common age group was above 50 years with 54 cases (37.5%) followed by40-49 years age group with 43 cases (29.9%), 15 patients ( 10.5)% have family history of malignant disease. Ten patient have history of breast cancer, while the other 5 (3.5)% have positive family history of other malignancy. 128 were married (119 have history of pregnancy and 9 patients were nulliparous). 15 of cases were single. 83 patients (57.6) % were living in the urban while 61(43.4%) were living in the rural area, statistically there was no significant difference between these groups (p >0.05). Most of our patients were of low socio-economic state, with low level of education. Breast lump is the common presenting symptom of breast cancer( 84% ), Infiltrating ductal carcinoma was the commonest pathological type, found in 123 patients (91.6%) . 70% of the patients were in stage III &IV." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Descriptive Study","Breast Cancer","Missan (South of Iraq)"], "publishers" : ["Ali Abdul Aziz Al-Shawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_251.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_251.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_251.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 14:37:28", "views" : 849, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :252 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Salivary gland lesions in Babil: clinicopathological study", "abstract" : "During 5 years period (2005 – 2010) sixty six salivary gland biopsies done for patients from babil, male : female ration was 1.4:1. Those lesions dividing into (inflammatory 24 case, benign tumor 35 case, and malignant tumors 7 cases), the most benign lesion was pleomorphic adenoma with 68.8% of all salivary gland tumors, while both mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinoma rank first sharing same percentage (4.76 %) among all salivary gland tumors. Parotid gland was the most common site for salivary gland biopsies 63.6%, and the 3rd – 4th decade of life was the most affected age for both inflammatory and benign salivary gland lesions while the 5th – 6th decade of life was the common age group for malignant tumors. All those figures were comparable to other Iraqi studies done for same field, and also to the most published reports from other countries." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Salivary gland lesions","clinicopathological study"], "publishers" : ["Ali Zeki Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_252.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_252.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_252.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:34:43", "views" : 747, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :556 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Aortic Regurgitation in Iraqi Hypertensive Patients Frequency and Risk Factors", "abstract" : "Aortic regurgitation is back flow of the blood from the aorta to the left ventricle, many causes of this relatively common valvular lesion but one of the most important is hypertension a so common medical problem. Aim of the study: to assess the frequency of, severity and risk factors of aortic regurgitation in hypertensive patients The results and discussion: show significant No. of hypertensive patients have aortic regurgitation most of them have non significant lesion with the dilatation of aortic root and increasing age are significant risk factors ,this finding consistent with most of the studies Recommendations: it is wise to assess all hypertensive patients with noninvasive simple test, echocardiography, for evidence of aortic regurgitation." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Aortic RegurgitationوPatientsو FrequencyوRisk Factors"], "publishers" : ["Ali S. Baay"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_556.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_556.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_556.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:00", "views" : 535, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :253 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of Some Echocardiographic Parameters in Patients with Aortic Valve Sclerosis", "abstract" : "Background: Aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) is an important clinical disorder that often presented asymptomatically in many adult peoples.It carries an adverse outcome for cardiovascular system. It is an early stage of aortic valve stenosis as well as being a marker for cardiovascular disease. Objectives: The study aims to determine relationships and its levels between AVS and some echocardiographic parameters that associated with this important acquired valvular disorder. Materials & Methods: The study was carried out on 93 patients with aortic valve sclerosis (cases group) and 97 patients without AVS (control group) , patients were attended to Marjan Teaching Hospital from 1st of December 2010 to 30 of May 2011, echocardiographic study had been done for each one of them. Results: The study results revealed that there was a high significant decrease (p<0.01) in ejection fraction(EF%) in patients of AVS compared with the non AVS group as well as very high significant increase (p<0.001) in each of pressure gradient (PG) and blood flow velocity across aortic valve in patients of AVS compared with the non AVS group. In addition, the study showed that there was high significant increase (p<0.01) in left atrial dimension(LAD),significant increase (p<0.05) in interventricular septum thickness (IVS) and significant increase (p<0.05) in posterior wall thickness (PWT) of AVS group of patients compared with the non AVS group, besides to high significant difference (p<0.01)in aortic valve regurgitation, mitral annular ring calcification and aortic root calcification between the two groups. Conclusion:In adult with aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) is associated with echocardiographic findings of preclinical CVD: increase in pressure gradient and blood flow velocity across aortic valve, decrease in ejection fraction% with abnormal left ventricular geometry (increase interventricular septum thickness, posterior wall thickness), increase left atrial size, aortic valve regurgitation, mitral annular ring calcification and aortic root calcification that may contribute to the adverse prognosis associated with aortic valve sclerosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Echocardiographic","Parameters","Aortic Valve Sclerosis"], "publishers" : ["Naseer J.H. Al-Mukhtar","Ala Hussain Abbase","Hanan Muhsen Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_253.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_253.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_253.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 559, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :257 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Eucalyptus microtheca and Cinnamomum zeylanicum Crude Extracts Against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates", "abstract" : "In the present research, antibacterial activity of leaves of Eucalyptus microtheca and barks of Cinnamomum zeylanicum crude extracts were tested against clinically important bacterial isolates besides environmental isolates. Crude extracts of the two plants were analysed for potential antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. The antibacterial activity was determined in alcoholic (ethanolic and methanolic) and aqueous extracts using agar well diffusion method. All crude extracts of both plants found to exhibit an in vitro antibacterial activity against all Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates though the pattern of inhibition activity depended mainly upon the plant extract and bacterial isolate. It was found that of the two tested plants, eucalyptus alcoholic extracts were more effective than those of cinnamon, and of all crude extracts the ethanolic extract of eucalyptus was shown to be the most effective. It was also found that the pathogenic P. aeruginosa isolates, which involved in burn and wound infections, were more sensitive to all crude extracts than environmental isolates, though all bacterial isolates were inhibited by all crude extracts. Of the two antibiotics tested it was found that pathogenic isolates were the most sensitive bacterial isolates to Ciprofloxacillin and far less sensitive to Chloramphenicol. The phytochemical analysis of the crude extracts of eucalyptus and cinnamon revealed the presence of a wide variety of bioactive constituents which may involve in the antibacterial activity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Medicinal plants"," phytochemical"," antibacterial"," Pseudomonas aeruginosa"," isolate"," plant extracts"," well diffusion method"," antibiotics"], "publishers" : ["Ghydaa H. Aljeboury"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_257.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_257.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_257.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:22", "views" : 915, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :256 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Frequency of Comorbidities Associated with Knee Osteoarthritis in Men and Women in Babylon and Their Impact on Pain", "abstract" : "Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is considered a major cause of physical disability, and because its prevalence increases with age, the coexistence with other chronic diseases is common making further impact on health and lifestyle. Objective: To find out the correlation and frequencies of comorbidities( obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus(DM), dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome) in patients with KOA ,to compare the result with that of individual without KOA, and to study how could these components impact pain in patients with KOA. Methods : sixty five patients (40 females and 25 males) with symptomatic KOA were enrolled in the study in period between March 2010 to May 2011 at rehabilitation and rheumatologic clinic of Merjan teaching hospital . The OA was diagnosed according to American college of rheumatology criteria(ACR) and according to Kellegren-Lawrence radiographic grade for OA , Grade 2+ (definite osteophyte) was used as definition of KOA. Similar number of individuals without KOA nearly matched for age and gender were selected as a control group. Full medical history and physical examination were recorded. Body mass index (BMI) ,waist circumference(WC), fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein( HDL) cholesterol, blood pressure were estimated for patients. and control groups. Pain was measured in patients with KOA using visual analogue scale , (VAS). Results: The frequency of co morbidities among patients with symptomatic KOA was as following: obesity (55.38%), dyslipidemia (49.23%) DM (18.4%) hypertension (64.6%) and metabolic syndrome(50.76% ).which were higher than control group. Comparing these components patients with metabolic syndrome had higher pain impact measured by VAS than patients without metabolic syndrome.. Conclusions: Metabolic risk factors or components of metabolic syndrome were associated closely with KOA. Which need investigation, detection and early treatment when dealing with KOA." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Frequency of Comorbidities Associated "," Knee Osteoarthritis ","Impact on Pain"], "publishers" : ["Sabah J M AL-Rubiae "," Ali AL-Qazaz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_256.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_256.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_256.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:19", "views" : 804, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :258 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy in Uncontrolled Patients Treated with Daonil® and Glucophage", "abstract" : "Type 2 diabetes mellitus is similar to type 1 and other forms of diabetes in that it is defined by high levels of plasma glucose and is associated with many long-term complications caused or enhanced by hyperglycemia and related metabolic abnormalities. Levels of glucose,glycohemoglobin(HbA1c),insulin, insulin resistance, ,creatinine , urea, eGFR, microalbominurea ,?2-microglobulin concentraions in sera ,blood, and urine of 298 patients diabetes mellitus treated with daonil(149) , glucophage (149) and 83 apparently healthy who served as control. The results showed a highly significant increase p<0.001 in glucose, HbA1c, insulin, insulin resistance , albumin , creatinine ,microalbominurea, concentrations in patient with diabetes mellitus treatment with daonil and glucophage (less and more than 5y) when compared to control group. Also a highly significant increase p<0.001 of urea, eGFR, ?2-microglobulin concentrations(more than 5y).?2-microglobulin concentrations a significant increase p<0.05 in the urine(? 5y)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Type 2 Diabetic","Nephropathy","Uncontrolled Patients"], "publishers" : ["Maha F.AL –Smaism","Oda M. Yasser"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_258.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_258.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_258.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:01:54", "views" : 673, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :260 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bullet Embolisation: A Case Report", "abstract" : "Background: In Iraq, Bullet injuries are one of the most surgical interests in emergency practice, especially nowadays. Many rarities and complications had been managed in a very restricted media of facilities and investigation tools. Patient Presentation: A 30 years old male awakened from sleep at early morning complaining from sudden dyspnoea, hemoptysis and hematemesis. The patient was sleeping on the roof of his house exposed to the sky, which is a usual habit at Iraq at summer time. After presentation, early emergency measures and admission, the patient developed right sided lower limb ischemia. Exploration of right femoral artery with removal of embolized bullet was done next day Results : No residual chest complications with smooth postoperative period and the patient discharged from hospital improving with still paretic limb with sensory deficit . After one month follow up, plantar flexors were improved with better sensory responses. Conclusion: In serious presentations we should not accept simple explanations, ischemia is such a serious matter that should not wait investigative measures to start management" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bullet","Embolisation","A Case Report"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Sabeeh Nsaif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_260.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_260.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_260.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"21/11/2017 21:26:45", "views" : 541, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :259 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Suppression of Idiopathic Central Precocious Puberty in Girls with Goserline (Zolidex)", "abstract" : "Background: The precise neuro-endocrine mechanisms underlying activation of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad axis maturation are elusive. The wide age range of pubertal onset among normal individuals throughout the world may suggest that both genetic and environmental factors modulate the timing of puberty. Early activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad axis, termed central precocious puberty (CPP), causes psychosocial difficulties and may lead to compromised final height, especially if medical intervention is delayed Objective: Depot Gonadotrophin releasing hormone analogues are widely used in the treatment of precocious puberty or suppression of relatively early puberty where growth or psychosocial well-being may be compromised. One example is Zolidex (goserelin 3.6 mg), which can be given every 4 weeks to stop hypothalamic –pituitary ovarian axis until suitable age to start normal activation. Patients and Method: The study conducted in Babylon Maternity and Paediatrics Teaching Hospital during the period from September 2006 till September 2011. Ten girls with clinical evidence of central precocious puberty were started on Zolidex. Their ages at diagnosis ranged from eight months to 60months (mean 30.3 months).Treatment every four weeks with Zolidex and follow up the response regarding symptoms and signs, ultrasound findings and hormonal assay until the end of the study. Results : At diagnosis their ages ranged between (8 – 60) months, their weight between (7.5-16) kg mean 12.1± 2.22, height (70 -105)cm mean 75.7±2.54, body mass index 14.51- 21.33 mean 12.15±2.01.clincal presentation breast development associated with pubic hair and vaginal bleeding in three cases. Ultrasound findings uterus large for age in all the cases except one and follicular activity in seven cases return to normal after treatment and remain as such for the rest of the study also Serum Follicular Stimulating Hormone (FSH) before treatment 12.8 IU/L, and 0.4 IU/L after treatment P value0.0001, serum Luteinizing Hormone (LH) before treatment was17 IU/L and after treatment 0.5 IU/L P value 0.0001 and remained normal for the rest of the follow up period.. Conclusion: Zolidex-LA induces a significant reduction in symptoms over 12weeks and great reduction in gonadotrophins within six months." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Idiopathic Central","Goserline","serum Luteinizing Hormone"], "publishers" : ["Bushra J. Al-Rubayae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_259.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_259.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_259.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:20", "views" : 672, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :261 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antidepressant-Like Effect of Rosmarinus officinalis Extract in Male Mice", "abstract" : "Background: Depression is the most common of the mood disorders. There are many types of antidepressant drugs which have various unwanted effects and interactions. Aim of the study: To explore the potential effects of plants in the treatment of depression in comparison to imipramine. Animals, materials and methods: Twenty eight male Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups (A, B, C, D), each group received distilled water 0.3 ml as a control; imipramine 15 mg/kg; R. officinalis 15 mg/kg and R. officinalis 30 mg/kg PO, once daily for 5 successive days respectively. On the fifth day and after thirty minutes of the treatment administration the mice were tested by using the forced swimming test (FST) and the immobility and swimming times were measured. Results: Water extract of R. officinalis extract (15 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg) high significantly reduced the immobility time and increased the swimming time in the FST in comparison to untreated group, but when compared to imipramine (15mg/kg) it produced similar results. Therefore, water extrat of R. officinalis had antidepressant effects which is comparable to that of impramine in mice." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rosmarinus officinalis extract; Impramine; Antidepressant effect; Mice."], "publishers" : ["Entisar J. Al Mukhtar","Selman M. Selman","Zena Hasan Sahib","Hamid Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_261.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_261.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_261.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:46:03", "views" : 767, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :262 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Rare Clinical Presentation of Branchial Cyst: A Case Report.", "abstract" : "A case report of a big lateral branchial cyst growing for one year and presented as sixty three year old female is described. The diagnosis was based on ultrasonography with aspiration biopsy, computed tomography and histopathological findings. Successful surgical treatment was performed in Al-Karama teaching hospital. There is no recurrence after a period of follow up for about eighteen months postoperatively. Rarity of big size and strange presentation in the terms of old age and the site of the cyst is emphasisized" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rare Clinical"," Presentation of Branchial"," Cyst: A Case Report."], "publishers" : ["Khairallah Muzhir Gabash"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_2_262.jpg","full_file" : "9_2_262.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_2_262.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:38:37", "views" : 794, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :263 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Zolidex-LA induces a significant reduction in symptoms over 12weeks and great reduction in gonadotrophins within six months.", "abstract" : "Background: Respiratory Distress Syndrome is a clinical manifestation due to a deficiency or dysfunction of pulmonary surfactant. The use of CPAP for RDS Produces more regular breathing pattern, establishes and maintains functional residual capacity, decreases upper airway resistance, results in progressive alveolar recruitment, inflates collapsed alveoli and reduces intrapulmonary shunting, decreases upper airway collapsibility and reduces obstructive apneas, promotes the release of and conservation of surfactant on the alveolar surface. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using bubble CPAP in the management of respiratory distress syndrome and to identify the risk factors associated with its failure. Patients and methods: 63 newborns who have been diagnosed as RDS were started on Bubble CPAP with bi-nasal prongs. Bubble CPAP was considered to be successful if the respiratory distress improved and the baby could be successfully weaned off from CPAP. Based on radiological findings, the severity of RDS was graded as mild, moderate and severe. Results: The mean gestational age was 30.67 ± 2.16 weeks and mean birth weight was 1525.34 ? 441.49 grams. The median age of starting CPAP was 2 hours of life. The median duration of CPAP was 36 hours. 42 (66.67%) newborns were survived and weaned successfully from CPAP and 21 (33.33%) failed to weaned successfully from CPAP and turn to mechanical ventilation. extreme low birth weight, lower gestational age, multiple pregnancies, radiological signs of severe RDS, and delay in the application of CPAP, and long duration of CPAP treatment were associated with poor neonatal out come and failure of CPAP ( p value <0.05). Sepsis, apnea and shock are the main immediate complications of RDS patients which may adversely affect the CPAP success. Conclusion 1. One year experience of the medical and nursing staff with the using of BCPAP had risen its effectiveness from (44.42%) in Umran, et al. to (66.66%) in our study within the same center; however, it is still less than that founded by a lot of other researches. 2. Preterm neonate who are; “extreme low birth weight, lower gestational age, multiple pregnancies (twin or triple), whiteout on the chest X-ray, delay in the application of CPAP, prolong duration of CPAP treatment” have increased risk for CPAP failure. 3. Sepsis, apnea and shock are the main immediate complications of RDS patients which may adversely affect the CPAP success." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CPAP"," nasal CPAP"," respiratory distress syndrome"," RDS"," premature newborn"], "publishers" : ["Shamil A. Z. Sharba","Raid M. R. Umran","Alaa Jumaa"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_263.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_263.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_263.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 04:32:21", "views" : 691, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :264 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Nurse’s knowledge and their Roles of Health Education in Primary Health Care Centers Regarding Prevention from Brucellosis in Erbil City", "abstract" : "Background and objectives: Brucellosis is a systemic infection that may manifest with a myriad of non-specific symptoms (e.g., fever, sweats, malaise, anorexia, headache, back pain) as well as substantial residual disability. Endocarditic remains the principal cause of mortality in the course of brucellosis [11]. Primary health care nurse practitioners (NPs) are registered nurse with advanced education and training that enables them to provide additional primary health care functions in the promotion of health, and disease prevention and other services [20] .The objectives is to identify nurse s knowledge, their roles regarding prevention of Brucellosis and to identify relationship between some demographic characteristics and their role of health education. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the health educational roles of nurses in primary health care centers in Erbil city regarding prevention from Brucellosis from 20-10-2011 to 20 -1-2012. One hundred nurses were involved in the study. The questionnaire was designed which consisted of: socio demographic characteristics for study sample, and questions related to knowledge about brucellosis and nurse s role about that. The purposive sample was selected in 10 health centers in Erbil city. Results: Majority of nurses have knowledge about brucellosis, but there is no significant association between their health educational role about brucellosis and some variables like (age, sex and their employment) . Conclusions: Majority of nurses has knowledge about brucellosis, some of them has role of health education and there is not significant association between their knowledge and variables like (age, sex, and years of employment)" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["brucellosis"," nurses"," health centers"," clients"," health"], "publishers" : ["Kareem Fattah Aziz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_264.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_264.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_264.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:17", "views" : 835, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :265 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Maternal Supplementation with Iron on Neonatal Iron Status and Birth Weight", "abstract" : "Background: Iron is an essential micronutrient that plays a significant role in critical cellular functions in all organ systems in all species. Iron is particularly vital for early brain growth and function in humans since it supports neuronal and glial energy metabolism, neurotransmitter synthesis and myelination. Methods: 93 infants born through normal vaginal and cesarean delivery, enrolled in this study. According to maternal iron supplementation the sample divided in to two groups: iron supplemented group or a non-iron supplemented group. Women in the iron supplemented group consumed daily prenatal supplements. At the time of delivery, 5-ml of blood was obtained from the umbilical cord after early ligation of the cord, for each sample (Hb), (MCV), (RDW), (CBI) and (TIBC) was measured. Maternal age, Gestational age, parity birth weight, and baby sex were also recorded. Results: The mean of neonatal birth weight was higher in iron supplemented group (2589.29±638.74gm) than that in non- iron supplemented group (2150.94±601.48), (P<0.01). The Cord Blood Markers of the newborns (Hb, MCV ,CBI, TIBC) shows higher values in iron-supplemented group than that in non-iron supplemented group, (P<0.05). The cord blood markers of SGA newborns (Hb, MCV, CBI, TICB) were more than that in AGA newborns (P<0.01). Conclusions: Maternal iron supplementation during pregnancy significantly increases neonatal birth weight. Most the cord blood hematological markers of neonate have higher value in iron-supplemented mothers than that in non-iron supplemented mothers which indicated better iron status." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["neonatal birth weight"," iron supplementation"," iron status"," maternal anemia"], "publishers" : ["Raid M.R. Umran","Aymen A. Al-bakka"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "03 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_265.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_265.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_265.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 23:13:32", "views" : 700, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :268 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Famotidine, Ranitidine and Cimetidine: In Vitro Study", "abstract" : "Background: Selective antihistamine receptor type 2 blockers like famotidine, ranitidine and cimetidine are widely used for treatment of peptic ulcer, and because many nonantibiotics agents have antibacterial activity. Aims:This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial effects of famotidine, ranitidine and cimetidine. Material and methods: Tewnty two of bacterial isolates were selected and obtained from National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), from conjunctiva: 5 Staphylococcus aureus, 5 Escherichia coli,6 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and (6)Klebsiella pneumoniae. The drug s effects determined by Agar disc diffusion and Agar well diffusion methods,then evaluation done through measurment of zone of inhibition and minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC). Results: Results showed that cimetidine and ranitidine have non significant and negligible antibacterial effects, while famotidine have significant antibacterial effects (P? 0.01) against Escherichia coli (MIC8mg/ml and inhibition zone 25mm) and moderately against Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions: famotidine have significant antibacterial activity especially against Escherichia coli" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["antibacterial"," cimetidine"," famotidine and ranitidine"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Mteur Khaliel Al-Kuraishy","Sinaa Abdul Amir Kadhim Al Zubaidy"," Ali Ismail Abdallah Al-Gareeb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_268.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_268.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_268.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:37:59", "views" : 802, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :266 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study on the Mortality and Morbidity of Perforated Duodenal Ulcer in Al Hilla Teaching Hospital", "abstract" : "Background: Perforated peptic ulcer disease was rare in the 19th century but demonstrated a rise with the start of the 20th century. There had been a change in the treatment of perforated peptic ulcer disease from simple suturing to vagotomy and later to gastrectomy and finally the return to simple suturing combined with eradication treatment for H pylori. After the discovery of proton pump inhibitors (PPI), the incidence of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) seems to be decreasing but perforated peptic ulcer disease remains either stable or increased. The objective of the study was to identify risk factors for mortality and morbidity following the event of perforated PUD and ways to avoid them. Methods: 34 patients with perforated duodenal ulcers in the emergency department of Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital who had been treated surgically by Graham patch followed by eradication treatment of H pylori between the 1st of March 2008 and the 5th of January 2012 had been studied prospectively recording intra and postoperative mortality and morbidity, history of smoking, non steroidal anti inflammatory analgesics (NSAIA), history of dyspepsia and the risk factors for the complications. Results: Males constituted 21(61.7%) of our 34 patients. NSAIA and smoking were recorded in 12(35.3%) and 17(50%) of the patients respectively. 26 ( 76.4%) of the patients had been discovered to have duodenal ulcer (DU) for the 1st time with no previous history. 31(91.2%) of the patients had air under the diaphragm on chest x ray in standing position. 10(29.4 %) of the patients presented early to hospital ( within one day of abdominal pain ) while 21(61.8%) presented late and 3(8.8%) very late. Most of the patients recovered completely postoperatively without complications. 3(8.8%) had leaks from the repair and unfortunate death happened in only one (3%). 21(61.7%) had been referred from a general practitioner or another specialty of medicine before coming to the surgical department and a delay of more than 24 hours happened in 15 of these patients. Conclusion: Perforated duodenal ulcer is a potentially-fatal disease that has to be dealt with abruptly once diagnosed. Care must be taken to prevent the complications especially in those who are elderly or have a comorbid illness as these are the people at risk. Delay in the diagnosis usually happens in the peripheral hospitals and by medical specializations other than surgery." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["the Mortality and Morbidity","Perforated Duodenal Ulcer","in Al Hilla Teaching Hospital"], "publishers" : ["Ameer S. Tawfeek"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_266.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_266.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_266.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:46", "views" : 716, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :267 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Adulthood Measles in Babylon Province Admitted to Marjan Teaching Hospital in 2008", "abstract" : "Back ground and study objectives: This is paramyxovirus infection and is endemic world-wide. It is probably the most infectious of all microbial agents. Before immunization campaigns, measles occurred in almost 100% of children. In temperate areas there is a natural epidemic cycle every 2-3 years. Natural illness produces life-long immunity. Patient and methods:50 cases of measles that admitted to the Marjan teaching hospital , between 1/1 – 1/10 2008 were included , all of them at adult age ( mean age 21 years )and clinical evaluation had been done on these cases in addition to study of its distribution on both sex ,age distribution ,geographical distribution ,effect of vaccination on occurrence of this infection , the most common symptoms and signs and complications that occurred during the course of the disease , also effect of this virus infection on some haematological and biochemical investigation .We compared the result of some of these data with previous years inpatient data on the same hospital . the patients were followed for an average of 10 day . Aim of study:The aim is to evaluate the occurrence of this viral infection on adult hood age group in Babyllon province that were admitted to Marjan teaching hospital isolation rooms and to study the most important clinical presentation and complication on this age group and to evaluate the clinical behaviors of this virus on this age group. Results and conclusion: It was noticed that the occurrence of this virus is changing on the adult hood age with most serious reported complication had been noticed on this age group , 50 cases were collected and it is more in female at this age group than male , and the age between 21-26 years are the most common age affected(26 patients ) 52% , the center of Alhilla had more cases than other peripheral areas , non vaccinated peoples are more than the vaccinated one , the hottest month ( July) show the peak admition rate of cases of measles , conjectivitis is the most common complication and pneumonia is the most serious one with high mortality." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Adulthood Measles","in Babylon Province","Admitted to Marjan"], "publishers" : ["Oday Jasim Alsalihi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_267.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_267.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_267.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:26:37", "views" : 732, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :464 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Roles of Malondialdehyde and Catalase in Serum of Urolithiasis", "abstract" : "The current study is conducted to determine the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) as an index of free radicals induced lipid peroxidation and catalase as an index of antioxidant enzyme in the serum of patients with urolithiasis. Significantly high level of MDA (p < 0.05) and significantly low level of catalase (p < 0.05) were observed in the serum of urolithiasis patients as compared to normal controls. There was no difference in serum level of MDA and CAT between male and female neither in patients nor controls. Also, there were no correlation between the serum MDA and serum CAT in both patients and controls. Among patients, 21.7% were smokers. There was no significant difference between smokers and non smokers patients regarding serum level of MDA and CAT. In conclusion, it appears that a role of lipid peroxidation and oxidative function exists in the pathogenesis of urolithiasis, but its mechanism is unknown" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Roles of Malondialdehyde","Catalase","Serum of Urolithiasis"], "publishers" : ["Roula Hamid Mahmoud","Mufeed J. Ewadh","Kadhum J Al-Hamadani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_464.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_464.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_464.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:29:45", "views" : 698, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :270 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacteriological and Immunological Study on Infants Pneumonia at Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "Eighty-five blood samples were obtained from pneumonic infants below 6 months age admitted to Child and Maternal Hospital at Hilla City. The results revealed that 46:85[54.1%] gave positive blood culture whereas 39:85 [45.9%] gave no growth. Gram positive bacteria were the predominant types in comparison to gram-negative bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Corynebacteriam accordingly were the predominant bacterial causative agent isolated during this work, while Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeuginosa were predominant Gram-negative bacterial isolates. E-rosette test showed a mean of subnormal value [13.3%, 20% and 12%] for pneumonic infants infected with Staphylococci, Corynebacteria, and Gram-negative bacteria respectively. IgG levels were higher [518.9 mg/dl] in pneumonic infants when compared to normal value, likewise the means of IgA [101.2 mg/dl] and IgM [99 mg/dl] were within the normal range" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bacteriological and Immunological Study","Infants Pneumonia "], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Sabri A. Razzaq","Rajwa Hassan Al-Rubiee"," Jwan Ahmed Al-Hamawandi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_270.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_270.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_270.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:00:43", "views" : 680, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :271 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Biofilm Formation by Bacterial Isolates from Burn Infected Patients", "abstract" : "In this study, wound swabs and blood samples were collected from (100) patients suffering from burn wound infections with the age range between (1.5-45) years old from both sexes. The period of collection were extended from November 2011 through March 2012. All samples were subjected to identified the bacterial cultivation, and different types of bacteria were isolated which caused burn wounds infections. The predominant bacteria was P.aerugenusa for gram negative, and for gram positive was S.aureus. Biofilm formation were studied for all bacterial isolates and the results shown that The most bacteria that form biofilm were A.baumannii and Enterobacter spp. (80%) where as lawest one was K. pneumoniae (20%)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Biofilm Formation","Bacterial Isolates","Burn Infected Patients"], "publishers" : ["Nktel f. Al-saad","Mohammed S. AL-Saeed","Ilham A. Bnyan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_271.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_271.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_271.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:15:14", "views" : 856, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :274 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Determination of Serum Immunological Parameters in Children with Recurrent Acute Tonsillitis after Tonsillectom", "abstract" : "Immune status was examined after tonsillectomy operations in 30 children with recurrent acute tonsillitis, their ages ranged between 3-10 years, were clinically diagnosed by ENT surgeon at Al- Hilla General Teaching Hospital and 10 apparently healthy children were included as a control in the study which lasted from February to May 2011 .Immunological parameters test were done directly postoperative by taking venous blood from the patients and control to determine the immunoglobulins of IgM, IgG, IgA, complement proteins C3 and C4 level in addition to C- reactive protein test were done as indicators of inflammation. It was shown that the immunological assays after tonsillectomy revealed positive changes: a significant increases in IgM and IgA levels in serum of patients in comparison to control although were still in normal reference values but serum IgG level and complement proteins C3 and C4 level were normal in addition to the results of CRP in patients giving positive results in comparison to controls." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Determination","Serum Immunological","Parameters"], "publishers" : ["Hanan Selman Hessan","Ahmed Mohammed Abbas"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_274.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_274.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_274.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:41:24", "views" : 839, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :272 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Insulin Resistance and Oxidative Stress in Pre-eclamptic Women in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "Background: Pre-eclampsiaisa medical condition characterized by a BP of 140/90 mm Hg or greater after 20 weeks gestation in a women with previously normal BP and who have proteinuria (? 0.3 g protein in 24-h urine specimen). Aim of the study: In this study, we tried to establish the relationship between insulin resistance and oxidative stress in sera of pre-eclamptic women and their effect on the clinical severity of disease. Patients and Methods: The study was conducted in Babylon Maternity and Pediatric Teaching Hospital for the period starting from April 2011 to the end of August 2011 on the fifty pre-eclamptic women [fifteen in the second trimester (G1), twenty in the third trimester (G2) with mild pre-eclampsia and fifteen patients in the third trimester with severe pre-eclampsia (G3)] .Fasting serum insulin, Fasting blood glucose , Total antioxidant level ,Lipid profile ,Malondialdehyde and uric acid were determined .Insulin resistance was calculated according to HOMA score. The results were compared with results obtained from age and BMI matched control group which con i ted of forty apparently healthy pregnant women [fifteen in the second trimester (G4) and twenty five women in the third trimester (G5)]. Results:The results of the present study revealed a significant increment in insulin resistance (IR-HOMA) in sera of (G1) compared with (G4) (P<0.05), also there was a significant increment in IR-HOMA in sera of (G2&G3) compared with control group (G5) (P<0.01),and also there was a significant increment in IR-HOMA in (G3) group compared with (G2) (P<0.01) . Serum total antioxidant status (TAS) was significantly declined in (G1,G2&G3) compared with (G4&G5) (p<0.01) and there was a significant declined in TAS seen in sera of (G3) compared with (G2) (P<0.05). Serum MDA concentration was significantly increased in (G1,G2and G3) compared to (G4 and G5) (P<0.01). Also serum MDA concentration was significantly higher in (G3) compared with (G2) (p<0.05) . S.uric acid concentration was significantly higher in (G1&G2 ) compared to (G4 and G5) (P<0.05). Also S. uric acid concentration was significantly increased in (G3) compared with (G5) (p<0.01) , and also s.uric acid was significantly higher in (G3) compared with (G2) (p <0.05). Serum TG & VLDL-c were significantly higher in (G1&G2) compared with (G4,G5) (p<0.05). Also a significant increment in TG &VLDL-c were seen in (G3) compared with (G5) (p<0.01) . There was a significant increment in previous parameters in (G3) compared with (G2) (p<0.05). No significant difference were seen in the serum levels of TC,LDL-c,HDL-c in sera of all groups.Finally no significant correlation between IR-HOMA and TAS in era of all group (p?0.05), No ignificant correlation between IR-HOMA and S.MDA in era of different group p?0.05 except in G4 there wa a ignificant po itive correlation between IR-HOMA and MDA (p<0.01) and also no significant correlation between TAS and MDA in different group (P?0.05) except in (G1) a significant positive correlation was seen between TAS and MDA(p<0.05)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Relationship"," Insulin Resistance","Oxidative Stress"], "publishers" : ["Dalia Sh. Al-owiadi","Tariq H. Al-Khayat","Bushra J. Al-Rubaiee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_272.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_272.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_272.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:55", "views" : 788, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :273 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical Comparative Study of Open Surgical Treatments of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Mini Open versus Classical Open Incision", "abstract" : "Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome is the commonest and the most important entrapment neuropathy that affects median nerve at wrist region more commonly in middle age females, resulting in certain sensory and/or motor dysfunction of median nerve. Patients and methods: 40 patients with a carpal tunnel syndrome were individually randomized into the trial (mini-open incision CTR) (n=20) and control group (classical technique CTR) (n=20). We followed up the patients of 2 groups for period of 6 months, observation has been done at third week , third month and 6month postoperatively, the patients were asked about symptomatic pain relief and functional status of the hand (including pinch and grip functional activities ) and scored according to Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) score , and examined for palmar tenderness, esthetic outcome of scar and operation time were measure Results: 1) The mean symptom severity scores of BCTQ in both group decreased (improved) significantly within 3 weeks postoperatively. 2) The mean functional status scores of BCTQ is decrease earlier (in third month postoperatively ) in the trial group where the difference is significant , where as at sixth month the difference in mean of 2 group become not significant statistically. 3) The operation time is shorter in trial group. 4) The esthetic outcome and pillar tenderness is significantly better in trial group. Conclusion 1) mini-open technique is associated with significant minimal scar tenderness, esthetic outcome, significant improvements in overall hand function and shorter in operation time than classical technique. 2) The symptoms ( pain, numbness and parasthesia) in both mini-open technique and classical technique will relief early and significantly within 3weeks postoperatively. 3) The mini-open carpal tunnel release via a small palmar incision is a relatively simple and effective procedure" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CTS"," mini-open CTR technique"," classical CTR technique"," Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) score"], "publishers" : ["Adnan Esaa Al-Kelabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_273.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_273.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_273.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:25:33", "views" : 640, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :275 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Interleukin-33(IL-33) in Iraqi’s Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Prone to Atherosclerosis", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is to determine serum IL-33 levels and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) .Forty patients with moderate activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and forty healthy individuals as control group were enrolled in this study, age (25-45) years. Disease activity was assessed in patients by erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),C-reactive protein (CRP) and rheumatoid factor(RF) .Also lipid profile (cholesterol TC, triglyceride TG, low density lipoprotein LDL-C, very low density lipoprotein VLDL and high density lipoprotein HDL-C), AIP, and IL-33 were determined in all subjects. The results revealed a significant increase in ESR,CRP and RF , TG, VLDL,AIP and IL-33,while is a significant decrease in HDL concentration in patients group compared to control group was found. No significant increase in TC and LDL-C levels were noticed between patients and control groups. Positive correlation was found between CRP and IL-33 in patients group. The conclusion could be drawn from this study that the patients presented with cardiovascular disease as concomitant of RA, which predicted by elevated of AIP value that can be calculated easily.IL-33 used as a novel parameter for assessing disease activity in patients with RA more than CRP dose alone." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rheumatoid arthritis"," Cardiovascular Disease"," IL-33."], "publishers" : ["Zeinab M. Al-Rubaei","Eiman A. Abass","Layla K. Ali","Noorhan K. Shafiq"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_275.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_275.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_275.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:55", "views" : 794, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :277 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Is it Mandatory to Use a Scolicidal Agent in Liver Hydatid Management", "abstract" : "A prospective study was conducted to assess whether conservative surgery is adequate in the management of the hydatid cysts of the liver without using a scolicidal agent. The patients with liver hydatids admitted in AL Zahrawi Hospital in Misan Govenorate were enrolled during a period of about ten years from February 2001to September 2010.The total number of patients was 80 (, 55 women and 25 men).The clinical presentations and surgical managements of liver hydatid cysts and postoperative complications were recorded. 45180 (56.25%) presented with simple uncomplicated .The majority of patients had single cyst 50/80: in 60/80 of patients the cyst was present in the right lobe. We had 10/80 patient (12.5)presented with intected hydatid cyst they were presented with fever. 5 patients (6.25%)had intraperitoneal rupture of hydatid cysts. No scolicidal agent was used during the procedures in any patient. Post operative morbidity was seen in 1l/45 (24.4%) in uncomplicated cysts while 10135 (28.4%) in complicated cysts the total recurrence rate 8/80 (10%5.2 patients in un complicated cyst 4.4% and 6 patients in complicated cyst 17%.We can c6nclude that the management of hydatid cysts of liver can be done without using scolicidal agents and does not affect in increasing the recurrence rate, especially in uncomplicated cysts, avoiding the morbidity of scolicidal agent. Postoperative morbidity is more in complicated than uncomplicated cases." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Liver hydatid cyst"," drainage"," operative techniques without scolicidal agent."], "publishers" : ["Ihsan S.Sahi Al-sadi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_277.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_277.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_277.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:02:00", "views" : 1038, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :276 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Conventional Versus Endoscopic-Assisted Adenoidectomy: A Comparative Study", "abstract" : "Background :Adenoidectomy is the surgical procedure to remove the adenoids. It is conventionally performed using the curettage method. The aim : is to compare between conventional and endoscopic –assisted method regarding safety and efficiency. Patients and methods : from September 2010 to October 2011 , 40 patients (16 males and 24 females), requiring adenoidectomy were randomized into two groups each of twenty. Group A underwent conventional adenoidectomy using the curettage method and Group B underwent trans-nasal endoscopic adenoidectomy using microdebrider. The parameters studied were intra-operative time ,complete resection ,associated trauma, ,velopharyngeal dysfunction , ,residual remnant ,post-operative bleeding ,infection , and post-operative symptomatic relief. Exclusion criteria include : post-operative pain and the amount of blood loss because the majority of patients underwent additional tonsillectomy. Telephone questionnaire was used to follow up any symptomatic recurrence . Results : After a short period of follow –up ,the time taken in Group A (conventional surgery) varied from 10-35 minutes [with a mean= 32.25 minutes ]( 95% CI 20.004-26.496) (P <0.001) and in Group B (endoscopic method) from 20-90 minutes [with a mean of 42.75 minutes] (95% CI 43.097-15.604) .The resection was almost complete in group B whereas in group A four cases (20%) had residual adenoid tissue(95% CI _0.3895-_ 0.0141)(P<0.035).associated trauma in Group A found in 3 cases (15%) all are minor involving the uvula and posterior pharyngeal wall whereas in Group B trauma occurs in 5 cases (25%),3 are minor involving septal mucosal injuries while 2 cases (10%) required nasal packing(P >0.05). .Velopharngeal dysfunction developed in 2 cases (10%) of Group A and 3 cases(15%) of Group B ,all are resolved spontaneously within a week and not required any treatment (95% CI _0.0155-0.255)(P>0.05).Infection complicated 1 cases (5%) of Group A and 1 case of Group B(95% CI _0.1479-0.3479) (P>0.05) .Retained swab complicated 1 case (5%) of Group A whereas none in Group B.The overall complication rate in Group A was 55% whereas in Group B 45%. Conclusion :Endoscopic –assisted Adenoidectomy is a safe and effective alternative to curettage method as it allow complete removal of adenoid tissue under direct vision .It is recommended to perform endoscopic –assisted surgery even with curettage method when possible." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Conventional Versus","Endoscopic-Assisted"," Adenoidectomy"], "publishers" : ["Ihsan Allawi Hussein","Saad AL-Juboori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_276.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_276.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_276.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:15:08", "views" : 837, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :278 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Liqurice and Chamomile Extracts in the Management of Gastric Ulcer in Rats", "abstract" : "Back ground: Gastric hyperacidity and peptic ulcer are very common causes of human suffering. Although there are different types of antiulcer drugs still they are expensive and have many side effects. Objective: To investigate the antiulcer activity of watery extracts of (liqurice and chamomile) and chamomile oil in rats models. Material and methods: Liqurice (glycyrrhiza glabra) roots extraction by crushing and boiling, while chamomile extraction by hot water maceration and the yield were used after cooling. Antiulcer effects were evaluated in rats using ethanol and salicylic acid ulcer induced method. Results: The aqueous extract of chamomile and liqurice and chamomile oil exhibited significant (p<0.05) anti-ulcer activity in this ulcer induced models compared with omeprazole as standard drug. Discussion: The protection effects of these plants extracts may be due to its antioxidant contain and protective effect on the lining mucosa by enhancing the protection factors" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effect of Liqurice","Chamomile Extracts","Management of Gastric Ulcer in Rats"], "publishers" : ["Shaima Ali Abid","Nisreen J. Mohammed","Haider Abid Al-Ridha Al-Kaffaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_278.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_278.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_278.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:02:44", "views" : 1019, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :280 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Enhance and Prove Diagnosis of Chronic Endometritis with CD-138 Immunostain", "abstract" : "A retrospective study for 100 endometrial biopsies done during one year period (October 2010- October 2011), the chronic endometritis was the diagnosis in 50 cases of them while other 50 cases given another diagnoses (depending on routine hematoxylin & eosin stain). All the 100 cases stained by CD- 138 immunostain and the Immunohistochemical expression of this stain found in 52 cases out of 100 cases submitted for this stain, 44 cases out of those 52 cases were diagnosed as chronic endometritis by hematoxylin & eosin stain, while the remaining 8 cases which show CD – 138 positivity were diagnosed other than chronic endometritis by hematoxylin &eosin stain. So we can conclude that the detection of plasma cells and diagnosis of chronic endometritis become easier and more precise by using CD – 138 immunostain" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Enhance","Prove Diagnosis","Chronic Endometritis","CD-138 Immunostain"], "publishers" : ["Ali Zeki Naji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_280.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_280.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_280.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:53", "views" : 1133, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :279 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Prognostic Factors in Newly Diagnosed Childhood Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP): Two - Year Prospective Study at Al-Sadder Hospital, Missan Province", "abstract" : "Background: Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common benign bleeding disorder in childhood. It generally presents with the sudden appearance of bruising, bleeding, or petechiae in an otherwise healthy child, often after a preceding viral illness. Objective: Study the presenting socio demographic, clinical and laboratory features, and types of treatment of newly diagnosed children with ITP, and to determine their effects on the course, and outcome of the disease. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study. The presenting features and types of treatment for 25 children with newly diagnosed ITP admitted to the pediatric ward of AL-Sadder Hospital, Missan / Iraq, between 1st of December 2009 and 1st December 2011, were evaluated to determine their prognostic significance on the course of the disease. The patients were followed up for at least 6 months. Rsultes: The presenting features of 25 children with newly diagnosed ITP were analyzed. At diagnosis ITP was more prevalent in males (64%) with male: female ratio 1.7: 1, 1-5-year group (60%), and urban residency (60%) children. It was commonly occurred in spring (44%), and nadir in autumn (12%), with preceding history of acute viral illness (76%). ITP was commonly presented as sudden onset of petechiae and/or bruising (92%), with initial platelet count less than 20 x 109/L (84%). Among studied children, (72%) had a favorable outcome and followed an acute course, while (28%) developed chronic ITP. Univariate analysis was demonstrated that, only onset of the disease and history of preceding acute viral illness were significantly affecting the course of ITP. Gradual onset of symptoms and absence of history of preceding acute viral illness correlated with a chronic course of ITP. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was commonly used (60%), and mode of treatment had no significant effect on the clinical course of ITP. Conclusion: Childhood ITP has a favorable outcome. Only a small number of children go on to develop chronic phase.Among initial presenting features, only gradual onset of symptoms and absence of history of preceding acute viral illness correlated with a chronic course of ITP. Future large prospective studies are recommended to confirm our results." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Childhood immune thrombocytopenia"," prognostic factors."], "publishers" : ["Salah Hashim AL-Zuhairy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_279.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_279.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_279.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 880, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :281 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Electrophysiological Changes in Mechanical Neck Pain Patients", "abstract" : "Introduction: Neck pain possess a major problem to the society and is a common reason for consultation with physician, rheumatologist, orthopaedic , physiotherapist, etc. The most common cause of mechanical neck pain is degenerative cervical spondylosis which is commonly, mostly asymptomatic condition, occurring as a result of age related degenerative changes in the cervical spine. Methods: Eighty patients with mechanical neck pain whose pain was more than three months ,were studied. Thirty healthy volunteers, matched in age and gender and did not have neck pain for at least three months before, were enrolled and accepted as a control group.The patient group consisted of 34 males (42.5%) and 46 females (57.5%), mean age of 43.86±1.48 years. The control group consisted of 12 males (40%) and 18 females (60%), mean age was 45. 90±1.82 years.All patients underwent electromyography, Nerve conduction study ,Visual Analogue Score and X-Ray examination ,twenty of them underwentMagnetic resonance imaging . Electromyography, Nerve conduction study performed for control group . Results:Eighty percent of patients had age between 30 to 59years. In this study females were more common. There was significant (p<0.05) relationship between age and positive electromyography, age and nerve conduction study. There was significant (p <0.05) relationship between cervical roots lesions severity on electromyography and Visual Analogue Score. There was no significant (p>0.05) relationship between X-Ray grading and electromyography roots lesions severity. Conclusion: Electrophysiological tests should be done for each patient with neck pain even without obvious neurological deficits." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Neck Pain","Electrophysiological tests","cervical vertebrae"], "publishers" : ["Alaa Y. Al-Shamari","Saad M. Al-Araji","Sabah J. Al-Rubaie"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_281.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_281.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_281.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:52:31", "views" : 804, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :282 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Laser Irradiation on Phagocytosis in Rabbits Vaccinated with Measles Vaccine", "abstract" : "The objective of this in vivo study is to investigate the effects of 80J/cm N2 laser on cellular immune response represented by phagocytosis activity in laboratory animals Immunized by Measles vaccine. The samples include (10 ) adult male albino rabbits, were divided into (2) control group and (8) experimental groups. The experimental groups were divided into two main groups , the first group immunized with Measles vaccine, the second immunized by the vaccine and exposure to 10.8 J/cm N2 laser. The results of immunological tests demonstrated that the exposure to 10.8 J/cm2 of N2 laser radiation induce adverse effect to cellular immune response .The findings of phagocytosis assay showed that the activity of phagocytic cells increased in subgroups that treated with 80 J/cm2 more than the untreated group(P<0.05)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Laser Irradiation","Measles Vaccine","Phagocytosis in Rabbits Vaccinated"], "publishers" : ["Nada Razoki Ahmed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_282.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_282.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_282.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:12:49", "views" : 755, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :283 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy", "abstract" : "Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a strong inhibitor of angiogenesis. Our aim was to address the predictive value of anti-angiogenic marker(PEDF) for progression of DR. A total of 118 subjects (healthy, diabetic without retinopathy and diabetic retinopathy) were studied.Serum angiogenic inhibitor PEDF were determined and the relationship between the DR, levels of PEDF, age, HbA1c, and duration of diabetes were evaluated. The mean of PEDF in sera of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (6.74±2.20 Pg/ml) was significantly higher (p=0.01) than that of healthy control (4.25 ± 0.81 Pg/ml);So The levels of PEDF increases with progress of diabetic retinopathy and thus, increased levels of PEDF in the blood indicate microvascular damages in diabetic patients and may be predictor of the progression of DR." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Diabetic retinopathy"," Pigment epithelium-derived factor."], "publishers" : ["Seenaa Badr","bdulhussein Alwan Algenabi","Salwa Jaber"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "04 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_283.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_283.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_283.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:34", "views" : 1037, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :284 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Hormonal Profile in Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Cycles may Predict Poor Responders: A Comparative Study", "abstract" : "Background: Ovarian response varies considerably among individuals and depends on various fators. Poor response in In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) yields lesser oocytes and is associated with poorer pregnancy perspective. Cycle cancellation due to poor response is frustrating for both clinicians and the patient. Objective: This paper studies some ovarian reserve hormonal profiles which may be a contributing factor for poor ovarian response in Intra Cytoplasmic Injection (ICSI) cycles. Design: A prospective controlled trial. Setting: Fertility unit in Al- Sadar medical city, Najaf province. Subjects and Methods: Eighteen poor responders to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with gonadotropin have been withdrawn from 67 initially selected participants intended to undergo intracytoplasmic sperm injection as a treatment option for their infertility. Basal cycle day 2 hormonal levels for follicular stimulating hormone( FSH) ,Anti mullerian hormone ( AMH) and estradiol(E2) as well as antral follicular count( AFC) were measured and compared for both groups . Results: The poor responder group found to be of higher age and basal serum FSH and lower basal serum AMH. Conclusions: some markers of ovarian reserve may be used as a predictor of poor responders in assistedreproduction programme." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Anti mullerian hormone (AMH)"," Folliclle stimulating hormone (FSH)","Estradiol (e2) ","antral follicular count"," Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)"," Poor respoders."], "publishers" : ["Hanan Abdul Jabbar Altaee","Zainab Hassan Alkhafaji"," Zaid Abdul Majeed Almadfai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_284.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_284.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_284.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:36:52", "views" : 753, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :285 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Validity of US in Comparison with CT SCAN in Blunt Abdominal Trauma", "abstract" : "Aim of study: detection of the accuracy; sensitivityand specificity of sonography in detection of different intra abdominal injury in patient with blunt abdominal trauma in comparism with CT SCAN Patients and method: we examined 326 patient with blunt trauma from June 2009 till July 2011 all underwent emergency ultra sound at al – Hilla teaching hospital to evaluate whole abdomen with blunt trauma all patient where identified and their result are compare with thir CT scan in correlation with clinical outcome] Results: 326 patient where done for them ultra sonography with CT scan examination ; where 22 true positive from the 326 those are of different intra abdominal injuries from ;haemoperitonium ; solid organ injury ; till mesenteric injury ;292 true negative from the total 326 and two are false positive and10 false negative ; sensitivity of us are of 69%;andspecifity of 99%; and diagnostic accuracy is 96% Conclusions: Although the sensitivity andspecifityand diagnostic accuracy is not as high as CT scan still is the 1st investigation bed side examination and recommended in emergency department" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Validity of US"," Comparison","CT SCAN in Blunt","Abdominal Trauma"], "publishers" : ["Hasanain Ahmed Albayati"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_285.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_285.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_285.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 22:37:41", "views" : 654, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :286 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Nonorganic (Functional) Abdominal Pain in Children", "abstract" : "Background: Nonorganic(functional)abdominal pain in children is common and similar in its presentation to many organic causes to the recurrent abdominal pain in children. Patients and methods; These study was done on 100 children suffering from nonorganic (functional) abdominal pain in Al-Diwaniah province (in Iraq) and during one year (2010).Most of the patients have a strong family history of migraine, irritable bowel syndrome or both. Stress factors play an important role in provoking the symptoms in the patients, and removal of the stress factor is the main step in the treatment of this disease and leading to dramatic improvement of the pain. The stress factors were discovered easily by a short interview with child and his or her mother . Results;Most of these stress factors were either from the brother or sister of the patient that were annoying the patients or from one of his or her colleagues in the school or from fear at night." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Nonorganic","Abdominal Pain","in Children"], "publishers" : ["Qahtan Kayoon Hmood Alyaseri"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_286.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_286.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_286.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:13:02", "views" : 793, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :289 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Factors Affecting Rh Isoimmunization and Suggested Protective Measures", "abstract" : "Background: Hemolytic disease of newborn due Rh incompatibility is an important cause of hemolytic anemia and jaundice in newborn. Objectives: To study the prevalence of Rh isoimmunization in our society and to define its risk factors and efficacy of protective measures. Patients and methods: A prospective study was conducted on 120 Rh positive neonates whom their mothers are Rh negative delivered in AL-Zahra teaching Hospital in An Najaf city during the period from the first of May; 2010 till 31st of July; 2010. A full history was taken from their close family members. Thorough clinical examination and investigations were done . Results: Seventy six of study group were males (63.3%) and 44 were females (36.7%),with male to female ratio 1.7:1 and full term were 109(90.8%) and preterm were 11(9.2%). Development of jaundice due to Rh isoimmunization has significant association with the absence of maternal knowledge of her blood group and Rh and her husband blood group and Rh , increase maternal parity, and Siblings history of previous hospital admission due to neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia while previous blood transfusion to the mother didn’t have that association. Regular human anti-D immune globulin administration after each delivery of Rh positive neonate and abortion and ABO incompatibility associated with decreased risk of development of jaundice due to Rh isoimmunization. Conclusion: Poor antenatal care regarding Rh negative pregnant women is still a major problem in our society and it’s a significant risk factor for Rh isoimmunization , regular administration of human anti-D globulin is a protective measure." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rh Isoimmunization","Hemolytic disease","human anti-D globulin"], "publishers" : ["Shamil Abdulzahra Shrba","Basim Hadi Saheb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_289.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_289.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_289.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 18:23:55", "views" : 1888, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :287 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Distribution of Virulence Factors between Typeable and Nontypeable H. influenzae Isolated from Different Clinical Samples in Hilla City,Iraq", "abstract" : "Objectives: This study aimed to separate virulence factors like pili, high molecular weight proteins HMW1/2 and H. influenzae adhesin (Hia), haemocin and colanic acid from capsulated (typeable) and uncapsulated (nontypeable) H. influenzae isolates . Materials and methods: In this study, six isolates of H. influenzae were obtained from different clinical samples (ear, throat, sputum, eye, CSF). These isolates were obtained by PCR based method using P6 gene primer. These samples were collected from the three main hospitals in Hilla city (AL-Hilla Surgical Teaching Hospital, Merjan Medical City and Babylon Hospital for Maternity and Paediatrics) during the period from February 2012 to June 2012. These samples were subjected to traditional bacterial identification methods in addition to presumptive identification using X and V factor tests .Furthermore, molecular method for detection and separation into typeable and nontypeable one using PCR, depending on presence or absence of capsule. Later on ,the detection of virulence factors from typeable and nontypeable H. influenzae isolates was done using specific primers : hifA, hmw1, hmw2, hia. Also, two methods were used to detect haemocin and concentration of colanic acid from these two types of H. influenzae. Results: Twenty nine isolates were obtained by traditional bacteriological methods, of these , only ten isolates were obtained by presumptive identification method using X and V factors requirement method. Out of these 10 isolates , six isolates were obtained by molecular detection method. These 6 isolates underwent molecular separation into typeable and NTHi . Then the results showed that virulence factors were distributed between these types and found that HMW1 and HMW2 were present in NTHi while Hia was present in two isolates one typeable and the second NTHi besides the presence of hifA in 3 isolates. While haemocin was produced from one isolates and colanic acid was produced in high concentration among capsulated H. influenzae isolates. Conclusion: 1-Virulence factors are important in pathogenesis of typeable and NTHi . 2-Nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi) is also an important cause of invasive and severe disease like upper and lower respiratory tract diseases. 3-Haemocin is important virulence factor that is produced by only type b (Hib) H. influenzae. 4-Some virulence genes that are studied are found to be present in both typeable and nontypeable H. influenzae like hifA and hia genes while others like hmw1 and hmw2 are found to be present only in NTHi." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["H.influenzae "," hifA "," hmw1"," hmw2 "," hia"], "publishers" : ["Bara Hamid Hadi","Mohammed S. Abdul-Razzaq"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_287.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_287.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_287.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:51", "views" : 950, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :290 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Role of Double J Stent in Patients with Renal Stones Undergo Extracorporeal Shock wave Lithotripsy", "abstract" : "Objective: to compare the outcome of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal stones with and without double J stent. Patients and Methods: A comparative cross sectional study was carried out at the urological department of Al-Hilla teaching hospital from February 2011 to August 2011. Forty patients with renal stones measuring from (2cm_2.5cm) were selected for the treatment by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). All of these patients were adults with normal renal function and had unilateral radiopaque renal stones, no metabolic abnormalities, no symptomatic urinary tract infection. Children, renal failure and patients with lower caliceal stones were excluded from the study. They were divided in two groups of 20 each. Group A patients underwent ESWL without a double J stent and in group B a double J stent was placed before ESWL. Electrohydraulic lithotripter machine (PCK lithotripter, Turkey), was used to impart shock wave. 2000 shock wave were given in a session. Both the groups were compared for stone fragmentation, incomplete stone clearance, clinically insignificant stone fragment, steinstrasse, stone free rate, renal colic, fever, hemmaturia, dysuria, and number of ESWL session. Result: Regarding stone fragmentation in group A (stentless), 19 patients had stone fragmentation from total number of patients of 20 which account 95% while in group B (stented), 18 patients develops stone fragmentation from total number of patients of 20 which account 90%. Incomplete stone clearance occurs in 4 (20%) patients without DJS and in 8 (40%) patients with DJS. Clinically insignificant stone fragments encounter in 3 (15%) patients in stentless group and also in 3 (15%) in stented group. Steinstrasse developed in 1 (5%) patient without DJS and none in patients with DJS. Stone free rate encounter in 11 (55%) patients in stentless group and 7 (35%) patients in stented group. Renal colic developed in 9 (45%) patients without DJS and in 3 (15%) patients with DJS. Hemmaturia encounter in 12 (60%) patients without DJS and in 15 (75%) with DJS. Fever not encountered in patients without DJS and developed in 15 (75%) patients with DJS. Frequency developed in 2 (10%) patients without DJS and in 10 (50%) patients with DJS, while dysuria developed in 3 (15%) patients without DJS and in 10 (50%) patients with DJS. Conclusion: pre ESWL double J stenting for 2-2.5 cm renal stone was not beneficial regarding stone fragmentation, stone clearance, steinstrasse and stone free rate, however renal colic was significantly less in stented group. Fever and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) was significantly higher in stented patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Role of Double","Stent in Patients","Renal Stones"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Turki Obaid","Rafid Fakhir Hussen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_290.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_290.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_290.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:44", "views" : 784, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :291 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Etiology, Pathology of Thyroid Diseases in Aldewania City and their Effects on Management", "abstract" : "Background: Most of thyroid disease caused by iodine deficiency which result in diffuse enlargement that progress into multinodular goiter (MNG) as the response to high TSH is heterogeneous. it is essential for proper treatment of goiter in most of cases to know its cause. The aim of the study: is to show the importance of etiology of goiter on its management to avoid the bad practice of doing surgery for goiter without accurate diagnosis of its cause as this practice results in unnecessary or even harmful surgery .the study also show the frequency of some of complications of MNG which are of great value on its management to give opinion about benign course of the disease . Material and Method: The study is retrospective which collect 400 cases of thyroid diseases that operated upon them in Aldewania Hospital during 3 years. Results: of 400 caes,286 are caused by simple mulinodular goiter which affect females in 85% of cases.53 are caused by neoplasm and 24 cases are thyroditis. Discussion :the most common cause of goiter is simple multinodular goiter which must manage by conservative management specially in young females in 60-70% of cases , complicated by carcinoma in 2% and by toxic goiter in 5% and most of cases are of small size and not caused mechanical obstruction. Conclusion :the commonest disease of thyroid is MNG, the disease in aldewania is mild and not need surgery in most of cases and the incidences of complications in form of carcinoma and thyrotoxicity are small." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["MNG"," multinodulr goiter."], "publishers" : ["Hussain Taher Abbas Al-Baaj"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_291.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_291.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_291.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:38:55", "views" : 573, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :293 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Cancer Susceptibility and Caspase 8 Gene Varient in Local Iraqi Population", "abstract" : "Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women .The incidence of breast cancer varies greatly around the world. Apoptosis occurs naturally at several stages of breast development. The gene caspase-8 (CASP8) plays a key role in the initiation of apoptosis. Suppression of apoptosis is one of the major mechanisms underlying the origin and progression of cancer. One variant in the CASP8 gene , D302H (rs1045485), has been confirmed to be associated with a reduced breast cancer risk. Aim: to illustrate the role of the CASP8 gene variant with respect to breast cancer susceptibility. According to our knowledge, there is no previous association study concerning CASP8 gene variant (D302H) and breast cancer has been conducted in Iraq. So the frequency of this gene variant and its clinical impact on breast cancer was studied for the first time among Babylonian population. Materials and methods: A genetic analysis was performed as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) to tag the D302H variant in four groups of Babylonian populations, including patients with breast cancer , healthy control people , first degree relatives, and patients with benign breast tumors. Results: CASP8, D303H variant was shown to have a high degree of correlation with healthy control subjects in the present study in comparison with breast cancer patients. The presence of CASP8, D302H polymorphism not only diminishes the high risk of breast cancer, but also delays the onset of breast cancer until late age. Conclusions: The CASP8 D302H polymorphism decreases the breast cancer risk and delays the onset of the disease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cancer Susceptibility "," Gene Varient"], "publishers" : ["Mohammad Sabri "," A. Razzak Mohammed ","Abod Muhsin "," Ifad Kerim Alshibly "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_293.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_293.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_293.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:43:34", "views" : 673, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :292 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of Some Reproductive and Hormonal Risk Factors in Patients with Breast Cancer", "abstract" : "Breast cancer is the commonest malignancy in females and it has become a major health problem affecting women, worldwide. Cancer cells are abnormal cells, grow and divide more quickly than healthy cells. Some cancer cells form growths called tumors. All tumors increase in size, but some tumors grow quickly, others slowly. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems, This is called metastasis. The aim of the study is to find the percentage of multiparous patients and the so the effect of parity state on the incidence of breast cancer, then their ages at first pregnancy and number of their children This study lasted from November/2010 to May / 2011.There were 100 patients. These patients were ranged from 26 to 75 years. Full detailed information were taken from the patients in regarding the state of parity ,age of patient at first pregnancy and the number of children . Seventy five percent of our one hundred patients were multiparous and twenty five percent were nulliparous ,age of patients at first pregnancy were as 34.7% at age ? 20 year, 37.3% at the age group 21-25 years, 16% at the age group 26-30 years, 5.3% at age group 31-35 years and 6.7% at age group 36-40 years ,Those parous patients show 20% of them had 1-2 children , 44% had 3-4 children, 17.3% had 5-6 children, 13.3% had 7-8 children and 5.3% had > 8 children . Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease with different parameters affecting its occurrence and then metastasis ,75% of patients were multiparous and high percentage of them were less than thirty years indicating poor out come ,while in regarding to the number of children in parous women , high percentage of patients were having higher parity rate ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Some Reproductive","Hormonal Risk Factors","Patients with Breast Cancer"], "publishers" : ["Saad Merza Al-Araji","Hala Ali Abdulhussein","Alaa Sadeq Al-Awad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_292.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_292.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_292.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:02:39", "views" : 616, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :294 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Possible Protective Effect of Green Tea Extract against Methotrexate - Induced Liver Injury in Male Rats", "abstract" : "This study was performed to evaluate the influence of simultaneous administration of aqueous green tea extract (1.5 %) with methotrexate (0.5 mg /kg) on the status of glutathione (GSH) in liver tissue, with measuring the activity of serum liver enzymes [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST)] and serum bilirubin levels. Administrations of aqueous green tea extract alone resulted in a significant increase in liver tissue GSH level and when it was used with MTX it ameliorated MTX-induced changes in level of this parameter. Regarding enzymes activities, administration of aqueous green tea extract resulted in an alleviating effect on MTX-induced elevation in serum ALT activity with a non-significant reduction in serum AST activity; it also significantly reduced MTX-induced elevation in total serum bilirubin level, these effects may be related to direct or indirect antioxidant property of green tea extract ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Possible","Protective Effect","Green Tea Extract"], "publishers" : ["Dalia Abdulzahra Muhsin A.Razzak A.Latif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_294.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_294.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_294.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:30:06", "views" : 719, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :296 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of Omentum Flap in Success of Vesicovaginal Fistula Repair", "abstract" : "Purpose: The higher recurrence rate of vesicovaginal fistulae, need new modalities of repair, we evaluate the use of omental flap interposition in preventing recurrence, in comparing the repair without flap. Materials and Methods: A prospective study on 39 patients underwent vesicovaginal fistula repair in AL-Zahra teaching hospital from May 2005 until May 2010. 16(41%) were omental flap interposition used, 10(62%) need pedicled "J" omentum flap and 6(38%) with complete omentum flap. while in 23 (59%), repair done without flap. All patients were treated from 3-6 months after fistula diagnosis. Results: From 39 patients, 20(51%) due to obstetrical causes, 6(15%) patients following prolonged obstructed labour, 8(21%) patients following emergency cesarean section, and 6(15%) patients following emergency hysterectomy, as a consequence of rupture gravid uterus, and 19 (49%) following elective hysterectomy due to gynecological causes which includes, 3(8%) uterine fibroid,15(38%) dysfunctional menstrual bleeding and 1(3%) uterine prolapsed. The mean age of patients 37 years (20-55years). In 16(41%) patients were omentum flap interposition used, all of them(100%) were cured, While in 23(59%) patients, repair done without flap, 4(17%) of them are failed and 19(83%) cured. Two patients from 4 patients failed were diabetic and 2 patients underwent recurrent cesarean section (CS). Conclusion: We conclude that omentum interposition have good result in preventing recurrence of vesicovaginal fistulae, which is simple and easily done." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["vesico-vaginal fistula"," omentum flap"," cesarean section."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Hussin"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_296.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_296.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_296.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:25", "views" : 609, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :295 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Seropositive Anti-helicobacter Pylori Antibody in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease in Al-Najaf City", "abstract" : "Background: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori), a bacterium involved in duodenal and gastric ulcers, gastric cancer, and MALT lymphoma pathogenesis, may causes numerous extragastric manifestations, including coronary artery disease. Objective: To determine the prevalence of positive antiH.pylori antibody in patients with coronary heart disease. Patients and Methods 80 patients with coronary artery diseases were engaged in this study.Patients with gastrointestinal problems or seemed to have symptoms & signs of peptic ulcer diseases were excluded from this study.All 80 patients were involved in a well –planned questionnaire including history of coronary artery diseases , history of systemic hypertension , diabetes mellitus, smoking , age , family history of CAD ,and hyperlipidemia.Blood samples were taken from all the patients and sent for a commercial rapid test of a latest generation of chromatographic immunoassay which utilize recombinant Cag-A antigens to detect the antibodies to H. pylori in human serum. Also the patients blood samples were sent for random plasma glucose & lipid profile. Results: Among 80 patients enrolled in this study ,43(53.75%) males and 37 (46.25%) females with variable age groups.Fifty percentage of all patients had acute attacks of CAD and the other half had chronic CAD ( identified by either by a new ischemic attack or during routine checkup).Testing for Anti H.pylori antibody in serum revealed that 31 (38.75%) of all patients had positive anti H.pylori antibody , while 49 (61.25%) had not.Sex variation among those with positive antiH.pylori showed no significant differences ( 15 males vs. 16 females).Strong association had been elicited between the occurrence of anti H. pylori antibody positivity and the presence of smoking and Hypertension as risk factors for CAD.5/31 (16.12%) of the positive antiHP antibody CAD patients had completely negative risk factor for CAD that made HP infection is significant & important trigger factor for CAD. Conclusions: There is a significant association between infection with and positive antiH.pylori antibody and the causation of coronary artery diseases which is more common in smoker& hypertensive patients. HP infection is important trigger factor for CAD." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Coronary Artery Disease","Al-Najaf City","Pylori Antibody","Seropositive Anti-helicobacter"], "publishers" : ["Khalid T. Altaae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_295.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_295.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_295.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:33:01", "views" : 634, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :297 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis with Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injections", "abstract" : "Degenerative lumbar stenosis is a common source of pain and disability in middle age and elderly. It presents clinically with a variety of symptoms, though neurogenic claudication is the hallmark. There is a multifactorial pathogenesis to lumbar spinal stenosis and its symptoms. Epidural steroid injections are commonly utilized to help reduce radicular pain in lumbar spinal stenosis. It can be accomplished by one of three methods: caudal (C), interlaminar (IL), or transforaminal (TF). In this study we sought to determine the efficacy of fluoroscopically guided caudal and transforaminal epidural steroid injections for the management of radicular pain associated with lumbar spinal stenosis. The outcome measures of this study are patient satisfaction, pain relief, improved function and walking tolerance. Of 42 patients included in this study 71.4% of the patients had partial to complete pain relief at 1 month compared to 57.1% at 6 months and 45.2% at 12 months. 64.2% had full or improved function at 1 month compared to 50% at 6 months and 33.3% at 12 months. 66.6% of the patients were completely or somewhat satisfied at 1 month compared to 59.5% at 6 months and 38% at 12 months. When weighing the surgical alternatives and associated risk, cost, and outcomes, lumbar epidural steroid injections are a reasonable nonsurgical option in select patients especially in those patients who are unwilling to do surgery or in whom surgery is contraindicated." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lumbar Spinal Stenosis "," Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injections"], "publishers" : ["Jameel Tahseen Mehsen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_297.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_297.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_297.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:32:46", "views" : 641, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :300 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Use of Barron Band Ligation in the Treatment of Rectal Polyps (A Prospective Study of 56 Cases)", "abstract" : "Background: Many local procedures had been described for the treatment of rectal polyps by a lot of centers throughout the world including staplers, local fulguration, transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM), etc. We tried using Barron band ligation for the purpose of removing these polyps as a new application for this procedure which has been used previousely as one of the standard procedures for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Methods: In the period between the 18th of April 2001 and the 27th of September 2008, 56 patients with rectal polyps had them removed using Barron band ligation in the outpatient clinic under simple analgesia and direct proctoscope vision and the excised polyps had been sent for histopathology study. Mean follow up time was 36 months to detect any recurrence or complications of the procedure. Results: 48(86%) were males and 8(14%) were females. 51(91%) of the polyps had been discovered to be benign and 5(9%) malignant. 2(4%) had bleeding postoperatively, 3(5%) had urological symptoms and many had suffered a simple postoperative pain that responded to simple analgesia. No recurrence had been reported after a mean follow up time of 36 months. Conclusion: Rubber banding ligature is: A safe and easy procedure. Associated with an acceptable low complication rate. Can be performed in an outpatient clinic and needs only simple analgesia. Has a high cure rate for rectal polyps." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Use of Barron Band","Ligation in the Treatment"," Rectal Polyps"], "publishers" : ["Ameer S. Al-Bazzaz","Saad K.Al-Fallogi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_300.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_300.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_300.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:05:19", "views" : 656, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :298 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Protective Effect of Crude Oil of Nigella Sativa on Liver in Male Albino Mice Treated with Low Toxic Dose of Paracetamol", "abstract" : "Background and purpose of study: Paracetamol when used in very high dose ,can cause heavy damage in liver in man and animals. Nigella sativa has been reported to have antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties. In this study, the effective oral administration of the crude oil of Nigella sativa 0.3 ml ,has been investigated in mice following intra peritoneal of low toxic dose of paracetamol (300 mg/kg B. W.) and measured of selective parameters indicative of liver function (serum GOT, GPT and total protein). Material and Method :20 adult male albino mice Balb/ C they were randomly divided into 4 groups .The first group injected intra peritoneal with low toxic dose of paracetamol 300mg/ kg body weight then administration orally with 0.3 ml of normal saline (0.9 %w/v).The second group was the control injection intra peritoneal with 0.3 ml of normal saline then administration orally with 0.3 ml of normal saline (0.9 %w/v) .Third group administration orally with 0.3 ml of crude oil of Nigella sativa then injected intra peritoneal with 0.3 ml of normal saline (0.9 %w/v) .Fourth group injected intra peritoneal with low toxic dose of paracetamol 300mg/ kg body weight then administration orally with 0.3 ml of 0.3 ml of crude oil of Nigella sativa. After 24 hr all animals were sacrificed after weighing then take the blood samples by heart puncture for biochemical test and liver were removed out for weighing. Results and statistical analysis: Showed a significant increase (p< 0.05) in the level of serum enzymes in the first group(p) GOT (110.1±0.61 * I U/L) and GPT(80.2 ±26.3* IU/L) and also the fourth group(P&N) GOT (101.60±4.34*I U/L) and GPT(72.8±23.88* IU/L) and significant increase in total protein (7.322±2.89* gm/dl) in third group(N) and fourth group(P&N) (7.334±0.77* gm/dl) at p<0.05 as compared with control. Also there is a significant decrease (p>o.o1) in body weight (28.15 ±7.084**) and liver weight(1.7837±0.99*) at (p>o.o5)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["paracetamol"," Nigella sativa"," mice."], "publishers" : ["Nada Mahdi Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_298.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_298.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_298.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:13:32", "views" : 1270, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :299 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Acetylcholinesterase Activity, Calcium, Magnesium, and Total Antioxidant in Uncontrolled Diabetic Type 2 Patients Treated with Daonil® and Glucophage®", "abstract" : "In this study 298 patients suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2 (150 male, and 148 female) aged between 35 to 67 years with a mean age of (45.11±12.03) were included. The study was carried out from first of November 2009 to the day 31 of May 2010.The samples were obtained from Al-Kassim hospital and Merjan Teaching Hospital in Hilla city . The study included three groups: Firstly: 149 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment with Daonil . Secondly: 149 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment with Glucophage .Thirdly: 83 apparently healthy subjects were chosen as healthy people. The results show a significant increase p<0.05 in Acetylcholinesterase AChE activity of patients treated with daonil and glocophage ?5 years when compared with control group , while AChE activity found to be highly significant increase p<0.001 in patients treated more than five years when compared with ?5 years and control groups. No differences were found in blood AChE activities between subgroups of each sample used in this study . Corrected total calcium and ionized concentrations in DM type 2 treated with daonil and glucophage groups ?5 and more than five years found to were highly significantly increased p<0.001,when compared with that of the control, while there was a non-significant difference p>0.05 between the males and females when compared in the same group( control, daonil and glucophage ) in all duration. A significantly increased p<0.001 in the corrected total calcium concentration of DM patients treatment with daonil (more than five years) when compared with that of the patients treatment with glucophage . A significant increase p<0.05 in magnesium concentrations in diabetes mellitus patients (daonil, and glucophage) ?5 years when compared to control group. On the other hand a highly significant increase p<0.001 of magnesium concentrations were found in sera of DM patients more than five years when compared to DM patients ?5 years and control group .No significant difference were found between males and females in control group and patients groups. A significant decreased p<0.05 in total antioxidant(TAC) concentration in DM patients treatment ?5 years with daonil and glucophage was found when compared with control groups .A highly significant increase of total antioxidant p<0.001 in sera of TCA of DM type 2 patients treated (6-15y) when compared with that of healthy control group and ?5 years. No significant difference was found in the males and females of DM type 2 patients treated with daonil and glucophage (?5y or 6-15 y) when compared with control group P>0.05." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Acetylcholinesterase Activity","Calcium"," Magnesium"], "publishers" : ["Maha F. AL-Smaism","Oda M. Yasser"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_299.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_299.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_299.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:52:31", "views" : 1024, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :301 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of the Relationship between Osteoporosis with Demographic Characteristics and Some Other Factors by Using Bone Densitometry", "abstract" : "Background: Osteoporosis presents to be a major public health problem because it is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, particularly hip and vertebral fractures, which are a huge burden on the health system due to the high economic costs of those care fractures and disability derivatives they produce. Objectives: This study aims to determine relationships between osteoporosis and some factors (demographic factors, menstrual and obstetrical factors in females and life style). Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 235 person, 150 of them had been referred to the Rheumatology-Rehabilitation unit in Marjan teaching hospital and considered them as a patients group and 85 of them were completely healthy people without any history of diseases and considered as healthy group. The risk factors were assessed from the patients’ interview and bone mineral density measurement had been done for each one of them. Results: The results of this study showed high significant association between osteoporosis and aging ,female gender, low body mass index probability value of (p<0.05), Also being menopause, long time since menopause specially more than 10 yeas and high parity number (more than 4 children) were significantly associated with osteoporosis(p<0.05). High incidence of osteoporosis was found among people with low educational level and those lived in crowded urban areas at (p<0.05 for each criterion respectively). Conclusion: Osteoporosis in our population appears to be associated with several risk factors include (older age, female gender, low body mass index, menopause, long time since menopause, high parity number, low education and living in urban areas. All that may contribute to the adverse prognosis associated with osteoporosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Osteoporosis with Demographic Characteristics","Some Other Factors","Bone Densitometry"], "publishers" : ["Naseer J.H. Al-Mukhtar.","Ali M. H. Al-Kazzaz","Samah Muhsen Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_301.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_301.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_301.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:07:22", "views" : 663, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :302 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Use of Finasteride- Oral Contraceptive Pill Combination in the Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Related- Infertility", "abstract" : "Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy characterized by oligo-ovulation or anovulation, signs of androgen excess, and multiple small ovarian cysts. PCOS is thought to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility. Aim of the study: Evaluate the activity of finasteride - OCP combination in treatment of PCOS related infertility. Patients and Methods: Thirty nine infertile married women at reproductive age were involved in this study; they all were complaining infertility due to PCOS. The diagnosis of PCOS was established depending on the presence of at least two out of three of Rotterdam criteria. The Patients were treated with finasteride 5 mg daily concomitantly with an oral contraceptive pill (OCP) continuously for 2 months. Results: The present study, found that the percentage of patients responded to the treatment with finasteride-OCP combination was (35.89%). The mean number of mature follicles, endometrial thickness & pregnancy rate per patient were (1.21 ? 0.42), (7.26?1.1 mm) & (21.42%) respectively, whereas miscarriage rate was (0.0 %). Conclusion: The oral finasteride-OCP combination had a good promising effect in the treatment of PCOS related infertility." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Finasteride"," Oral contraceptive pill"," Polycystic ovary syndrome"," Infertility"], "publishers" : ["Entisar J. Al-Mukhtar","Adeeb A Al-zubaidy","Bushra J.U. Al-Rubaie"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_302.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_302.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_302.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"21/11/2017 11:20:23", "views" : 584, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :304 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of Phospholipase Enzyme in Bacterial Associated with Vaginitis", "abstract" : "In this study, (90) vaginal swabs were taken from women suffering from vaginitis, who were admitted to Babylon hospital for maternal and pediatrics, and Teaching Hospital of Hilla, during the period from November 2012 to march 2013 in Babylon province . The patient’s age ranged from (18 - 54 years ). 76 vaginal swabs were taken from non pregnant women , and 14 from pregnant women, 88 samples gave positive results of bacterial growth and only two samples gave no growth bacterial. The most common species of opportunistic bacterial types were, Streptococcus agalactiae (28.4%), S. aureus (21.5%) , Streptococcus mutans (15.9 %) , Coagulase – negative staphylococcus (12.5%), Escherichia coli( 7.9%), Acinetobacter (5.9%), Enterococcus (5.9%), Neisseria.gonorrhoea(2.2%). Production of exteracellular phospholipase D in the presence of arachidonic acid was also detected. It was found that all isolates have ability to produce this enzyme . Also , phospholipase extract was added to the culture media of candida albicans , and it was found that there was an increase in number of candida( which was isolated in this study) after the addition of enzyme extract." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Phospholipase Enzyme","Bacterial Associated","Teaching Hospital of Hilla","candida albicans"], "publishers" : ["Douaa Hamza Khair-Allah","Mohammad S. Abdul-Razzaq","Asmaa K. Gata?a"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_304.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_304.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_304.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:26:04", "views" : 678, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :463 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Roles of Malondialdehyde, Glutathione Peroxidase and N-Acetyl-?-D-glucosaminidase in Serum of Urolithiasis", "abstract" : "The present study is conducted to determine the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) as an index of free radical induced lipid peroxidation, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and the role of N-Acetyl-?-Dglucosaminidase in 60 confirmed cases of urolithiasis. Significantly high level of MDA and NAG (p 0.05) with significantly low level of GPx (p 0.05) have been observed in serum of urolithiasis patients as compared to normal controls. There have been no correlation between the level of MDA and neither GPx nor NAG in serum of urolithiasis patients, and no correlation between serum NAG and GPx (p>0.05). There has been no difference between male and female in the levels of serum MDA, GPx and NAG. In conclusion, it appears that a role of lipid peroxidation and oxidative function exist in the pathogenesis of urolithiasis, also the serum NAG has a role in urolithiais, but the exact mechanism is unknown" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Roles of Malondialdehyde","Glutathione Peroxidase","N-Acetyl-?-D-glucosaminidase"], "publishers" : ["Roula Hamid Mahmoud","Mufeed J. Ewadh","Kadhum J Al-Hamadani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_463.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_463.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_463.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:27", "views" : 685, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :465 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Lower Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Mucin Histochemical Changes in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease", "abstract" : "Background: Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common entity worldwide including Iraq, where by 8% of normal population described typical symptoms of GERD. About 14% of patients with dyspepsia referred for upper GI endoscopy were found to have GERD. It is associated with complications including higher incidence of lower esophageal adenocarcinoma. Many studies have clearly demonstrated that this risk is directly related to the occurrence of IM in the lower esophagus socalled (Barrett esophagus) because of injurious effect of regurgitated acid peptic secretion over a long duration the squamous epithelium become replaced by columnar epithelium which is more resistant for acidic content of gastric juice and serve as a protection for the lower esophagus. Mucin histochemistry has been found a useful method to define type and distribution of glycoprotein in the GIT, and thus to define GERD patients at risk of neoplasia. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["GERF. Gastroesophageal reflux disease"," intra epithelial eosinophiles"," basal cell hyperplasia"], "publishers" : ["Esraa A. AL-Dujaily "," Rehab H.Al-Mudhfer "," Hadeel A. Kerbel "," Liwaa H. Al-Kelabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_465.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_465.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_465.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 595, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :305 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "An Evaluation Study of the Renal System in Patients with Beta Thalassemia", "abstract" : "Beta-thalassemia is a hemolytic anemia of genetic origin, it results from a decreased or absent synthesis of beta globin chains that normally constitute a part of the adult hemoglobin (HbA, which is ?2?2). This genetic defect will lead to a compensatory ineffective erythropoiesis, severe anemia, and increased erythrocytes turnover. Thalassemia syndrome is usually accompanied by a wide spectrum of complications arising from the disease itself as well as the methods used to alleviate it. This study aims to investigate the presence of renal dysfunctions in children and adolescent with transfusion dependent (TD) ?T, without any overt renal diseases, using both conventional and early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunctions this will help the medical staff for proper management with less morbidity and mortality. This study were lasted from (February till September/ 2011) conducted in the Heriditary Bleeding Disorders Center in Hilla city, on (Eighty one) ?-thalassemic patients who enrolled in this work and control group include (twenty) apparently healthy subjects. Patients in this study were divided in to three groups according to the age : group ? was(3-10)years, group ? was(11-18)years and group ?? was(19-25)years and healthy subjects with an age range (3-25) years. Result shows significant increase of serum creatinine, serum urea and serum uric acid in patient groups compared with control group (p?0.05). However, significant increase was observed in group ?? than those of group ? as comparison between the patient groups (p?0.05). The present study found that urinary NAG were highly significant increase of NAG in urine samples of Patients groups in comparison with control group at (p?0.01) , this increment will be concomitantly with aging of age group(p?0.05). As it appear as early detection markers of tubular damage. Lastly hematuria in all of patient studied groups were 22 (27.5%), pyurea were28 (34%) and protein urea were 20(24.69%) demonstrated that in patients with beta thalassemia, hematuria is more common in older age groups. Furthermore, protein urea and pyurea seems to be a common accompanying finding in patients with beta-thalassemia. The changes in data that showed in this study with ?-thalassemia patients may refer to a multiple renal abnormalities with progression of the age and that’s may be due to multiple blood transfusion, iron overload or chelation therapy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["An Evaluation","the Renal System","Beta Thalassemia"], "publishers" : ["Naseer J. H. AL-Mukhtar","Abdul Razzaq AL-Salman","Hussein Nasser Kahdim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_305.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_305.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_305.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:39:26", "views" : 588, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :306 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Phenotypic and Genotypic (mecA gene) Characterization of Borderline Oxacillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (BORSA) Isolated in Al-Hilla City", "abstract" : "Out of 130 clinical samples, a total of 37 (28.4%) Staphylococcus aureus isolates were recovered, from skin samples, ear, blood and throat, and both urine and vagina as (75.6), (8.1%), (5.4%), and (10.8%), respectively. Results showed that 21 (56.7%) isolates were identified as ?-lactam resistant. The susceptibility to 25 antibiotics were tested using disc diffusion test resulting in 80% of 21 bacterial isolates were resistant to 22 antibiotics but they were sensitive to teicoplanin, netilmicin and chloramphenicol. For detection of Borderline oxacillin resistance S.aureus (BORSA), all of 21 isolates were tested by using oxacillin disc (1mcg). Results showed that all 21 isolates were resistant to oxacillin and identified as MRSA as they were resistant to both oxacillin and cefoxitin. Two–fold agar dilution susceptibility method to oxacillin and vancomycin were performed for 21 isolates. All 21 isolates showed resistance to oxacillin, and 16 (%76) were sensitive to vancomycin while 5 (%24) decreased susceptibility to vancomycin (VISA). All 21 isolates had mecA gene and identified as MRSA and no BORSA detected in this study which lack mecA gene." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Phenotypic","Borderline Oxacillin","Staphylococcus aureus","Al-Hilla City"], "publishers" : ["Venus H. Al-Safaar","Alaa H. Al-Charrakh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_306.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_306.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_306.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:56:17", "views" : 822, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :308 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Tumour Necrosis Factor -alpha, IgE Levels and Oxidative Stress In Iraqi Patients with Allergic Rhinitis", "abstract" : "Aim of the study To find out the relation between tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), immunoglobulin-E and antioxidant levels in the patients with mild or moderate/severe cases. Ninety subject (male , female) were enrolled in this study .Fifty patients with AR were subdivided into two groups i.e. mild (comprising 20 patients) with allergic rhinitis, moderate/ severe (comprising 30 patients) with allergic rhinitis. Forty subjects who are apparently healthy were taken as a control group. Serum TNF-? and IgE were determind by using enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Malondialdehyde (MDA)levels and catalase activity were determined by using colorimetric method. Serum levels of TNF-? was significantly higher in mild and moderate/severe groups compared with control group (p<0.01). IgE and MDA were significantly higher in mild group ( p< 0.05) and in moderate/severe group(p< 0.01). Catalase was significantly decreased in mild and moderate/severe groups compared with control group (p<0.05) (p<0.01) respectively .A significant positive correlation between TNF-? , IgE and MDA in AR patients in mild and moderate/severe cases. A significant negative correlation between TNF-? ,IgE and catalase in AR patients in mild and moderate/severe cases. Oxidative stress stimulate the production of TNF-? and IgE in patients of AR." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["tumour necrosis factor alpha","Oxidative Stress","Allergic Rhinitis"], "publishers" : ["Tarek H. Abed Tawfik Al-Khyat","Safaa Hussain Alturaihy","Zinah Abbass Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_308.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_308.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_308.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:36:18", "views" : 558, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :307 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Investigation on Colanic acid and Molecular Detection of Cytotoxic Necrotizing Factor in Bacteria Associated with Post-Operative Wound Infections", "abstract" : "A total of 60 samples from patients with postoperative wound infection were included in this study. Only 50 (83%) patients with positive bacterial culture and 10 (17%) patients with negative culture. Different types of bacteria were isolated from post-operative wound infections. The predominant bacteria for gram negative was E. coli. In this study (13) isolates of E. coli were identified (37.14%) followed by (6) isolates of Proteus vulgaris (17.14%), while (5) isolates of Enterobacter cloacae (14.28%) were found, (4) isolate of both Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.42%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (11.42%) were found, (2) isolates Acinetobacter spp. (5.7%), and (1) isolated of Citrobacter spp. (2.85%) were isolated. All isolates were subjected to produce colanic acid extracellularly. It was found that colanic was produced at high level by Klebsiella pneumoniae (97 ?g\ml); followed by E. coli (82 ?g\ml) and then Enterobacter cloacae (73 ?g\ml), whereas Acinetobacter and Citrobacter produced this acid sugar at low level (16 ?g\ml) and (4 ?g\ml) respectively, on contract to Proteus vulgaris which failed to produce it extracellularly. Cytotoxic necrotizing facter-1 gene obtained from E. coli was used as PCR marker for detection of CNF-1 in E. coli and other gram negative bacteria which are isolated in the present study. Besides, this factor was detected in whole DNA genome and also in DNA plasmid. It was observed that amplicons were found in all bacterial DNA extracted from E. coli, Klebsiella, Enterobacter and Proteus. At the same time, amplicons were detected in plasmids extracted from Enterobacter and Proteus." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Investigation on Colanic acid ","Molecular Detection of Cytotoxic ","Necrotizing Factor ","Operative Wound Infections"], "publishers" : ["Mohammad Sabri A. Razzaq ","Mohammad A. K. Al saadi"," Rafeef A. Saeed Al-Amean "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_307.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_307.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_307.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:24", "views" : 512, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :309 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Impact of Age and Laterality on the Response of Gonadotropin Hormone Therapy (HCG) in Undescended Teste", "abstract" : "Purpose: To evaluate the role of Gonadotropin (HCG) Hormone in bilateral and unilateral undescended testis in young and old age children, and its benefit for descent, with surgical out come results after therapy. Material and Method: A prospective study on 117 patients (147 testis) with cryptorchidism, evaluated in AL-KUT general hospital from April 2005 to April 2009.Thirty of them with bilateral undescended (60 testis), and 87 patients with unilateral undescended testis,19 testis were impalpable and 128 testis were palpable. Patients divided into two group according to their age, from one years to five years 85 patients (110 testis) [25 bilateral (50 testis) and 60 unilateral], given 500 IU of HCG weekly intramuscularly for five weeks, and second group 32 patients (37testis) [5 bilateral(10 testis) and 27 unilateral] from five years to eight years, given1500 IU of HCG weekly intramuscularly for five weeks. Then patients were evaluated clinically, for descent and palpability. All patient not response to therapy and those with partial descent, orchiopexy done for them, and surgical out come results were evaluated. Results: Descent occur more in bilateral undescended testis (33.3%) than unilateral group (10.3%), and more in younger age group (22.7%) than older age group (10.8%). We found that 5 testis (26.3%) were palpable from 19 impalpable testis, all of them young age group, while 50 low canalicular palpable testis become prescrotal (39%). We achieve success rate of 19.7% dropped after one year to (10%) due to relapse in 15 testis. The surgical out come was objective as easily descent to scrotum with short time of manipulation due to long spermatic cord with easily hernial sac isolation. Conclusion: HCG treatment should be limited to those young children with bilateral low undescended testes and as combination therapy with surgery to facilitate surgical descent, otherwise HCG treatment in older age will delay the operative procedure." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Impact of Age","Laterality","Gonadotropin Hormone Therapy"], "publishers" : ["Adnan Muttr"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_309.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_309.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_309.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:24", "views" : 578, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :310 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Lipids and Vitamin C Levels of Male Cigarette Smokers in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria", "abstract" : "Two hundred male subjects were selected randomly in parts of Delta State out of which 100 were cigarette smokers and another 100 non-smokers which served as control. Serum ascorbic acid level (AA), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL- C) were determined in all the samples taken from the subjects. Results were compared using the T-test at p<0.001. The serum level of vitamin C in smokers (0.81 ± 0.06 mg/dl) was found to be significantly lower than for non-smokers (1.10 ± 0.05 mg/dl); HDL-C level in smokers (30.82 ± 3..08 mg/dl) was found to be significantly decreased in smokers as against non-smokers (47.48 ± 2.85mg/dl); TC level in smokers (274.84 ± 11.16mg/dl) was significantly higher than non-smokers (166.68 ± 6.78mg/dl); TG level in smokers (250.38 ± 6.79mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (149.39 ± 4.15mg/dl); LDL-C level in smokers (194.02 ± 11.13mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (88.99 ± 7.56mg/dl); VLDL- C level of smokers (50.07 ± 1.35 mg/dl) was significantly increased in smokers as against non-smokers (29.86 ± 0.82mg/dl). The data obtained are useful for the control of cigarette smoking which causes heart diseases and reduction in anti-oxidation capacity of the body" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Lipids"," Vitamin C"," Cardiovascular disease"," Cigarette Smoking"], "publishers" : ["Adikema"," N.A","Adu"," E.M."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_310.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_310.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_310.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:40:18", "views" : 573, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :311 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Combination of Clomifene Citrate (CC) and L-Carnitine (LC) Significantly Reduces Spermatozoal Lipid Peroxidation (LP) in Obese Male Idiopathic Subfertile Normozoospermic Patients", "abstract" : "Objective: To study the effect of a combination of CC and LC in decrease of spermatozoal LP and improvement sperm quality in obese male idiopathic subfertile normozoospermic patients. Design: A prospective study. Setting: Maternity and Childhood hospital. Patient and Method(s): 35 proven obese male idiopathic subfertile normozoospermic patients were given CC and LC for 3 months ,10 subfertile patient did not received any medication except placebo.10 healthy proven fertile man served as control volunteers group. Their semen analyses and spermatozoal Malondialdehyde (MDA) assay were carried out as an index of spermatozoal LP before and after course of treatment. Results: There is high statistically significant differences (P<0.05) in mean of MDA concentration in post-treated group when compared to non-treated group of obese male idiopathic subfertile patients and control group. Significant increase (P<0.05) in sperm vitality in combination post-treated group when compared to non-treated group of obese male idiopathic normozoospermic subfertile patients and control group. Conclusion(s): This study suggests that a combination of CC and L-C reduced spermatozoal lipid peroxidation (MDA) with improving sperm vitality in obese male idiopathic subfertile normozoospermic patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Combination of Clomifene Citrate ","L-Carnitine (LC) ","Spermatozoal Lipid Peroxidation (LP) "," Idiopathic Subfertile Normozoospermic Patients"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed S. Al-Hilli Noorhan "," Shakir Mhao "," Najah R. Haddi "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_311.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_311.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_311.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:35", "views" : 587, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :312 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison of the Use of Tropisetron and Metoclopromid in the Prevention of Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting", "abstract" : "Post –operative nausea and vomiting remain among the most common and distressing symptoms occurring after surgery under general anesthesia .In the current study we compare the prophylactic antiemetic effect of Tropisetron, Metoclopromid, and placebo. All are given as identical oral capsules 2 hours pre-operatively . 90 patients undergoing major surgery were divided in to 3groups each group contain 30 patient (15 male and 15 female) and were observed for at least 24 hours after operation . The study revealed that nausea and vomiting occurred was reduced in Tropisetron treated patients than placebo treated patients. And the percentage of nausea and vomiting of Tropisetron treated patients was reduced to 30% while in Metoclopromid treated patients reduced to 43.3% and placebo was 60%.We conclude that post-operative nausea and vomiting were reduced when Tropisetron given prophelacticaly than Metoclopromid and placebo." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Use of Tropisetron","Metoclopromid","Post-Operative Nausea","Vomiting"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Jawad","Malath Azeez Jebur"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_312.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_312.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_312.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"21/11/2017 22:18:31", "views" : 471, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :313 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Isolation of Neisseiria Gonorrhoeae from Women with and without Intrauterine Contraceptive Device", "abstract" : "In this study 180 endocervical swabs were taken from women attending to Babylon Hospital for Maternity and Children in Hilla city suffering from cervicitis.They divided into two groups: 90 samples taken from IUCDs users and the other 90 sample taken from non-IUCDs users. The study showed that the rate of infection with N. gonorrhoeae and E. coli in women with IUCDs was less than women without IUCDs and the most common age group of women with IUCD was (31-35) year. The rate of infection with Actinomyces was higher in women that used IUCDs in comparison with women that not used IUCDs,there for we can regard the IUCDs preferable to use in women exposed to infection with N. gonorrhoeae ,as well as we should advice to use the IUCDs in women that in age group 35 year and more. N. gonorrhoeae isolates were subjected for antibiotic susceptibility test. It was seen that all isolates were sensitive to Ceftriaxone and in lesser degree to Cefixime and also isolates showed resistance to Tetracycline." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Isolation of Neisseiria Gonorrhoeae ","Intrauterine Contraceptive Device"], "publishers" : ["Ouday Hussein K. AL-Janabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_313.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_313.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_313.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:26", "views" : 583, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :314 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Molecular Detection of cylA and Investigation of Heamolysin Type in Enterococcus faecalis", "abstract" : "In this study, 39 isolates of Enterococcus faecalis were collected from different source (stool, urine and vagina). It was seen that 79.4% of the isolates are non –hemolyticon human blood agar, where20.6% were hemolytic. Since,5.1% revealed?-hemolysis and 15.5% ?-hemolysis. All ?-hemolytic isolates were from urine and vagina samples but not from stool samples . Moreover, investigation for cytolysinA(cylA)by using specific primer and PCR technique was showed that all isolates from different sources gave positive amplicons with cylA primer. cytolysinA may be part from Hly activity in Enterococcus faecalis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Enterococcus faecalis","Molecular Detection","Heamolysin Type","PCR"], "publishers" : ["Sara Adil Abead","Mohammed Sabri Abdul-Razzaq","Jawad Kadhum Tarrad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_314.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_314.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_314.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:38:59", "views" : 561, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :315 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacterial Profile and Risk Factors Associated with Typical Pneumonia", "abstract" : "The main aim of this study was to detect the bacterial profile associated with typical pneumonia. Some risk factors represented by age, sex, residence,smoking and comorbidity illness and their effect on incidence of pneumonia were considered. For this, a total of, 142 proofly pneumonic patients who referred to Marjan Teaching Hospital and consultant clinic for respiratory and chest diseases were studied during a six- month period from October 2012 to March 2013. The bacterial causes were determined in 126 (88.7%) sputum samples out of 142 samples under study. Bacterial isolates represented by 49 isolates (34.5%) of Streptococcus pneumoniae, 26 isolates (18.4%) of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 21 isolates (14.8%) of Neisseria meningitidis, 4 isolates (2.8%) of Staphylococcus aureus , 4 isolates (2.8%) of Haemophillus influenzae and 2 isolates (1.4%) of Streptococcus pyogenes . Mix growth was found in 20 isolates (14.0%). Patients aged above 49 years were more susceptible for pneumonia. Males 89 cases (62.7%) were found to be more susceptible for infection compared with females 53 cases (37.3%). The urban residence individuals revealed a high frequency of pneumonia 78 cases (55%) versus 64 cases (45%) of rural residence individuals. Pneumonia was high incidence in smoker patients 92 (64.8%) compared with non-smoker patients 50 (35.2). Patients with comorbidity illness were more also susceptible to pneumonia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bacterial Profile","Risk Factors","Typical Pneumonia"], "publishers" : ["Habeeb S.Naher","Mohammad J.K. Al-Taa e"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_315.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_315.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_315.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:23", "views" : 654, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :318 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Crude Oil of Black Seeds (Nigella sativa) on White Blood Cell and Hematocrit of Male Albino Mice Treated with Low Toxic Dose of Paracetamol", "abstract" : "The study was carried out to investigate the effect of crude oil of black seeds (Nigella sativa) on white blood cell and hematocrit of mice treated with low toxic dose of paracetamol. The study included twenty (20) adult male mice Balb/c randomly divided into four groups. Group1 was injected intra peritoneal with 300 mg / kg body weight (B.W.) of paracetamol which considered as low toxic dose, followed by 0.3 ml of normal saline(0.9 % w/v) was administrated orally . Group2; mice administrated orally with 0.3 ml of crude traditional oil of Nigella sativa, then injected intra peritoneal with 0.3 ml of normal saline(0.9 % w/v). Group3, mice injected intra peritoneal with 300 mg / kg (B.W.) of paracetamol , then administrated orally with 0.3 ml of crude traditional oil of Nigella sativa . Group4 the control group, mice injected intra peritoneal with with 0.3 ml of normal saline (0.9 % w/v), then administrated orally again with 0.3 ml of normal saline. The experimental time of treatment were 24 hours for all groups. The total leukocyte counts (TLC), differential lecukocyte count (DLC) and hematocrit (Hct) was determined. Statistical analysis of data demonstrated significant increase (p<0.05) in TLC, lymphocyte count, neutrophils %, neutrophils count and lymphocyte count of mice treated with Nigella sativa crude oil only and with (300 mg/kg) B.W of low toxic dose of paracetamol groups. Treatment with low toxic paracetamol (300mg/kg) and crude oil of Nigella sativa show no significant changes in hematocrit (Hct) value in mice between the four groups." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Nigella sativa","White Blood Cell","Hematocrit of Male Albino Mice","Low Toxic Dose of Paracetamol"], "publishers" : ["Zainab Hadi Kamil"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_318.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_318.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_318.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 10:12:32", "views" : 617, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :319 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Safety of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatography (ERCP) in Elderly (over 80), Patients: Single Centre Experience", "abstract" : "Background: ERCP is an invasive procedure which combines the use of x ray and endoscopy to provide a reliable way for diagnosis and treatment of hepatobiliary diseases. The diagnostic role of ERCP has largely been replaced by MRCP (Magnetic Resonance cholangiopancreatography). The valuable use of ERCP has, however, been associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Aims: 1) determine the safety of ERCP procedure in elderly patients. 2) compare the local complication rates with international standards using international large scale studies and British Society of Gastroenterology audit rates as standards. Patients and Methods: 1) Retrospective study on 106 elderly patients (over 80) 2)Cases were identified using local register and profoma used to collect data. 3)Completed data were submitted for collation and statistical analysis. Results: The research revealed the following rates for local complications. 1) acute pancreatitis: 5%. 2) Hemorrhage: 0%. 3) Acute cholangitis: 1%. 4) Dudenal perforation: 0%. 5) Death: 1%. Conclusions: 1) Elderly patients tolerate ERCP as good as young patients despite their advanced age and co-morbidities. 2) The local complication rates fall within the international ranges" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ERCP"," Pancreatitis"," cholangitis"," Perforation"], "publishers" : ["Ali Alshareefy","K Walsh"," P Harte"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_3_319.jpg","full_file" : "9_3_319.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_3_319.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:23", "views" : 613, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :320 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of Sortase Enzymes and Cyl operon A and B of Streptococcus Agalactiae by PCR", "abstract" : "In this study , 20 isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae which isolated from women with vaginitis , were involved for this study. Sortase A & C1 genes were detected by PCR . It was seen that all isolates contain Sortase A gene and only three isolates were found to have Sortase C1 gene. Also, Cyl operon A & B genes were identified by PCR . It was found that all isolates contain Cyl A gene and only three were found to have Cyl B gene. The aims of this study was to detected of Sortase enzyme & Cyl operon A & B in GBS isolates by PCR among clinical isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Sortase Enzymes","Cyl operon A and B","PCR","Streptococcus Agalactiae"], "publishers" : ["Alaq Saleem al-khalidi","Samraa Suhail Al-taee","Mohammed Sabri Abdul-Razzaq"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "05 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_320.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_320.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_320.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:06:47", "views" : 608, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :329 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Epidemiological and Molecular Study for Candida spp in Vagina", "abstract" : "The present study is a case control study where 120 clinically patient women during the period from 1st of March – 28th of December 2012 who were tested to prove C. albicans presence in their vagina by culture of vaginal swab on two media, the first was used for primary isolation which was Sabouraud´s dextrose agar media and the second was to differentiate Candida spp. The last identification was achieved by conventional PCR. Results of this study presented that the highest invasion of the vagina of Candida spp was accounted for C. albicans (38.3%) while other species were as follows: C. galabrata (3.3%), C. tropicalis (2.5%) and C. krusie (1%). " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["C. albicans"," CHROMagar"," vaginitis"," Non-albicans species"," Hay/Ison criteria"," PCR."], "publishers" : ["Zainab A. Abbas"," Salman Aziz","Abbas Abdul-Mueed "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "06 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_329.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_329.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_329.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:36:11", "views" : 1785, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :330 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Abnormal Vaginal Signs and Symptoms among Attendees of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Shaqlawa Hospital", "abstract" : "Background and objectives: Vaginal symptoms are among the most common reasons of visits in clinical practice, and occur frequently in women during their reproductive life, resulting very often in consulting an obstetrician or a gynecologist. The objectives of the study were finding out the proportion of women affected by abnormal vaginal signs and symptoms and to find out the factors that are associated with any of these signs and symptoms. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 285 women (patients) consulting gynecologist, between 1st of Jan to 30th of Dec 2011, in the Shaqlawa Hospital, Erbil. Data were collected by an interview, using a questionnaire and observing clinical features based on guidelines issued by Center for Disease Control & Prevention and 2011 European Guidelines on the Management of Vaginal Discharge. Results: The majority of the study sample (87.4%) had at least one abnormal vaginal sign and symptom. There was statistically significant association between presence of vaginal infection and age, educational level, localized skin disease in vulva and perineum, hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to soap, pads, or clothing, intercourse while using medication for treatment of vaginal infection, wearing nylon (or synthetic) underwear, vaginal douching, using oral contraceptives, having intrauterine contraceptive device and infertility. Conclusion: Abnormal vaginal signs and symptoms are important chief complains with high proportion among women. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence"," abnormal vaginal signs and symptoms"], "publishers" : ["Hmadia Mirkhan Ahmeda","Vian Haji Rasoolb","Namir Ghanim Al-Tawilc"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "06 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_330.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_330.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_330.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:52:01", "views" : 1280, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :331 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Risk Factors for Pre Mature Ovarian Failure in Women from Babylon/ Iraq", "abstract" : "Background: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a common cause of infertility in women characterized by amenorrhea, hypoestrogenism and elevated gonadotrophin level in women under the age of 40. The ethnic prevalence variations pose possible etiologic differences also due to environmental, genetic, and nutritional factors. Conduction of etiologic studies in different settings or populations can help in improving the knowledge regarding etiology and predictors of POF. Objective: To determine possible risk factors of POF in subset of women from Babylon/Iraq. Patients and Methods: This study includesFifty- three Selected womenfrom Al- Amalclinic for infertility management and treatment in Babylon, patients were categorized in three groups, A: those women are the premature ovarian failure group, (comprise 26 patients, n= 26, age <40years (mean 30.23 years) follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) > 14 mIu\ml). Group B: twelve women who reached natural menopause (n= 12,age ?40 years( mean 42.75 years) FSH> 20 mIu/ml, Group C: Fifteen known normally cycling fertile women mean age 27.06 years, FSH 7.05 mIu/ml (n=15). All studied groups were asked about their maternal age of natural menopause, body mass index (BMI) were calculated and asked about menstrual cycle pattern and if previous fertility is present or not. Blood group type was stated for all women. All inhabitants registered with an address in Babylon\Iraq. Results: There was no significant difference in maternal age of menopause between groups, neither in BMI. Blood group type O ranked higher significant percentage in group A women than other two groups, while other blood types show no significant difference. Sixty-five percent of group A women presented with infertility and irregular menstruation was reported in 80.8% of participants in the same group, which is significantly different from group B and C. Conclusion: Maternal age of menopause constitute no risk factor for POF in our study population this may be due to the fact that they have underwent extensive psychological and environmental pollution in the last 20 years that have detrimental effect on ovarian reserve of the female , or may be due to small sample size. Blood group O seems to be a risk factor as well as the presence of previous infertility and menstrual irregularities. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["POF"," premature menopause"," risk factors"," blood group type"], "publishers" : ["Hanan Abduljabbar Al-taee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "06 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_331.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_331.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_331.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:09:58", "views" : 1029, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :340 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 10}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Amniotic Membrane Transplantation for Primary Pterygium Surgery", "abstract" : "Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of primary pterygium excision with adjunctive amniotic membrane transplantation. Methods: In an interventional case series, 25 consecutive patients with primary pterygia underwent surgical excision with transplantation of fresh amniotic membrane onto bare sclera in Al-Hakeem general Hospital at Al Najaf city. Patients were followed for at least 12 months and the results were evaluated in terms of recurrent pterygium growth and complications. Results: 25 of 25 consecutive patients including 14 male and 11 female subjects with mean age of 40±8.8 years were operated. The pterygia extended onto the corneas for 4.2±1.2 (range 3 to 5.5) mm. Only one eye (4%) demonstrated recurrent pterygium growth. Conclusion: Primary pterygium excision with amniotic membrane transplantation is safe and effective surgical technique with low recurrence rate ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Amniotic Membrane","Transplantation","Primary Pterygium Surgery"], "publishers" : ["Hussein A.Alhammami"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "10_4_340.jpg","full_file" : "10_4_340.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "10_4_340.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:24", "views" : 593, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :336 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Association between Thyroid Hormones and Lipid Profile in Patients with Primary Hyperthyroidism", "abstract" : "Background: Thyroid hormones are important at cellular level, affecting nearly every type of tissue in the body. Objectives: The present study was carried out to determine whether thyroid hormones affect lipid profile in patients with hyperthyroidism. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on 22 hyperthyroid patients (11 men and 11 women), with mean age 48.5±13.1 years and 24 apparently healthy control (12 men and 12 wome), with mean age 49.5±11.4 years). Serum levels of, thyroid stimulated hormone TSH, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) were measured by ELISA technique, and total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipo-protein cholesterol (HDL-C), and Triglyceride (TG) were measured spectrophotometrically, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C ) were calculated. Results: Thyroid stimulated hormone TSH, lipids and lipoproteins (TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C ) levels of patients were significantly lower than those of the control group ( p> 0.05). And there were significant increases in serum thyroid hormones T4, T3 values (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Hyperthyroidism is associated with decrease levels of lipoprotein, caused by increased hepatic uptake due to an enhanced affinity for the LDL receptor, and regulatory protein of TG (ApoAV)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Association","Thyroid Hormones","Lipid Profile"], "publishers" : ["Ferdos A. Alterihy"," Khawla A. shemran"," Abdulsamie H. Alta’ee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_336.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_336.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_336.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 12:19:15", "views" : 1138, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :337 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Excision of the Tunica Vaginalis as New Modality for Adult Hydrocelectomy", "abstract" : "The present article, describe a new surgical technique for hydrocele. This technique involves total excision of tunica vaginalis sac. This surgical method was different from that of the standard operative procedures-Jabouley s and Lord s. Our technique required no suture material in thin tunica vaginalis sac and running suturing for this with thick sac .Thus the technique appeared to be simple and safe, and minimize the postoperative scrotal and testicular swelling ,which is the most troublesome problem following the standard operative procedures. even when carried out by junior surgeon" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["hydrocele"," tunica vaginalis"," hydrocelectomy"], "publishers" : ["Abdul Razzaq Al-Salman"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_337.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_337.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_337.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:18:35", "views" : 1096, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :405 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Alkaline Phosphatase and Catalase Activitites in Hemorrhoid Patients", "abstract" : "This study determines the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and catalase activities in sera of hemorrhoid patients compared with healthy controls. The design of the project includes (12) hemorrhoid patients (males only) and (12) healthy males. The results shown significant decrease in alkaline phosphatase activity in hemorrhoid patients compared with healthy controls(P= 0.0002). Catalase activity significantly increased in hemorrhoid patients compared with healthy(P=0.0000) .The time effectual on catalase activity was study and shown significantly decrease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hemorrhoid Patients","Alkaline Phosphatase","Catalase Activitites","Evaluation of Alkaline"], "publishers" : ["Rana Abd Al-Aly","Lamia","A.M.AI-Mashhedy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_405.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_405.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_405.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:20:01", "views" : 921, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :406 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Determination of Salbutamol by Spectrophotometric Method in Pure and Pharmaceutical Preparations Using Jones Oxidation", "abstract" : "A simple sensitive and reproducible spectrophotometric method have been developed for the determination of Salbutamol in pure form or in a tablet. The proposed method is based on the oxidation of hydroxyl group of Salbutamol with chromic acid. The green blue color of reduced Cr+3 ion were measured at ?max 582 nm. Linearity was observed from 20 to 250 ?g/ml with detection limit 10 ?g/ml. the method is successfully employed for determination of salbutamol in pharmaceutical formulation. The proposed method offers the advantages of simplicity, reproducibility, rapidity and sensitivity without the need for extraction or chemical derivatization. The method described could be applied to routine quality control of tablets contain salbutamol. Statistical comparison of the results with the reference method shows an excellent agreement, and indicates no significant difference in accuracy and precision. The reliability of the methods has been ascertained by recovery studies." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Salbutamol","Spectrophotometric Method","Jones Oxidation","Pharmaceutical Preparations"], "publishers" : ["Omer A. Hasan","Huda M. Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_406.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_406.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_406.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:01:17", "views" : 1080, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :467 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Relationship between Antioxidants Glutathione and Total ?-L- Fucose as Tumor Markers in Breast Cancer Patients", "abstract" : "Glutathione (GSH), and total alpha-L- Fucose (TF) in patients with proved breast cancer have been estimated to find the possibility of using such parameters as a biomarker in the diagnosis of breast cancer patients compared to control. Sera of ( 100 ) breast cancer patients has been taken(from December 2006 to December 2007) to estimate the levels of GSH and TF. The result of the study revealed that serum GSH concentration decrease in breast cancer patients, while serum TF concentration increases in the same patients. Stage II is the most common stage with breast cancer patients where there were 71 cases of stage II.The most common of age is the ranging age from 40-49 years old. So this study recommends the use of these biomarker to early detect the disease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antioxidants Glutathione","Total ?-L- Fucose","Tumor Markers","Breast Cancer Patients"], "publishers" : ["Mufeed J.Ewadh","Nadia Hassan Kadhum","Kadhium J.Al Hamdani"," Alaa S.Alawad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_467.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_467.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_467.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 16:13:43", "views" : 766, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :332 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence and Associated Factors of Suicidal Behavior among Secondary School Students in Kut City", "abstract" : "Background: Adolescent suicidal behavior is a neglected public health issue especially in middle and low-income countries. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of suicidal behavior among secondary school students in Kut City and to identify some variables that might be associated with suicidal behavior. Methodology: A cross-sectional school-based study of 1067 students. Data were collected using the supervised self-administered questionnaire based on a Global School-based Student Health Survey ‘‘GSHS’’ questionnaire. Results: 8.3% (89 out of 1067) of the students had suicidal behavior (suicidal ideation and attempts). Factors significantly related to adolescents’ suicidal behavior are [depression includes : feeling of loneliness, felt sad or hopeless], anxiety, poor school grade, and subjected to corporal punishment at home. Conclusion: The suicidal behavior of adolescents may be influenced by psycho-social, educational factors such as poor mental health, poor school grade, and subjected to corporal punishment." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence ","Associated Factors ","Suicidal Behavior"], "publishers" : ["Issam S. Ismail* "," Khalida Abdulsatar** ","Hassan A. Baey***"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_332.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_332.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_332.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:55", "views" : 701, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :341 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Synergy of Antimicrobial Combinations against Bacteria Isolated from Burned Infected Patients", "abstract" : "In this study, (100) wound swabs and (65) blood samples were collected from (100) patients suffering from burn wound infections with the age range between (1.5-45) years old from both sexes. The period of collection was extended from November 2011 to March 2012. All samples were subjected to identify the bacterial cultivation, and different types of bacteria were isolated which caused burn wounds infections. The predominant bacteria was P.aerugenusa for gram negative, and for gram positive was S.aureus. The effect of Silver sulfadiazine (SSD) and povidon iodin (PI) on bacterial isolats were studied and the results showed there is no great difference between the effect of SSD and PI on all the studied bacterial isolates. The combination between (SSD) and (PI) and between (SSD) and some systimic antibiotics where studied and the results showed that the effects of combined antimicrobial on isolated bacteria become better than the use these antimicrobial alone." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Assessment of Synergy","Antimicrobial Combinations","Bacteria Isolated"], "publishers" : ["Nktel f. Al-saad","Mohammed S. AL-Saeed","Ilham A. Bnyan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_341.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_341.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_341.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:22", "views" : 562, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :342 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacteriological and Hematological Study on Neonatal Sepsis", "abstract" : "This study aimed to detect the bacterial types which cause neonatal sepsis in addition to identifying the risk factors that result in the infection of this disease. The subjects of the study comprised (50) neonates ranging in age between one to ninety days from both sexes who admitted to the Preterm Unit and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in the Babylon Hospital for Pediatric and Gynecology, from October 2011 to March 2012. The blood samples were examined for the WBC count and the C-reactive protein as signs for the infection. Then, a blood culture was made on blood agar, MacConkey agar, and nutrient agar media to identify the bacterial types causing the infection. The results indicated that Early Onset Sepsis is more common than Late Onset Sepsis and Gram negative bacteria are the main cause for sepsis. Abnormal WBC count and positive CRP are strongly associated with blood culture proven septicemia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bacteriological"," Hematological"," Neonatal Sepsis"], "publishers" : ["Khamael Adnan Baqir","Habeeb S. Naher"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_342.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_342.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_342.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:58:06", "views" : 978, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :343 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Biochemical Changes in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "This study was designed to investigate the changes of some biochemical parameters in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Babylon province. Ninty patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (45 males and 45 females) and 40 healthy controls (20 males and 20 females) included in present study. Patients were classified into 3 groups: group1 included newly diagnosed patients, group 2 included patients after two months from starting treatment and group 3 included patients after six months from starting treatment. The mean age was 44 ± 2 years for patients and 42 ± 2 years for the control. It has been found that values of Creactive protein (CRP), calcium and sodium for males zinc for both sexes were insignificantly changed but for CRP, calcium and sodium for females were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with group 2. Values of zinc for both sexes were insignificantly changed while values of CRP, calcium and sodium for both sexes were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with group 3. This study showed that values of CRP, calcium, zinc and sodium for both sexes were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with healthy controls. Values of zinc and potassium for both sexes, calcium and sodium for females were insignificantly changed while values of CRP for both sexes, calcium and sodium for males were significantly changed in group 2 in comparison with group 3. This study showed that values of potassium for both sexes were insignificantly changed while values of CRP, calcium, zinc and sodium for both sexes were significantly changed in group 2 in comparison with healthy controls. The results proved that values of CRP and potassium for both sexes, calcium and sodium for males were insignificantly changed while values of calcium and sodium and for females were significantly changed in group 3 in comparison with healthy controls." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Biochemical Changes "," Pulmonary Tuberculosis"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Obaid Al-muhammadi Hayder Gali Al-Shammery "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_343.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_343.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_343.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 14:55:46", "views" : 1242, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :344 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Cardiovascular Manifestations of Hypothyroidism", "abstract" : "Background: In hypothyroidism the heart muscle is weakened in both its contraction phase, and also its relaxation phase. This means that the heart cannot pump as vigorously as it should, and the amount of blood it ejects with each heart beat is reduced. In addition, because heart muscle does not relax normally in between heart beats, a potentially serious condition called diastolic dysfunction may result. Aim: To evaluate the Prevalence of cardiovascular disorders in patients with primary hypothyroidism, and the relationship between these disorders and other factors like Age, Sex, BMI, and thyroid function status. Methods: From January 2010 to April 2010, 43 patients were involved in the study, (39 females and 4 males), aging from 41 to 77 years. They were known to have primary hypothyroidism and were randomly chosen from the attendants of the unit of endocrinology at Al-Kadhmyia Teaching Hospital- Baghdad. They approved to participate by filling a questionnaire form involved age, sex, weight, first TSH reading, history of IHD, occurrence of hypertension, ECG, Arrhythmias, Chest X-ray, Echocardiogram, and lipid profile. The collected data were statistically analyzed by using SPSS and Chi-square test to compare discrete variables. Results and Discussion: Patients participated in the study were of age ranging from 41-77 years (mean 56) which indicates the occurrence of hypothyroidism in old age group. They were 4 males and 39 females which suggests that hypothyroidism is a female disorder rather than of male. The patients of the study were of body mass index ranging from 26-28 which refer to the overweight characteristic of the disease. 79.1% of the patients were having mild elevation in TSH level (6.1-9.2mIU/L), and 20.9% of them were having marked TSH elevation (10.4-12.8mIU/L). Hypertension occurred in 44.2% of patients, 68.4% of them were of diastolic type due to that in hypothyroidism, the smooth muscles of the blood vessels are contracted forcing the heart to push the blood through smaller openings in the vessels resulting in raising the diastolic blood pressure. Hypothyroidism can results in worsening of coronary artery disease, as 23.3% of patients were having history of IHD. By examining the ECG of patients involved in the study, 32.6% of them showed atrial fibrillation as hypothyroidism prolongs the cardiac action potential resulting in ventricular irritability, premature beats and bradycardias. Examination of Chest X-ray and Echocardiogram of patients of the study reveals that 30.2% of them were having Cardiomegaly and pericardial effusion respectively due to increased capillary permeability, impaired lymphatic drainage and enhanced avidity for salt and water. Lipid profile for all patients of the study showed elevation in the levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides over the normal ranges, and normal level of HDL. Conclusion: Primary hypothyroidism occurred in old, overweighed females, and associated with cardiovascular manifestations which may be the only manifestations of thyroid dysfunction." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cardiovascular Manifestations ","Hypothyroidism"], "publishers" : ["Mahmood Shakir Alzaidy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_344.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_344.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_344.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:22", "views" : 606, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :345 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Calcium and Phosphate Excretion in Preeclampsia, as Markers of Severe Disease", "abstract" : "Background: Preeclampsia is defined as hypertension of at least 140/90 mmHg recorded on at least two separate occasions and at least 4 hours apart and in presence of at least 300 mg protein in a 24 hour collection of urine, arising de novo after 20th week of pregnancy in a previously normotensive woman and resolving completely by the 6th postpartum week, and is often referred to as the disease of theories, and there are more questions than answers and is characterized by alterations in renal function, changes of electrolyte and water metabolism are common findings. Aim of study: To evaluate the usefulness of urine calcium and phosphorus level as a makers of severity in preeclampsia. Setting: Our study was carried out at AL-Zahraa Teaching Hospital of Maternity and pediatrics in AL-NAJAF city from April-September-2011 . Patients and methods: The total number of all cases was 100, among them 21 women with normal pregnancy , 26 cases with non proteinuric hypertension(whether essential or pregnancy-induced hypertension) , 20 cases with mild preeclampsia , 33 cases with sever preeclampsia . Every patient was sent for urinary calcium and phosphate which both were determined by the Kramer-Tisdall and phosphomolibidic acid method, respectively. Data are given as mean ± standard deviation. Student t- test and simple correlation analysis were used as statistical method to test the results . Results: There was significant decrease in excretion of calcium and phosphorus in sever preeclampsia[p< 0.001,p< 0.01] respectively as a result of decrease glomerular filtration rate. While in mild cases and pregnancy induced hypertension cases there were no significant changes. Conclusion: Urine calcium and phosphorus level are ?significant determinant of severity of preeclampsia and may be considered as useful marker for predicting the level of renal impairment and time of delivery." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Calcium","Phosphate Excretio","Preeclampsia"], "publishers" : ["Basima Shamkhi Al-Ghazali","Batool Abdulwahid Hashim"," Khoulod Abdul Wahid Habib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_345.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_345.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_345.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:33", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :346 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Don’t Let Hemophilia Slow Them Down", "abstract" : "At hemophilic centre in Merjan Teaching Hospital a ( 56) patients with severe hemophilia were investigated using a pre-structured questionnaire,were measuring mainly (4) parameters: Factor availability , academic achievement and work attendance , immediate and long term rehabilitation and participation in sport and physical activities. Due to perennial and then subsequent shortages of replacement therapy, and lacking of immediate and long term rehabilitation measures , most of patients developed various form of chronic arthropathies and disabilities with poor school and work attendance and most of them confined to their home with no employment , and were not participated in sport or physical activities." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["hemophilic centre","Merjan Teaching Hospital","pre-structured questionnaire",""], "publishers" : ["Sabah J. AL-Rubiae","Nihad A. AL-Jubori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_346.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_346.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_346.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"12/11/2017 10:06:26", "views" : 610, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :347 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Clinical application of Tooth Size Analysis among Different Malocclusion Groups (A Cross Sectional, Comparative, Cephalometric Study)", "abstract" : "Objective: The aim of the investigation was to compare overall and anterior Bolton ratios in different malocclusion groups of sample of Iraqi patients applying for orthodontic treatment and to compare them with Bolton’s standards. Setting: cross-sectional, comparative, cephalometric study. Methods: Cross sectional data was gathered from the study casts of patients need orthodontic treatment, after obtaining informed written consent from them. 130 out of 150 study casts were filtered based upon the inclusion and exclusion criteria. ANB angle was traced on corresponding lateral cephalograms. The mesio distal widths of all maxillary and mandibular teeth from right first molar to left first molar were calibrated with the use of a manual caliper. There were 55 class I,38 class II division 1,21 class II division 2 and 21 class III. The overall and anterior Bolton ratios for malocclusion group were compared with Bolton standard using students t-test Results: Significantly higher mean anterior tooth ratios were found for skeletal CL II\1(p<0.01) patients. All other ratios were within close range of Bolton’s norms. Conclusions: Skeletal Class II patients showed a tendency towards higher mesio- distal widths of teeth in the maxillary anterior region." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Clinical application","Tooth Size Analysis","among Different Malocclusion Groups"], "publishers" : ["Zinah Tawfeeq Neamah"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_347.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_347.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_347.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:49:00", "views" : 996, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :348 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Role Epstein Barr Virus in Chronic Tonsillitis in Karbala City", "abstract" : "Ninety five tonsil specimens and blood samples were collected from patients suffering from chronic tonsillitis who had attended Al-Hussain General Teaching Hospital in Karbala during the period from October 2010 to January 2011.The age of the patients ranged from (2 to 37) years. The biopsies were immediately kept in 10% formalin. Blood samples (2-5)ml were separated into 2 parts for serological analysis and lymphocyte studies. Results of cytological test were revealed that from 80 tonsils biopsy,30 samples showed EBV pathogenic changes (infectious mononucleosis)IM characterized by large nuclei in the lymphocytes as the main characteristics of EBV infection, While 50 samples showed no IM. Results of serological tests were included the ELISA technique which used IgA kit revealed that the immune response to EBV showed each response to primary exposure during early childhood and continued with life due to continuous activation of latent virus that was possibly related to recurrent tonsillitis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Role Epstein Barr Virus "," Chronic Tonsillitis"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed A.Muhsin ","Aliaa Mohammed Hammod"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_348.jpg","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "N/A" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:23", "views" : 942, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :349 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Corneal Thickness Measurement with Optical and Ultrasonic Pachymetry", "abstract" : "Background: Evaluation of central and peripheral corneal thickness is of great clinical importance in the ophthalmology. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the optical and ultrasound pachymetric measurements by comparing the central corneal thickness measurements obtained by the (SP 3000 pachymeter from TOMEY) and Allegro Oculyzer (pentacam ) pachymeter. Patients and methods: 28 patients attending the photorefractive surgery unit at IBSAR LASIK center in ALnajaf were collected. The patients were grouped into three major groups according to the refractive errors they got and the central corneal thickness for each patient was measured by two methods:1. using the Allegro Oculyzer (pentacam) as a non contact optical pachymeter.2. using the ultrasonic pachymeter SP 3000 pachymeter from TOMEY, all measurments were done by the same surgeon. Results: the findings of this study reported that the ultrasound pachymeter significantly overestimates the corneal thickness by about 2.85 micron and the eyes with refractive errors ranging from 0 to -6D in our study have higher optical central corneal thickness values than ultrasonic values but the differences were statistically non significant. Conclusion: Ultrasound pachymetry overestimates the corneal thickness measurements compared to optical pachymetry and they should not be used interchangeably during sequential checking of this ocular parameter" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Corneal Thickness","Measurement","Optical and Ultrasonic Pachymetry"], "publishers" : ["Hassanain M. Amed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_349.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_349.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_349.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:53:14", "views" : 881, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :350 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Cortical and Gyral Thickness in Pre-central and Post-central Human Brain Cortex of Patient with Headache: MRI Findings", "abstract" : "Headache is one of the man s most common affection. The frequency of disabling headache is explain in part by rich nerve supply to the head (including afferent nerve fibers from trigeminal, glossopharngyal, vagus and upper three cervical nerves), and in part psychological implication of head pain, causing anxiety about even modest headache, head pain can be result of either intra or extracranial disease in the distribution of any of above nerves. The aim is To study the effect of headache on cortical and gyral thickness in the pre-central and post-central regions.This prospective study was done in the MRI unit of AL-kadhimyia teaching hospital from the period of April 2009 to September 2009. The study included 2 groups: group 1 included 28 patients (17 females and 11males) suffering from headache of variable duration, while group 2 included 28 normal subjects as a control. Measurements of the cortical thickness of the pre-central and post-central regions as well as the thickness for the 2 groups were done from the sagittal T1 weighted spine echo image. Statistical significance was indicated by a p value of less than 0.05. A statistically significant Increase in cortical thickness of the post-central region was found in headache patients (4.03± 0.77mm) compared with normal subjects .In patients suffering from headache a statistically significant increase in cortical thickness of the post-central region (4.03± 0.77mm) when compared with that of the pre-cenral region. the cortical thickness in pre- and post-central regions is proportionally increased with the increased duration of headache." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cortical and Gyral Thickness","Pre-central","HeadacheHuman Brain Cortex"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Ubaid Hamza","Mohammed abd kadhim","Mohammed Mohammed Jawad Abass"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_350.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_350.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_350.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:00:59", "views" : 627, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :351 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Relationship of Nitric Oxide and Malondialdehyde to Miscarriage", "abstract" : "The present study was conducted to verify the oxidative stress status in miscarriage .To achieve this aim, 70 women with miscarriage (patient group) , and 25 healthy non pregnant (control group) were subjected to the study. The statistical analysis ( student s t-test) showed a significant (p<0.001) increase of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels , in women with miscarriage when compared with those of the control group . The linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant positive correlation for both MDA values(r =0.47, p<0.01) and NO values(r =0.45, p<0.01) with gestational ages .The same analysis indicated a significant positive correlation for MDA (r =0.73 , p<0.01) and (r =0.71 , p<0.01) for NO levels with the number of previous miscarriages was observed . The results indicate that oxidative stress may lead to miscarriage." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["nitric oxide"," malondialdehyde"," miscarriage."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed M Issa","Balsam G Hassan","Asmaa K. Gatea"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_351.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_351.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_351.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:45:28", "views" : 939, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :352 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Use of Chemically Treated Dermal Collagen Strips for Facial Suspension in Patients with Facial Palsy", "abstract" : "Different techniques can be used to repair facial paralysis, in longstanding cases. Reconstruction is achieved by dynamic suspension methods, microsurgical procedures or static slings. In this study 11 patients with unilateral facial palsy were reconstructed by static slings using fascial substitute which is a chemically treated dermal collagen strips. In 9 patients the results were satisfactory for the patients.Complications included detachment of the strip, undercorrection and scarring. No rejection reaction or infection were recorded." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["facial paralysis","unilateral facial palsy","Dermal Collagen Strips"], "publishers" : ["Ridha A. Al-Sadoon FICMS"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_352.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_352.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_352.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:36", "views" : 844, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :353 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Therapeutic Thoracocentesis on Short Term Peripheral Oxygen Saturation and other Hemodynamics, in Al-Najaf", "abstract" : "Background: Pleural effusion often causes abnormal pulmonary gas exchange. Thoracentesis is commonly used to relieve dyspnea in patient with pleural effusion, but its effect upon arterial oxygenation is varied and poorly understood. Aim of study: To determine the effect of therapeutic thoracentesis on arterial O2 saturation and other hemodynamics. Patients and methods: We studied thirty patients (20 men and 10 women) mean age 44.5 year with unilateral pleural effusion of varied causes. The diagnosis of pleural effusion was depend on clinical and radiological bases. Patients with large pleural effusion were included in this study. At the time of investigation, all patients were clinically stable and each patient was informed about the possible side effect of the Procedure . Results: This study reveals that the arterial O2 saturation was significantly decreased after thoracentesis The pulse rate was significantly decreased after thoracentesis . But no significant changes were found in either blood pressure or respiratory rate . Conclusion: There was a significant reduction in arterial O2 saturation after thoracentesis . There was significant reduction in pulse rate after thoracentesis . while there was no change in blood pressure and respiratory rate" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["thoracentesis"," O2 saturation"," plural effusion"," dyspnea"], "publishers" : ["Sadiq Jebar Almohanaac","Ali H. Almusawyb","Munketh AbdulMuhsen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_353.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_353.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_353.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 22:41:32", "views" : 718, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :355 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Femoral Shaft Fracture in Children Traction and Spica Casting Versus Immediate Spica Casting. (Clinical Comparative Study)", "abstract" : "One hundred child with isolated non complicated femoral shaft fracture included in this clinical comparative study ,between 2005-2007 in Aldiwania teaching hospital. 50 child treated by immediate application of hip spica cast under general anesthesia and discharge of the child at the same day. Other 50 child treated by preliminary skin traction in the hospital for a period 2-3 weeks then after application of hip spica under general anesthesia. After removal of the cast from all the children (6-8 weeks),shorting was seen in all children treated by immediate cast (43 case less than 2 cm ,7 cases more than 2 cm which regarded as a failure) while in other group shorting less than 2 cm was seen in 46 case , and more than 2 cm in 4 cases only.(p value more than 0.05, non significant). After 2 years ,at the last follow up, limb length discrepancy was found only in 5 cases in children treated by immediate casting and in 4 cases treated by delay casting .which is non significant in both group. there’s no significant angulations in both groups on short or late follow up. so we concluded that immediate hip spica cast application as definitive treatment for femoral shaft fracture in children between 2-10 years old represent an a good alternative method for the traditional method of preliminary traction in hospital and then hip spica. In addition its economic , safe, with short hospital stay and rapid return of the child to family." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Femoral Shaft Fracture","Spica Casting Versus","Clinical Comparative Study"], "publishers" : ["Ihssan A.A Alzubady","Hussain H. Almuhana"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_355.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_355.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_355.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:53:23", "views" : 1088, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :354 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "T-Tube Drainage VS Choledochoduodenostomy or pre-operative ERCP for the Management of Intrabiliary Rupture of Hydatid Cyst of the Liver", "abstract" : "Background: Intrabiliary rupture is one of the common complications of hydatid cyst of the liver, with its possible sequel of obstruction, cholangitis and post operative biliary fistula. It should be managed properly, with accurate pre operative diagnosis and proper surgery, both for the cyst and some sort of biliary drainage with the available alternatives common bile duct exploration and T-tube drainage, choledochoduodenostomy or a pre operative endoscopic sphincterotomy, the choice is a matter of controversy. Objectives: To evaluate three methods of biliary drainage, (T-tube, choledochoduodenostomy,or preoparative endoscopic sphincterotomy) during management of intrabiliary rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver, in terms of morbidity and mortality rates. Methods: During the period between October 2001 till October 2007. 92 patients attending Baghdad and Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospitals, presented with symptomatic intrabiliary rupture of hydatid cyst liver disease were included in the study, they complained from abdominal pain and jaundice, all patients were diagnosed preoperatively by ultrasonography, CT scan and Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) was performed in selected patients, 42 patients were selected randomly and subjected preoperatively to ERCP and sphincterotomy, in whom it was successful in only 36 patients. During surgery, the cyst and the associated biliary communication was managed according to the operative circumstances. The common bile duct was explored thoroughly and cleaned of hydatid element. In patient with CBD diameter > 20 mm side to side choledochoduodenostomy was performed ( 7 patients ) , while T- tube drainage was performed in younger age patients with mildly dilated CBD ( 49 patients ) . Those patients in whom a preoperative ERCP and sphincterotomy was successful, surgery was limited to hepatic hydatid cyst only (36 patients). Results: The overall mortality was 1.1%, the morbidity rate was significantly higher in the CD (71.4%) and pre operative ERCP group (47.2%) than the T-tube drainage group (26.5%). There was no significant difference in the rate of development of biliary fistula in the 3 different procedures. Conclusion: T-tube drainage is safe and effective method of biliary drainage during the management of intrabiliary rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver, in terms of morbidity and mortality rates. Pre operative endoscopic sphincterotomy is good alternative in experienced hands." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["T-Tube Drainage","Management of Intrabiliary","Choledochoduodenostomy","pre-operative ERCP"], "publishers" : ["Adel Shaker Al-Tamimi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_354.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_354.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_354.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:44:45", "views" : 888, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :356 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison of The Bacteriology of Tonsil Surface and Core in Bacterial Profile Isolated from Children with Chronic Tonsillitis", "abstract" : "This study included 73 children of aged range from 3 to 10 years with chronic tonsillitis. They underwent elective tonsillectomy in the E.N.T. department of Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital. The following specimens were taken from each patient, throat swab after positioning the patient under general anesthesia, core swab specimen after removal of tonsils for bacteriological examination. Pathogens were detected in (90.4%) of core specimens versus (41%) in surface swab cultures. Staphylococcus aureus was the most commonly grown bacteria in the core of the tonsils and/or surface culture. Regarding antibiotics sensitivity, commonly used antibiotics yielded unsatisfactory results for isolated pathogens. In conclusion, there is discrepancy between tonsillar surface and tonsillar core culture results in cases of chronic tonsillitis. Also the role of throat swab in management of chronic tonsillitis doubtful." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Bacteriology of Tonsil Surface","Core in Bacterial Profile","Chronic Tonsillitis"], "publishers" : ["Raid Yaqoub Yousef","Sua ad Abid faza a","Roaida Y. Yousef"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_356.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_356.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_356.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:15:10", "views" : 1710, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :390 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Short Stay Surgery; The Future For Total /Near Total Thyroidectomy", "abstract" : "Objectivew:e propose a regimen for safe and cost-effective short-stay hospitalization following total/near-total thyroidectomy. Patients and Methods:127 total/near-total thyroidectomies between 2006 and 2009 were studied to test our short-stay thyroidectomy regimen. Patients were admitted the day of operation and observed overnight. Serum calcium values were obtained at 8, and 20 hours after operation. 23 hour discharge criteria included - stable vital signs, no wound or airway problems, up sloping serum calcium curve, and tolerance of normal diet and activity and availability of the close relative. Results:Of 127 patients underwent total/near-total thyroidectomy, 116 (%) met 23-hour discharge criteria. No deaths (0 %) occurred. Overall morbidity 9 patients (7.08%) included four patients (3.14%) with transient hypocalcaemia, two patients (1.56%) with transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, one patient (0.78%) with postoperative hemorrhage, one patient (0.78%) developed postoperative angina and another one (0.78%) developed Postoperative bronchospasm in asthmatic patient. Two (1.56%) patients didn’t have the Capability of home self-care activities, or didn’t have the close relative at home to take care of them. Conclusion:Significant airway obstruction and wound hematoma rarely developed beyond the first 12 to 18 hours after total /near total thyroidectomy so the practice of 23 hrs short stay thyroid surgery is safe . Serial serum calcium determinations used to construct a two-point calcium curve within 20 hours after operation can reliably and safely identify patients at risk to have clinically significant hypocalcaemia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Thyroidectomy","Serum calcium values","clinically significant hypocalcaemia"], "publishers" : ["Mohend .A.N.Alshalah","Muhsen Naief Kathem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_390.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_390.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_390.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:06:41", "views" : 1029, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :357 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Association of Serum Androgen Levels with Preeclampsia", "abstract" : "Background: Preeclampsia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy. Several independent investigators have demonstrated the association of androgens with hypertension. Objective:To determine whether maternal serum levels of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate DHEA-S, are higher in patients with preeclampsia than in matched normotensive control subjects. Method: Case control study included 29 subjects in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy with documented preeclampsia (including 10 cases of mild and19 cases of severe preeclampsia) and 20 healthy normotensive women in the third trimester of pregnancy used as control group and for comparative purpose another 13 patients with gestational hypertension were also included in our study. All cases had singleton pregnancies. Cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), diabetes, chronic hypertension and chronic systemic diseases such as lupus and patients using steroid drugs were excluded. Serum levels of total testosterone were measured using testosterone enzyme immunoassay test kit, Biocheck (USA), while dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) was measured using DHEA-S enzyme immunoassay test kit, DRG (USA, Germany). Results: Student t-test was used to analyze the difference in androgen levels between the different groups. Serum total testosterone level was significantly higher in patients with severe pre-eclampsia compared to control group (0.41ng/mL versus 0.31ng/mL, P value 0.005), while no significant difference was found between cases of mild and severe pre-eclampsia. Again no significant difference was found when comparing patients with mild pre-eclampsia with control group and cases of gestational hypertension with control group. Serum level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) was significantly higher in patients with severe pre-eclampsia compared to patients with mild pre-eclampsia (1.03 ?g/mL versus 0.32 ?g/mL; P value 0.005) and when compared with control group (1.03 ?g/mL versus 0.59 ?g/mL; P value 0.02), while the level was not significantly higher when comparing cases of mild pre-eclampsia with control group and cases of gestational hypertension with control group. Conclusion: Levels of total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were significantly higher in women with severe preeclampsia than in normotensive women. The levels of these androgens were higher in women severe pre-eclampsia when compared to women with mild preeclampsia and those with gestational hypertension. This difference may indicate a role for androgens in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and stimulates research in the potential role of anti-androgens in the management of preeclampsia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Androgen Levels","Preeclampsia","healthy normotensive women"], "publishers" : ["Nadia Mudher Al-Hilli","Haydar Hashim Al-Shalah"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "08 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_357.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_357.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_357.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:46:00", "views" : 860, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :360 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Carriage Rate of Nasal Staphylococcus aureus in Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Patients", "abstract" : "In this study(158 )nasal swabs were collected from patients attending Asthma and Allergy Center,AL-Hilla Teaching Hospital and Private clinic in Hilla city.The study included two groups: Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group and healthy subjects as Control Group to study the correlation between nasal carriage rate of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and the development of symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Patients .It was found that the rate of isolated S. aureus was higher in Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Group 85.9% in comparison with Control Group 28.8% and the incidence of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis in 10-20 year age group was higher than other age groups 29.5%. Isolated S. aureus was higher in male 92.9% than in female77.8%,as well as symptoms of Persistent Allergic Rhinitis and the rate of incidence of S. aureus were decreased with proceeding in age and symptoms showed high rate in 10-20 year age group. Antibiotics sensitivity test of S. aureus showed that all isolates were highly sensitive to Vancomycin, and moderately sensitive to Oxacillin 84.4 % and Ciprofloxacin 58.9%. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Carriage Rate "," Nasal"," Staphylococcus aureus ","Allergic Rhinitis "], "publishers" : ["Ouday Hussein K. AL-Janabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_360.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_360.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_360.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:43", "views" : 918, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :361 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Special Care for Hand Burns", "abstract" : "Background: Hand burns can be regarded as a small wound area with major potential for disability, and these burns require special efforts that begin from initial care, throughout the subsequent management to be continued with post-operative follow up which include scar modulation measures and rehabilitation. Objectives: To evaluate the special efforts used for management of hand burns mainly the early surgical excision and skin graft coverage and their effects on the final outcome in regard to; movements, scar formation and contracture points of view. Patients and Methods: We assigned 46 cases of different ages who sustained to hand burns, they were of deep second and third degree burns; wound healing, skin graft coverage and their effects on the final outcomes and function of hands as well as their scars were evaluated. Results: Of our 46 cases of hand burns ;38 cases were grafted with excellent results ,from both functional and cosmetic points of view were obtained as well as reduction of hospital stay. Minimal complications and less long term sequels. Conclusion: Hand burns need to be managed with special efforts that including initial care, splintage and early excision and coverage to preserve their pre-burn movement as much as possible with minimal post healing scar formation. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hand burn"," early excision and graft"," splinting of burn hand."], "publishers" : ["Hassan S. Alttai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_361.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_361.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_361.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:13:44", "views" : 812, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :362 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Left Ventricular Dysfunction in Diabetes Mellitus Echocardiographic Study", "abstract" : "Diabetes mellitus induces a pattern of myocardial pathology known as a specific diabetic cardiomyopathy and to evaluate the presence of this phenomenon we measured various parameters of left ventricular function by echocardiography as it is available in merjan teaching hospital , and these parameters including : 1. Ejection fraction 2. Fractional shortening 3. Inter-ventricular septal thickness 4. Posterior left ventricular wall thickness The results of our study show that diabetic patients have left ventricular dysfunction as compared with control group by a reduction in EF and FS and increase in the thickness of (IVS) and (pw) of the left ventricle.(The results are statistically significant, P < 0.005) . Although patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes developed left ventricular dysfunction more than patients with insulin dependent diabetes and female patients are more affected than male patients especially in NIDDM ( the difference is statistically not significant, P > 0.1). LVD occurs more frequently with prolonged duration of the disease in both types of diabetes (the difference is statistically not significant, P > 0.1)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Echocardiographic","Left Ventricular Dysfunction","Diabetes Mellitus"], "publishers" : ["Hamid Majeed Thahab"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_362.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_362.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_362.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:17:34", "views" : 812, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :363 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Genetic Method for Detection Four Virulence Factors Associated with Enterococcus Faecalis", "abstract" : "In this study, four virulence genes were investigated in seven clinical isolates of E. faecalis collected from 104 samples by using PCR techniques. Enhanced expression of pheromones (eep) was seen to be present in only 2 isolates which were isolated from urine samples, whereas Enterococcus faecalis endocarditis (efaA) was present in five isolates (3 isolated from urine and 2 from wound). Besides, internalin AB (inlAB) was also detected. It was found that inlAB is present in 4 isolates (3 urine and one from wound). The enterolysin A (enlA)is absent from all isolates. The presence of such virulence genes may promote the ability of this bacteria to cause a disease in human." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Genetic Method","Detection Four Virulence","Enterococcus Faecalis"], "publishers" : ["Maysa Salih Mahdi","Lamees Abdul-Razzak A. Lateef","Ilham A. Al-Saedi","Mohammed Sabri Abdul-Razzaq"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_363.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_363.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_363.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:49:27", "views" : 947, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :364 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Etiology of Bacterial Eye Infections and Determination of Immune Response of Infected Patient", "abstract" : "Aim of the study:The current study was conducted to investigate the causes of bacterial eye infections which included inflammation of conjunctivitis,eye lid infection(Blepharitis) and dacryocystitis and detection of Chlamydia Trachomatis at different age groups . Method:study was conducted in laboratory of Microbiology-College of science for women,Babylon University,involve taken sample from Al Hilla teaching hospital,Al Noor child hospital and Babylon maternity and paediatric hospital from Novmber 2011 to May 2012. Results:Culture investigation showed 176 positive bacterial growth of 191,119 isolate represent Gram positive and 57 isolate Gram negative,in Gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus auerus showed high percentage(38.06%),While in Gram negative Escherichia Coli showed high percentage(22.7%),were infection for Chlamydia only one sample positive for Chlamydia Trachomatis ELISA IgG and IgM. Conclusion:The current study concluded there single case infection with Chlamydia and showed high level of IL-12 in infected with eye infection." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Etiology of Bacterial Eye Infections","Determination of Immune","Infected Patient"], "publishers" : ["Abdulnabi J. Abid","Ruqaia M. Ewadh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_364.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_364.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_364.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:43:17", "views" : 957, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :381 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Clinical Cases and Environmental Samples, and Analysis of its Antibiotic Resistant Spectrum at Hilla Teaching Hospital", "abstract" : "The present study included 152 samples collected from different clinical cases and environmental samples in Hilla General Teaching Hospital during the period from October 2010 to January 2011. The age of the patients ranged from (6 to 65) years. The samples were immediately inoculated on pseudomonas isolation agar plates. All plates were incubated aerobically at 37?C for 24-48 hrs. Results of morphological and biochemical characterization tests revealed that only 48(31.57%) isolates were Ps. aeruginosa, while other 104(68.43%) represented other bacterial genera. Antibiotic susceptibility test for all the isolates was determined by using disc diffusion test (DDT) and rapid iodiometric methods. The results showed that, the Ps. aeruginosa isolates were fully resistant (100%) for each the following antibiotics; ampicillin, Cefotaxime, chloramphenicol, penicillin, doxycycline, and Erythromycin, while they exhibited moderate resistance to Amikacin 19(39.5%), ciprofloxacin 15(31.26%) and Polymyxine 29(40 %), and were sensitive to Pipracillin, Ticarciline in a percentage rate(20.08%)for each antibiotic. The bacterium was found to carry beta lactamase enzymes with high rate of resistance (66.6%)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Pseudomonas aeruginosa "," Environmental Samples "," Analysis of its Antibiotic Resistant Spectrum"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Haleem ","Jawad Kadhim Tarrad "," Ilham Abbas Banyan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_381.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_381.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_381.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:45", "views" : 500, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :365 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Treatment of Neuronal Damage with Extracranial Magnetic Field in A Rabbit Model of Stroke", "abstract" : "Brain neuronal disorders have the least outcomes to therapeutic response due to their complex and delicate integration and lack of drug response upon damage in addition to difficult surgical approach to CNS. These properties of brain cortical diseases elaborate more trials of finding an effective and safe alternative treatment. Making a full use of the high responsiveness of neurons to the electrical currents induced with magnetic fields allows an appreciable therapeutic approach to be evaluated. In a trial of assessment of the neuronal repair effects of a time varying external magnetic field, rabbit model of stroke was arranged with 10 minutes occluding the left middle cerebral artery of the anesthetized rabbit. A follow up with right hind limb spasticity, EEG and eosin histopathological assessment of neuronal reconnections in response to applying a 1000 Hz and 1000 gauss magnetic flux density provided by an external solenoid magnet in comparison with untreated control group along 30 days of daily applying the field on the left frontal lobe over the scalp for 30 minutes. There was a significant reduction of spasticity score from 2.76 +/- 0.1 to 1.33 +/- 0.2 obtained with extracranial magnetic stimulation ECM; P< 0.05 as compared with untreated group. Similar improvements in EEG criteria were also recorded in ECM treated group in form of an increase in EEG amplitude from 4 microV to 32 microV whereas brain frequency over the affected area had significantly increased from 2 Hz to 9 Hz at P< 0.05. Histopathological assessment of the number of neuronal reconnections revealed 355 +/- 21 per high power field in comparison with just 105 +/- 19 in untreated group. In conclusion there was a promising neuronal repair enhancement by applying a suitable extracranial magnetic field that could improve the therapeutic outcomes of different treatments." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Stroke"," extracranial magnetic stimulation ECM"," neurogenesis"], "publishers" : ["Hussein A. Abdul Hussein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_365.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_365.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_365.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 753, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :366 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Superoxide Dismutase and Malondialdehyde in Asthmatic Patients in Al-Hilla Province", "abstract" : "The present study was conducted to explore the oxidative stress levels in asthma. To achieve this aim, 87 asthmatic patients, and 46 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. The samples were obtained from Babylon Asthma and Allergy center in Hilla city. The laboratory work was carried out in the research-lab of the departments of biochemistry, college of medicine, Kufa University, Iraq. Superoxide dismutase activity and malondialdehyde concentrations were determined spectrophotometrically. The used statistical analysis ( student`s t-test) showed a highly significant (p<0.001) decrease in superoxide dismutase and a highlysignificant (p<0.001) increase in malondialdehyde concentrations in asthmatic patients when compared with healthy individuals. The linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant negative correlation for superoxide dismutase (r =-0.63, p<0.01), and a significant (r =0.53, p<0.01) positive correlation for malondialdehyde concentration with age of asthmatic patients. The statistical analysis indicated a significant negative correlation for superoxide dismutase (r = -0.63, p<0.01) and a significant (r =0.44, p<0.01) positive correlation for malondialdehyde concentration with the duration of asthma. Patients from rural areas showed a significant (p<0.01) decrease of superoxide dismutase and a significant (p<0.01) increase of malondialdehyde concentrations when compared to those of urban residency. The results indicated that asthma is highly associated with oxidative stress. It may evoke the addition of antioxidant to the treatment of asthma,And those who live in rural area should ingest a high amount of anti-oxidant to ensure the balance between the oxidant species and the well-done anti-oxidant in the cell." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["superoxide dismutase"," malondialdehyde"," Iraq population."], "publishers" : ["Ahmed M Issa","Ahmed J Mohammed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_366.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_366.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_366.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 10:22:11", "views" : 692, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :368 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Growth Retardation among Multi-Transfused Thalassemic Patients in Thalassamia Center in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "Background: Growth retardation can occur as complication of thalassemia as early as the 1st or 2nd year of life but these abnormalities more prominent after the 6 – 8 years of life . Aims of Study: This study was carried out to determine : 1- rate of growth retardation among thalassemia patients in Babil thalassemia center . 2- the relationship of growth failure with certain variable including age , number of blood transfusion , serum ferritin , mean hemoglobin level, size of spleen , type of thalassemia and gender of the patients . Patient and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 110 patient , ( 67 male , 43 female) with ?- thalassemia , classified as 79 patients with ?- thalassemia major , 23 patient ? – thalassemia intermediate and 8 patients with sickle cell thalassemia , Who were attending the thalassemia center of Babylon maternity and children hospital , from period of march to August 2009 , their age range from one year to 20 years with mean age of 9±2 years. Control group: One hundred healthy children were taken as control group , their age ranged from 1-15 years, with mean age 7± 2.3years , non of them had history of blood transfusion and they had no family history of hemoglobinopathy . Result :Thalassemic patients developed 45.5% short stature and 40% weight failure, in comparison to control group (4% short stature , 8% weight failure). Growth retardation was affected by age, increased number of blood transfusion, size of spleen, serum ferritin and hemoglobin level, while there is no difference regarding type of thalassaemia or gender . Conclusions: Growth is significantly affected by thalassaemia and different factors play a role. Recommendations: This study emphasized the importance of maintenance of normalized hemoglobin level , good monitoring of growth parameter and iron over load with optimal iron chelation therapy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Growth Retardation","among Multi-Transfused","Thalassamia Center"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Shemran AL-Wataify"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_368.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_368.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_368.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:09:36", "views" : 1011, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :369 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Plasmid curing by using essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis", "abstract" : "Background: Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil is a natural product it has been reported to be much safer than antibiotic, and has abroad spectrum activity against gram positive and gram negative stain bacteria. On the other hand it has been reported that the oil has no toxicity and lethality on laboratory white mice therapeutic dose range. Objective: Used of essential oil of Rosemary in plasmid curing for R-plasmid (antibiotic resistance plasmid). Methods: Used of minipreparation of plasmid DNA and cured plasmid with essential oil by concentration (100?g/ml), the detection was performed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: The essential oil has an active ability to curing plasmid as it is detected by DNA electrophoresis and lost the phenotype of Antibiotic resistance. Conclusion: In this study, essential oil of Rosemary used for plasmid curing in active way against Escherichia coli pBR322 which contain R-plasmid which is resistant to Ampincilin, Tetracycline and Streptomycin antibiotics this help to used essential oil as cofactor for antibiotics." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rosmarinus officinalis"," essential oil"," plasmid curing"], "publishers" : ["Shayma’a J. Ahmed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_369.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_369.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_369.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 1031, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :370 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Identification of Enterococcal Species by Polymerase Chain Reaction Technique, with Study of Some Immunological Features", "abstract" : "Objectives: Detection of genes responsible for identification of enterococci to the species level using PCR, determination of enterococcal serum resistance and phagocytic index. Materials and methods: seven enterococcal isolates were obtained from two hundred urine samples. After identification of enterococcal isolates by biochemical tests, all of them were subjected to PCR technique using species-specific PCR primers for E. faecalis and E. faecium, enterococcal serum resistance and phagocytic index were detected. Result: This study revealed that five isolates (71.43%) reacted with ddlE. faecalis; whereas the remaining (28.57%) isolates reacted with ddlE. faecium. Also, revealed that phagocytic index of two E. faecalis and one E. faecium isolates were 27%, 25% and 19%, respectively, while one E. faecium isolate showed phagocytic index as 8%. Moreover, enterococcal serum resistance showed that E. faecalis was more sensitive to the serum as compared to E. faecium. Conclusion: Enterococcal isolates can t be easily identified to the species level by conventional or traditional methods but it can be easily identified by species-specific PCR primers ddlE. faecalis and ddlE. faecium. Enterococcous faecalis tends to be more sensitive to innate immune parameters as compared to E. faecium." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Identification"," Enterococcal Species","Polymerase"], "publishers" : ["Zainab A. Chabuck","Alaa H. Al-Charrakh"," Mohammad A. K. Al-Sa adi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_370.jpg","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_370.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:04:49", "views" : 658, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :371 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Microtonsile Bond Strength of The Pulp Chamber Dentine Treated with Different Bleaching Agents", "abstract" : "This study was performed to determine the effect of intracoronal used bleaching agents on adhesion of bonding agents to pulp chamber dentine. Forty extracted human maxillary central incisors teeth were randomly divided into four groups of 10 teeth each. Bleaching agents were sealed in pulp chambers for 7 days, as in clinical use. Group 1(control): distilled water, group 2: 35% hydrogen peroxide, group 3: sodium perborate mixed with water, group 4: sodium perborate mixed with 35% hydrogen peroxide. Teeth were stored in saline at 37 C for 7 days. After the bleaching agents was removed, teeth were leached in water for a further 7 days prior to bonding. The crown was cut vertically from mesial to distal and the labial pulp chamber dentine was prepared for bonding with Clearfil SE-Bond and filled resin composite (Clearfil AP-X). The bonded specimens were kept moist at 37 C for 24 h. microtensile bond strengths were determined using a universal testing machine. The mean values (±SD) of microtensile bond strength for the experimental groups were: group 1: 5.29 ±2.21 MPa, group 2: 5.99 ±1.51 MPa, group 3: 9.17 ±1.65 MPa, and group 4: 3.99 ±1.31 MPa. Dentine treated with sodium perborate in water ( group 3) had significantly higher mean bond strength when compared with the other three groups( p< 0.05, Tukey s test). Mean bond strength was lowest when dentine was treated with sodium perborate plus hydrogen peroxide (group 4). Conclusions In terms of subsequent bond strength during restoration, sodium perborate mixed with distilled water appears to be the best intracoronal bleaching agent." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Pulp Chamber Dentine","Bleaching Agents","Clearfil","Microtonsile Bond Strength"], "publishers" : ["Nibras Talib Al-kuriane"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_371.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_371.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_371.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:21:17", "views" : 724, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :372 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prognostic Value of Platelet Count in Paediatric Intensive Care Unit", "abstract" : "Background: Thrombocytopenia is commonly observed in critically ill patients. A low platelet count is a strong and independent predictor of an adverse outcome in critically ill patients, thereby facilitating a simple and practical risk assessment in these patients and potentially guiding the use of complex or expensive treatment strategies. Objectives: To evaluate the variation in platelet counts and the risk factors associated with thrombocytopenia and mortality in pediatric intensive care patients. Patients and Method: A prospective, observational cohort study was undertaken in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Babylon Gynecology and Pediatric teaching hospital in Hilla city, Babil, Iraq over a period of 5 months from 1st May 2011 to 1st October 2011. Besides patients demography, source of admission, primary diagnosis, presence or absence of sepsis, bleeding, use of central venous or arterial lines and mechanical ventilation were recorded. Laboratory data collected at admission included complete blood counts, C- reactive protein, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine, serum bilirubin and coagulation profile. These were also repeated with the occurrence of thrombocytopenia. Platelet count was performed daily for all patients. Results: The median Pediatric Intensive Care Unit stay was 4 days (range 2-98 days). At least one episode of thrombocytopenia was seen in 58 patients (44.61%) Mild, moderate, and severe thrombocytopenia was present in 27.69%, 23.07%, and 14.61%, of patients respectively. Sepsis, high blood urea and serum creatinin, high total serum bilirubin, and positive C-reactive protein had significant correlation with the development of thrombocytopenia. There was a significant association between mortality and the presence of mechanical ventilation, sepsis, blood transfusion, high blood urea and serum creatinin, positive CRP, and leukocytosis. The survivors had higher platelet counts throughout the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit stay and after an initial fall in platelet counts showed a significantly higher rise in the platelet counts in the following days than the non-survivors. Conclusions: ? Thrombocytopenia is common in pediatric intensive care unit especially in patients with sepsis and coagulation defect. ? Thrombocytopenic children have higher incidence of bleeding, and higher mortality. ? Any drop in platelet counts even without thrombocytopenia needs an urgent and extensive evaluation. ? Serial measurements of platelet counts are better predictors of pediatric intensive care outcome than one-time values. ? Thrombocytopenia is common in ICUs and constitutes a simple and readily available risk marker for mortality, independent of and complementary to established severity of disease indices. Both a low nadir platelet count and a large fall of platelet count predict a poor vital outcome in adult ICU patients. ? We did not study the mechanisms that lead to decreased platelet count. Nevertheless, we think other studies provide compelling arguments to assume that inflammation-induced platelet sequestration plays a major role." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Platelets"," mortality"," pediatric intensive care. thrombocytopenia "," coagulopathy"], "publishers" : ["Russul F. Mussa","Adeba A. Al- Al-Alyasiri","Jasim M. Al-Marzoki"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_372.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_372.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_372.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:17:16", "views" : 1214, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :373 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Correlation between Oxidative Stress and Thyroid Hormones in Serum and Tissue Homogenized of Hypothyroidism Patients", "abstract" : "Background: Hypothyroidism is a condition resulting from insufficient production or diminished action of either T3 and/or T4 thyroid hormones. Objective: The present study is to look for a correlation between oxidative stress and thyroid function in hypothyroidism patients. Patients and Methods: 30 patients with hypothyroidism patients and 30 healthy individuals as control subjects were included in the study. We measured their serum tri-iodothyronine, thyroxin and thyroid-stimulating hormone( T3,T4,TSH ). Estimation of MAlondyIdehyd (MDA) and Glutathione (GSH) in serum and in homogenized thyroid tissue were carried out by standard methods. Results: TSH was elevated in both serum and in homogenized tissue of patients compared to controls, while T4 and T3 were significantly lower in the patients than in controls. Melanodyldehyd (MDA) aS Lipid Peroxidation were significantly higher in both serum and in homogenized tissue of patients than in the controls, while(GSH) were significantly lower in both serum and in homogenized tissue of patients than in the control subjects. Conclusions: According to the present study we could conclude that hypothyroidism cause tissues undergo several biochemical changes that predispose them to oxidative damage. Therefore we suggest that hypothyroidism patients may benefit from supplements of antioxidants." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Glutathione; Oxidative stress"," thyroid gland ",".Hypothyroidism"], "publishers" : ["Widad J. H. Ali","Ragaa KH. Ali","Saad Alfallouji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_373.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_373.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_373.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:57", "views" : 490, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :374 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Epineural Repair of Acute Sciatic Nerve Injury", "abstract" : "This study carried on 20 patients complaining of acute sciatic nerve injury as a result of shell and bullet injuries from January 2002 – September 2007 , they underwent surgical intervension for sciatic nerve exploration 5 – 8 months post injury . The purpose of all nerve repair techniques is to restore continuity of the nerve trunk , including all of it s elements in order to achieve optimal and useful reinnervation of both sensory and motor end organs . There are many accepted techniques for coaptation of the ends of a severed nerve . No single repair method is appropriate for every instance of nerve injury . The choice of repair technique depends on several overriding anatomical factors [2] . " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Epineural Repair","Acute Sciaticanatomical factors","surgical"], "publishers" : ["Redha Ali","Abdulkhaliq Sahib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_374.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_374.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_374.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:58", "views" : 834, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :375 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Incidental Meniscal Findings on Knee MRI in Al-Najaf City", "abstract" : "Background Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee is often performed in patient s who have knee symptoms of unclear cause .When meniscal tears are found, it is commonly assumed that the symptoms are related to these. However there is a paucity of data regarding the prevalence of meniscal damage in general population and the association of meniscus tears with the knee symptoms. Object to evaluate the prevalence of meniscal tear on MRI scans in the knees of asymptomatic patients. Patients and Methods We performed MRI examinations on 80 asymptomatic patients (38 females and42 males), who were 35 -60 years and ambulatory .We assessed the integrity of the menisci in the right knee joint . Results The prevalence of meniscal tears in the Rt.knee joints as detected on MRI was 28.8% .Damage to the medial meniscus was more common than to the lateral meniscus 69.5%. The prevalence of meniscal damage increased with increasing age in both sexes. Conclusions On MRI examination of the knee joint , many people without knee pain has meniscal signal changes . Clinical correlation is essential to determine the importance of these signal abnormalities on magnetic resonance images especially in subjects older than 50 years ,a significant number of meniscal tears must be expected .This shows the potential danger of the use of MRI alone as a basis for the determination of surgical intervention." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Incidental Meniscal","Findings on Knee","MRI in Al-Najaf City"], "publishers" : ["Nada R. Alharis","Amjaad Majeed Hameed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_375.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_375.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_375.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:36:55", "views" : 856, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :378 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Measurement and Molecular Detection of Acid Phosphatase Enzyme in Moraxella catarrhalis", "abstract" : "Acid phosphatase is one of the most important autotransporter in Moraxella catarrhalis . So Moraxella catarrhalis isolates were undergone to produce extracellular acid phosphatase enzyme in the presence and absence of its own substrate (p-nitrophenyle phosphate) at two pH conditions (pH 6.0 & pH 7.0). It was shown that acid phosphatase was produced in the presence and also in the absence of substrate but the highest activity was observed at pH 7.0 in the presence of the substrate, this will give an indicator that this enzyme is produced constitutively and inducibly. The mapA gene is one of essential encoding gene for the production of acid phosphatase. This gene was detected by specific PCR primer. The results showed that only 3 of M. catarrhalis isolates had positive result for this gene where as the rest did not posses it." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Measurement","Molecular","Acid Phosphatase"," Enzyme in Moraxella catarrhalis"], "publishers" : ["Juman Khalil","Mohammad Sabri","Safaa Sahib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_378.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_378.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_378.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:19", "views" : 553, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :376 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Molecular Investigation of Type III Secretion System Toxins-Encoding Genes in Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa", "abstract" : "Objectives: This study is aimed to isolate P.aeruginosa from different clinical cases and to detect the prevalence of virulence genes encoding type III secretion system toxins in these clinical isolates. Materials and methods: In this study a total of 422 clinical samples including burn, wound ,ear, urine ,abscess and stool were aseptically taken from out- and inpatients who admitted into two hospitals in Hilla City(Teaching Al-Hilla Hospital and Babylon Hospital for Maternity and children during a period of three months (from March 2011 to June 2011). All samples were subjected to bacterial cultivation for the isolation of P.aeruginosa. The isolated P.aeruginosa was diagnosed depended on morphological, biochemical and molecular standard characteristics. Type III secretion toxins-encoding genes (exoS, exoY, exoT and exoU) were detected by PCR and the amplification products were separated in 1% agarose gels containing ethidium bromide. Results: Out of 422 samples, P.aeruginosa was isolated from 54 samples(12.8%). The distribution of these isolates were: 22 (55%) from burn samples, 2; (50%) from diabitics foot samples, 8 (14.8%) from wound samples,8 (32%) from ear samples, 3 (11%) from abscess samples,7 (4%) from stool samples, 4 (4%) from urine samples and 0 sputum samples. The genotypic properties of type III secretion system toxins was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The results of this study revealed that exoS gene found in 10/20(50%) of isolates, exoY gene accounted for 12/20(60%) of isolates, while exoT detected in most isolates17/20(85%) and exoU was detected in minaroty of isolates 5/20(25%). Conclusion:Type III secretion system toxins-encoding genes found in isolated P.aeruginosa, in which exoT, exoY and exoS gene detected in most isolates while exoU gene was detected in minaroty of the isolates" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Molecular Investigation","Secretion System","Toxins-Encoding Genes"], "publishers" : ["Rasha Hadi Saleh","Habeeb S.Naher","Mohammad A.K.Al-Saadi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_376.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_376.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_376.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:25:32", "views" : 634, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :377 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Esophageal atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula A Study of 100 Cases", "abstract" : "BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia presents a challenging congenital abnormality which is incompatible with life and was referred to as "hopeless from the beginning and not of much practical importance to the surgeon"(1) is now successfully repaired all over the world. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the clinical presentation, diagnosis, types, management and complications of esophageal atresia in children admitted to welfare Teaching Hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data of 100 neonates with esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula treated and followed up in children welfare Teaching Hospital, between January 2003 to January 2005 . RESULTS: Prenatal history of Polyhydramnios was evident in 77(77%) cases. (65%) were males and (35%) were females with male to female ratio was 1.8:1 The presenting features were frothy secretions from the mouth and failure to pass nasogastric tube in 98( 98%) cases , chocking after feeding in 87(87%)cases, dyspnea in 12 ( 12%)cases, cyanosis in 50(50%)cases, chest infection in 40( 40%)cases , most of the patients 92(92%) cases were of the common type (proximal atresia with distal fistula), while 7 ( 7 % ) cases were of pure atresia type(without fistula), 1(1%) case was of H-type fistula. Associated anomalies were present in 23(23%) cases. Post operative complications were anastomotic leak seen in 24.6%, stricture seen in 18.5%, recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula in 2. 4% and mortality rate was high constituted 65%. CONCLUSION:Esophageal atresia with distal fistula was the commonest type in this study. Frothy secretion from the mouth, failure to pass nasogastric tube, chocking after feeding and Radiological study (Plain X-ray) were the main diagnostic features. Delay in diagnosis and associated anomalies were responsible factors for increasing incidence of mortality and morbidity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Esophageal atresia","Tracheoesophageal Fistula","Study of 100 Cases"], "publishers" : ["Shatha A. AL-Kawaz","Amier A. Ejrish"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_377.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_377.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_377.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:22:27", "views" : 1328, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :379 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and C among Blood Donors in Babylon Governorate-Iraq", "abstract" : "A cross-sectional study of 23336 blood donors in Babylon Governorate – Iraq was done during the period from February 2007 to February 2008 . The study revealed that 23122 cases were males (99.1 %), while 214 were female ( 0.9 % ) . All the donors has been investigated for HBS Ag (Hepatitis B surface Antigen ) and Anti – Hepatitis C Virus antibodies ( Anti – HCV ab ) ( ELISA test ) .287 of the total sample ( 1.2 % ) found to be seropositive for either HBs Ag and Anti – HCV ab (274 were males 95.5 % and 13 were females ( 4.5 % ) . The number of HBs Ag seropositive cases were 171 (59.6 %) while the number of seropositive of Anti – HCV ab were 116 (40.4 %). The seroprevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection among male donors was (0.7 % ) and for female donors was ( 4.7 %) , while the seroprevalence of HCV infection among male donors was (0.5 %) and for female donors was ( 1.4%) . The overall seroprevalence of HBs Ag among blood donors in Babylon governorate is ( 0.7 %) and for Anti – HCV ab is ( 0.5 %) and these results are parallel or relatively low if they were compared with some other Iraqi Governorates and some other countries ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Seroprevalence of Hepatitis","Blood Donors","anti – HCV","Babylon Governorate"], "publishers" : ["Amer W. F. Al – Juboury","Hattem A.L.M. Salih","Mohammed K. AL- ASSADI","Ashraf M. Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "09 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_379.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_379.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_379.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:46:29", "views" : 814, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :384 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Etiological Agents of Pruritus Vulvae in Prepupertal Girls, In Hilla City", "abstract" : "Vulvar pruritius is a common complaint in females of all ages. However, little has been published on pruritius vulvae in children as a primary symptom. A total of 70 cases of pre pubertal girls collected from private clinics, aged 8 months to 9 years at the time period from June 2009 to January 2010.History was taken regarding family history, economic state, present history and presence of other diseases. The chief complaint of them was pruritius vulvae ,from which 20 cases (28.57%) had dysuria, as well as clinical examination reveled; redness of vulvae was found in 48 cases (68.57%), vaginal discharge in 10 cases (14.28%) and vaginal bleeding in two case( 2.8%).Vulval and perianal Molloscum contagiosum lesion in 8 cases (11.4%)while the least vulval and perianal genital warts in (7.1%).On laboratory diagnosis using tape test searching for pin worm ova ,only30cases( 42.9%) out of the 70 cases had positive result. Gram stain of swabs have been taken from the 10 cases of vaginal discharge who were suspected sexually abused children reveals gram negative diplococcic of gonorrhea in 6 cases and demonstration of pseudohyphae on the smear was taken from the red vulvae on 4 cases. Isolation and identification of bacterial isolates were found in 18 cases, and Candida species in 4 cases. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Streptococcus faecalis and Neisseria gonorrheae in 6cases (21.4%), Escherichia coli 4cases (14.3%), Staphylococcus aureus 3cases (10.7%), Streptococcus agalagtiae and Streptococcus pyogenes 2cases (7.1%) for each, Proteus mirabilis 1case (3. 6%) and Candida spp.4cases (14. 3%)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Etiological Agents ","Pruritus Vulvae"], "publishers" : ["Kareema A. Al-Khafajii "," Ban Alwash ","Huda Hadi Al-Hassnawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_384.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_384.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_384.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:22:22", "views" : 709, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :380 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Studying Some Hematological Changes in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is to investigate the changes of some hematological parameters in patients affected with pulmonary tuberculosis in Babylon province. 90 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (45 males and 45 females) and 40 healthy controls (20 males and 20 females) have included in present study. Patients have been classified into 3 groups: group1 includes newly diagnosed patients, group 2 includes patients after two months from starting treatment and group 3 includes patients after six months from starting treatment. The mean of ages was 44 ± 2 years for patients and 42 ± 2 years for the control. This study founded that values of Hb, PCV, platelets and ESR for both sexes were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with group 2. Values of Hb, PCV, platelets and ESR for both sexes were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with group 3. This study has show that values of Hb, PCV, platelets and ESR values for both sexes were significantly changed in group 1 in comparison with healthy controls. Values of platelets and ESR for both sexes and values of PCV for males were insignificantly changed while values of Hb for both sexes and values of PCV for females were significantly changed in group 2 in comparison with group 3. This study showed that values of PCV for males were insignificantly changed while values of Hb, platelets and ESR for both sexes and PCV for females were significantly changed in group 2 in comparison with healthy controls. The results has proved that the values of platelets and ESR for both sexes and Hb for females and PCV for males were insignificantly changed while values of Hb for males and PCV for females were significantly changed in group 3 in comparison with healthy controls." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hematological Changes ","Pulmonary Tuberculosis "], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Obaid Al-muhammadi "," Hayder Gali Al-Shammery"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_380.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_380.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_380.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 18:36:09", "views" : 560, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :382 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Physiological and Clinical Changes in Patients with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy", "abstract" : "This study was designated to estimate some clinical, biochemical and electrophysiological changes in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, since the changes in these parameters are important in detecting, quantifying, identifying some possible risk factors and assessing patient’s response to treatment. The study lasted from November/2008 to May/2009. The total number of study group was 225 persons who fell into 105 patients and 120 controls. The patients were classified into two groups according to the type of DM into: patients with type 1 DM (35 patients), their age range between 16-34 years and patients with type 2 DM (70 patients), their age range between 45-72 years. While control group was classified into diabetic patients without neuropathy (60 patients), their age ranged between 18-52 years and normal healthy control (60 persons), their age ranged between 18-70 years. The patients were recorded in Marjan’s teaching hospital center of diabetes and had monthly visits. The patients and control were examined by specialist doctors. The patients and controls enrolled in the study had undergone full assessment that included:- clinical assessment (history and full examination), biochemical assessment (measurement of fasting blood sugar, serum selenium and vitamin E), measurement of glycosylated hemoglobin and electrophysiological assessment that included sensory and motor nerve conduction studies. Results of this study showed that fasting blood sugar and HbA1c level were higher in patients with neuropathy than controls with statistically significant differences (p<0.05) . While serum selenium and vitamin E level show significant decrease (p<0.05) in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy than controls. Regarding electrophysiological changes patients had shown significant increase in latency for sensory and motor nerves and significant decrease in amplitude and conduction velocity for sensory and motor nerves in patients with peripheral neuropathy than controls. The study found out that hyperglycemia due to deficiency of insulin or resistance to its metabolic effect is the most important and correctable risk factor for peripheral neuropathy, in addition to the role of hyperglycemia, oxidative stress also plays role." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological and Clinical Changes "," Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad O. Al-Muhammadi "," Fadhel Al-Hameery "," Zahid M Ali Mohyee Al-Deen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_382.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_382.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_382.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 16:39:24", "views" : 535, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :383 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical Comparison between Single and Dual Chamber Pacemakers in Patients with Advanced Atrioventricular Block", "abstract" : "Background: Several trials have compared (single chamber) ventricular pacing with dual chamber pacing. Dual chamber pacing is believed to have an advantage over ventricular pacing. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether patients with implanted pacemaker (PM) for complete atrioventricular block (AVB) gain significant benefit from dual chamber compared with single chamber ventricular demand. Design: The study was cross sectional parallel, all results were expressed as means (SD); a P value less than 0.05 were regarded as significant. Pair T - test was used to study all the variations. All data were processed with SPSS 18. Setting: Al-nasyria heart center, Dhyqar. Patients; sixty patients with high grade AVB who already underwent permanent pacemakers implant (single or dual chamber) were attending heart center for following up their devices. Methods: the patients completed a (within-patient) comparison of symptoms, clinical finding, programming data, and echocardiographic finding during long term dual (VDD, DDD) pacing and long term ventricular demand (VVI) pacing. Results: the study involved sixty patients, 23(38.3%) were males and 37(61.7%) were females. Thirty three (55%) patients had dual and twenty seven (45%) patients had single chamber PM. 36(60%) patients were hypertensive while 23.3(14%) patients were diabetic and the number of the smokers was only 7(11.7%). Majority of the patients from both groups lied within the age group (40-80y). The most common indication was complete heart block. The incidence of symptoms, systolic (but not diastolic) BP, and echocardiographic characteristics in both groups were parallel. Conclusion: In patients with advanced AVB, there was no superiority of dual over single chamber PM concerning symptoms, systolic (but not diastolic) BP, programming data, and echocardiographic characteristics." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Clinical Comparison ","Pacemakers in Patients ","Advanced Atrioventricular Block"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Abdul-Amir Alhindi "," Saad Mirza Alaaraji "," Mohammed Hashim Almyahi "]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_383.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_383.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_383.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:54:28", "views" : 589, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :385 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Physiological and Clinical Importance of Calcium Score and Risk Factors in Coronary Artery Disease", "abstract" : "Objective: the calcium score is the best predictor for the coronary artery disease. Patients: Fourty eight patients admitted to Al-Hussain General Teaching Hospital and to the Iraqi medical center in karbala, and 18healthy controls were included in this study which lasted from November/2010 to September/2011. The patients included 34males and 14 females, their ages ranged from 19-84 years, witha mean age of 58.63 years. Those patients were divided into male and female subgroups.As well as, the healthy controls were matched in age and sex with them. The patients are classified in many groups according to the risk factors The ages of these groups are divided as follows: the first group (30-50 years) ; the second group (?51years) . Results: This study demonstrated that The calcium score and the biochemical parameters (lipid profile &glucose level), have highly significant to the coronary artery disease (p<0.000 ) and have also a significant correlation between calcium score and dyslipidemia( p<0.001 ,p<0.002 ) according to the risk factor taken, also shows significant increment in comparison with healthy controls ( p<0.000). Calcium score have significant correlation with the age, weight &lipid elements p<0.000 that is reflected the increasing incidence of the coronary artery disease with age and with the increasing the body weight specially the central obesity. The distribution of the coronary artery calcification is more frequent in the male sex than in female (p<0.005). Regarding the diabetes mellitus which has important changes in the Ca++ score & the biochemical s results since there is strong correlation with Ca++ score & the dyslipidemia and then coronary artery disease( p<0.000) while in non diabetic this is excluded. In ex smoking have significant correlation between the Ca++ score and the coronary artery disease in addition to that there is more strong correlation if there is association between ex smoking & diabetes mellitus same thing apply to the lipid parameters in this group (p<0.007). Coronary computed tomography with +ve result show very high significance with Ca++ score in comparison to the normal coronary arteries which indicate the accuracy of the computed tomographic angiogram in prediction of the coronary calcification & in turn coronary artery disease( p<0.000). Conclusion:In view of the changes summarized, the presence or absence of the coronary calcification by computed tomographic angiogram and biochemical parameters changes may be attributed to prediction of the coronary artery disease due to atherosclerosis which arises mainly due to increase of accumulation of the risk factors." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological "," Calcium Score "," Risk Factors ",""], "publishers" : ["Saeed Hameed Lafta "," Saad Merza AL- Araji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_385.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_385.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_385.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:29:28", "views" : 625, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :386 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Hepatic Toxicity in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Those with Psoriasis taking Methotrexate Therapy", "abstract" : "Background: This Study is to demonstrate the adverse hepatic effects of MTX in patients taking MTX for treatment of RA and psoriasis taking in consideration the following variables: BMI, gender, cumulative dose, age, weekly dose, duration of treatment, serum level of cholesterol and creatinine. Patients and methods:This is a prospective study of 85 patients with RA and 50 patients with psoriasis. All patients were analyzed by history, clinical examination and investigations in the form of liver enzymes, blood sugar, serum cholesterol, serum creatinine, HBS Ag and anti HCV antibody. Persistently elevated level of liver enzymes 2 to 3 times the upper limit of normal on two occasions 3 months apart indicate hepatic toxicity Results:The study results found that 7 patients with psoriasis and 6 patients with RA have significant elevated liver enzymes which reflect MTX hepatotoxicity Conclusion: Our study showed that patients with psoriasis at significantly greater risk of elevated liver enzymes than patient with RA (14% and 7% respectively) were BMI, cumulative dose; weekly dose and serum cholesterol level are risk factors for hepatic toxicity due to MTX therapy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hepatic Toxicity","Rheumatoid Arthritis","Methotrexate Therapy"], "publishers" : ["Haider Hamza Umran"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_386.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_386.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_386.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:14:40", "views" : 704, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :388 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Role of Sildenafil in Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension in Congenital Heart Diseases for Children in Hilla Province", "abstract" : "The study was performed to determine the effect of Sildenafil in treatment of pulmonary hypertension in congenital heart disease for children following (15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90)day administration of (0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) mg/kg/dose- 6 times daily. Resulting in a significant decrease (p<0.05) in Pulmonary Artery pressure and Tricuspid pressure and a significant increase (p<0.05) in percent of oxygen saturation in the blood and Pulmonary Artery Acceleration Time. Result of this study says that sildenafil has a great effect in treatment of the secondary type of pulmonary hypertension and has negligible effect on primary pulmonary hypertension." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Role of Sildenafil ","Pulmonary Hypertension "," Congenital Heart Diseases "], "publishers" : ["Widad abdu Al-jabbar "," Abdu Al Razzak Abdu Al latif "," Yahia Abd Shahied Adnan Kahtan Al.Janabi.*"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_388.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_388.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_388.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:23:18", "views" : 746, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :387 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury after Thyroid Surgery with Routine Identification of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve", "abstract" : "Objective:The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) after thyroid surgery with routine identification of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) intra operatively. Patients and Methods:Our study involved 379 patients who underwent 151 Near Total Thyroidectomy, 107 Sub Total Thyroidectomy, 82 total lobectomies and 39 total thyroidectomies, treated by three surgeons. Individually temporary and permanent RLNP rates were analyzed for patient groups which more classified into primary operation for benign thyroid disease, Thyroid cancer, Graves disease, and reoperation. Two RLNs in 12 thyroid cancer patients already invaded were excluded from analysis. Results:Three patients developed RLNP postoperatively. Complete recovery of RLN function was documented for all (100 %) of these cases whose RLN integrity had been ensured intraoperatively. Recovery from temporary RLNP was insured within 4 weeks to 3 months (mean 2 months). Overall rate of temporary and permanent RLNP was 0.795 %and 0.00%, respectively. The rates of temporary RLNP were 10%, 5.26%, 1.2%and 0.0% for groups classified according to thyroid cancer, reoperation, Graves disease and benign thyroid disease, respectively. Conclusions:Thyroidectomy is a routine and safe surgical procedure with a low morbidity and negligible mortality when performed by trained surgeons and most of the complications of thyroidectomy may be avoided by careful surgical technique. Significantly higher RLNP rates were demonstrated after operations for thyroid cancer, recurrent goiter and Graves disease . Total lobectomy with routine identification of the RLN is quite safe and we suggest considering it as a basic procedure in a thyroid operation." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve","Routine Identification","Thyroid Surgery"], "publishers" : ["Mohend .A.N.Alshalah","Hussain.Aouda","Muhsen Naief Kathem"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_1_387.jpg","full_file" : "7_1_387.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_1_387.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:25:49", "views" : 993, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :389 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Subclinical Keratoconus among Patients Visiting Hilla Laser Unit in Iraq", "abstract" : "Background: Subclinical Keratoconus is a term used to indicate a patient with inferior or central steepening of cornea on topography where the clinician suspects that it may progress to keratoconus. Aim of the Study: Diagnosis of sub-clinical keratoconus among myopic patients seeking for correction of their refractive errors by excimer laser, to avoid surgery for those patients and consider them at risk of developing post operative corneal ectasia which is the most severe post operative complication in photorefractive surgery. Patients and methods: One thousand and two hundred myopic patients who attended laser unit/ Hilla Teaching Hospital, during a 1.5 year duration, seeking for correction of their refractive errors. Many investigations were done including visual acuity, slit lamp examination, corneal topography, keratometry and pachymetry. Results: Among those patients, 49 (4%) diagnosed as having subclinical keratoconus. Out of these (49) cases, (27) (55%) were males and (22) (45%) were females. Forty one (83.6%) of the patients where less than ( 25) years old. Conclusion: Sub-clinical keratoconus is one of the challenging problems facing refractive surgeons and is one of the most important and preventable causes of corneal ectasia following photorefractive surgeries." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Subclinical Keratoconusو","cornea on topography","photorefractive surgery","Laser Unit"], "publishers" : ["Qasim Kadhim Farhood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_389.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_389.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_389.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:42:12", "views" : 695, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :391 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "ExperimentalWork in Vascular Microsurgery", "abstract" : "This is a preliminary experimental study on 30 human placentas as a model for microvascular practice . two types of vascular anastamotic techniques were practiced , end – to end and – to – side anastamoses on 78 vessels including both arteries and veins . vessels of different sizes where divided and reanastamosed under the operative microscope . Absence of a dynamic circulation was the main disadvantage of the human placenta when used as an alternative model for microvascular practice, otherwise it was very practical , cheep and has many features in common with the clinical situation . This study shows that arterial anastamoses is easier and less time consuming than venous anastamoses and shows also that end – to – end anastamoses is technically easier and less time consuming than end – to – side anastamoses using the same suture material and vessels of the same size group ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Vascular Microsurgery","preliminary experimental study","arterial anastamoses"], "publishers" : ["Redha Ali","Abdulkhaliq Sahib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "10 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_391.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_391.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_391.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:45:56", "views" : 718, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :392 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Seroprevalence and Associated Factors of Toxoplasma Infection among Sample of Pregnant Women in Wassit Governorate- Iraq", "abstract" : "Objectives: Identifying the seroprevalence of acute anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM and chronic IgG antibodies, the environmental and behavioral factors and some socio demographic data of the study sample. Methods: A descriptive Cross sectional study done on 275 pregnant women(15-45 years old). All the studied women were interviewed and blood samples were taken. Results: The seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM antibody (acute infection) was 22.2%, whereas IgG seropositivity (chronic infection ).was 32.4%,with significant association with consumption of undercooked meat, undercooked beef consumption, consumption of one meal of meat /day and exposures to soil and /or contact with cats were significant associated factors. Conclusion: There is a considerable prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Toxoplasmosis"," seroprevalence"," pregnant women"], "publishers" : ["Wafaa Faeq Tawfeeq","Abdul Rassul KH. Saeed","Tarik Mahdi Muslim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_392.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_392.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_392.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:14", "views" : 826, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :393 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Hematological Changes in Patients with Bladder Cancer", "abstract" : "Objective: To estimate some hematological changes in patients with bladder cancer. Patients: One hundred patients admitted to Al-Hilla General Teaching Hospital and to the Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine Hospital in Baghdad, and 30 healthy persons (control group) were enrolled in this study which lasted from February to June 2011. The patients included 72 males and 28 females, their ages ranged from 41-84 years, with a mean age of 62.82±9.52 years. Those patients were divided into male and female subgroups. As well, the healthy controls were matched in age and sex with them. Results: The study demonstrated that red blood corpuscular (RBCs) count, hemoglobin (Hb), packed corpuscular volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) were significantly decreased in both male and female bladder cancer patients compared to the control group while the values of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were insignificantly decreased in both male and female patients compared to the control group. The white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets counts were insignificantly changed in both male and female patients in comparison with the control group; on the other hand, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was found to be significantly increased in both male and female patients compared to the control group. Conclusion: The changes in all previously mentioned markers in bladder cancer patients might be potentially important findings as hematological tools for the disease. Key words: Hematological changes, bladder cancer." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Some Hematological","Changes in Patients","Bladder Cancer"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad O. Al-Muhammadia","Emad H. Mahmoodb","Basim A. Al-Ka abia"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_393.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_393.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_393.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:14:32", "views" : 672, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :394 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Study of Efficacy of Disinfectants and Bacterial Contamination in AL-Hilla Teaching Hospital", "abstract" : "In this study the efficiency of traditional disinfectants and antiseptics used in the hospitals against bacterial isolates was detected with help of Broth dilution method (for determination of minimum inhibitory concentration-MIC), Disc and Well diffusion method.The results of MIC method show that chlorohexidine gluconate Hibitene) was most effective disinfectants on tested bacteria and it followed by chloroxylenol (S1)type (while chloroxylenol(S2)and(Sp)type showed lower activity), hydrogen peroxide, sodium hypochlorite, formaldehyde, sodium dichloroisocyanurate and PVP-I, while chlorohexidine cetramid (Savlon) showed no efficiency against all tested bacteria . Generally, B.subtilis and methicillin resistant S.aureus were found to be the most sensitive bacteria being tested in this study against disinfectants and antiseptics while P.aeruginosa was the most resistant bacteria to these agents. Disc and well diffusion methods showed correlation between the concentrations of disinfectants and the inhibition zones of bacterial growth increase significantly P <0.05." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Efficacy of DisinfectantsوBacterial Contaminationوin AL-Hilla Teaching Hospital"], "publishers" : ["Rasha Hadi SalehوHabeeb Sahib NaherوSaad A.Al-Jubory"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_394.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_394.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_394.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:26", "views" : 745, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :468 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Variability in Grading Lumbar Discs Degeneration on Magnetic Resonance Images", "abstract" : "Background: Magnetic resonances imaging (MRI) is reliable in evaluation of lumbar disc degeneration, however there is a variation in grading of degeneration. Aim of the study is to measure observer variability in assessing degeneration using a grading system. Patients and methods: Tow radiologist assessed degeneration of 150 lumbar discs of 30 patients (21 male & 9 female) by evaluating MRI examinations, using a grading system after some modifications in nomenclature. Intraobserver and interobserver agreements were measured using weighted Kappa statistic. Results: Intraobserver agreement ranged from moderate (kappa of 0.55) to very good (kappa of 0.87) while interobserver agreement ranged from moderate (Kappa 0.46) to good (kappa of 0.76). Main disagreement were between severe and moderate grads of degeneration while best consensus was obtained in normal discs. Conclusion: Moderate to very good agreement obtained in application of our grading system. Disagreement may be reduced by proper and more frequent use & increasing familiarity. However, further studies with larger sample and among more observers may be still required for the system to be practically applicable. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Variability ","Grading Lumbar Discs Degeneration ","Magnetic Resonance Images "], "publishers" : ["Haider Najim Aubaid ","Hayder Qassim El Mosawi "," Hayder K. Hussein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_468.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_468.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_468.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:27", "views" : 675, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :396 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Assessment of Health Facilities’ Performance of Surveillance Activities for Childhood Vaccine-Preventable Diseases at Health Facilities in Wasit Governorate / Iraq/2010", "abstract" : "Objectives: To assess health facilities’ performance of surveillance of childhood vaccine preventable diseases. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at 51surveillance units and communicable diseases units. The World Health Organization surveillance assessment questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: Regarding the performance of health facilities, there were deficiencies in some surveillance items. No any health facility had complete of surveillance manual. The percentage of health facilities that had the standard case definitions and correctly filled clinical registers were 5.9% and 22.9% respectively. Only 11.6% of health facilities had a written case management protocol for one epidemic prone disease and 21.6% of health facilities implemented preventive and control measures based on local data. Conclusions: There is no complete National surveillance manual, a clear deficiency in different resources, incomplete and incorrect form of filling of the majority of clinical registers." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["surveillance"," vaccine"," preventable diseases"], "publishers" : ["Wafaa F. Tawfeeqa","Abdul Rassul KH. Saeeda","Thaigham M. Abbasb"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_396.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_396.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_396.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 20:16:50", "views" : 625, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :397 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relation of Serum Sodium, Potassium and Magnesium with Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms", "abstract" : "This study was aimed to determine sodium, potassium and magnesium levels in rheumatoid arthritis patients. The study included 24 patients (male only) aged 33-40years compared with 20 volunteers as the same sex and aged as a control group. Mean± SD of serum sodium, potassium and magnesium in patients were182.568±22.745,0.973±0.219 and 0.502±0.085mmol/L while control group were 125.047±23.257,3.475±0.818 and0.941±0.067mmol/L respectively. The study showed a significantly increase in Na level p-value(0.00) and significantly decreased in K and Mg levels in patients compared with control group p-value(0.00, 0.00) .The correlation factor was determined between K and Mg (r = 0.536)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Relation","Serum Sodium"," Potassium","Magnesium"], "publishers" : ["Rana A. Alaly","Ahmed A. Abdulsahib","Saba S. Mohsen Zainab Abbas Jwad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_397.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_397.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_397.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:14:36", "views" : 576, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :400 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Value of Nerve Conduction Study and F-Wave Latency in Subclinical Neuropathic Type II Diabetic Patients", "abstract" : "The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of electrophysiological indexes in detecting and preventing diabetic neuropathy, it is important to identify subclinical diabetic neuropathy with no objective clinical or electrophysiological abnormalities, in which routine nerve conduction study often fails to detect early stage of neuropathy. Two subjects groups were included in this study, patients with DM and control subjects. The routine nerve conductive study (NCS) and F-wave were conducted in 35 patients with type II diabetes mellitus but without symptoms and signs of lesions of nervous system. Conduction velocity (SCV) and sensory amplitude (Amp) were measured for median, ulnar and sural nerves as well as distal motor latency (DML), motor conduction velocity (MCV), motor amplitude (Amp) and F-wave latency were measured for median, ulnar and tibial nerves in DM patients and their control group. Our results showed that there were significant differences between the controls and the DM group (p<0.05). The prolonged F-wave latency represent the main abnormalities and the involvement of the sensory fibers are more than that of the motor fibers and the affection of the lower limbs nerve are worse than that of the upper limbs in diabetic patients when compared with the control group. The most commonly involved nerves are the sural and median nerve sensory fibers. So in this study we concluded that F-wave can be used as a sensitive indicator for the early diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy and it can help to detect the subclincial lesions." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Value of Nerve Conduction Study","F-Wave Latency","Subclinical Neuropathic Type II Diabetic Patients"], "publishers" : ["Farah Nabil Abbas Al-Sadik"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_400.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_400.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_400.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:30:35", "views" : 637, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :399 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Ultrasonography for Detecting Ureteric Calculi with Non Enhanced CT as a Reference Standard (Prospective Study )", "abstract" : "Objective: To prospective study determine the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography (US) for detecting ureteric calculi and to establish the accuracy of US for determining the site ,size and number of calculi in ureter . Patients and Methods: Between June 2008 and December 2009, 100 consecutive patients (age range, 16-65 years; 60 male, 40 female) seen on our emergency department with ureteric colic suspected to have ureteric stone by clinical examination ,underwent US evaluation included a careful search for ureteral calculi. Presence of calculi ,site of calculi and obstruction and incidental diagnoses were recorded .then patients undergo CT on same day or second day for compare the result. All CT studies evaluated the ureter for presence of calculi .US and computed tomography (CT) examinations were compared for the presence of ureteric calculi (site in ureter and size ). The sensitivity of US was determined for presence of calculi in ureter findings were compared with computed tomography . The size of calculi in longest axis were compared on US and CT images . Results: US depicted 20 calculi identified at CT ,yielding sensitivity 20% and specificity 100 %,there was no substantial difference for detecting calculi in left or right ureter ,the specificity of the ultrasound examination was 100 %, but the sensitivity was 20 % except for the lower ureteric calculi (sensitivity 28%). US find 6 calculi in upper ureter from 26 calculi (sensitivity 23 %) ,while 2 calculi from 30 in middle ureter (sensitivity 6 %) ,and 12 calculi from 42 calculi in lower ureter (sensitivity 28 % ) identified at CT, Conclusion: US is of limited value for detecting ureteric calculi specially in middle ureter" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prospective Study","Ureteric Calculi","Ultrasonography"], "publishers" : ["Kassim A. Hadi Taj-Aldean"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_399.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_399.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_399.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 830, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :401 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Extraction, Purification and Characterization of a Lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. White Seeds (White Kidney Bean)", "abstract" : "The purpose of the research was to study the purification and characterization of lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. white seeds. The lectin was purified by sequence of steps , namely , first with ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange (DEAE cellulose) and gel filtration (sephadex G-200) chromatography, and finally by polyacrylamide electrophoresis (PAGE). Single band was observed in native PAGE . The lectin was shown to have molecular weight of 33 kDa in SDS PAGE and about 35 kDa in gel filtration and purified about 9.01 fold to final specific activity of 64 titer/mg of protein. The hemagglutination activity of the lectin was stable within the pH range from 4-11 and temperature range from 0°-50°C. Chemical modification results indicate that lysine and tryptophan were crucial for the hemagglutination activity of lectin. The results of carbohydrates specificity showed that the lectin was had complex sugar specifities, but not specific to xylose and mannose" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Extraction"," Purification","Characterization of a Lectin","Phaseolus vulgaris"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed A. Jebor","Yasser H. Jalil"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_401.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_401.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_401.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:22:33", "views" : 699, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :403 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 9}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Metformin, Glyburide and their Combination on Lipid Profile in NIDDM Patients.", "abstract" : "DM plays an important role in the endothelial dysfunction and vascular complications like dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis., It is important now a day to evaluate the dyslipidemic effects of oral hypoglycemic drugs in addition to blood glucose lowering effects, since this may provides a better treatment approach and participates in the prevention of complications of DM. We studied the dyslipidemic effects of glyburide, metformin, and their combination on (111) NIDDM patients aged from 39 – 58 years, treated for two years with different treatment lines and compared the results with healthy controls. Serum (TC-C), (TG-C),(HDL-C),(VLDL-C), and (LDL-C) levels were estimated as a marker of dyslipidemia in the serum utilizing lipid profile kit. Serum TC-C, TG-C, LDL-C, and VLDL-C levels significantly reduced and serum HDL-C levels significantly elevated in patients used metformin alone and glyburide / metformin combination therapy so, maintained serum lipid profiles at levels closer to that of controls, while patients used glyburide as monotherapy significantly increased serum TG-C, TC-C, VLDL-C, and LDL-C levels and significantly decreased serum HDL-C levels in comparison to control group. In conclusion, Metformin / glyburide combination therapy and metformin monotherapy provide better protection against dyslipidemia associated with NIDDM patients than glyburide used alone, and hence better prevention of complications like atherosclerosis ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["DM : Diabetes mellitus TC-C : total cholesterol"," TG-C : Triglyceride"," HDL-C : High density lipoprotein"," LDL-C : Low density lipoprotein"," VLDL-C : Very low density lipoprotein"," NIDDM : non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus."], "publishers" : ["Reyadh H. Hashim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "9_4_403.jpg","full_file" : "9_4_403.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "9_4_403.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:06:45", "views" : 672, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :402 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Testosterone Hormone and Lipid Profile, Proteins and Some Trace Elements in the Sera of Patients with Preeclampsia", "abstract" : "Preeclampsia is one of the most common diseases which occurs during the second and third trimester of pregnancy. The incidence of this disease is 2-5% among pregnant women. The aetiology is still in debate and many theories were introduced in this field by many investigators in different countries. It is sometimes called disease of theories due to the contradictory issues concerning its causes and consequences. In this study we tried to elucidate the relationship between testosterone and some biochemical constituents which vary during pregnancy (i.e , lipid profile, total protein, albumin and minerals (Ca & Mg). This work was carried out on fifty five pregnant women referred to Babylon Hospital for Obstetric & Paediatrics for the period from November 2007 to May 2008 .The serum samples obtained from those patients and control groups (55 healthy pregnant) were analyzed for lipids, protein and minerals in addition to testosterone .The study group was subdivided into four subgroups as follows : 1.Group I is comprised of 25 preeclamptic patients in the second trimester of pregnancy . 2. Group II is comprised of 30 preeclamptic patients in the third trimester of pregnancy . 3.Group III includes 25 healthy pregnant women (2nd trimester) which served as control group . 4.Group IV represents 30 healthy pregnant subject in their third trimester of pregnancy The results revealed a significant increase in serum testosterone levels in Group I and Group II compared with Group III and IV (p<0.01). These were insignificant decrease in hormone level in Group IV in comparison with GroupIII (p=0.36). The results showed a significant increase in serum level of total cholesterol, TG, LDL, VLDL in Group I and Group II compared with those in Group III and Group IV,(p<0.001), (p<0.01) at respectively. However, there was a concomitant decrease in serum HDL level in Group I and Group II when compared with Group III and Group IV. The results showed also a significant decrease in the levels of total protein ,albumin ,Ca and Mg in preeclamptic women compared with normotensive pregnants (p<0.05) .These changes were insignificant when the results of these component in Group IV were compared with Group III (p>0.05). There were significant correlation between serum testosterone levels and lipid profile , protein and minerals .This gives a preliminary idea about the role of testosterone in such changes. There were a positive correlation between testosterone and lipid profile except HDL-C which decrease at increase the testosterone in G1,G2 and G3 (p<0.01) and there were positive correlation between cholesterol / albumin ratio and testosterone in G1,G2 and G3 (p<0.01) but a negative correlation in G4 (p<0.01). There were inverse relationship between cholesterol and albumin (p<0.001)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Testosterone Hormone","Lipid Profile","Preeclampsia",""], "publishers" : ["Ameera Jasem Mohamad Amen","Bushra AL-Robaee","Tariq Hufdhy AL-Khayat"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_402.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_402.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_402.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:05:18", "views" : 863, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :404 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Chromosomal Abnormalities Associated with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions in Iraqi Women", "abstract" : "Chromosomal analysis is an important etiological investigation in couples with repeated spontaneous abortions as it helps in genetic counseling and deciding about further reproductive options. Abortions ,specially first trimester abortions is a very common complication and a matter of concern for couples planning pregnancy. Balanced chromosomal rearrangements in either parent is an important cause of recurrent pregnancy loss particularly in the first trimester. In this study there is an evaluation of the contribution of chromosomal anomalies in causing repeated spontaneous abortions. To understand the cytogenetic causes in the couples with spontaneous abortions ,cytogenetic study was done on 61 couples (122 individuals) with recurrent spontaneous abortions who were examined for chromosomal abnormalities and aberrations. Women who had at least two abortions, or spontaneous abortions preceded or followed by fetal deaths or birth of a malformed child. We have found 9.83% of all cases carrying chromosomal aberrations and abnormalities included 7.37% of all cases were structural aberrations & 2.45 of all cases were numerical anomalies." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Chromosomal Abnormalities","Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions","etiological investigation"], "publishers" : ["Saad Merza Husain Alaraji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "11 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_404.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_404.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_404.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:46:15", "views" : 1204, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :407 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of Advanced Glycated End Products and Microalbuminuria on Developing Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ", "abstract" : "Diabetic retinopathy is a frequent microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus . We analyzed the association of serum level of major advanced glycated end product mainly N?-carboxymethyl-lysine with prevalence of developing of diabetic retinopathy in Type 2 diabetic patients , a case control study were confirmed on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus whom were examined by an ophthalmologist at AL- Hilla Teaching Hospital and patients classified into proliferative and non proliferative diabetic retinopathy and the level of N?-carboxymethyl-lysine were 2.2±0.45 and2.9±0.24 among NPDRP and PDRP respectively and the level among control diabetic patients without retinopathy 1.2±0.2 and the statistical analysis were revealed that were significant difference between patients and control at p value <0.05 Estimation of microalbuminuria among diabetic patients revealed that prevalence of microalbuminuria among patients with NPDRP is (68%) ,and among patients with PDRP are (80%) ,while prevalence among diabetic patients without retinopathy are (33%). The odd ratio for association between microalbuminuria and diabetic retinopathy is calculated and the results is 2.5 which indicate that patients with positive microalbuminuria is at higher risk for developing retinopathy and microalbuminuria is considered risk marker for developing diabetic retinopathy. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["advanced glycated end products"," carboxymethyl-lysine"," diabetic retinopathy"," proliferative diabetic retinopathy"," risk marker"," odd ratio."], "publishers" : ["Thanaa Mohammed Juda","Ahmed Mousa Issa","Haider Kamil Zaidan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_407.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_407.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_407.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:19:05", "views" : 895, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :408 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Thyroid Function Tests of Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Baghdad Governorate ( El-Mahmoodiya District) ", "abstract" : "Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 and thyroid disorders are the two most common endocrine disorders encountered in clinical practice, and associations between both conditions have long been reported. Objectives: To study thyroid function tests in our type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: The study was conducted at El-Mahmoodiya general hospital in Baghdad governorate from March to June 2013 where 30 diabetic type 2 patients included randomly in the study and another 30 healthy non diabetic were included as a control group. The two groups were sex and age matched. Thyroid function tests were assessed for both groups. Results: Abnormal thyroid function tests ( T3, T4, and TSH ) are significantly higher in prevalence among the diabetic than control group, with hypothyroidism being the mostly encountered abnormality. Conclusion: A systematic approach to thyroid testing in diabetic type 2 patients is favorable. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Thyroid Function Tests ","Type 2 Diabetic Patients","Baghdad"," El-Mahmoodiya"], "publishers" : ["Monthir Mahmood Suhail"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_408.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_408.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_408.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:05:24", "views" : 1117, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :409 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Tuberculous Cervical Lymphadenopathy in Babylon", "abstract" : "Objectives :The aim of this study is to evaluate the frequency of Tuberculosis (TB) presenting as cervical lymphadenopathy (LAP), to describe the clinical picture with which the patient may present, and to evaluate the most yielding laboratory investigations to be recommended. Patients and Methods :The study included all patients more than 13 years old presenting with the complaint of cervical LAP of both genders for the period from September 2008 to September 2012 who had been managed in Hilla General Teaching and Merjan Teaching Hospitals. All of them were submitted to Fine Needle Aspiration Cytological examination (FNAC). Excisional/incisional lymph node biopsy was undertaken when this procedure had been required. Results :We reviewed a total of220patientspresented with cervical LAP. The study revealed tuberculous cervical LAP in 155(70.45%), 30(13.63%) cases were suffering from reactive hyperplasia cervical LAP, 25(11.3%) cases were due to secondary metastatses, 10(4.54%) proved to be lymphoma cases while only 5(2.27%) cases were due to non-specific chronic LAP. Family history and suggestive constitutional symptoms were undetectable in most of the cases of cervical LAP. TB affected the lymph nodes located in the posterior triangle of the neck in most of the cases. Conclusion :The most common aetiology of cervical LAP was TB process. The aetiology behind this should be investigated in more depth. While most of the laboratory investigations commonly used were not so much helpful in confirming the diagnosis, FNAC exam was so sensitive in settling the diagnosis. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Tuberculosis"," cervical lymphadenopathy"," lymphoma"," Babylon"], "publishers" : ["Mahmoud M. J. Hamad"," Abeer Leteef Hamza"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_409.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_409.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_409.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 06:11:40", "views" : 800, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :410 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Abuse of Sexual - Enhancement Drugs in Babylon", "abstract" : "Background: Drug abuse is defined as using of drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. In Iraq drug abuse is wide range problem because almost any drug can be easily obtained from pharmacies and drug stores. Sexual-enhancement drugs are widely used without a prescription. The aim: The study was conducted to verify the abuse of sexual - enhancement drugs by people attending private pharmacies to purchase these drugs in Babylon. Subjects and Method: Three-hundred and forty males who use these drugs of different ages were collected randomly in Babylon . Questionnaire included the following questions ; age, whether the drug is prescribed by physician or not, the reason for use, causes of impotence, type of drug used, also the subjects were asked about the dose, frequency dose of these drugs and lastly whether they had suffered side effects from these drugs or not. Results: The results showed that 67% of subjects using these drugs were between 25-50 years old. The study also revealed that 84% of those subjects use these drugs without prescription and the reason for use, in 58% of subjects, was to increase the efficiency during sexual intercourse and not due to impotence and the impotence in 58% of impotent patient is due to disease . Furthermore the results showed that the most drug type used is Sildenafil (55%) and most of them used the highest dose. The study also showed that 71% of subjects use these drugs twice weekly and 65% of those subjects had developed moderate side effects from the use of these drugs. Conclusion: The results indicate that there is an abuse of sexual enhancement drugs and most of them are not used on the therapeutic or scientific bases." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Abuse of Sexual "," Abuse of Sexual"], "publishers" : ["Dhafir Qahtan Saeed Al-Ameen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_410.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_410.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_410.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:47:46", "views" : 543, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :603 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Metformin : The Treatment of Choise in Polycystic Ovary Disease", "abstract" : "Aim of study:Was to determine wheather metformin , which reduces hyperinsulinemia , would reverse the endocrinopathy of PCOS, allowing resumption of regular , normal menses. Subjects and Methods:A study included 29 patients with PCOS were treated with metformin for 3-6 months and effects on regulation of menstrual cycles, weight reduction, improvement in endocrinopathy was assessed after treatment. Results: Of 29 patients with PCOS,with menstual irregulation, the analysis showed that 20 patients resume normal menses after metformin therapy, 14 patients loss weight , and there was reduction in level of blood insulin and testosterone after treatment . Conclusion: Safe and effective therapy with metformin in PCOS reverses endocrinopathy , restores normal menstrual cycles , and restores fertility, allowing pregnancy" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Metformin","The Treatment","Choise in"," Polycystic Ovary Disease"], "publishers" : ["Melal Mohammed Abd. Al - Rudha"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "25 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_603.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_603.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_603.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:34", "views" : 576, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :412 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In Vitro Human Sperm Activation by Using Progestrone Medroxy-Acetate", "abstract" : "The aim of this study is investigate the effect of incubation periods ( 90 and 120 minutes ) on the sperm functions of ten human asthenospermic specimens which are incubated with different concentrations of progestrone medroxy-acetate (0.1 , 0.4 and 1 mg/ml ). These concentrations were added to glucosaline medium ( control ) and used for in vitro sperm activation . The incubation of asthenospermic specimens with glucosaline supplemented with 0.4 mg/ml progestrone medroxy – acetate caused a significant increase ( p < 0.001 ) in sperm motility percent and grade activity compared to control group ( glucosaline alone ) after 90 and 120 minutes . So progestrone medroxy-acetate, when used at 0.4 mg / ml can maintain the improved sperm motion for longer duration enough to increase the number of sperm reaching the upper reproductive tract and increase the fertilization capacity in the assisted reproduction technique" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["In Vitro Human","Sperm Activation","Progestrone Medroxy-Acetate"], "publishers" : ["Batool Ibrahim Hussain","Faris Naji Abood","Bushra Jaber"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_412.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_412.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_412.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:32", "views" : 859, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :413 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Semen collection and processing :- Ten semen samples were obtained by masturbation from ten asthenospermic patients after 3 days of sexual abstinence . The specimens were allowed to liquefy at 37? C for 20 – 30 minutes. The mean data of the semen parameters were estimated, including : sperm concentration, sperm motility percent, grade activity, abnormal sperm morphology percent, leukocytes and phagocytes concentration . The values of these parameters are considered as sperm parameters before activation. In vitro sperm activation technique :- Two ml of each semen sample was divided into four equal splits , placed separately into four centrifuged tubes. Each 0.5 ml of semen was mixed with 1 ml of glucosaline supplemented with 20 % inactive maternal serum. The mixture was centrifuged at 2000 rpm for 5 minutes, the supernatant was discarded and the final pellet in four tubes was overlayered with glucosaline alone (control ) , glucosaline with 0.1 mg / ml of progestrone medroxy-acetate, glucosaline with 0.4 mg / ml of progestrone medroxy-acetate and glucosaline with 1 mg / ml of progestrone medroxy-acetate. The four tubes were kept in an incubator at 37? C . A drop of top part of media was aspirated after 90 and 120 minutes from each tube and examined to evaluate sperm parameters. The results were analyzed by using analysis of variance ( ANOVA ) and LSD to indicate the significancy[12].", "abstract" : "Background: Chronic heart failure is an increasing condition with high mortality and morbidity. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) has been identified as an independent predictor of risk of cardiac morbidity or mortality. Objective: To determine the frequency of LBBB in patients with systolic LV dysfunction. Setting: Al-Hussein Hospital echocardiographic clinic in Karbala city. Methods: One hundred sixty patients were divided into two groups: Group A: constituted of 80 consecutive patients who had a left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) <40% and Group B: constituted of 80 consecutive patients who had a left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) >40%. Both groups were screened for LBBB using standard twelve-lead surface electrocardiogram. Results: There were two patients (2.5%) with LBBB in group B, while the number was 16(20%) in group A. P- value was <0.0005. Conclusion: Left bundle branch block is more common in patients with systolic LV dysfunction. Electrocardiogram should be included in the diagnostic and evaluative process of these patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Semen collection","processing :- Ten semen samples","masturbation"], "publishers" : ["Ali Razzaq AL-Hussaini","Haider Sobhi al-Haddad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_413.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_413.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_413.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:23", "views" : 629, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :414 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli Experimental Induced Septic and Cryptic Arthritis", "abstract" : "Models for lapin septic arthritis and cryptic arthritis were developed. Joint infection was determined using several criteria such as sluggishness, loss of appetite, loss of weight, joint swelling, lamness and histopathology. These criteria were applied using two infection routes: the intravenous (IV) and intrarticular( IAI). Infection through the intravenous route showed marked joint swelling cell wall defective rather than intact state. It failed to induce both, lameness and loss of appetite with minimal weight loss of around 50gm. In the intrarticular route, however, there were appetite loss, weight loss, mild sluggishness and marked joint swelling in CWD rather than intact . Intact Staphylococcus aureus in IV was arthropathic but by IAI was non-arthropathics. Cell wall defective Escherichia coli was arthropathic in both IV and IAI. Both intact and CWD E.coli were arthropathic by IAI . Thus human arthropathic E.coli isolates showed lapin arthropathy both as intact and cell wall defective but in CWD state there were more severe clinical outcomes, while, human arthropathic S.aureus isolates showed lapin arthropathy in cell wall defective state but not in intact state ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Staphylococcus aureus"," Escherichia col","Experimental"], "publishers" : ["Ibrahim M. Shnawa","Qasim N. Thewaini","Afraa H. Omran"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_414.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_414.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_414.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:23", "views" : 676, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :415 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of the Bacterial Etiology of Cryptic Arthritis", "abstract" : "Thirty patients showing clinical symptoms of arthritis with negative culture results were negative as done by the clinical laboratories. With cooperation of senior rheumatologist synovial fluid samples were collected . The routine culture were repeated, serial, dilution, leucocyte lysate and biphasic cultures were done for them , in addition to direct exam .Cell-Wall Defective (CWD ) colonies were found as tiny, pouched egg appearance in 13 instances: Staphylococcus aureus CWD, Escherichia coli CWD, Streptococcus pyogenes CWD and Klebsiella pneumoniae CWD. In 13 serial , dilution , lysate and biphasic culture and 2 routine culture as well as the remaining were culture-negative. Thus CWD S. aureus and CWD E . coli were the dominant arthropathic organisms." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Study of the Bacterial","Etiology of Cryptic","Arthritis"], "publishers" : ["Qasim N. Thewaini","Afraa H. Omran"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_415.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_415.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_415.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:32", "views" : 712, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :416 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Relationship between Antioxidants Glutathione, Glutathione - S-Transeferase as Tumor Markers in Breast Cancer Patients", "abstract" : "Glutathione (GSH), Glutathione- S- transferase (GST) in patients with proved breast cancer have been estimated to find the possibility of using such parameters as a biomarker in the diagnosis of breast cancer patients compared to control. Sera of ( 100 ) breast cancer patients has been taken to estimate the levels of GSH and GST. All studied patients samples were female with mean age ( 51.16 ) years old The result of the study revealed that serum GSH concentration and GST activity decrease in breast cancer patients; however the relation between GSH concentration and GST activity is reversible. Stage II is the most common stage with breast cancer patients where there were 71 cases of stage II. The most common of age is the range age from 40-49 years old. So this study recommends the use of these bio marker for early detecting of the disease and bringing special equipment to measure it." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Relationship","Antioxidants Glutathione"," Glutathione - S-Transeferase"], "publishers" : ["Mufeed J. Ewadh","Nadia Hassan Kadhum","Kadhium J.Al Hamdani"," Alaa S.Alawad*"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_416.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_416.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_416.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:55:42", "views" : 884, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :417 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Coblation Tonsillectomy Versus Traditional Tonsillectomy in Children", "abstract" : "Aim of the study: To assess the morbidity and efficacy of bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation tonsillectomy and compare it with traditional cold dissection tonsillectomy in children. Materials and Methods: 100 patients between the age of 3-10 years admitted for elective tonsillectomy with recurrent or chronic tonsillitis or obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy. Half of them had traditional cold dissection tonsillectomy and the other half had tonsillectomy by bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation, there is no intergroup difference in age,sex and weight. Results: The mean operative time is longer in the coblation group, and the estimated blood loss is little more in the coblation group than the traditional. The post operative pharyngeal or ear pain score is much less in the coblation group and there was no higher risk of bleeding in the coblation tonsillectomy than the traditional tonsillectomy. Conclusions: Coblation tonsillectomy has the advantage of less post operative pain and there is no higher risk of post operative bleeding between the two groups. " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Coblation Tonsillectomy Versus ","Traditional Tonsillectomy "], "publishers" : ["Ayad Ahmed Shihab Al Azzawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_417.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_417.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_417.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:47", "views" : 1471, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :418 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Role of Oxidative Stress by Lipid Peroxidation in Developing Urinary Bladder Cancer and Correlation between Malondialdehyde and Trace Elements Copper and Zinc", "abstract" : "This study was applied on fifty patients having urinary bladder cancer, proved by histopathological study for the biopsy taken from the bladder by cystoscopy performed under general anesthesia. In this study the type of cancer was transitional cell carcinoma of urinary bladder of different stages. In this study changes in malondieldehyde as biomarker of lipid peroxidationhave been studied the result revealed significant elevation in patient groups compared with control, and glutathione level (GSH) which considered as antioxidant defenses mechanism are significantly reduced in patients groups in comparison to control groups. The changes in level of trace elements copper and zinc are study in this work, the result revealed increase level of copper and reduced level of zinc in patients groups in comparism with control groups" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Role of Oxidative Stress","Lipid Peroxidation","Developing Urinary","Bladder Cancer"], "publishers" : ["Thanaa M. Juda","Mufeed J.Ewad","Kadum J.Alhamdani"," Mohammed R.Judy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_418.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_418.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_418.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 894, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :419 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlation of Catalase with Trace Elements Zinc and Copper in Urinary Bladder Cancer Patients", "abstract" : "This study was applied on patients having urinary bladder cancer fifty patients were chosing for this study complaining of haematuria ,and proofed to have bladder cancer by histopathological study for the biopsy taken from the bladder by cystoscopy performed under general anesthesia . In this study the type of cancer was transitional cell carcinoma of urinary bladder of different stages . In this work changes in activity of catalase as enzymatic antioxidant defense mechanism we studied in patients and control groups ,the result revealed significant decrease in patient groups compared with control. The changes in level of trace elements copper and zinc are studied in this work , the result revealed an increase level of copper and reduced level of zinc in patients groups in comparism with control groups ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Correlation of Catalase","Trace Elements","Zinc and Copper"], "publishers" : ["Thanaa M. Juda","Mufeed J.Ewad","Kadum J.Alhamdani"," Mohammed R.Judy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_419.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_419.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_419.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:27:13", "views" : 861, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :420 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Combination of C-Reactive Protein, Erythrosedimentation Rate and White blood cell for the Detection of Gram Negative Bacteremia in Children under 9 Years Old.", "abstract" : "Bacteremia caused by gram negative bacteria isolated randomly from 80 children aging 0-9 years was studied from first of February/ 2008- end of June/ 2008 for their susceptibility profile. The various isolates were Escherichia coli (39 isolates,48.75%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (23 isolates,28.75%) and Proteus spp (18 isolates, 22.5%). Males were more infected (70%) than females. Antibiotics susceptibility pattern of these isolates against 28 different antibiotics revealed that norfloxacin, ofloxacin, tobramycin and amikacin were effective for treatment of gram negative bacteremia. Azithromycin, bacitracin, erythromycin, kanamycin, oxytetracyclin and rifamycin were found to be non effective against isolated organisms. The level of CRP in sera of 71.2% patients was more than 24 mg/dL and this concentration revealed to bactermia while the value of WBC was > 15000 / mm in 82.5% of patients and ESR was found to be >35mm/h in 100% of patients. In this study we found that the addition of CRP testing to that of WBC and ESR ensure the detecting of bacteremia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Combination","C-Reactive Protein"," Erythrosedimentation Rate"], "publishers" : ["Haider Sh. Aubais"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_420.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_420.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_420.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:11:38", "views" : 578, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :421 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Comparative Study to Determine the Effect of Age and Parity on Vaginal Epithelial Cells Diameters", "abstract" : "The vagina is lined by stratified sequamous epithelium which is under the effect of hormonal & environmental factors. The vaginal epithelium is poorly studied & very little & restricted studies made about this subject. This cross-sectional study is aimed at studying the effect of age & parity on vaginal epithelial cells diameter. It was conducted in Al-Bakarly primary health center in Hilla. 82 women who attend the center for various reasons were recruited. After taking history & physical examination, vaginal swabs were taken to obtain vaginal epithelial cells, the slides examined under light microscope to measure vaginal epithelial cell diameter in five epithelial cells & the mean was taken for each swab. A significant difference in mean cell diameter was found in different age groups.The least diameter (5.35 ?m) in those aged ?20 years while the largest diameter (6.50 ?m) in those aged 31- 40 years. A significant difference in mean epithelial cell diameter was also found in women of different parity. There was a significant increment in mean cell diameter with increasing parity. The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant effect of both age & parity on vaginal epithelial cell diameter & these factors must be considered when interpretting vaginal swabs & smears." , "type" :3, "keywords" : [" Determine the Effect of Age","Parity on Vaginal","Epithelial Cells Diameters"], "publishers" : ["Nadia M. Al-Hilli","Haythem A. Abdul-Hussain","Mariamm M. Burhan"," Hameda A. Al-Mahdy","Asmaa M. Mekky"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_421.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_421.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_421.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:00:31", "views" : 660, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :422 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Spirometric Changes in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus", "abstract" : "Objective: Complications of D.M. affect many organ systems and are responsible for majority of morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Pulmonary complications of D.M have been poorly characterized, although some authors had reported normal pulmonary function, others found abnormalities in lung volumes, pulmonary mechanics, and diffusing capacity. Material and Methods: Fifty patients with Diabetes mellitus (DM) were included in this study that had been conducted at Al-Sader teaching hospital in Al-Najaf, 17 had DM type 1 (9 males and 8 females), and 33 patients had DM type 2( 19 male and 14 female), 20 age and sex matched person were included as a control group (11 were male and 9 female). Spirometric tests were done for the two groups by flowmeter and computerized Spirometry with six parameters {(Vital capacity (VC ), Forced vital capacity (FVC ), Force expiratory volume in first second (FEV1 ) , Force expiratory volume in first second percent (FEV1% ) , Force expiratory volume in first second to force volume capacity (FEV1/FVC ) ,and Peak expiratory flow rate (FEFR)} . Results: Spirometric tests were found to be significantly lower in the first (Diabetic )as compared to nondiabetic.Sex and duration of DM were not associated with any of the parameter that were considered, the duration of DM was recorded to affect the Spirometric tests , however these differences were not significant statistically. Type 1 diabetics had more significant deterioration of Spirometric results as compared to type 2 DM. Conclusion: Spirometric results were lower in diabetics as compared to nondiabetic, and type 1 had more frequent and severe disturbance in Spirometric tests as compared to type 2, on the other hand, sex and duration had no significant effect on Spirometric tests in both types." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Spirometric Changes "," Diabetes Mellitus"], "publishers" : ["Falah A Dally"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_422.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_422.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_422.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:47", "views" : 630, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :423 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Treatment Options for Negative Postcoital Test in Cervical Factor Infertility", "abstract" : "Thirty two infertile couples who have cervical factor as a cause for their infertility were investigated in Al-Amal clinic for infertility management. Causes of negative postcoital test were listed and treatment was stated. Significant improvement (p<0.05) of postcoital score after treatment noticed and total pregnancy rate (PR) was 37.5%. Intrauterine insemination achieved only 10% PR, for the patients who didn t respond to medical treatment. Cervical factor infertility needs special care and patience from the clinician, because it s easily treatable and can achieve good results after treatment." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Treatment Options","Negative Postcoital"," Cervical Factor Infertility"], "publishers" : ["Hanan A.J AL- Taee","Faris N. A. AL-Hady"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_423.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_423.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_423.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:53:35", "views" : 941, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :424 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM)", "abstract" : "Background: Chronic otitis media is a major global cause of hearing impairment & this may have serious long-term effects on language, auditory & cognitive development, & educational progress. Objective: To study the sensorineural hearing loss (receptive hearing loss) associated with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). Methods: 96 patients were clinically diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) consulting us in Diwaniyah teaching hospital & my private clinic between September 2006 & April 2009. 66 cases of the total number were unilateral while the bilateral cases were 30. Audiological assessments were done for all cases. Results: The results showed a significant relationship between CSOM & SNHL mainly at high frequencies, & it had been found that the longer duration at time of diagnosis the more percentage affected & cases of CSOM associated with cholesteatomas were more affected by SNHL & the frequency 8000Hz was the most affected one. Conclusions: The presence of SNHL with CSOM may be explained by the presence of pus, local or systemic treatment or may be due to labyrinthitis during the course of the disease; therefore, more attention should be paid in the treatment of CSOM." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Chronic otitis media","Sensorineural Hearing Loss","cholesteatomas"], "publishers" : ["Kassim R. Dekhil"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_424.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_424.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_424.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:27", "views" : 978, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :425 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Irrational Self-Medication of Antibiotic in University of Kufa in Annajaf", "abstract" : "Background :Inappropriate antibiotic use refers to improper administration with respect to drug dose, interval duration (whether singly or collectively) in the light of proper clinical situations and/or financial considerations. The recognized effects of inappropriate use (whether overuse or underuse) of antibiotics are multiple: (1) rapid emergence of resistance, (2) selection pressure on resistant microorganisms, (3) adverse reactions, (4) treatment failures, (5) occurrence of preventable morbidity and mortality and (6) waste of resources. One of the triggers for using self-medication may be past experience with antibiotics prescribed by health professionals. We examined the association between prescribed use and self-medication with antibiotics. Aim:To estimate irrational self-medication with antibiotics by a population in Annajaf / IRAQ Design of study: Interview -based questionnaire study. Methods: In total, 1041 respondents were interviewed on their attitudes towards appropriateness of self-medication with antibiotics and situational use of antibiotics, beliefs about antibiotics for minor ailments, knowledge about the effectiveness of antibiotics on viruses and bacteria and awareness about antibiotic resistance. Public knowledge, beliefs, and experiences of antibiotics, as well as predictors of accurate knowledge of antibiotic effectiveness, were measured using 28 questions with sub-items. The questionnaire was given to a Annajaf /Iraq community-based 1041 individuals. Of these, 1041 eligible responders were invited to participate; 835 responders (82%) completed the questionnaire. Results: Of the 1041 respondents questioned, 853 (82%) well-informed antibiotic and 188(18%) misinformed antibiotics. From well-informed only 558(65.4%) were self-medicated and 295(34.6%). The most frequently used agents were amoxycillin (50.2%), Cephalosporins (13.1%), Aminoglycosides (2.9%), Tetracycline s (0.9%), co-trimoxazole (0.8%), Macrolides (0.6%), and Quinolones (0.5%). Conclusions: Our study shows consistent associations between prescribed use and self-medication with antibiotics. Preventing leftovers may be one effective way of preventing self-medication. This can be achieved by ensuring that the amount dispensed corresponds to the amount prescribed, by educating patients and by making doctors aware that prescribing for minor ailments may increase the risk of selfmedication for such ailments." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Irrational Self-Medication","Kufa in Annajaf","drug dose","viruses"], "publishers" : ["Ali A. Razzak M. Noori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_425.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_425.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_425.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:46", "views" : 1250, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :426 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Anti-RubellaAntibodies Among Childbearing Age Women in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "A study was conducted from 1st June 2005 to 30th July 2006, in which a sample of 250 women in childbearing age (15-45) years, were selected randomly from urban and rural regions of Babylon Governorate. These women were selected from those attending Babylon Maternity and Children Hospital, and Public Health Laboratory. This study has been carried out to determine anti-rubella antibodies among women in childbearing age. The women included in this study were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for IgG antibodies giving an overall prevalence of (77.6%), and hemagglutination-inhibition test for rubella IgG and IgM antibodies giving an overall prevalence of (80.0%). Regarding the sociodemographic variables, the study revealed that the highest rate of seropositivity was in age group (25-29) years by ELISA and HAI tests (85.96% and 87.71% respectively), while the lowest rate was in older age group ?40 years (66.7%) for both tests. Also the study revealed that the rate of seropositivity was higher among women who lives in urban areas by ELISA and HAI tests (82.56% and 83.48% respectively), women with high educational level (88.9%) for both tests, and employees women (94.44%) for both tests. Also, pregnant women had higher rate of seropositivity (78.33%) than non-pregnant ones. However, pregnant women in the first trimester had highest rate of seropositivity by ELISA and HAI tests (79.6% and 81.63% respectively) than women in the second and third trimester. Regarding the parity, the study revealed that the multipara women with three children had the highest rate of seropositivity (85.0%) for both tests than others. The present study showed that the mean of the titer of anti-rubella antibodies by hemagglutinationinhibition test, was high (1952 ± 1641.9) in women with age group (25-29) years, and low (280 ± 80) in the older age women ?40 years. Also, the mean of the titer was higher among women who live in urban areas (1262.4 ± 1375.4), women with secondary educational level (1307.9 ± 1350.2), and employees women (1496.5 ± 1683.3). While in pregnant women and non-pregnant ones, there is no significant difference in the mean of the titer between them. However, the pregnant women in the second trimester show high mean of the titer (1014.4 ± 1352.9) than others, and multipara women with two children had high mean of the titer (1124.5 ± 1383) than others." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Anti-RubellaAntibodies","Childbearing Age Women","Babylon Governorate","ELISA"], "publishers" : ["Bushra Al-rubaii","Mohammed Aboud","Wisam Hamza"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_426.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_426.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_426.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 833, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :427 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Seasonal hair loss", "abstract" : "Back ground: There are about 100,000 hair follicles in the scalp, which have the capacity of growing and re-growing hair several times in their life span. Hair loss is a natural phenomenon. Hair has to fall out, so that there is place for new healthy hair to grow. Being mammals, we generally shed hair, during the onset of winter. Seasonal hair loss has been observed in eight healthy women during spring. Aim of the study:To assess the seasonality of hair loss. Design: Prospective study of eight healthy women who complains of recurrent hair loss during spring time. Patients and method: Eight patients with recurrent hair loss during spring season were observed for 12 months for possible seasonal pattern of scalp hair loss. A careful examination of the patients was carried out including hair pull test, performed twice monthly for 12 months. The test was done over different sites of the scalp including the top and the sides. The hair is prepared by instructing the patients not to wash their hair 24 hours before test. Results:Telogen percentages by month of year showed an overall annual periodicity, manifested by a maximal proportion of telogen hair in April. Conclusion: These results confirm the findings of former authors who have indicated seasonal changes in human hair growth, although the previous studies had shown a larger peak in July and a smaller peak in April, this study had shown a larger peak during April. This may be due to difference in season’s lengths between Iraq and other countries." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["hair follicles","larger peak","Telogen percentages","Seasonal hair loss"], "publishers" : ["Fatema A. K. Hamad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "12 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_427.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_427.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_427.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:34:35", "views" : 1234, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :430 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Haemostasis During Tonsillectomy Silk Ligation Versus Bipolar Diathermy", "abstract" : "Background: Tonsillectomy is a commonly performed surgical procedure. there are several operative methods but the superiority of one over the other has not been clearly demonstrated Design: prospective, comparative study. Aim: To compare the morbidity associated with tonsillectomy using two different technique s for haemostasis silk ligation versus diathermy. Patients and Methods: This is a prospective, comparative study at ENT department of AL –sadder teaching hospital, College of Medicine, University of Kufa , from June 2008 – November 2009; where 250 patients were enrolled in this study. The results of the two groups i.e. tonsillectomy using silk ligation or diathermy for haemostasis was studied. Results: Tonsillectomy of 250 patients were performed ; 160 male (64%) and 90 (36%) female .the mean operation time was 20 minutes with bipolar diathermy as compared to 30 minutes with silk ligation ,analgesic requirement during the first 24 hours post operatively was equal with both techniques . Primary bleeding was noticed in 6 patients (2.4%) with bipolar diathermy haemostasis as compared to 13 patients (5.2%) with silk ligation .Secondary bleeding was encountered in 10 patients (4%) with bipolar diathermy and in 7 patients (2.9%) with silk ligation Conclusions: Less operative time was taken by bipolar diathermy as compared to silk ligation. The incidence of primary post-operative bleeding was more with silk ligation while the secondary haemorrhage was significantly less with silk ligation." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Tonsillectomy","Haemostasis","Bipolar Diathermy","Silk Ligation"], "publishers" : ["Adel Sahib Al","Habib Shhaib Ahmed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_430.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_430.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_430.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:33", "views" : 983, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :428 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Outcome Of Conservative Management Of Incomplete 1st Trimester Miscarriage: Observational Study", "abstract" : "Background: The principle of emptying the uterus as quickly and safely as possible remains the corner stone of management of incomplete miscarriage. In many countries surgical uterine evacuation is the standard treatment, expectant management has been advocated as an alternative in several observational studies. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of expectant management of incomplete 1st trimester miscarriage. Study design and setting: Prospective observational study carried out at Babylon hospital for maternity and pediatrics between feb.2009-jan. 2010. Materials and methods: The study involved 120 clinically stable patients with incomplete 1st trimester miscarriage (diagnosed by TVU), those patients subjected to conservative examination treatment (no intervention) and follow up for 2 weeks by clinical examination and transvaginal ultrasound. The main outcome measures were complete miscarriage (absence of vaginal bleeding and endometrial thickness 15 mm by TVU), need for emergency curettage, infection and need for blood transfusion. Result: Successful outcome without surgical intervention was seen in of 85% of cases infection reported in 1.6% of cases, emergency curettage needed for 5 % (1.6% for infection and 3.3% for excessive vaginal bleeding), 10% of cases required elective surgical evacuation (4.1% of them refused follow up >1 week and 5.8% to failed to have complete miscarriage after 2 weeks of observation) without reported complications. Conclusion: Expectant management of clinically stable patients with retained product of conception after 1st trimester incomplete miscarriage is safe, effective and well tolerated." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["emptying the uterus","incomplete miscarriage","Outcome Of Conservative"], "publishers" : ["Asmaa K. Gatea"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_428.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_428.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_428.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:27:57", "views" : 705, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :429 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison of The Results of T – Tube Drainage Versus Choledochoduodenostomy after Open Common Bile Duct Exploration", "abstract" : "Background :Retained or recurrent common bile duct stones ( CBD ) and cholangitis after open exploration of common bile duct are major problems in biliary surgery . Repeated surgical intervention on biliary tract to correct complications is a burden on both the patients in the form of increased morbidity and mortality and on the surgeons in form of complex technical difficulties . Objectives :The study aimed to compare the results of T-tube drainage versus choledochoduodenostomy after open common bile duct exploration Patients and methods : This is a retrospective study of 154 patients which compare two surgical treatments of patients with choledocholithiasis from 1992 to 2009 . At the beginning of the study all patients were treated by exploration of CBD with T-tube insertion , Group A which included 83 patients . In 1999 the surgeon analyzed and made an audit of the results of this operation .The audit identified the incidence of retained or residual CBD stones and their risk factors . The risk factors were multiples CBD stones , hugely dilated CBD , recurrent stones and papillary stenosis . The second strategy were followed after holding an audit which implemented the use of choledochoduodenostomy for patients with the above mentioned risk factors ( Group B ) which included 71 patients .The end points were mainly retained stones and cholangitis . Analysis was performed to identify risk factors for stone recurrence and whether the new implemented strategy resulted in decrease in prevalence of retained CBD stones . Postoperative follow up was for 12 to 18 months . Statistical analysis with SPSS data base using Chi-Square test and test of comparison of proportions was used to analyze the data of this study . Results: In group A " Pre-audit " , 7 patients developed retained CBD stones , 3 of them needed reoperation and 3 were managed by endoscopic sphincterotomy while in group B " Post-audit " , two patient developed cholangitis and improved on conservative treatment , no patient had residual stones and no patients needed re-operation .Statistical analysis with SPSS data base with using Chi-square test and test of comparison of proportions showed that multiple CBD stones , hugely dilated CBD and papillary stenosis were found to be independently associated risk factors for retained or recurrent CBD stones after open exploration of CBD which was significantly reduced by choledochodudenostomy in p value <0.05 and 95% confidence interval . Conclusions : This study demonstrated that with the new strategy " Choledochoduodenostomy " , the incidence of CBD stones was reduced . Multiple CBD stones , hugely dilated CBD and papillary stenosis were risk factors for retained CBD stones" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Results of T – Tube","Common Bile Duct Exploration","Choledochoduodenostomy"], "publishers" : ["Karim AL-Araji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_429.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_429.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_429.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:46", "views" : 1328, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :431 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluated of Serum Glutathione and Malondialdehyde for Victims of Trauma", "abstract" : "This paper describes a decreasing of Glutathione(GSH) concentration as antioxidant and increasing of Malondialdehyde( MDA ) concentration as the end product of lipid peroxidation for victims of traumas, we studied the victims of terrorism attack due to the importance of this attack on psychosomatic disease and on the post traumatic stress disorder. 15 patients victims of trauma in terrorism attack in jerif al-sakhar aged 12-40 years and 10 patients in animals market in Babylon city, aged 20-45 years, and 20 non terror-attack subjects aged 12-45 years, as a control group were recruited for this study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Victims of Trauma","Serum Glutathione","Malondialdehyde"], "publishers" : ["Lamia"," A.M. Al-Mashhedy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_431.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_431.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_431.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 15:47:42", "views" : 662, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :432 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of Some Purine Metabolic Enzymes in Sera of Patients with Renal Failure", "abstract" : "one hundred seven patients ( 51 male and 56 females ) suffering from renal failure admitted to Mirjan Teaching Hospital were included . Twenty healthy individuals were included as control group. Blood samples were collected and the sera were separated . It was found that renal failure was more predominant among the patients age group rang from 40 – 70 years old. Besides , it was found out that the mean values of some biochemical parameters importance for the detection of the disease which were investigated in this study where higher than the normal . It was found that urea and creatinine mean value for all patients were highly significant if compared to control group. The mean value (M ± SD) of Adenosine deaminase activity was decreased significantly (14.30 ± 10.47) in all patients with renal failure if compared to the control group (63.80 ± 22.98). On the other hand ,the mean of xanthine oxidase activities also reduced but not significantly (4453.98 ± 694.86) if compared with control group ( 4669.45 ± 811.80 ) ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Purine Metabolic Enzymes","Sera of Patients","Renal Failure"], "publishers" : ["Sawsan Hassan Kadhim","Sahib Ali Mahdi","Moaed Emran Al.Gazally"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "13 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_2_432.jpg","full_file" : "7_2_432.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_2_432.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 558, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :434 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Immune Status Study of Dentistry Student and Children Naturally Infected with Measles Virus for Detection of Primary and Secondary Immune Failures", "abstract" : "This study was carried out on 52 subject of Babylon dentistry student and children who were naturally infected with measles virus and laboratory confirmed as measles during 2009 by detection of specific anti-measles IgM .They were tested for IgG avidity to estimate their immune status and to distinguish between primary measles infection and reinfection due to secondary vaccine failure. The study reflected that all unvaccinated subjects (19.2%) showed a primary immune response whereas secondary immune responses were detected in( 46.09%). Of 34 subjects sourly vaccinated (42.9 %) of them reflected a primary immune response, whereas (57.1%) of them reflected secondary immune response ,thereby indicating a secondary vaccine failure that was seen at very high proportion in subjects > 11 years old, so that revaccination of 11 years old children is recommended for reactivation of their immune status to restrict secondary reinfection." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Measles Virus","Primary and Secondary Immune Failures","Immune Status Study","Dentistry Student and Children"], "publishers" : ["Younis Abdulredha K. Al-Khafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_434.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_434.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_434.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:34", "views" : 645, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :435 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Exercise induced ST segment elevation in aVR more than 2 mm to differentiate between left main and three vessel disease in patients with Duke score £ -11", "abstract" : "Back ground : This study evaluated the ability of exercise induced ST segment elevation in aVR in patients with Duke treadmill score £ -11 to predict left main stem disease and three vessel disease and to investigate the ability of ST segment elevation in aVR more than 2 mm to differentiate between left main stem and three vessel disease. Methods :66 patients with Duke score £ -11 were divided into three groups. group 1 included 16 patients with no ST elevation in aVR, group 2 included 21 patients with ST elevation less than 2 mm and group 3 included 29 patients with ST elevation more than 2 mm, coronary angiography was done and results were correlated with ST elevation in aVR Results : 70% of patients with ST segment elevation in aVR had either left main stem or 3 vessel disease. Exercise induced ST elevation in aVR had sensitivity of 95% and specificity of 32% in predicting left main disease, while exercise induced ST elevation in aVR more than 2 mm had sensitivity of 89% and specificity 74% in predicting left main disease. Conclusion : Eercise induced ST segment elevation in aVR in patients with Duke score £-11 is sensitive but not specific for both left main and three vessel disease while ST segment elevation in aVR of more than 2 mm is both sensitive and specific for left main but not for three vessel disease" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ST segment","aVR more than 2 mm","left main","three vessel disease","Duke score £ -11"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase Haider"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_435.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_435.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_435.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:46", "views" : 771, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :436 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Tibial Shaft Fractures Treated with Closed Intramedullary Nailing, A Short-Term Outcome", "abstract" : "Objective: We conducted a study to evaluate the short-term functional outcomes of patients with an isolated tibial shaft fracture treated with locked intramedullary nailing. using a prospective clinical and radiographic assessment, for union time, time of starting full weight bearing, rate of infection, knee and ankle joint movement, knee joint pain, and malalignment. Patients andMethods: We had included 56 patients with isolated tibia fractures from our patients prospectively followed up in period between Febr.2006 and December 2008 (34 months). 56 patients agreed to present to our timetable of follow up, 4 patient lost after 3 months of follow up .We had a median follow-up of 10 months. with a range from 6 to 18 months. All patients were initially acutely treated with locked intramedullary nailing of their tibia within 48 hours of getting injured . All enrolled patients were evaluated with Functional assessment, and were evaluated radiographically and by physical examination. Results: Of the total number (56 patients), 15 (26.7%) patients had at least moderate knee pain. 6 patients out of 52 ( 11 %) got knee joint stiffness . whereas 2 patients ( 4%) had ankle joint stiffness , both groups treated by a physiotherapy course .in 90% of the patients ,mean time of union was 15 weeks ranged from 12- 24 weeks. After getting union those patients started full weight bearing.Totally 4 patients got superficial wound infection ( 7 %) . ( 12 %) got malalignment , all were in proximal and distal1/3. Conclusions: We see that locked intramedullary nailing is a suitable procedure for unstable fractures of tibial shaft .In contrast to open reduction and internal fixation, intramedullary nailing can be performed initially on the first or second day of admission. The advantages of IM nailing include better alignment, earlier range of motion of knee and ankle, better mobility of patient, less frequent follow up visits, and earlier return to work." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Closed Intramedullary Nailing","Tibial Shaft Fractures","A Short-Term Outcome"], "publishers" : ["Al-algawy Alaa A.H."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_436.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_436.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_436.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:59:25", "views" : 946, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :437 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Metabolic syndrome among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Babel Goverenate", "abstract" : "Metabolic syndrome(MS) is becoming a serious global problem .This study was carried out on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending Merjan teaching hospital, diabetic clinic in Babylon city, for the period from December 2009 to March 2010 ,to investigate the occurrence of metabolic syndrome among diabetic patients .The relevant data were collected ,anthropometric measurement and laboratory estimation of triglyceride and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C) . The study was conformed on 200 diabetic patients ( 90 males,110 females) the mean age group was 59.2±9.2 for males and 56.5 ±9.02 years old for females. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the criteria of National Cholesterol Education Programme(NCEP) in 133 patients(59 males and 74 females). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among diabetic patients was 66.5%.MS was distributed in 65% urban and 35% rural area. In MS patients. The mean waist circumference in males was114±1.15Cm.and 107.8±12.9Cm in females. Mean triglyceride level in MS patients was 2.74mmol/l±0.38 in males and 2.4mml/l ±0.5 in female Mean level of high density lipoprotein was 0.83mmol/l±0.08 in males and 0.9mmol/l±0.14in females. Body mass index was 31.19 in MS patients. most patients with MS have three components mainly Diabetes and hypertension and one of these disorders (obesity as measured by BMI and waist circumference ,hypertriglycerdemia and decrease in HDL-C." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Metabolic syndrome","Diabetic Patients","Babel Goverenate","National Cholesterol Education Programme(NCEP)"], "publishers" : ["Thanaa M.Juda","Tareq H. T.","Mouneem AL-Shouk"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_437.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_437.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_437.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"20/11/2017 21:55:41", "views" : 812, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :438 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (F.N.A.C.) of Goiter A Comparative Study between F.N.A.C. and Histopathology", "abstract" : "The aim of this study to held a comparasim between FNAC and histopathology of patient with nodular goiter. Methods:- A prospective study of seventy eight patients included through the period between may 2009- October 2009 .All cases presented with multinodular and diffuse goiter, Ultra sound and thyroid function test were done for all them. The aspirated contents of the needle are expelled on to glass slides . two slides were immediately fixed in 95% ethyl alcohol for about 30 minutes and the slides well stained with Haematoxylin and Eosin (HandE). Results :- The types of thyroid nodule cases which is diagnosed by FNAC are predominant of nodular colloid goiter 52 (66.6%) cases, followed by hyperplastic thyroid nodules 6(7.6%) cases, the thyroid cyst and papillary carcinoma having 4(5.1%) cases, , and finally the follicular tumor and hashiomato s thyroiditis 3(5.1%). the histopathology results are reveal the nodular colloid goiter is the most common disease 61(78%) cases, hyperplastic thyroid nodule is the second common one, followed by Hashiomato s thyroiditis and follicular adenoma 4(5.1%)cases. the papillary carcinoma represent the last one 2(2.5%) cases. There are three false positive cases and one false negative case. The sensitivity (80%) , specificity (96%) and accuracy (97%) . Conclusion:-FNA cytology of thyroid goiter are sensitive, specific, accurate and should be done before surgery to decide type of surgery patients needs." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["FNAC","Fine Needle","Aspiration Cytology","Histopathology"], "publishers" : ["Hadi Al-Mosawi","Mohammed Al-Taie","Raad Al-Rubaey"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_438.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_438.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_438.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:27", "views" : 725, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :439 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Electrolytes and Minerals Status in Asthmatic Patients on Corticosteroids", "abstract" : "Sixty nine asthmatic patients (thirty five males and thirty four females) used corticosteroid therapies as oral tablets and inhaler forms, thirty eight patients used oral tablets and thirty one patients used inhaler form. Thirty five apparently healthy individuals with out any disease were taken as a control group. Blood samples were drawn from patient and control groups after overnight fasting. The serum obtained from the blood was used for spectrophotometric estimation of the level of total protein, albumin, chloride, total calcium, phosphorus, total magnesium and zinc concentrations and serum alkaline phosphatase activity. Sodium and potassium levels were estimated by flame photometer. Ionized calcium and ionized magnesium levels were calculated by using two mathematical formulae. The results showed that oral corticosteroid caused significant increase in mean serum sodium level (P < 0.001), and significant decrease in mean serum potassium (P < 0.001), total magnesium (P < 0.001), ionized magnesium (P < 0.001), zinc (P < 0.001), corrected total calcium (P < 0.001), ionized calcium (P < 0.001), phosphorus (P < 0.001) and alkaline phosphatase activity levels (P < 0.001) when compared with those of the control group and those who used inhaled corticosteroid. The significant decrease in the mean serum chloride is (P < 0.01) when compared with the control group and (P < 0.05) when compared with those who used inhaled corticosteroid. Also the results elucidated that oral corticosteroid had no significant influence on mean serum total protein (P > 0.05) and albumin (P > 0.05) levels when compared with those of the control group and those who used inhaled corticosteroid. The obtained results explained that inhaled corticosteroid had no significant effect on all the measured parameters when compared with those of the control group (P > 0.05). It was concluded that oral corticosteroids possess more undesirable effects on the measured parameters than inhaled form as appeared by the changes in the measured parameters. Thus, the measurement of serum electrolytes and the correction of mineral status is quite important during corticosteroid therapy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Electrolytes","Minerals Status","Corticosteroids"], "publishers" : ["Tarik H. Al-Khayat","Moaed E. Al-Gazally","Maitham Ahmed Abdul Aemma"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_439.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_439.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_439.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:46:41", "views" : 776, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :440 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Congenital Anomalies of the Duodenum", "abstract" : "This is a prospective study that was carried out on 50 patients at the central teaching hospital for children in Baghdad, 20 males and 30 females. Their age ranged from 1-60 days with body weight ranged from 1.8-3.5 Kg., eight patients were premature. The study revealed atresia in 15 (30%) cases, stenosis in 12 (24%) cases, malrotation in 10 (20%) cases, and annular pancreas in 7 (14%) cases. prenatal ultrasound diagnosed 3 patients. Bilious vomiting was the commonest presenting symptom (42 patients (84%)), associated congenital anomalies were found in 18 (36%) patients. Down syndrome was found in 10 (20%) patients, maternal polyhydramnios was observed in 20 (40%) patients and in one patient there was a family history of previous anomalies. Low birth weight and prematurity significantly affect the outcome, associated anomalies account for most of the morbidity and mortality and early diagnosis result in better outcome. Objectives (aim of study) To study cases with congenital anomalies of duodenum and verify the causes, clinical presentation, diagnosis and outcome in infants admitted to the central teaching hospital for children in Baghdad." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["the Duodenum","Congenital Anomalies","clinical presentation","diagnosis"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Ubaid Hamza","Waad M.Salih"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_440.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_440.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_440.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 18:53:29", "views" : 635, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :441 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Intralesional Methotrexate in Comparison with Electrocutary in Treatment of Common Warts", "abstract" : "In this clinical trail, a 42 patients (12 males and 30 females) of 12- 32 years old were randomly selected. They were clinicaly diagnosed as common warts on at least two symmetrical limbs (upper or lower) were selected and counted to form two groups of right sided and left sided warts. Each side of patient treated with methotrexate (MTX) intralesionally or electrocutary of his /her warts. Both treatment types were randomly allocated to either right side or left side warts. The mean No. of warts was 4.52 on upper limbs and 3.9 on lower limbs. A 6.78% of these warts wich was treated with intralesional MTX were cleared compared with 22.6% for electrotherapy. We found that MTX to have clearance rate less than electrocutary. In conclusion: intralesional MTX is less effective than electrocutary in treating common warts on hands and feet." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Intralesional Methotrexate","Electrocutary","Common Warts","Comparison"], "publishers" : ["Batool Ameen Al-Khafaji","Hamid Naji Al-Kelaby","Kareema Amine Alkhafaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "14 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_441.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_441.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_441.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:34", "views" : 785, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :442 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Role of AgNOR in Benign and Malignant Breast Lesions", "abstract" : "Objectives: To assess usefulness of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs) in distinguishing between the benign and the malignant breast lesions. Study design: The studied samples included 48 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded breast tissues which consist of following diagnostic categories: Adenosis (n=8), ductal hyperplasia (n=6), infiltrative ductal carcinomas (n=14), infiltrative lobular carcinomas (n=5), and ductal carcinomas in situ (n=5). Standardized AgNORs analysis was performed on the above mentioned samples according to the guide lines of the committee on AgNORs. Quantification of AgNOR content was done by the usual counting method. Results: The mean AgNORs counts of these studied cases were as follow : Adenosis 2.59+/-0.54, ductal hyperplasia 3.15+/-0.54, benign cysts 1.7+/-0.42, phylloides tumor 4.2+/-1.18, infiltrative ductal carcinomas 8.92+/-1.68, infiltrative lobular carcinomas 8.79+/-1.11and ductal carcinomas in situ 8.84+/-2.54. The differences in mean AgNORs counts between benign (2.58) and that of malignant lesions (8.84) were statistically significant (p-value 0.001). Conclusions: The use of AgNORs analysis is found to be a helpful tool in addition to the conventional hematoxylin and eosin staining technique for the distinction between benign and malignant breast lesions." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Role of AgNOR ","Malignant Breast Lesions"], "publishers" : ["Alaa S Jumaa "," Kaswer M Altoraihi "," Dhafer S Alabbasi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_442.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_442.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_442.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:56:55", "views" : 569, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :447 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Extraction and Immobilization of Hemoysin A Produced by Uropathogenic Escherichia coli", "abstract" : "Out of the 300 urine samples, only 47(15.7%) isolates were identified as Escherichia coli. The hemolysin produced by E.coli was studied, and it was found that 19(40.4%) out of the 47 isolates of E.coli were able to produce hemolysin extracellularly on human and rabbit blood agar. Hemolysin extraction was done and five hemolysin filtrates were subjected to purification, which was treated with ammonium sulfate to obtain 20-40% saturation in phosphate buffer (0.05 M, pH: 6.8). It was found that all of these filtrates contained hemolytic activity at a level higher than that before purification. Immobilization of both hemolysin producing bacteria and free purified hemolysin was also done. It was seen that immobilization by sodium alginate had no effect on hemolysin productivity and activity and the immobilized hemolysin retained its activity after re-using twice or more on blood agar. The effect of purified hemolysin on WBCs in human blood samples and urine blood samples was also studied. It was seen that there were significant effects of hemolysin samples on WBCs count which caused reduction in the number of these cells in both blood samples and in urine samples." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Extraction and Immobilization "," Hemoysin A Produced "," Uropathogenic Escherichia coli"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Sabri A. Razzaq "," Ilham A. Bnyan "," Hiyam Faez Ahmed Al-Hasson"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_447.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_447.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_447.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 02:03:29", "views" : 657, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :443 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical and Pigmentary Variation of Pityriasis Versicolor in Al-Muthana Government s Patients", "abstract" : "Background: Pityriasis versicolor, one of the most common disorders of pigmentation. It is a cutaneous superficial fungal infection characterized by pigmentary changes due to colonization of stratum corneum by dimorphic lipophilic yeast; Malassezia furfur. In general, pityriasis versicolor is thought to cause hypopigmented lesions in individuals with dark skin and hyperpigmented lesions in those with white skin. Objective: It is a descriptive study to know the pigmentary variation of tinea versicolor in Al-Muthana Government. Patients and Methods: This study was based on a sample size of 100 patients of pityriasis versicolor who attended the department of Dermatology and Venereology at Al-Samawa general hospital in the periods from January 2009 to March 2010. Diagnosis of tinea versicolor was established by 10% KOH examination of scraping from skin lesion and wood s lamp examination for the golden yellow fluorescence of skin lesions. Result: From 100 patients with pityriasis versicolor, There were 64 males and 36 females. The age of patients ranged from 5-65 years with a mean age of 24.25 ± 3.22 years. Majority of cases (41%) occurred in the age group of 21-30 years. Sixty sex (66%) of cases had hyperpigmented macular lesions followed by hypopigmented type (23 %), combination of both; hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation (6 %) and erythematous type (5 %) of lesions. The predominant site of the disease was trunk especially the upper trunk involves in 79 cases, followed by neck in 45 cases, upper limb in 34 cases face in 28 cases and lower limb in 11 cases. Conclusion: all types of pigmentary variations in pityriasis versicolor are present in Al-Muthana s patients with a predominance of hyperpigmented ones." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Pigmentary Variation","Pityriasis Versicolor","Al-Muthana Government s Patients","Clinical"], "publishers" : ["Arwaa Abed Abdul-Hussein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_443.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_443.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_443.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 914, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :445 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Pediatric Humeral Supracondylar Fracture (phscf) Type III: One Month Delay? Later Corrective Osteotomy or Orif Rightaway", "abstract" : "Ibrahim H. Witwit" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Pediatric Humeral","Supracondylar Fracture"," Type III: One Month Delay"], "publishers" : ["Ibrahim H. Witwit"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_445.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_445.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_445.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:05:08", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :444 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Equal Sagittal Flap Versus Long Posterior Flap in Below Knee Amputation in Diabetic Foot Patients of AL-Najaf Governorate", "abstract" : "Treatment of infective-ulcerative-necrotic lesions of diabetic foot is of great challenge and is based on the optimization of metabolic control, correction of anemia,control of risk factor, removal of necrotic areas and specific antibiotic treatment based on culture and sensitivity test. Non-healed ulcerative-necrotic lesions after reasonable period of optimum therapy is suggestive of the presence of absolute or relative ischemia (macro and micro angiopathy) and this make the limb salvage procedures of doubtful benefit . A prospective study done on 33 patients , who were complaining from diabetic foot and they were undergone below knee surgical amputation, after failure of conservative treatment and appearance of progressive complications. This study was done at Al-Sader Teaching Hospital , Orthopedic Department (October 2005-April 2008). Diabetic foot evaluations were based on clinical assessment , including Wagner classification , laboratory tests, and Doppler study to evaluate lower limb arterial system . The selection of types of surgery whether long posterior flap or equal sagittal flap were taken randomly by the same surgeon. The mean of period between appearance of sign and symptoms of diabetes mellitus were 12.6 years for patients with long posterior flap and 13.5 years for patients with equal sagittal flap. According to Wagner classification, there were 5 cases of class 4 and 3 cases for class 5 undergone long posterior flap, where as 3 cases with class 4 and 5 cases with class 5, undergone equal sagittal flap. The success rate of wound healing was 84.2% for patients with long posterior flap and 80% for those with equal sagittal flap and so there was no statistical difference regarding wound healing of amputated stump whether long posterior flap or equal sagittal flap. Aim of the study: To compare the wound healing of amputated stump regarding to the types of flap whether long posterior flap or equal Sagittal flap." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Equal Sagittal Flap","Versus Long","Posterior Flap","Below Knee"], "publishers" : ["Hamdella Hadi Sahib"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_444.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_444.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_444.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:05:03", "views" : 1187, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :446 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Trial of Improving Antituberculous Regimens inMice Model of Tuberculosis", "abstract" : "Dormancy is a mycobacterial property of persistence in a viable nonreplicating form. It stands for a real community health threat because of its contribution to drug resistance and recurrence of tuberculosis. In order to arrange for a trial of solving this problem, the basic mechanisms by which mycobacterium become dormant were considered in order to partially reverse these factors. Factors that induce partial reactivation from dormancy include: presence of oxygen free radicals and Lalanine nutrient supply. For evaluating antituberculous regimens that include the test agents added to the conventional rifampicin plus INH, both in vitro (MIC) and in vivo (mice) models were used. Two fold serial dilution of modified Lwenstein-Jensen medium have showed equipotent inhibitory effect of metranidazole, L-alanine and metronidazole plus ginsenoside when each added to rifampicin plus INH but those were significantly more potent than rifampicin plus INH only regimen; P< 0.05 at intial concentrations of 4 microgram/ ml for each except ginsenoside 8 microgram/ ml. In vivo assessment include dividing 36 mice into 6 groups 5 of them were induced with tuberculosis by inoculation of subcutaneous aspect of left abdominal side with 5000 CFU of M. tuberculosis and monitored for temperature, nodule diameter and intramacrophage mycobacteria count in histopathological analysis along 4 weeks of treatment course. Regimen that included metronidazole plus ginsenoside added to rifampicin plus INH had the more potent antituberculous activity in comparism with other regimens in regard to prevention of increase in body temperature and decreasing nodule diameter from 7 mm to 2 mm whereas nodular intramacrophage bacilli were just 4 bacilli in comparison with untreated mean 8 3. Other regimens came second in potency and were significant in comparism with rifampicin plus INH only regimen. From the overall results, there was a significant augmentation of antituberculous potency upon adding some dormancy reversal metronidazole and L-alanine that could be a promising future regimen for eradicating dormant persistant tuberculosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Trial of Improving","Antituberculous","Regimens inMice","Model of Tuberculosis"], "publishers" : ["Hussein A. Abdul Hussein"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_446.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_446.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_446.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 03:05:17", "views" : 626, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :448 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Incidence of Cystic Artery Variation during Laparoscopic Surgery", "abstract" : "The attractiveness of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has led to a new understanding of biliary anatomy especially of the Calot s triangle area in order to perform a successful surgery. This study aims to describe the common and variant anatomy related to the cystic artery during laparoscopic cholecystectomy so that to minimize anatomical complications and to recommend an anatomically safe procedure. The analysis involved fifty patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy by (American technique) at different Iraqi centers during a 6-monthperiod. Females constituted 84% of the patients. Routine preoperative ultrasound examination revealed gallstones in 86% of the patients. 18% of the cases demonstrated anomalous vascular anatomy. Vascular anomalies included caterpillar configuration of the right hepatic artery, a previously unreported right hepatic artery in the gallbladder bed, and cystic arteries that were early divided, low inserted, and originating from proper hepatic artery. Hartmann s pouch, cystic lymph node, and the superficial branch of the cystic artery were recognized as important anatomical landmarks during the procedure" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cystic Artery Variation","Laparoscopic Surgery","American technique","anatomy especially"], "publishers" : ["Haythem A. Al-Sayigh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_448.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_448.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_448.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:14:12", "views" : 931, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :449 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence Rate of Multiple Sclerosis in Iraq: A Retrospective Study", "abstract" : "Multiple sclerosis has a multifactorial etiology, including both genetic and environmental factors. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence rate of multiple sclerosis in Iraq and to determine the effect of the recent war on the registration of patients with multiple sclerosis in the whole country. The case collection depended on the multiple sclerosis clinic in Baghdad which is the only multiple sclerosis clinic in Iraq. This clinic receives patients referred from other centers and clinics in the country where they are reevaluated,registered and treated there,using the Mc Donald criteria in the diagnosis.The July-2007 population estimate was used in the study .The population of Iraq is 27,499,638. The prevalence day was the fifteenth of July-2007.The number of patients that were registered at the multiple sclerosis clinic in Baghdad were (1207).The cranial nerve involvement form 56.42% of the initial symptoms and signs.Motor weakness is the initial symptom and sign in 32.15%,while the sensory symptoms form only 4.2% . The cerebrum is the site of multiple sclerosis lesions (by M.R.I.) in 67.2%.The spinal cord is the site in 21.95%. Finally the prevalence rate of multiple sclerosis in the whole country is( 4.4 /100,000).)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence Rate","Multiple Sclerosis","Iraq: A Retrospective Study"], "publishers" : ["Fizel A. Al-Himyari"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_449.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_449.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_449.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:16:00", "views" : 1023, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :450 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Placental Cord Drainage after Vaginal Delivery as a Part of Management of Third Stage of Labour", "abstract" : "Background: Management of 3rd stage of labour with its unpredictable life threaten complication has been debated for centuries and still arouses much discussion. There is some evidence that cord drainage of placental blood may reduce the duration of 3rd stage of labour and the need for manual removal of placenta. Aim of the study: To evaluate the effectiveness of placental blood drainage via the umbilical cord in reducing the duration and blood loss in 3rd stage of labour and the incidence of PPH. Method: A prospective study involving 200 women having vaginal delivery were divided into drainage group(100 women) and control group (100 women) . The main outcome measures were duration of 3rd stage and amount of blood loss . Result: The mean duration of 3rd stage was ( 5.35+2.3 minutes ) in the study group and ( 8.9+4.9 minutes ) in control group. The average blood loss was ( 184.3+118 ml ) in the study group and (249.7+147 ml ) in control group. Retained placenta was reported in only two cases of control group which needed manual removal of placenta. One case of postpartum hemorrhage due to inertia required blood transfusion was reported in the control group. Conclusion: Placental cord drainage is simple ,safe, and non invasive method in reducing the duration and blood loss in 3rd stage of labour thereby preventing PPH." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Placental Cord Drainage","Part of Management","Third Stage of Labour","Vaginal Delivery"], "publishers" : ["Melal M. Al-Jeborry","Asmaa Kadhim Gatea","Suha Jassim Witwit"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_450.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_450.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_450.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 991, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :452 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Water Sorption and Solubility of Different Commercially Available Dental Cements. (An in Vitro Study)", "abstract" : "Background: A variety of cements have been used in dentistry through many years for two primary purposes: as restorative filling materials, either alone or with other materials, and to retain restorations or appliances in a fixed position within the mouth. In addition, certain cements are used for specialized purposes in the restorative, endodontic, orthodontic, periodontic, and surgical fields of dentistry. Cement solubility and water sorption could be a primary cause of restoration failure. Aim of study: To evaluate the water sorption and solubility of different commercially available dental cement materials. Materials and Methods: Thirty disks (9×2 mm) of zinc polycarboxylate, zinc phosphate and glass ionomer cements (ten disks for each one) were prepared according to manufactures instructions. After setting, they were desiccated and weighed and each specimen were immersed in distil water for 7 days, then removed and weighed again. Then disks were again desiccated and weighed. Solubility and water sorption values were calculated from these different measures. Results and Conclusion: The results shows that the polycarboxylate cement show the highest value of water sorption and water solubility followed by zinc phosphate cement. Glass ionomer cement shows the lowest values of the three materials tested regarding both water sorption and water solubility." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Water Sorption","Solubility","Available Dental Cements","Vitro Study"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Ghanim M."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_452.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_452.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_452.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:33", "views" : 945, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :451 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Atenolol, Captopril, and Their Combination on Oxidative Stress in Hypertensive Patients", "abstract" : "Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension, and oxidative imbalance involved in the development of endothelial dysfunction and vascular complications like atherosclerosis. It is important nowaday to evaluate the antioxidant effects of antihypertensive drugs in addition to blood pressure lowering effects, since this may provide a better treatment approach and participate in the prevention of complications of hypertension. We studied the antioxidant effects of atenolol, captopril, and their combination on 60 hypertensive patients aged from 45 – 60 years, treated for one year with different treatment lines and compared the results with healthy controls. Serum reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were estimated as a marker of oxidative status in the blood and lipid peroxidation at endothelial cell membrane was evaluated by measuring its byproduct, malondialdehyde (MDA) in the blood utilizing spectrophotometric techniques. Oxidative imbalance was present in all hypertensive patients in comparison with controls. Serum GSH levels significantly reduced and serum MDA levels significantly elevated in patients using atenolol and captopril alone, while patients who used atenolol/captopril combination significantly maintained blood GSH and MDA at levels closer to that of controls. Combination therapy was found to reduce GSH depletion and lipid peroxidation more than captopril, and captopril more than atenolol. In conclusion, combination therapy provides better protection against oxidative stress associated with hypertension, and hence better prevention of complications like atherosclerosis than both atenolol and captopril used alone." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effects of Atenolol"," Captopril"," and Their Combination"], "publishers" : ["Haidar A. N. Abood","Riyadh H. Hashim","Majid K. Abbass"," Abdul Razzak A. Latif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_451.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_451.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_451.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:34", "views" : 896, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :453 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Remote Correlation of Female Breast Carcinoma Treated by Mastectomy and Post Menopausal Bleeding Due to Endometrial Hyperplasia, Polyps or Endometrial Carcinoma", "abstract" : "Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in the united states. Now it is ( 1 in 8 ). Breast cancer is 2nd most common cancer in women it affect ( 1 in 11 ) in the united kingdom. Early detection is the only way to control the disease. Seven reported cases of women with carcinoma of the breast stage 1 and 2 were studied. 5 patients had right breast cancer and 2 patients had left breast cancer. The age group was between 40 – 55 years. All patients proved to be carcinoma of the breast which was treated by mastectomy with postoperative radiation and/ or cytotoxic drugs or hormonal therapy. 2 patients were treated by oopherectomy as well. The 10 years survival rates were very good. All patients were alive followed up by the surgeon regularly. After 13-17 years those patients were referred to me by the surgeon because of postmenopausal bleeding. Proper examination and investigations and by surgical management we found that 4 patients had benign endometrial polyps and 3 patients had endometrial carcinoma which were treated by polypectomy and hysterectomy with or without cytotoxic or hormonal therapy. We conclude that there are close relationship between carcinoma of the breast and endometrial carcinoma mainly in susceptible women, even after many years. Aim of study: To study more about the most important causes which initiate any tumor in the human body , whether benign or malignant . Then to know much about the incidence of two primary tumors affecting different organs of the same person even after many years. From the previous tumor excision or removal." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Remote Correlation "," Female Breast Carcinoma "," Mastectomy "," Post Menopausal Bleeding ","Endometrial Hyperplasia ","Polyps ","Endometrial Carcinoma "], "publishers" : ["Abdul Ghany Al Dabbagh "," Layla A. Amir Al Obaid"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_453.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_453.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_453.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 19:36:58", "views" : 719, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :454 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlation of Wrist Circumference as a Sign of Severity with Significant Splenomegaly in Patients with Beta Thalassemia Major", "abstract" : "Objective: Bone changes are relatively common in improperly treated ?-thalassemia major. One of the signs of severe thalassemia is significant splenomegaly.The aim of the study is to see the correlation of wrist circumference with splenomegaly as a sign of severity. Methods: One hundred and five patients with thalassemia major were studied,52 patients with significant splenomegaly and 53 without splenomegaly.Wrist circumference was measured for both groups. Fifty nine healthy children were taken as a control regarding wrist circumference. Results: One hundred and five patients with thalassemia were studied. Growth parameters of the group with splenomegaly were found below the standard for their age and sex and wrist circumference was found to correlate significantly with splenomegaly as a sign of severity(P<0.05) and the confidence interval was 95%. Conclusion: Wrist circumference is a measurable, reliable index to assess severity of thalassemia major." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Correlation of Wrist","Circumference as a Sign","Severity with Significant"], "publishers" : ["Sabih Salih Mehdi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_454.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_454.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_454.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 05:53:57", "views" : 783, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :455 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of some New 2-Mercapto benzothiazole Heterocyclic Derivatives", "abstract" : "New heterocyclic derivative of 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole have been synthesized: firstly, Schiff base of 2-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-ylthio) acetohydrazide derivatives (3-7) were prepared by refluxing 2-(1,3- benzothiazol-2-ylthio) acetohydrazide (2) with different aromatic aldehydes and ketones, then two of synthesized Schiff"s bases (4,5) were cyclized with acetic anhydride formed oxadiazole ring (8,9). Secondly, [(1,3-benzothiazol-2-ylthio)acetyl]hydrazinecarbothioamide (10) was prepared by reacted compound (2) with ammonium thiocyanate in dry benzene, then refluxing (10) with sodium hydroxide (2N) followed acidification by hydrochloric acid solution formed (11) . Thirdly, reacted (2) with acetylacetone afforded (12) .fourthly, compound (13) was formed by refluxe compound (2) with ethylacetoacetate; then refluxing (13) using absolute ethanol (98%) and formaldehyde with different primary amines formed (14-17) and with hydrazides derivatives formed (18-20). finally, dihydrophthalazine 1,4-dione derivative ( 21) was prepared by condensation of compound (2) with phthalic anhydride using absolute ethanol and glacial acetic acid. All structures of newly synthesized compounds were elucidated by elemental analysis and spectral data (IR and UV). Some of the synthesized compounds (4, 5,8,9,11,12,15,17,20 and 21) were screened for their antibacterial activity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Synthesis","Characterization","Antimicrobial Activity","Heterocyclic Derivatives","Mercapto benzothiazole"], "publishers" : ["Rafah F.Al-Smaisim","Ayad M.R. Raauf","Afrah Mohammed Hassan Salman"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_455.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_455.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_455.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:48:01", "views" : 705, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :456 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Retrospective Study of Relapsed Breast Cancer Cases During Follow-Up inMerjan", "abstract" : "Breast cancer patients are routinely followed after primary treatment. Many intensive diagnostic methods (tumor markers, chest x-ray, mammogmphy, liver sonar, bone scans) are performed periodically. However, it remains to be determined how often attempts should be made to detect the first recurrence of breast cancer by these methods. To evaluate the effect of imaging diagnosis and tumor markers, we analyzed methods of detection of first recurrence sites during intensive follow-up of breast cancer patients. Of 550 female patients who had been surgically treated between march 2004 and December 2007, 65 recurrent cases had been diagnosed as of July 2008. Thirty cases (46%) had been found as a result of symptoms related to the site of recurrence and 14 cases (22%) were detected by physical examination. In the remaining 21 cases (32%), detection was by other methods: in eight cases by imaging diagnosis, in three cases based on abnormal tumor markers and in 10 cases by imaging diagnosis and abnormal tumor markers. There was a significant difference between first recurrence sites (loco-regional, bone and viscera ) and the methods of detection (symptoms, physical examination and other diagnostic methods) (p<0.0001). However, no statistical difference in overall survival after operation was observed between the 30 cases found as a result of symptoms and the 35 cases detected by physical examination or other diagnostic methods, Period of fellow up extend between 6-45 months post operative" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Retrospective Study","Relapsed Breast","Cancer Cases"], "publishers" : ["Alaa.S .Alawad","Maksad. A. ALkathum","Ahmed.A.Alwahed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_456.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_456.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_456.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:34", "views" : 688, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :457 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Xanthine Oxidase Activity as an Index of lipid Peroxidation in Sera of Patient with Mayocardial Infraction in Erbil City Population", "abstract" : "Acute mayocardial infarction (MI) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality world wide. MI occurs when myocardial ischaemia exceeds a critical threshold and overwhelms mayocardial cellular repair mechanisms designed to normal operating functions and homostatus. Activity of xanthine oxidase (XO), MDA and vit-C concentrations were determined in sera of 100 patients with MI. Their mean±SD age was (57.05±1.25) year. The same parameters were determined in sera of 100 apparently healthy matched subjects as a control group. The mean ±SE of XO, MDA, and vit-C in patients with MI was 0.031±0.016 unit/ mg protein, 1.28±0.053 ? mol/L, 0.520±0.137 mg/dl respectively while the mean ± SE of control group was 0.012±0.006 unit/ mg protein, 0.819±0.019 ? mol, and 0.648±0.302 mg/dl respectively. There were significant differences in the mean value of XO and MDA in patient with MI compared to control group (P<0.001). However the mean value of vit-C showed no significant differences in both groups." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Xanthine Oxidase Activity","lipid Peroxidation","Sera of Patient","Mayocardial Infraction"], "publishers" : ["Deler Rostom Ali","Tayfor Jalil Mahmood","Hamid G Hasan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_457.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_457.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_457.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 655, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :458 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Role of Ultrasound-Guided Lung FNAC Exam in the Diagnosis of Bronchogenic Carcinoma", "abstract" : "Background: From June 2008 to August 2010, we were involved in the management of 166 cases with suspected bronchogenic carcinoma. Ultrasound-Guided Lung Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) exam was performed to75 cases . Aim: To assess the value and safety of ultrasound-guided lung FNAC exam in the diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma. Methods: FNAC specimens from the lung were achieved under ultrasound guide from clinically fit patients with suspected pulmonary radiological shadows, immediate cytological study was performed after staining with Papanicoloua and Geimsa stain. Results of the 75 patients with FNAC exam: A) In 57 cases, the results were bronchogenic carcinoma, and the following management steps prove no controversy between the final diagnosis and the FNAC results, except in one case where the biopsy result from resected lobe was TB infection, whereas the FNAC result was SCC of the lung (false positive result). B) In 18 cases, the results were as follows: 1. Six cases were with different benign looking results, but later investigations prove malignant nature of the case (false negative results). 2. Four cases were with benign looking results, and their clinical state and radiological changes all resolve after a complete course of pneumonia management. ( true negative results). 3. Three cases were with TB results with response to anti TB measures (true negative results) 4. Five cases were with benign looking results but they didn’t continue their management under our supervision.(discharged from the study). Conclusions: Ultrasound Guided FNAC Exam from suspected pulmonary masses provides accurate diagnosis with minimal complications." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Ultrasound-Guided Lung","FNAC Exam","Bronchogenic Carcinoma"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Sabeeh Nsaif","Haider Abdulridha Ekheiwish","Huda Ali Rasool"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_458.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_458.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_458.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 08:45:42", "views" : 516, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :459 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prognostic Significance of Troponin T and Creatine Kinase-MB Activity in Sera of Acute Ischaemic Stroke Patients", "abstract" : "Background and purpose: Elevation of sera cardiac troponin T (cTnT) concentration and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) activity and electrocardiographic changes can occur after ischaemic stroke. The aim of this study was to identify the relation ships between elevated cardiac biochemical markers with ECG changes , stroke severity and in-hospital mortality and to look for source of CK-MB. Patients and method: From 1 June 2009 to 1 October 2009 this study recruited 70 patients (46 males , 24 females ) who were admitted to Merjan teaching hospital due to acute ischaemic stroke which confirmed by neurologist , blood samples were taken for cTnT and CK-MB measurement and ECG was done. The stroke severity as assessed by Scandinavian stroke scale, and in hospital death were compared between the two groups of the cTnT and CK-MB. Hypertension and diabetes were separately compared between two groups of cTnT and CK-MB Results: Sera cTnT concentration and CK-MB activity were elevated in 22.9% , 35.7% of cases respectively . ECG changes occured in 45.7% . In contrast to elevated CK-MB activity, elevated cTnT associated with greater stroke severity and in hospital deaths .ECG changes were more in patients with elevated cTnT than in patients with elevated CK-MB. CK-MB was not elevated in most patients with elevated cTnT, the non parallel increase of CK-MB with cTnT signify the non cardiac source of CKMB . Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were more common in the elevated cTnT patients than normal cTnT group. Conclusion: Elevated sera cTnT in patients with acute ischaemic stroke were associated with severe neurological deficits and in hospital deaths. The elevated CK-MB was mostly non-cardiac source and not correlated with stroke severity and in hospital death. The elevated cTnT along with ECG changes , hypertension and diabetes mellitus signify underlying asymptomatic coronary artery disease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prognostic Significance","Troponin T","Stroke Patients","Creatine Kinase-MB"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase Haider","Dheya Kazim Al-Khefaji"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_459.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_459.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_459.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:28", "views" : 884, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :460 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Leukocytes Count and Neutrophil/Lymphocytes Ratio in Predicting In-Hospital Outcome after Acute Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Background: After an acute myocardial infarction, Leukocytosis and increase neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) may be associated with increased risk of inhospital heart failure, and death. Objectives: To evaluate the role of total WBC count and NLR as an in-hospital predictor for adverse events (death and heart failure) for the patients presented with acute MI. Methods: A total of 98 patients who had no history of heart failure presented with acute myocardial infarction were studied in Marjan Teaching Hospital along their hospitalization period (i.e. for one week) by measuring total WBC count and NLR for each patient; Echocardiography and chest x-rays were done for patients to determine whom developed heart failure, any death occured during hospitalization had been also documented. Results: Patients were divided into 3 groups according to a cut lines (mean & 80 centile), (1st centile = 48 patients, 2nd centile = 29 patients, 3rd centile = 19 patients). Most patients with high baseline WBC count were associated with the development of heart failure (p value <0.05) and increase in-hospital mortality (p value <0.05). Regarding the NLR it showed that higher ratio was associated with the development of heart failure (P value < 0.05), and with increasing mortality. WBC count and NLR were independent predictors of in-hospital death after application of the Binary Regression Analysis. Conclusion: 1- WBC count and NLR are predictors of adverse in-hospital outcome (heart failure and death) after acute myocardial infarction. 2- Both WBC count and differential ratio (NLR) are independently acting as predictors for in-hospital mortality." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Leukocytes Count","Neutrophil/Lymphocytes","Predicting In-Hospital Outcome","Acute Myocardial Infarction"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbaseو","Murad Abdul kadum Khadim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_460.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_460.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_460.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:32:39", "views" : 1104, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :461 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills and Copper Bearing Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices on The Oxidative Stress, Lipid Profile and Some Trace Elements in Women Sera in Hilla City", "abstract" : "The study was conducted on sixty three healthy women used combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs) and copper bearing intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs). Thirty women were used Microgynon R (low dose COCPs, each pill containing levonorgestrel 0.15 mg and ethinyl estradiol 0.03 mg) and thirty three women used copper T 380A IUDs. Thirty apparently healthy women were taken as control group. Blood samples obtained from women used contraceptives and control group from Babylon maternity and pediatric hospital in Hilla city. The sera obtained from the blood were used to determine the effect of COCPs and IUDs on of malondialdehyde (MDA), total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TGs), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and some trace elements (copper, zinc and iron) concentration. The results of the present study showed (significant increase in MDA, copper, iron, total cholesterol, TGs, VLDL and LDL concentration), significant decrease in HDL and non significant decrease in zinc concentration in sera of women who used COCPs when compared to both women who used IUDs and the control group. Also this study showed non significant difference in MDA, copper, zinc, total cholesterol, HDL, TGs, VLDL and LDL concentration and significant decrease in iron concentration in sera of women who used IUDs when compared to those of the control group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Contraceptive Pills","Lipid Profile","Copper Bearing Intrauterine","Women Sera in Hilla City"], "publishers" : ["Moaed E. Al-Gazally","Melal M. Al-Jeborry","Ghufran M. Al-Asadi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "15 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_461.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_461.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_461.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:16", "views" : 1097, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :469 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Incidence of Ovarian Tumor in Last the Five Years in Al-Najaf City", "abstract" : "It is a retrospective and prospective study for ovarian neoplasm within five years in Al- Najaf city done in Al-Zahraa Teaching Hospital . The total number were 344 patients , 291 cases were benign ovarian tumors and 53 cases were malignant ovarian tumors analyzed according to their age groups and histopathological types of tumor .Young age groups were the most affected group with ovarian neoplasm in this study especially the benign type. Six histopathological types of benign and Six histopathological types of malignant were recorded; mature teratoma was more frequent for benign while serouscystadenocarcinoma was for malignant" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Incidence","Ovarian","Tumor"], "publishers" : ["Noorhan Shaker","Dalal Al-Jarah","Saliha Ali Hussain","Raghad Yas"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_469.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_469.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_469.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:25", "views" : 683, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :466 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "ROC-Based Assessment of ELISA System Used to Detect IgMRF, IgG-RF and IgA-RF among Iraqi Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients", "abstract" : "Serological tests are mainly evaluated by determining the sensitivity and specificity of the test. These test characteristicswere originally meant to be used in making diagnoses. For evaluative purposes their usefulness is weakened by their susceptibility to selection and their dependence on the cut-off points that are used for test positivity. The plotting of a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve might be a solution to these problems. The ROC curve yields a measure for the diagnostic power of the test expressed in one number instead of two, namely the area under the curve (AUC). Furthermore, the ROC curve and its AUC permit easy comparison of different tests and the performance of different interpreters of one test. In this study, for direct comparison of the diagnostic values of IgM-RF, IgG-RF and IgA assay in the diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), we performed an ROC analysis. The calculated areas under curves (AUCs) have shown that each of the three RF-subtypes has a different discriminative value because their curves were located at different distances above the diagonal line. However, the IgG-RF subtype has the highest discriminative value because of that its AUC was 0.937 and, thus, it has a very high clinical value. IgM-RF subtype has a moderate discriminative value (AUC= 0.848), whereas IgA-RF has showed the least discriminative power (AUC= 0.709) that may make it the least clinically useful RF as a diagnostic test. These results clearly demonstrate the superiority of IgG-RF ELISA system as a diagnostic test for RA over the other RFs. Using ROC to determine cutoff values has yielded several cutoff values with variable sensitivities and specificities for each RF subtype. This may allow the choice of the desired cutoff according to the clinical setting in which the test might used." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ROC-Based Assessment","ELISA System","Used to Detect"], "publishers" : ["Mohanad M. Ahmed","Khalid A. Obaid Al-Ruhaimi","Suhad H. Mohammed","Hassan A. Al Saadi"," Shawahd B. Al-Yassiri","Nidahl Abdul-Ameer","Salah H. Al-Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_4_466.jpg","full_file" : "6_4_466.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_4_466.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:26", "views" : 695, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :470 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prolapsed Inter Vertebral Disc in the Lumber Area and Joint Mobility among Iraqi Patients", "abstract" : "Objective: To assess the relation between prolapsed intervertebral disc (P.I.D.) in the lumber area and Joint mobility. Patients and methods :Eighty patients with (PJ.D.) in the lumber area proved by magnetic resonance imaging (M.R.L) (65 ) or Myelography (15) were compared with that in an age and sex matched controls group without (P.I.D.) in the lumber area Joint mobility was scored on a scale of 0-8 using the method deserbed by Beighton et al. Results: The number of patients with hypermobile joints and the total mobility scores were comparable in both studied groups. Conclusion: This study showed that there is no relation between P.I.D. in the lumber area and joint mobility" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prolapsed Inter","Vertebral Disc","the Lumber Area","Joint Mobility"], "publishers" : ["Samier H . AL-Amiedy","Ethiel A.Kommona"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_470.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_470.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_470.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:58", "views" : 777, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :471 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Thyroid Malignancy(Incidence and Management):A Three- Years Study in Al-Hilla Surgical Hospitals Retrospective Study", "abstract" : "Thyroid disease is the most common surgical endocrine disease, and thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine malignancy. It occurs more often in people who live in areas with iodine deficiency like our country. There is great controversy about the incidence of thyroid carcinoma. Objectives: to evaluate the characteristics of thyroid cancer patients in regard to demographic distribution, histological variants, mode of presentation and modalities of surgical treatment. Method: we retrospectively audited the records of 33 patients with histological proof of thyroid carcinoma, out of 375 goiter patients, between Jan 2005- Feb 2008 in Al-Hilla surgical hospitals. Results: Patients with thyroid carcinoma comprise 8.8% of goiter patients. Female constitute 75.7%, males 24.2%, with mean age (39.6) years. Male to female ratio is 1/3. Goiter was the most common presentation, with multinodular goiter account for 57.5%, and thyroid nodule account for 27.5%. The diagnoses confirmed by histopathological examination of thyroid specimens. The most common type of malignancy was papillary carcinoma 60.6%, followed by follicular type 18.1%. We have one case of metastatic carcinoma to the thyroid gland. Near total thyroidectomy was the most common surgical procedure performed. Conclusion: Thyroid carcinoma is not a rare tumor in our region. Better diagnostic tools should be available to reach the appropriate diagnoses. We are in real need for activation of national cancer registry to asses the problem on the national level." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Thyroid Malignancy","Incidence","Management"], "publishers" : ["Ali A. Al-Katib","Saad KH. Al-Fallouji","Ali Hussein Jassim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_471.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_471.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_471.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:16", "views" : 749, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :472 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Ulcerogenic Effects of NSAIDs on Gastric Mucosa: Comparison between Selective and Non-Selective Cox2 Inhibitors; Indomethacin VS Rofecoxib", "abstract" : "Background: The central pathogenic mechanism in NSAID-induced gastro-duodenal toxicity lies in their ability to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins by gastric mucosa through inhibition of cyclooxygenase enzyme (Cox). There are two isoforms of Cox enzyme: Cox-1 and Cox-2. The gastroprotective effects of prostaglandins are mediated by Cox-1 while the inflammatory effects are mediated by Cox-2. NSAIDs inhibit synthesis of prostaglandins, resulting in toxic effects on gastric mucosa and beneficial anti-inflammatory effects. Conventional NSAID are non-selective inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase and thus, they promote the antiinflammatory response and at the same time inhibit gastric protective effects of prostaglandins. To overcome this problem, drugs that have little or no Cox-1 inhibitory activity have been developed and a new generation of NSAIDs has emerged. Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to evaluate the morphological effects of Rofecoxib on the gastric mucosa by comparing them with those produced by Aspirin and Indomethacin. Material and Methods: 40 Spargue-Dawely rats were used in this study. The animals were divided into four subgroups, each group included ten animals. Group I received no treatment and considered as control, group II received Aspirin, group III received Indomethcine, and group IV received Rofecoxib. After one month of treatment the animals were sacrificed and the gastric mucosa in each animal was examined macroscopically and microscopically. Results: Aspirin produced the most sever gastric lesions mainly in the pylorus, which take the form of erosions and ulcerations. Rofecoxib caused the least gastric lesions mainly in the body of the stomach. Indomethacin caused an intermediate degree of gastric damage mainly in the body of the stomach. Conclusion: Aspirin and Indomethacine produced the most sever effect on gastric mucosa, these effects take the form of gastric erosion and ulceration that involved mainly the pylorus and the body of the stomach respectively. Rofecoxib, showed the least gastric lesion as compared to Aspirin and Indomethacin." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Ulcerogenic Effects of NSAIDs ","Gastric Mucosa: Comparison ","Selective ","Non-Selective Cox2 Inhibitors ","Indomethacin VS Rofecoxib"], "publishers" : ["Rawaa Ghalib ","Athraa Falah ","Adel Ahmad *"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_472.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_472.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_472.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 06:55:30", "views" : 739, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :473 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Out Come of Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage", "abstract" : "Background To find the most appropriate mode of management in relation to a clot size , level of Consciousness and Location of haematoma . Methods Forty two consecutive patient presented with in tracrebral hemorrhage were included in this study , patient with moderate to large clot and deteriorating in Neurological deficit and GCS of more than five where included in surgical treatment , while the others patients treated conservatively . Result. Level of consciousness , Neurological deficit , Location and size of Haematoma are a guidelines for surgically or conservatively treatment Conclusion Surgical treatment preferred in large Superficially haematoma with mid line shift." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Management of Spontaneous","Intracerebral Hemorrhage","Location of haematoma"," "], "publishers" : ["Musaed Hekmat Al-Dahhan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_473.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_473.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_473.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:00:07", "views" : 664, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :492 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Treatment of Systemic Candidiasis in Rats with Water Extract of Thymus Vulgaris L.", "abstract" : "Water extract of leaves from Thymus vulgaris L.was tested in vitro for its antifungal activity against pathogenic Candida albicans , using well diffusion method . Extract of T. vulgaris revealed a potent antifungal activity against C. albicans at 20% concentration . An experimentally – disseminated candidiasis was induced into a group of BALB/c rats by intravenous inoculum of C. albicans (0.2 ml of 3×105 cell / ml) and observations were made and recorded for a period of 30 days . Shivering, dullness , ataxia with a progressive decrease in body weight were observed in all the infected rats. White nodular abscesses were seen in kidney after 3 days of injection. Treatment of infected rats with the plant extract (0.5 ml administered orally for 14 days) caused an increase in the weights of the rats when compared with control animals." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Treatment of Systemic","Candidiasis","Rats with Water Extract"], "publishers" : ["Fatima M. Abas"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_492.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_492.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_492.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:04:49", "views" : 637, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :474 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Gabapentin Therapy for Pruritus in Haemodialysis Patients", "abstract" : "Background: Itch can be defined subjectively as a poorly localized, non-adapting, usually unpleasant sensation which elicits a desire to scratch . Although specialized nerve endings have been identified for a wide range of stimuli no specific receptor has been identified for itch and it is generally agreed that itch (and pain) are received by unspecialized free nerve endings located close to the dermo-epidermal junction. Generalized severe pruritus occurs in about (30-50 %) of renal failure cases, its one of the dermatological diseases that is difficult to control. Unfortunately, haemodialysis can initiate the symptom as well as improve it. Up to 85% of patients on haemodialysis suffer from itching. Many modalities of treatment are found for those patients, as topical emollients, phototherapy, antihistamine. Aim of study: To assess the effectiveness and safety of gabapentin in treatment of pruritus induced by dialysis. Method: This study was conducted in Merjan teaching hospital Haemodialysis unite .23 patients were included in this study (13 male and 10 female , age more than 18 years) . Haemodialysis was performed twice times per week. All patients had histories of pruritus of more than 6 weeks duration that does not respond to antihistamines and other topical treatments . Any medication with presumed antipruritic effects was discontinued one week before the study. The patients were asked to record the severity of their pruritus on a visual analogue scale twice weekly (at dialysis time). The scale consisted of a 10 cm horizontal line marked from 0 (denoting no itch ) to 10 (denoting worst possible imaginable itch). Patients were assigned to receive 4 weeks of gabapentine therapy followed by 4 weeks of placebo and there was a 2 weeks of washout period between the sequential treatment phases. Gabapentine 100mg or placebo was administered orally twice weekly at the end of haemodialysis sessions. Result: The mean pruritus score before the treatment was 8.43 ± 0.99 with a range from (7-10), after gabapentin therapy the score decreased to 1.26 ± 1 (range : 0-3 ; p-value < 0.0001) while after the end of the resting two weeks (interval period) the score increased to 7.56± 1.55 , increment continued to the end of placebo period (after one month) reached to 8.1 ± 1.01 (range : 6-10 ; p-value = 0.1686). Conclusion: Gabapentin is a safe and effective drug in treatment of pruritus induced by dialysis with little side effects." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Gabapentin Therapy ","Pruritus "," Haemodialysis Patients"], "publishers" : ["Wisam Ali Ameen ","Shukri Faeiz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_474.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_474.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_474.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 01:03:48", "views" : 593, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :476 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Dry Eye Syndrome in Hilla: A Pilot Study", "abstract" : "This is an introductory pilot study for a more detailed one on the symptom profile of dry eye syndrome in Hilla. It aims at determinating the approximate figure of prevalence of the condition as well as an attempt of finding its seasonal and age difference. Patients and methods: The patients are those attending the Ophthalmic Consultation Clinic in Hilla Teaching General Hospital after being examined by the same specialist; the case history and examination results were registered after the preliminary diagosis. The overall prevalence is 50.31%; it was the greatest in summer 67.07%, for the rest of seasons the difference in prevalence was not statistically significant (winter 50%, spring 48.24%, autumn 35.44%). This very high prevalence points to the importance of making a detailed study of the symptom profile to clarify the clinical picture of the disease and its position in the differential diagnosis of a large number of ophthalmic diseases." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dry Eye"," Syndrome","A Pilot Study"], "publishers" : ["A sad Ja ffar Alt ai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_476.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_476.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_476.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:17", "views" : 744, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :478 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Hematological and Biochemical Changes in A Cute Myocardial Infarction (MI) in Babylon Government", "abstract" : "This study was carried on thirty five subjects (18 patients, and 17 healthy subjects as controls). Their ages ranged from 40 – 60 years. The patients were diagnosed by specialist physicians by positive troponin I tests, typical chest pain and changes in ECG. This work was performed in coronary care unite (CCU) ward of Marjan Teaching Hospital, during period from March to September 2010. The Age, weight, height, WBC count, differential leukocyte count, ESR, Lipid profile laboratory analysis, Serum total protein, serum albumin, serum globulin, Serum copper, serum zinc and serum potassium ion level were measured in all subjects. The results of present study revealed that WBC count, ESR, the differential leukocyte count (e.g. neutroplil cells) in patients increased significantly (P < 0.01) (P < 0.05) (P < 0.01) respectively comparison to controls. While, the differential leukocyte count of lymphocyte revealed to decrease significantly (P < 0.05) in patients. Serum triglyceride, serum total cholesterol, serum VLDL and LDL increased significantly (P < 0.05) (p < 0.05) (P < 0.05) (P < 0.05) respectively, while, serum HDL decreased significantly (P < 0.01) in patients comparison to controls. serum globulin, copper and potassium ion showed significant increase (P < 0. 0.01) (P < 0.05) (P < 0.01) respectively in patients comparison to controls. While, serum albumin, and serum zinc revealed significant decrease (P < 0.05) (P < 0.01) respectively in patients comparison to controls." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hematological","Biochemical Changes","A Cute Myocardial ","Infarction"], "publishers" : ["Chafil Saihood Hassan Al-Shujiari"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_478.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_478.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_478.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:41:26", "views" : 801, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :477 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Procalcitonin as a Mediator of Chronic Inflammation in Obese Women with PCOS", "abstract" : "Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common reproductive endocrine condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, and obesity. Obesity is associated with a lowgrade inflammation of white adipose tissue resulting from chronic activation of the innate immune system and can subsequently lead to insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance and even diabetes. In the last few years, adipose tissue emerged as an important source of proinflammatory mediators including TNF- , IL-6, and procalcitonin. Objective: to investigate procalcitonin as a marker of chronic inflammation in obese women with PCOS. Method: a case control study conducted from January 2010 till July 2010. The study involved 20 women with PCOS and 20 control women matched for age and BMI. Waist to hip ratio was measured and blood was drawn from patients and controls and serum levels of FSH, LH, prolactin, testosterone and procalcitonin were estimated by VIDAS using VIDAS kits provided by Biomerieux (France). Student t test was used to evaluate the difference in serum procalcitonin level between the two groups. Results: compared with control group, patients with PCOS had a significantly higher waist to hip ratio (mean 0.95 ± 0.2 versus 0.8 ± 0.13). Serum procalcitonin level was significantly higher in women with PCOS compared to control group (1.43 ± 0.42 ng/mL Vs 0.19 ± 0.13 ng/mL) P value was < 0.0001. Serum levels of FSH, LH, prolactin and testosterone all were significantly higher in women with PCOS than in the control group (P value < 0.05). Conclusion: The increase in low-grade chronic inflammation in women with PCOS is primarily associated with increased central fat excess. Procalcitonin represents a novel marker of the inflammatoryactivity of body fat in PCOS." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Procalcitonin","a Mediator of Chronic","Obese Women","PCOS"], "publishers" : ["Nadia Mudher Al-Hilli","Haydar Hashim Al-Shalah"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_477.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_477.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_477.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:09:18", "views" : 661, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :479 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Significance of Reciprocal ST Segment Depression in Acute Inferior Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Back ground and purpose :Precordial ST segment depression can occur in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction. The aim of this study is to find if there are differences between patients with out reciprocal changes, patients with reciprocal changes maximum in V1-V3 and patients with reciprocal changes maximum in V4-V6 regarding the results of echocardiography, angiography and development of complications and in hospital mortality. Patient and method :From April 2009 to April 2010, 72 patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction were included in this study divided into three groups, group I with no ST depression, Group II maximum ST depression in V1-V3 and group III with maximum ST depression in V4-V6 .Echocardiography was done, patients were followed for development of complications and mortality and coronary angiography was done to 16 patients. Results :Remote regional wall motion abnormality was highest in group III 90% compared with group II 72% and group I 15%. Ejection fraction was lowest in group III 36 ± 10% compared with group II 42 ± 10% and group I 56 ± 11%. Complications and mortality were as follows: group III (60% complication and 20% mortality) ,group II (32% complication and 8% mortality) and group I (7% complications and 2% mortality). Coronary angiography showed multivessel disease in group III (71%) , group II 50% and group I 33%. Conclusion: Precordial ST depression specially V4-V6 reflects larger infarction size or multivessel disease thus carries worse prognosis with lower ejection fraction, more regional wall motion abnormalities and higher complications and mortality." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Acute Inferior","Myocardial Infarction","Reciprocal ST Segment Depression","Significance"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_479.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_479.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_479.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:03:49", "views" : 700, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :480 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Efficacy and Safety of Azithromycine Versus Amoxilline/Clavulanate in Treatment of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis", "abstract" : "This study has been done to compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of azithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate in the treatment of patients with infectious exacerbation of chronic bronchitis(AECB).This study was conducted at Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital and included 108 patients from 32 to 80 years of age. Those patients were randomized to receive either azithromycin (500 mg/day for three days, n = 56) or amoxicillin-clavulanate (625 mg two tablets twice daily for seven days, n = 52). The patients were evaluated at the study outset, on day 3-5, on day 7 and at longterm follow-up, day 28 . Based on the clinical evaluation of the signs and symptoms there were no differences between the groups treated with azithromycin or amoxicillin-clavulanate in terms of the percentages of cases in which the outcomes were classified as cure or improvement: 75% vs. 73.2% (p = >0.05) on day ten seven. The results of the present study confirm the efficacy and tolerability of azithromycin for the outpatient treatment of episodes of infectious exacerbation of COPD. In this context, it can be expected that the treatment with azithromycin will promote cure or clinical improvement in most patients, with acceptable toxicity and costs with no significant difference to the amoxicillin-clavulanate" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Efficacy","Safety","Azithromycine Versus"], "publishers" : ["Ali Talib N. Aldamarchi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_480.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_480.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_480.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:59", "views" : 741, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :483 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Evaluation of Low Level Laser Therapy Using the Diode Laser in Enhancement of Episiotomy Wound Healing", "abstract" : "Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of low level laser therapy (biostimulation) using the diode laser with wavelength of (790-805) nm in promotion and enhancement of wound healing of episiotomy. Women, materials and methods: thirty women (22 of them were primipara) with episiotomy wound were selected and divided into three groups, 1st group (group No.1: control group) given antibiotics without laser therapy, in the 2nd group (group No.2) the wound exposed to laser therapy (4 sessions, each session with energy density 8 joule /cm2 every other day ) and antibiotics for 1 week, and in the 3rd group (group No.3) the wounds were exposed to laser therapy (4 sessions, the same as in the 2nd group) but without antibiotics. Results: Those patients who exposed to LLLT showed significant reduction in the level of pain and tenderness after the 1st laser exposure, and rapid healing process that occur within seven (7) days, and the results were about to be equal in both (group II & group III), while group I showed prolonged period of healing (9-11) days with moderate to severe pain and tenderness that interfered with their sitting and walking and one case ended with dehiscent wound. Conclusions: LLLT can be used to enhance surgical wound healing, & to induce analgesic effects if proper wavelength, energy density and exposure time are selected." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Using the Diode Laser in Enhancement "," Episiotomy Wound Healing"], "publishers" : ["Suhaila F. Al-Shaikh Using the Diode Laser in Enhancement "," Episiotomy Wound Healing"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_483.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_483.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_483.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:54:46", "views" : 711, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :481 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of ?-Hemolytic Groups C and F Streptococci in Patients with Acute Pharyngitis in Hilla City/Iraq", "abstract" : "Background: The roles of group C and F streptococci in causing endemic pharyngitis are still controversial, although group C streptococci are implicated in the outbreaks of pharyngitis and associated disorders. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the role of these groups of ?- hemolytic streptococci in acute pharyngitis with emphasis on Streptococcus anginosus group. The antimicrobial susceptibility profile of these bacterial isolates and their ability to produce some virulence factors was also be determined. Materials and Methods: Throat swab specimens were collected from 177 patients suffering from acute pharyngitis who had been admitted to Hilla teaching hospital (Hilla, Iraq) during October 2009 to January 2010. The necessary biochemical tests were conducted and the organisms identified using standard procedures. Susceptibility of isolates pathogens to several antibiotics was examined using standard susceptibility testing. Virulence factors of theses isolates were also determined using standard methods. Results: Results revealed that a total of 67 isolates were belonged to ?-hemolytic streptococci. Of which, 11(16.4%) isolates belonged to anginosus group streptococci, which possess Lancefield group C and F antigens. Most of these bacterial isolates have the ability to produce more than one virulence factor such as capsule, hemolysin, CFA III, and lipase enzyme. The bacterial isolates were highly resistant to ampicillin, cefotaxime , and cefepime while they exhibited moderate resistance to tetracycline, ceftriaxone, and ciprofloxacin, On the other hand they showed high sensitivity to vancomycin, ofloxacin, and clindamycin. Conclusion: This study concluded that group C and F Streptococci were implicated as a cause of acute pharyngitis in 6.2% of the specimens among other groups of streptococci. Most of these isolates have the ability to produce more than one virulence factor and there was a high rate of resistance among isolates for ?-lactam antibiotics, but they were highly susceptible to vancomycin, ofloxacin, and clindamycin.." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["?-Hemolytic","Streptococci","Acute Pharyngitis","Hilla City/Iraq","Prevalence"], "publishers" : ["Alaa H. Al-Charrakh","Jawad K. T. Al-Khafaji","Rana H. S. Al-Rubaye"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_481.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_481.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_481.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:14:04", "views" : 830, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :482 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antepartum Detection of Macrosomic Fetus: Clinical Versus Sonographic, Including Humeral Soft Tissue Thickness", "abstract" : "Objective: To compare clinical and sonographic estimation of birth weight using Hadlock s (1) equation with new estimation technique that involve measurement of fetal humeral soft tissue thickness to identify newborns with birth weight of at least 4000 g. Patients and Methods: A prospective study conducted in Gynaecology & Obstetrics Department in Al-Yarmook Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Ninety pregnant women were studied between October 2003 and September 2004. They had gestational ages of 37 weeks or more and a suspicion of fetal macrosomia based on the presence of one or more of certain risk factors. Clinical estimation of fetal body weight using Leopold s manoeuvre was done followed by sonographic fetal weight estimation using Hadlock s (1) equation. Fetal humeral soft tissue thickness (the distance from the outer edge of the humerus to the skin surface on transverse views of the upper arm) was measured by ultrasound. Then a comparison of the three methods mentioned above was done regarding their validity in predicting fetal macrosomia. Results: Sonographic fetal humeral soft tissue thickness correlates with birth weight and found to be higher in macrosomic than the non-macrosomic newborns (14.35mm versus 11.6mm) and the difference was statistically significant (P value <0.001). The sonographic fetal humeral soft tissue thickness measurement was more sensitive in predicting fetal macrosomia than the sonographic fetal weight estimation (87.2 versus 75%) but less specific (74.2 versus 86%). The positive predictive value was 84.2 versus 89% and the negative predictive value was 78.7 versus 68% respectively while the clinical estimation had the lowest accuracy in predicting fetal macrosomia compared with sonographic fetal weight estimation and sonographic fetal humeral soft tissue measurement. Conclusion: The sonographic measurement of fetal humeral soft tissue thickness positively correlates with newborn birth weight. It is more accurate than the clinical fetal weight estimation in predicting fetal macrosomia. On the other hand it is more sensitive but less specific than the sonographic fetal weight estimation using Hadlock s (1) equation in predicting fetal macrosomia." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antepartum Detection","Macrosomic Fetus"," Clinical Versus Sonographic"," Including Humeral"], "publishers" : ["Nadia Mudher Sulaiman Al-Hilli"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_482.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_482.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_482.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:15", "views" : 741, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :493 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Virulence Factors of Enterococcus faecalis", "abstract" : "Two hundred seventy six samples collected from different sources. The samples were divided into three groups; first included 40 stool samples collected from healthy individuals; second group included 125 clinical samples from patients who admitted to teaching general Hilla hospital. The third group included 111 samples collected from environment of same hospital . The morphological characterization and biochemical reactions showed 33 isolates diagnosed as Enterococcus faecalis , of which , 15 isolates from normal flora of intestine, 11 isolates from clinical cases ,and 7 isolates from hospital environment. The results of detection of virulence factors showed that E.faecalis possessed the followed factors; adhesion factors (45.4%), haemagglutination (87.8%), hemolysin (15.1%), gelatinase (9.0%) , lipase (6.0%) and bacteriocin (90.9%). The significance of these factors in the pathogenesis of enterococcal infection needs to be elucidated in further studies." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Enterococcus faecalis","Virulence Factors","Streptococcus"], "publishers" : ["Jawad Kadhum T. AL-Khafaji","Sameer F. Samaan","Mohammed S. AL-Saeed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_493.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_493.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_493.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:22:35", "views" : 991, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :487 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of Radioactive Iodine Therapy in Hyperthyroidism in Northern Area of Iraq", "abstract" : "237 patients with hyperthyroidism age range (between 20->60) years attended to nuclear medicine and radiotherapy hospital in Mosul during the period 2001-2003 treated by radioactive iodine 131and followed for one year shows completely relieve from their symptoms after giving them suitable doses of radioactive iodine 131 .The study sample showed that age group between (40-49) years was more affected than others in a percentage of (28.7%). Also the study discovered that females were more affected than males in a percentage of (62%) and (38%) respectively. Our study showed that the main cause of thyrotoxicosis was diffuse hyperthyroidism (46.4%), and the most appropriate given doses needed was (5-10)mc I131 which was about 37.1%. Finally our study revealed that radioactive iodine 131 therapy for hyperthyroidism was simple, Cheap and non invasive method of treatment ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hyperthyroidism","Evaluation of Radioactive","Iodine Therapy","Northern Area of Iraq"], "publishers" : ["Moayed Qasim Yehya"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_487.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_487.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_487.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:28", "views" : 630, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :485 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Subendocardiac Hemorrhage in Firearm Injuries: A Postmortem Hallmark of High Velocity Missile Injuries", "abstract" : "Background. The high kinetic energy produced by the high velocity missiles will create within milliseconds a cavity in the tissue and results in stretching, compression, shearing, and damage of tissue that may extend several centimeters away from the bullet and its track. Moreover, a transonic shock waves will be produced which may cause additional tissue damage in organs that are far away from the track of the missile. Thus, vessels, nerves, and structures that were never in direct contact with the missile may be damaged. During routine examination of the heart in high velocity bullet injury victims, we frequently observed the presence of areas of subendocardiac hemorrhages, varied from several cm2 – all ventricular wall, especially in those whose injuries were in the thorax, upper limbs, head, and neck. These observations stimulated us to carry out this study in order to reveal the frequency, significance, and pathogenesis of these lesions. Patients and methods. The study included 81 patients; 31 patients who died from injuries by high velocity bullet and considered as the study group, and 50 patients who died from other causes and considered as control group. For each patient a full autopsy was performed and the heart was carefully examined. Data concerning the subendocardiac hemorrhages, their locations and extent were done. Comparison was made between the study and control groups. Results. Results of our study have shown that sudendocardiac hemorrhages were present in 83% of patients who died from high velocity bullet injury. However there were variations in frequency for each region; they were present in 100% of patients whose bullet injuries were in the head and neck, in 86% of patients whose injuries were in the chest and upper limbs, and in 20% of those whose injuries were in the abdomen and lower limbs. These lesions were mostly located at the posterior wall of the left ventricle. They varied in extents from few centimeters to involve nearly the entire surface area of the posterior wall of the ventricle. None of the control group has shown these lesions. Conclusions. The hemorrhagic lesions demonstrated in the left ventricle following high velocity bullet injuries are most probably produced by the indirect effect of the high velocity missiles on the subendocardium through the transonic waves produced by the missile during its passage near the heart." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A Postmortem Hallmarkو","High Velocity","Subendocardiac Hemorrhage","Firearm Injuries"], "publishers" : ["Nemah Hassone Mahdi Aljubori"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_485.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_485.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_485.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:16", "views" : 739, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :486 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of Light and Heavy Smoking on High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level", "abstract" : "Background and purpose: Cigarette smokers have a higher risk of developing several chronic disorders. These include several types of cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and atherosclerosis which is a chief contributor to the high number of deaths from smoking. Cigarette smoking potentiates the harmful effects of total cholesterol and reduces the cardio-protective properties of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), increasing the risk of coronary heart disease(CHD). Decreased serum HDLc is one of the most common lipid disorders in patients with CHD. Existing evidence suggests that every 1 mg/dl decrease in serum HDLc increases the risk of CHD by 2-3%. HDLc levels are known to be lower in smokers than in nonsmokers. However most studies have not been mentioned whether heavy or light smoking affect HDLc level. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of light and heavy smoking on HDLc level. Material and method: Sixty apparently healthy participants were included in the study, twenty subjects as control group, twenty light smokers(those who smoke less than ten cigarettes per a day) and twenty heavy smokers (those who smoke ten cigarettes and more per a day).Their mean age ± SD was 35.25±4.38,37.25±4.74,37±3.93 for control, light smokers and heavy smokers groups respectively .The mean of the BMI of the same groups was 23.36±1.7,22.91±1.67 and 23±1.49.HDL-C was measured by colorimetric method. Results: The mean values of HDLc of control ,light smokers and heavy smokers was 1.43±0.42 mmol/l, 0.75±0.17 mmol/l. and 0.6±0.2 mmol/l groups respectively .There was significant differences in the mean level of HDLc between control group and light smoker and heavy smoker groups(P< 0.05).However the mean value of HDLc of light smokers was not significantly different from the mean level of heavy smokers(P>0.05). Conclusion: Smoking whether light or heavy equally affect HDLc level by deceasing its concentration in the serum and hence increase the risk of CHD." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cigarette smokers","Density Lipoprotein","Cholesterol Level","CHD."], "publishers" : ["Haydar Al-Shalah"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_486.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_486.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_486.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:26", "views" : 667, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :488 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "TheRelationship Between Serum Testosterone Level And Antioxidants Status InPre-Eclampsia", "abstract" : "Pre-eclampsia is a disease characterized by elevation of blood pressure and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation. Serum levels of testosterone, malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, catalase, total protein, albumin, globulin, zinc, and copper were determined in sera of 50 pre- eclamptic pregnants and 50 apparently healthy pregnants who served as control. The results revealed :-A significant increment in the concentration of testosterone (p<0.01), malondialdehyde (p<0.01) and globulin (p<0.05) in sera of pre-eclamptics compared to normotensive pregnants concomitant with a significant reduction in the serum level of reduced glutathione (p<0.05), catalase (p<0.05), total protein (p<0.05) and albumin(p<0.05) in sera of pre-eclamptics compared to normotensive pregnants while there is no significant difference in the level of zinc and copper (p>0.05) in sera of pre-eclamptics compared to normotensive pregnants. Finally a significant positive correlation between testosterone level and malondialdehyde (p<0.01) in sera of both pre-eclamptics and normotensive pregnants, a significant negative correlation between testosterone level and catalase activity (p<0.01) in both pre-eclamptics and normotensive pregnants, and significant negative correlation between testosterone, and reduced glutathione (p<0.05) in pre-eclamptics; (p<0.01) in normotensive pregnants." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Testosterone Level","Antioxidants Status","Pre-Eclampsia","blood pressure"], "publishers" : ["Tariq H.AL-Khyatt","Moaed E. AL-Gazally","Sinaa B. Mohammed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_488.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_488.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_488.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:36", "views" : 657, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :489 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Hepatoprotective Potentials of Nebivolol and Aliskiren on Methotrexate Induced Liver Toxicity", "abstract" : "Background: Oxidative stress has been implicated as important cause of Methotrexate (MTX) induced liver toxicity. Recently nebivolol and aliskiren have been described to posses antioxidant properties. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective potentials of Nebivolol and Aliskiren on MTX induced hepatotoxicity. Materials and methods: A total of 32 rabbits were randomized into 4 equal groups. Group 1 received no treatment (control) while group 2,3 and 4 received MTX, MTX+Nebivolol or MTX+Aliskiren respectively for 8 weeks. At the end of 8th week all animals were sacrificed and liver function tests (SGOT, SGPT, ALP, bilirubin, TSP and PT) were measured. Liver tissues were used for measurement of MDA and GSH levels and for histopathological evaluation. Results: MTX treatment caused significant impairment in liver function profile. MTX also induced significant increase in MDA and significant decrease in GSH levels in liver tissues. Nebivolol and aliskiren significantly improved liver function profile. Both drugs also reduced MDA levels and elevated GSH levels. Furthermore hisological evaluation of liver sections confirmed the hepatotoxicity of MTX and the improvement with the combination treatment of nebivolol or aliskiren. These findings suggested that both drugs have promising hepatoprotective potential against MTX induced liver toxicity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Hepatoprotective Potentials","Methotrexate","Liver Toxicity","Nebivolol and Aliskiren"], "publishers" : ["Bassim Irheim Mohammad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "16 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_489.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_489.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_489.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:16:05", "views" : 834, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :490 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of Some Characteristics of the Bacteria Isolated from Patients with Otitis Media in Babylon Province", "abstract" : "One handred swabs were collected from 100 patients with otitis media (OM) (54 females and 46 males) referred to Hilla Teaching Hospital (ENT unit) during the period (from November 2006 through March 2007). The collected samples were investigated for bacterial isolation. The ages of the patients ranged from 7 months to 70 years . Bacterial cultures were positive in (95%) patients versus (5%) patients revealed negative bacterial culture . The most common type of bacterial isolated were Moraxella catarrhalis (20.83%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20%). Besides, uronic acid was detected in most samples of ear discharge.The virulence factors were detected and found to be capsule, colonization factor antigens, hemolysin, siderophores, and extracellular proteases" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Study of Some Characteristics","the Bacteria Isolated","Otitis Media"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Sabri A. Razzak","Mohammed A. Muhsin"," Nada Khazal. K.H. Al-wae’l"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_490.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_490.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_490.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:50:03", "views" : 714, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :491 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "PrednisoloneWith Clomiphene Citrate in Ovulation Induction in Clomiphene Citrate-Resistant Polycystic Ovary Syndrome", "abstract" : "The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of adding prednisolone to clomiphene citrate (CC) in CC-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in induction of ovulation. Methods: forty three infertile women with CC resistant PCOS were randomly assigned into two groups. Group I (31 patients 72.09%): Clomiphene citrate 100 mg/day was given from day 2 to day 6 of the cycle and prednisolone 10 mg/day from day 2 to day 12 of the cycle. Group II (12 patients 27.9%): CC 150 mg/day was given from day 2 to day 6 of the cycle. The main outcome was ovulation. Secondary measures included endometrial thickness and pregnancy rate. Ovarian follicular response was monitored by transvaginal ultrasound. HCG 10 000 U was given when at least one follicle measured 18 mm, and timed intercourse was advised. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between groups regarding the age, duration of infertility, menstrual pattern, hirsutism, and PCO features by U/S. the mean endometrial thickness were significantly higher in the 1st group than in the 2nd group (P < 0.05). Similarly, there were significantly higher rates of ovulation (74.19 versus 16.66%) (P < 0.001) and pregnancy rate (54.84% versus 8.33%) (P < 0.05). Prednisolone was very well tolerated as no patients complained of any side effect. Conclusion: Induction of ovulation by adding prednisolone to CC in CC-resistant PCOS is associated with no adverse anti-estrogenic effect on the endometrium and higher ovulation and pregnancy rates in a significant number of patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prednisolone","Ovulation Induction","Ovary Syndrome","Clomiphene Citrate-Resistant Polycystic"], "publishers" : ["Suhaila Fadhil Al-Shaikh","Ibtisam Fadhil"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_491.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_491.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_491.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:34:11", "views" : 650, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :495 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Rupture Ovarian Germ Cell Tumour, a Case Report", "abstract" : "Germ cells tumors represent a very complicated group of tumors of the ovary and their histogenesis is not well clarified. They are rapidly growing neoplasms that arise from primordial germ cells derived from the embryonal gonad. Malignant germ cell tumours comprise less than 5% of all ovarian neoplasms. Embryonal carcinoma is quite rare, amounting to approximately three percent of ovarian germ cell tumours. We report a case mixed germ cell tumuor, mainly embryonal carcinoma, in 12 years old female present with acute abdomen due to rupture of the tumour inside the abdominal cavity." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Rupture Ovarian","Germ Cell Tumour","neoplasm"], "publishers" : ["Ameer Kadhum Daher","Maha Assim Kareem","Ramzi Kadhum AL-Biati"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_495.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_495.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_495.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 21:56:06", "views" : 719, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :496 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "An Incidental Finding of the Thyroidea Ima Artery A Case Report Study", "abstract" : "We are here reporting a case of an incidental finding of the thyroidea ima artery emerging from the brachiocephalic trunk with a typical inferior thyroid vessels on both sides emerging from the thyrocervical trunk. The thyroidea ima artery entered the thyroid gland near to right side of the isthmus from the lower border approximately 1 cm below the normal inferior thyroid. It arose from the brachiocephalic artery proximal to its bifurcation. It ran deep to the infrahyoid muscles, giving off a branch that run downward to the superior mediastinum, and then supplying the anterior surface of the isthmus and the right lobe of the thyroid gland by means of two branches." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Case Report Study","Thyroidea Ima Art","An Incidental Finding"], "publishers" : ["Haythem A. Al-Sayigh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_496.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_496.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_496.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:17", "views" : 784, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :497 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia (ARVC/D), Case Presentation and Literature Review", "abstract" : "A case of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy/Dysplasia (ARVC/D) has been presented . ARVC/D is a disorder of RV myocardium which involves replacement of the myocardium with fibrofatty tissue. The diagnosis was based on the findings of enlarged RV by echocardiography, ECG findings of: a) TWI (T- wave inversion)in V1,V2 & V3. b)Epsilon wave in V1,V2, and more than 500 VEs/24 hour by Holter monitoring .Positive family history of sudden death in first degree relative (mother) was found. This case supports the first report of 34 Cases of ARVC/D reported in Iraq and attracts the attention of the physicians, echocardiographers and cardiologist to the diagnosis of this fatal disorder where SCD(sudden cardiac death) can be prevented by ICD(implantable cardiac difebrelattor) implantation." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Case Presentation","Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular","Cardiomyopathy","Dysplasia (ARVC/D)"], "publishers" : ["Amar AL Hamdi","Falah Al Azzawi","Mohammed Al-Rubiey"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_4_497.jpg","full_file" : "7_4_497.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_4_497.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 23:21:08", "views" : 790, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :498 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Oestrus ovis Human Ophthalmomyiasis in Iraq", "abstract" : "Introduction: I am presenting my clinical experience of human infestation by Oestrus ovis ophthalmomyiasis externa in detail, as far as the records I am keeping of the cases permit me. Patients and Methods: Those are patients who came under my care in military and civil service at the place of work in 4 mid and southern Iraqi provinces. I used slit lamp biomicrscope, but sometimes just a head-mouted binocular loup for diagnosis. I treated all cases. Results: The total number was 204 cases, The mean age of highest incidence was 12.32 SD 6.5 years. The highest seasonal incidence was on May every year. The mean larval count was 5.36 SD 4.24. Conclusion: The standard clinical picture is that of a young boy with a history of being near to sheep or countryside or in open air and was hit on the eye by a foreign body or an insect. Ideally within a few hours he suddenly developes a feeling of foreign body, redness, swelling, tearing and photophobia. On examination, you see excessive mucus, pale diffuse conjunctival swelling and hyperaemia, subconjunctival haemorrhage, may be chemosis and curds of yellow mucopurulent floccules. This is almost invariably unilateral. Usually it is possible to find at least one larva (a spindle shaped cylindrical transparently white actively moving worm of about 1-5 mm length and black oral hooks connected to a white cephalopharyngeal skeleton)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Oestrus ovis","Human","Ophthalmomyiasis"], "publishers" : ["A sad Ja ffar Alt ai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_1_498.jpg","full_file" : "6_1_498.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_1_498.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 23:38:26", "views" : 650, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :500 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Oestrus ovis Human Ophthalmomyiasis in Iraq", "abstract" : "Introduction: I am presenting my clinical experience of human infestation by Oestrus ovis ophthalmomyiasis externa in detail, as far as the records I am keeping of the cases permit me. Patients and Methods: Those are patients who came under my care in military and civil service at the place of work in 4 mid and southern Iraqi provinces. I used slit lamp biomicrscope, but sometimes just a head-mouted binocular loup for diagnosis. I treated all cases. Results: The total number was 204 cases, The mean age of highest incidence was 12.32 SD 6.5 years. The highest seasonal incidence was on May every year. The mean larval count was 5.36 SD 4.24. Conclusion: The standard clinical picture is that of a young boy with a history of being near to sheep or countryside or in open air and was hit on the eye by a foreign body or an insect. Ideally within a few hours he suddenly developes a feeling of foreign body, redness, swelling, tearing and photophobia. On examination, you see excessive mucus, pale diffuse conjunctival swelling and hyperaemia, subconjunctival haemorrhage, may be chemosis and curds of yellow mucopurulent floccules. This is almost invariably unilateral. Usually it is possible to find at least one larva (a spindle shaped cylindrical transparently white actively moving worm of about 1-5 mm length and black oral hooks connected to a white cephalopharyngeal skeleton)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Oestrus","ovis Human","Ophthalmomyiasis in Iraq"], "publishers" : ["A sad Ja ffar Alt ai"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "17 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_500.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_500.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_500.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:45:35", "views" : 688, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :809 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 11}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Different Curing Time on the Impact Strength of Cold and Hot-Cure Acrylic Resin Denture Base Material", "abstract" : "Objectives: This study aims to establish the effect of different curing times. on the impact strength of cold- cure acrylic resin which cured in air and Ivomat curing machine then compare them with heat cure acrylic resin samples which cured in compression molding technique . Methodology : Eighty acrylic resin specimens were prepared (40 cold cure and 40 heat cure), the study contain 8 groups depending on the type of the processing method and processing time , (10 specimens ) were used for each test group, then evaluate the effect of them on the impact strength of acrylic resin denture base material. Results: The result obtained in the present study showed significant difference between most of the tested groups. However the tested group that cured in 70°C for 9 hours showed the highest impact strength mean value in regarding to heat cure acrylic resin .While the test group which cured in Ivomat curing machine for 45minut showed the highest impact strength mean value in regarding cold cure acrylic resin Conclusion: It can be concluded that heat- cure acrylic resin had better impact strength than cold- cure acrylic resin , and the curing time had a significant effect on the impact strength of both heat and cold –cure acrylic resin . " , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Different Curing Time ","Hot-Cure Acrylic ","Base Material","Impact Strength "], "publishers" : ["Zena Jehad Wally","Mohammed T. AL-Khafagy","Raja’a Mahdi Al-Musawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 August 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "11_1_809.jpg","full_file" : "11_1_809.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "11_1_809.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 13:58:07", "views" : 2451, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :501 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 7}], "article_details" : {"title" : "For Dying Patients: Artificial Hydration, is it Necessary or not?", "abstract" : "Eating and drinking are essential for life. There are clinical situations that artificial hydration is necessary. For dying patients artificial hydration looks useless and in many conditions could even be harmful (e.g. pulmonary edema in hypoalbuminemic patients). In our medical culture artificial hydration is a symbol of care to the patient and withholding it, is a very emotive issue, especially to the family. Attention to autonomy, explanation about advantages and disadvantages of artificial hydration to the family and reassure them that the patient will be looked after and kept comfortable till the last seconds might be the solution of this ethical dilemma." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["clinical situations","pulmonary edema","hypoalbuminemic patients"], "publishers" : ["Alaa S. Alawad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "7_3_501.jpg","full_file" : "7_3_501.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "7_3_501.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 04:19:40", "views" : 609, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :502 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Comparison of Dental and Alveolar Arch Widths of Patients with Class II division 1 Malocclusion and Subjects with Class I Normal Occlusion of Iraqi Sample Aged (14-24) in Hilla city", "abstract" : "The size and shape of the arches have considerable implications in orthodontics diagnosis and treatment planning, affecting the space available, dental esthetics, and stability of the dentition. From the dental cast, one can analyze tooth size and shape, alignment and rotations of the teeth, presence or absence of teeth, arch form and symmetry, and arch width and occlusal relationship. This study was performed using dental casts for upper and lower arches of a total of 38 subjects with class II, division 1 malocclusions (17 males and 21 females) and of 40 normal class I subjects (20 males and 20 females) of Iraqi adult samples aged (14-24 )in Hilla city. The dental and arch width dimensions measured were intercanine, intermolar, and molar alveolar in both arches to compare the transverse dimensions of the dental and alveolar arches of class II malocclusion groups with normal class I occlusion subjects and independent-samples t-test was applied for comparisons of the groups. The finding from this investigated indicated that, (1) there were no significantly differences in all measurements between class I and class II overall samples (2) there were no significantly differences in all measurements between class I and class II male samples except for mandibular inter canine widths (L3-3) were significantly larger in class II than in class I male samples (3) there were no significantly differences in all measurements between class I and class II female samples except for mandibular molar alveolar widths (LA6-6) were significantly larger in class II than in class I female samples (4) most of the dental and alveolar widths measurements in overall, male and female class II samples were insignificantly slightly larger than in class I overall, male and female samples. These indicates that there were no posterior crossbite tendency in the class II groups ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dental","Alveolar Arch Widths","Malocclusion","Class I Normal Occlusion","Iraqi Sample in hilla city"], "publishers" : ["Thair Jaber Al-Khafagi","Zainab Mohy AL-Fatlawy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_502.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_502.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_502.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:29", "views" : 911, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :503 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A Resistance Study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Heavy Metals", "abstract" : "The prefect example for microorganisms which resist heavy metals is Pseudomonas aeruginosa , it has a good ability to resist and accumulate different metal ions , This article studied the resistance ability of P. aeruginosa against different concentrations of the following metals compounds : (HgCl,MgSo4,Zn2O3,MgCO3,Na2SO4,C10H20O,EDTA,NiSO4,CuCl2 and CdCl2), and describing the role of these metals to influence the production of bacterial pigments ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Pseudomonas aeruginosa","Heavy Metals","fluorescein"], "publishers" : ["Hussein K . Abdul-Sada"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_503.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_503.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_503.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:16", "views" : 923, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :504 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Pre and Post Haemodialysis: The Effect of Electrolyte Imbalance on ECGs of Patients with End Stage Renal Disease.", "abstract" : "Hyperkalaemia is a commonly encountered problem in dialysis patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) this might lead to increase corrected QT (QTc) duration which could have serous consequences. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of serum electrolyte imbalance mainly Potassium causing ECG changes such as QTc during haemodialysis (HD). Prospectively, eighteen haemodialysis patients with ESRD had ECG and serum electrolyte tested before and after HD. The ECG parameters were measured manually, the QT interval was corrected to the heart rate, the data were calculated and analysed with SPSS 17 software. There were significant effects of HD on serum electrolytes and some ECG parameters; the pre-HD K+ was 5.24±0.87 mmol/L and post-HD was 3.93±0.69 mmol/L (P 0.007) and pre-HD Ca2+ was1.98±0.17 mmol/L and post-HD was 2.22±0.15 mmol/L (P 0.003). QTc interval pre-HD 431.3 ± 32.1 ms and post-HD was 443.5 ± 32.4 ms (P 0.002). T wave pre-HD 4.33±1.89 mm and post-HD 3.18±1.11 mm (P0.045). An abnormally prolonged QTc (>440 ms) was measured in 27.7% of cases pre-HD and was recorded in 38.9% of cases in post-HD. There was correlation between pre-HD K+ and pre-HD QTc interval (r 0.699, P 0.001), and negative influence of the net change of K+ on the amplitude difference of T wave during haemodialysis (r - 0.422, P 05). No other influence of serum electrolyte imbalance on ECG changes was noted. Significant changes in serum electrolyte changes and ECG parameters during haemodialysis. There was limited association between serum electrolyte and ECG parameter changes during haemodialysis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Pre and Post Haemodialysis ","The Effect of Electrolyte Imbalance ","ECGs of Patients ","End Stage Renal Disease"], "publishers" : ["Abdul-Majeed H. Al-Saffar"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_504.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_504.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_504.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 09:40:01", "views" : 626, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :505 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotripsy (eswl) for TheTreatment of Urolithiasis", "abstract" : "Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has proved to be an optimal therapy for renal and ureteric calculi. We report on 226 patients (17-75 years old) treated with the Siemens Modularis lithotriptor. There were 157 males and 69 females. 218 calculi were located in the kidneys while only 28 calculi were in the ureters. In situ treatment was performed in 205 cases without instrumentation and in 21 after placement of a ureteral catheter. All ESWL treatments were performed with the patient under conscious sedation and on an outpatient basis. The overall success rate of initial treatment with ESWL for small calculi ? 1cm was 86% versus 43% success rate for calculi larger than 1cm which necessitate 1-2 re-treatments. Ureteric stenting during treatment had no influence on the stone free rate in our patients. Complications were infrequent with the most common being renal colic in 8.8% of the cases all of which were managed conservatively. In conclusion extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy is a safe and highly effective method of treating urinary calculi particularly those less than 1 cm in size." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Extracorporeal","Shock-Wave","Lithotripsy"], "publishers" : ["Ala a Al-Deen Al-Dabbagh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_505.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_505.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_505.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:30", "views" : 634, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :506 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Incidence of Congenital Urinary Tract Anomalies Among Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection", "abstract" : "One hundred and fifty - three patients with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI): 97(63.3%)’. males and 56 (36.6%) females, were studied prospectively at the Urology department and outpatient clinic, Specialized surgical hospital, from February 2000 until February 2003. Their age ranged from (1-40) years. Evaluation of these patients was done by: proper history, physical examination, laboratory tests and radiological imaging studies (ultrasound (U/S), and/or intravenous urography (IVU) and/or voiding cystourethrography (VCU)). Congenital urinary tract anomalies were detected in 30 (19.6%) of these patients: 18(60%) males and 12 (40 %) females. The upper urinary tract anomalies (kidney and ureter) were predominating found in 26 (86.6%) patients, while lower urinary tract malformations (bladder and urethra) were found in only 4(3.3%) cases. The most common organism isolated was Proteus species in 15 (50%) of the patients with congenital anomalies." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Congenital Urinary","Tract Anomalies","Urinary Tract Infection"], "publishers" : ["Sa ad H. Al-samarra i","Ala a Al-deen Al-dabbagh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_506.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_506.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_506.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:00", "views" : 801, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :507 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antibiotics Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Clinical Cases in Hilla City", "abstract" : "This study was carried out for the isolation and identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from 260 patients who were suffering from: burns, chronic otitis media and urinary tract infections (UTI). Detection of the isolates susceptibility for 23 antibiotics was also studied. Moreover, chemical substance like ethylene diamine tetra acetate (EDTA) was added to some antibiotics in an attempt to enhance their effects. The total number of P.aeruginosa isolates accounted for 30 of 260 samples, the distribution of those isolates were: 10 from 32 burn samples,10 from 58 otitis samples and 10 from 170 UTI samples. The results showed high degree of resistance for most antibiotics being used in this study. Also results were indicated for extended-spectrum beta-lactamases production by this bacteria by using EDTA as indicator and the positive results were observed in 9(30%) isolates with ampicillin and 12(40%) isolates with cefixime." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antibiotics","Resistance","aeruginosa Isolated"], "publishers" : ["Habeeb Sahib Naher","Lena Fadhil Hamza"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_507.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_507.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_507.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:18", "views" : 588, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :510 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Congenital Toxoplasmosis Value of Antenatal Treatment", "abstract" : "A cohort study was done from April / 2004 to December / 2005 at Babylon Hospital for Maternity and Children, and included 200 pregnant women with Toxoplasmosis infection were treated for 4-6 weeks and the outcome of pregnancy was compared before and after treatment. The analysis showed that the number of abortions was decreased after treatment, and also the rate of congenital abnormalities was decreased after treatment." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antenatal Treatment","Congenital Toxoplasmosis","pregnant women"], "publishers" : ["Melal Mohammed","Suzan Taha Al-Jubawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_510.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_510.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_510.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:11:53", "views" : 753, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :509 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Value of Duke s Treadmill Score and Other Parameters to Predict Coronary Arterial Disease", "abstract" : "Background: Exercise testing is useful in the assessment of presence of coronary arterial disease , the Duke s treadmill score is a composite index that was designed to provide survival estimates based on results from the exercise test, including ST-segment depression, chest pain, and exercise duration. Objectives : the objectives of this study were to correlate the angiographic findings of the patients with Duke s score and adding other parameters like risks factors and type of ST deviation to increase it s accuracy. Setting : Merjan teaching hospital and Shahid Almihrab cardiac centre. Methods :Across sectional study done on hundred patients whom underwant exercise treadmill test with calculation of Duke s score followed by coronary angiograph that was correlated with Duke s score and other parameter added to it. Results : By comparing the result of exercise treadmill test and Duke s score with the result of coronary angiography it showed that in the low risk Duke s group, the coronary angiographic results were mainly normal (40%) or single vessel disease (40%) and rarely showed two (10%) or three vessels disease(10%) and no left main stem disease was found. For the intermediate Duke s risk group the coronary angiographic results distributed on the normal (22.2%), single (30.2%), two (25.4%), and three vessels disease (19%) while it was rarely showed left main stem disease (3.2%). For high Duke s risk group the coronary angiographic results showed mainly three vessels disease (40.8%) and left main stem disease (37%), while it showed two vessels disease in 18.5% and rarely showed single vessel disease (3.7%) and no normal vessel were shown, The P value for this relation was <0.001. For intermediate Duke s risk group adding of patient s risk factors and the type of ST deviation were statistically significant in predict coronary lesion with P value 0.001, 0.028 respectively. Conclusion : Duke s score can predict coronary lesion and adding of patient s risk factors and type of ST deviation can increase it s ability to predict coronary lesion." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Value of Duke s Treadmill Score ","Predict Coronary Arterial Disease"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase ","Mohammed Hassen Ali Al-Hamdany"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_509.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_509.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_509.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:30", "views" : 845, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :511 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Frequency Distribution of ABO Blood Groups and Rh Governorate-Iraq Phenotypes of Blood Donors in babylon", "abstract" : "A study had been carried out to determine the distribution of ABO and Rh phenotypes in the population of Babylon Governorate. The study group included a total of 7317 donors, who were registered in the central blood banks at Al-Hilla General Teaching hospital during the period (February 2007 to May 2007). 7184(98.2%) were males and 133(1.8%) were females. The highest prevalence was that of blood group O (35.5 %) followed by blood groups A and B (27.7% and 28.3 % respectively) and the lowest of blood group AB (8.3%). The Rh phenotypes distribution also varies among the ABO blood groups. The total percentage of Rh positive was 90.1% and that of Rh negative was found to be 9.9%. The current study provides the estimation of the distribution of the proportion of ABO blood groups and Rh for the population of Babylon governorate." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Frequency Distribution","ABO Blood Groups","Rh Governorate-Iraq Phenotypes"], "publishers" : ["Hattem A. L. M. Salih"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_511.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_511.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_511.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:01", "views" : 1812, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :512 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Association between Lymphopenia and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Iraqi Patients", "abstract" : "Aim: To determine if there is any association between lymphopenia and clinical features, disease activity and damage in systemic lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Methods: The study group consists of 50 Iraqi patients with SLE mostly from Babylon Governorate who were diagnosed depending on the American College of Rheumatology revised criteria (ACR) for SLE; they were attending Marjan Teaching Hospital during the period from 1st Jan. 2007 to 1st Jul. 2008. The clinical manifestations were obtained by detailed medical history and physical examination. The disease activity was assessed with the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) and the Physician s Global Assessment (PGA). The disease damage was determined with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index (SLICC-DI). Lymphocytes count was expressed in two categories: normal (more than 1500/cmm) and lymphopenia (less than 1500/cmm); the count of less than 500/cmm was considered as marked lymphopenia. The relationship of lymphopenia with clinical, pharmacologic treatment variables, SLEDAI, PGA and SLICC-DI scores was examined. Results: Lymphopenia was found to be positively associated with skin manifestations, renal involvement, serositis and the use of steroids. Marked lymphopenia was associated with even higher SLEDAI, PGA and SLICC-DI scores. Conclusion: Lymphopenia was associated with some clinical manifestations of SLE and with more disease activity and damage. Marked lymphopenia was associated with even higher disease activity and damage ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lymphopenia","Systemic Lupus","Erythematosus"], "publishers" : ["Najlaa B. Al-Awadi","Sabah J. Al-Rubiae","Ali S. Biae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_512.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_512.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_512.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:37:55", "views" : 739, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :513 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Isolation of Proteus species From Women with Intrauterine Contraceptive Device", "abstract" : "In this study, 80 high vaginal swabs obtained from women with vaginitis who admitted to Babylon Hospital for Maternity and Children in Hilla Province were included. It was found that four isolates of Proteus were isolated from women with IUCD, but there was no isolate detected from non IUCD women. Proteus isolates were subjected for antibiotic susceptibility test. It was seen that all isolates were sensitive to azithromycin and in lesser degree to calithromycin, ceftazidime and amikacin. Also isolates showed resistance to gentamycin." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Proteus species","Women with Intrauterine","Contraceptive Device","hormone IUCD"], "publishers" : ["Lamees Abdul Razzak","Mohammad Sabri","Suzan Taha"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_513.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_513.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_513.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 12:05:58", "views" : 1172, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :514 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Incidence of Double Great Saphenous Vein Among Iraqi People: Case Series Study", "abstract" : "The study included dissection of the lower limbs of 10 cadavers to rule out the gross anatomy of the great saphenous vein together with any possible anatomical variations. The vein aroused anatomically as a continuation of the dorsal venous arch at proximal part of the metatarsal bones in 14 limbs (70%) and in the rest 6 limbs (30%); it started as a continuation of the first common metatarsal vein on the medial side of the big toe and received communications from the dorsal digital veins. The great saphenous vein was found to be duplicated in 4 limbs (20%), of these, 2 limbs (10%) below the knee and 2 limbs (10%) above the knee. Both the main vein and the accessory uein joined their own perforators" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Incidence","Double Great","Saphenous Vein"], "publishers" : ["Haythem A. Al-Sayigh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_514.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_514.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_514.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:56", "views" : 792, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :515 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Various Methods for Treatment of Bell s Palsy", "abstract" : "Forty - five patients with Bell s palsy attending the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Baghdad Teaching Hospital These patients were divided into three groups : The first group consisted of 15 patients and were treated with steroid ( 20 mg prednisolone /day for the first 10 days ) and physiotherapy ( galvanic stimulation , Facial exercises and massage ). The second group consisted of 15 patients and were treated by steroid only ( 20 mg prednisolone /day for the first 10 days). The third group consisted of an other 15 patients who were treated by physiotherapy only in the from of galvanic stimulation , facial exercises and facial message. All these groups were re- examined after 2 weeks , 1 month and 2 months and their responses to the treatment assessed clinically according to House-Breckmann grading system. The responses to the treatment were more evident in the first group than the second group and followed by third group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Various Methods","Treatment","of Bell s Palsy"], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Abed Hindy","Talal Abdul Samad"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_515.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_515.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_515.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:39:02", "views" : 556, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :516 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of removal capsular polysaccharides by rapid agitation on staphylococcus aureus pathogenesis", "abstract" : "The capacity of capsular polysaccharides enable bacteria to resist phagocyte process and help it to dissemination in liver & spleen organs was tested in vivo by measurement of log number of bacteria isolated from these organs in addition to show organ section . Two mice groups was used the first one injected with encapsulated strain, the other one injected with capsule-removed strain The results of this study confirmed the important role of capsule in improvement of the dissemination of encapsulated S. aureus bacteria into some organ of mice which observed by increase in log number of bacteria isolated from liver & spleen through an increase in the time of mice injection and reach maximum at 72h to (4.89) ( 5.32) respectively, but mice groups injected with capsule removed strain reach to (3.16) in liver and (3.78) in spleen at 24h , then decrease of low level in other injection time . Liver section of mice injected with the same encapsulated S. aureus show congestion , hemorrhage combined by PMN cell infiltration in addition to fusion of white pulp in spleen . These pathological changes occur too ,but less severe in mice injected with capsule –removed strain ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["removal capsular polysaccharides","rapid agitation","staphylococcus aureus pathogenesis"], "publishers" : ["Wafaa S. Alwazny","Ibtisam A. Nasir","Nadia H. ALganaby"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_516.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_516.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_516.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:40:43", "views" : 982, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :517 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Assessment of Sonography in Distinguishing Benign from Malignant Solid Breast Mass, Can It Be Improved?", "abstract" : "Objective: To determine whether sonography could help accurately distinguish benign solid breast masses from malignant ones and whether its role can be improved . Patients and Methods: Between November 2007 and January 2009 , 243 female patients with breast lesions diagnosed by their managing surgeons, were sonographically assessed .Those who had solid lesions were selected for a prospective study through comparison with the histopathological finding of the open biopsies taken from the lesions . US features that most reliably characterize masses as benign or malignant had been strictly applied for diagnosing these cases. Sonographic classifications were compared with histopathological reports of the biopsies . The sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values of the sonography were calculated. Results: Sonographically, 108(44%) cases were classified as benign and 135(56%) were malignant . 12 (11%) lesions classified as benign sonographically, were found to be malignant histopathologically. 33 (24%) lesion classified as malignant were found to be benign histopathologically. Thus, the classification scheme had a negative predictive value of 89% and positive predictive value 75%. Conclusion: Sonography can be used to identify most benign solid lesions for follow up through imaging. Making use of FNA cytology and True-cut needle biopsy, in addition to including mammography will eliminate son graphic mishaps" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Assessment","Sonography","Distinguishing Benign"], "publishers" : ["Kassim A. Hadi Taj-Aldean","Kadhim Ch. Hasan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_517.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_517.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_517.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:19", "views" : 553, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :518 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Effect of Recurrent Use of Clomiphene Citrate in the Treatment of Infertility on the Level of Serum Total Protein, Total Cholesterol and Triglyceride", "abstract" : "For the last forty years, the first line of treatment for anovulation in infertile women has been clomiphene citrate; the choice of clomiphene was appropriate because the drug was highly effective in inducing ovulation in selected patients with the advantage of being orally administered, relatively safe and inexpensive. In contrast alternative treatment usually involved parenteral gonadotropins that were significantly more complicated and uncomfortable to administer. However clomiphene was also found to have adverse effects, especially in the form of common antiestrogenic, endometrial and cervical mucous changes. The aim of this study is to identify whether there is a relation between recurrent administration of clomiphene (as ovulation induction) and serum concentration of total protein, total cholesterol and triglyceride Thirty women were involved in this study, twenty with infertility and ten as control group. The twenty infertile female patients undergo ovulation induction by clomiphene citrate as treatment to their condition. The results show a significant difference in the serum level of total protein, total cholesterol and triglyceride between infertile patients (primary and secondary) and control group in the third month of clomiphene treatment The total protein was significantly higher in the control group than infertile patients; this is the same for total cholesterol while for triglyceride it was significantly higher in infertile patients than in the control group." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Effect","Recurrent","Use of Clomiphene Citrate","Infertility"], "publishers" : ["Buthena Abass Frhan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_518.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_518.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_518.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 00:16:06", "views" : 545, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :519 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Anti Neutrophlic Cytoplasmic Antibodies In Patients with Systemic Vasculitis", "abstract" : "To evaluate the prevalence of ANCA antibodies in patients with systemic vasculitis and to compare that to its prevalence in patients with different rheumatic diseases and in normal healthy control subjects. Fifty patients with systemic vasculitis and fifty patients with different rheumatic diseases and one hundred healthy control persons, have been tested for the presence of ANCA antibodies “Anti PR3” and “Anti MPO” by ELISA technique in central public health laboratory in Baghdad-Iraq. Seventeen patients out of fifty patients 34% with systemic vasculitis were found to be positive for ANCA antibodies ,nine patients were positive for c.ANCA “ Anti - PR3 ”, eight patients were positive for p.ANCA “Anti-MPO” and two patients were positive for both types with specificity of “99%” and sensitivity of 34%. All fifty patients with different rheumatic disease were negative for ANCA antibodies , and also the healthy control persons were negative except one who was positive for c.ANCA “Anti-PR3”. ANCA antibodies should be looked for in all patients with suspected vasculitis , their absence will not rule it out ,the test through not highly sensitive 34% however it is highly specific 99% and should alert the attending physician towards further investigation including histopatho-logical tissue diagnosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Anti Neutrophlic","Systemic Vasculitis","Cytoplasmic Antibodies"], "publishers" : ["Ali Alkazzaz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_519.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_519.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_519.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:30", "views" : 728, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :520 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Cytotoxicity and Inhibitory Effect of Ortho-Amino Phenyl Mercury(II) Chloride against Growth of Some Bacteria (invitro)", "abstract" : "It was found that 0.2g of Ortho-Aminophenylmercury(II)chloride (OAPMC) dissolved in HCl/water added in to Muller-Hinton Agar medium, inhibited the growth of three reference strains bacteria [Escherichia coli ATCC25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ,ATCC27853 and Staphylococcus aureus, ATCC25923] in addition to five clinical isolates (Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus Pyogenes, Pseudomonas-aeruginosa, Escherichia-coli and Klebsiella aerogenes). Higher concentrations of (OAPMC) solution into the medium inhibited growth of bacteria under study was more strongly. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the cytotoxicity of (OAPMC) were studied against human blood and it was found that it had no hemolytic effects at different concentrations. Antibiotic sensitivity was tested for (OAPMC) and the results were evaluated: a susceptible intermediate and resistant respectively." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Cytotoxicity","Inhibitory Effect","invitro"], "publishers" : ["Shaker. A.N.Al-Jadaan","Eman T.Ali","Zainab.S.Wrewsh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_520.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_520.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_520.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:30", "views" : 587, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :521 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The value Of Cervical Score In Predicting Ovulation In Natural And Stimulated Cycle", "abstract" : "This study was designed to determine the accuracy of cervical mucus scoring(CMS) for timing of ovulation in natural and stimulated cycle, and to compare the results with real time pelvic ultrasonography(P.U/S) for ovarian follicular growth and maturation, in both cycles .A total of twenty-two cervical mucus(CM) was obtained and scored according to Insler mucus scoring; together with (P.U/S) folliculometry.There was a high positive correlation(r =0.96,p<0.05) between determination the day of ovulation by serial Insler scoring assessment of (CM) and serial (P.U/S) folliculometry in natural cycle; while there was no such correlation(r =0.15,p>0.05) in the stimulated cycle." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Stimulated Cycle","Cervical Score","higher fecunadability"], "publishers" : ["Hanan A.J.A. AL.Taee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_521.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_521.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_521.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:18", "views" : 987, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :523 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "BURN TRAUMA IN BABYLON", "abstract" : "From Feb. 1999 to Feb. 2001, There were 1000 patients to be treated for burn in Hilla Surgical Teaching Hospital burn unit in Babylon. -596 male patients (59.6 %), 404 female (4o.4 %). -66o (66%) of cases were children, young adults 330 (33%), and old age group form 10 (1%).The vast majority of cases fall in the group of moderate to major burns. Flame burn formed 653 (65.3 %), 332 ( 33.2 % ) cases hotliquid ,and 15 (1.5 % ) sustained electric burn .-100 patients (10 %) treated surgicaly.Hospital stay extended from 1-12 weeks.Bacterial study showed 54% psuedomonas, staph. Aureus 22%, Klebsiella 13 %Proteus 9 % and E coli 2 %,175 patients died due to : - inhalation injury 55%, septicemia 44%, G. I. bleeding one case. The study has shown the burn injury problem as amajor national health problem , and prolonged morbidity and temporary or perminant disability associated with it to result in astaggering economic drain on social resources and finantial support is required.Prophylaxis against burn is better than treatment.Teamwork approach to burn care is found to be of great importance.This study can be regarded as amessage to whome it may concern." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["BURN TRAUMA","acoagulation necrosis","prolonged morbidity "], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Brisam Hatif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_523.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_523.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_523.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:02", "views" : 633, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :522 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Immunohistochemical Study of CEA and BCL2 Expression in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma and its Correlation with Some Pathological Parameters", "abstract" : "Background :- Colorectal cancer is the second most prevalent cancer and the fourth leading cause of death[1]. In Iraq and according to the Iraqi cancer registry reports in 2002 , the incidence of colorectal carcinoma was 4.55% of whole body malignancy, & it is the seventh cause of death from cancer[3]. Immunohistochemical studies have revealed that CEA is a product of normal as well as cancerous colonic cell and that the difference in CEA content between the cancerous and the normal colorectal mucosa is quantitative and not qualitative[9-11], Expression of bcl-2 has been studied in a number of human tumors, including colorectal carcinoma. Non-small-cell lung carcinomas[18] breast carcinomas[19,20] and neuroblastomas[21] all express bcl-2, and studies have been published correlating expression with survival. Similarly, a number of studies[22-26] have been published evaluating the clinical use of bcl-2 immunohistochemical expression as a prognostic factor. Aim of the study :- The aim of our study was to estimate possible correlations between the CEA and BCL-2 immunohistochemical expression and some pathological parameters in colorectal adenocarcinoma like grade , stages and site of tumor Material and method: - thirty nine patients of colorectal carcinoma studied in Al- Diwanyia teaching hospital during a three years period (July 2008 - December 2010) were studied. There were 30 males and 9 females with a median age of 58 years (range 26-90 years). A manual avidine-biotin-peroxidase complex procedure was used in the immunohistochemical analysis (DakoCytomation, Copenhagen, Denmark). Result :- all the studied cases were positive for CEA (100%) and out of 39 cases there were only 23(58.9%) cases positive for BCL2 expression , also this study showed significant relationship between expression of CEA and grades and site of tumor while BCL2 significantly correlated with grades and stages of the tumor. Conclusion :- From the present study we may conclude that CEA and BCL-2 have a similar pattern of expression in primary colorectal adenocarcinoma although BCL-2 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma is more restricted than CEA expression" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Immunohistochemical Study of CEA ","BCL2 Expression ","Colorectal Adenocarcinoma "," Pathological Parameters"], "publishers" : ["Maather Baqer Hussein Al-Harmooshy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_522.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_522.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_522.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:53:48", "views" : 576, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :524 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "HER-2/neu Expression in Colorectal Carcinoma and its Correlation with Pathological Parameters by Immunohistochemistery", "abstract" : "This study was conducted to estimate the expression of her2/neu oncoprotein in human colorectal carcinoma and to show its possible correlation to the pathological parameters. Thirty five patients of colorectal carcinoma were studied in Al- Diwanyia teaching hospital and some private hospital in a period from January 2007 to Juan 2010 , out of 35 cases there were only 20cases positive for her2/neu oncoprotein. The rate of her2 was high in colorectal carcinoma and the important feature of her2/neu expression was the membranouscytoplasmic pattern , it was prominent in Grade III ,and stages C and D , so this pattern indicates poor prognosis of the tumor" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["HER-2/neu Expression ","Colorectal Carcinoma ","Pathological Parameters ","Immunohistochemistery"], "publishers" : ["Shoroq Mohamed Abas Al-Temimi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "18 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_524.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_524.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_524.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:54:02", "views" : 940, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :525 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Concomitant Varicocelectomy and Jaboulay s Operation", "abstract" : "Varicocele is the most common correctable cause of male infertility. It is found in 35 and 80% of patients with primary and secondary infertility respectively. The most effective treatment for varicocele is surgery. Varicocelectomy is associated with a lot of complications, hydrocele is the most common of which, and it affects about 20% of patients. Many techniques have been done to reduce the incidence of postvaricocelectomy hydrocele which is difficult to be done here nowadays. In this study we decided to do Jaboulay s operation (the operation for hydrocele) at the same time of varicocelectomy .We applied this maneuver for 76 patients and of course and we got no postoperative hydrocele. So we recommend combining Jaboulay s operation with varicocelectomy for all patients with varicocele to avoid the occurrence of hydrocele and the need for a second surgery." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Concomitant","Varicocelectomy","Jaboulay s Operation"], "publishers" : ["Ali Hamdan Alkinany","Haider Mahdy Alaaridhy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_525.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_525.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_525.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:20", "views" : 631, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :526 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "CD4/CD8 Ratio, CEA and Ca15-3 As A Battery for Diagnosis ofWomen Breast Cancer", "abstract" : "Thirty five breast cancer women (BCW) and fifteen normal subject women (WSW) were investigated for total leucocytes count, total lymphocyte count, CD4 and CD8 markers, as well as for the tumor marker carcinoma-embryonic antigen (CEA) and breast cancer antigen 15-3 (Ca15-3). Subnormal CD4 counts was noted in 9: 35 (25.7%). Likewise subnormal CD4/CD8 ratios was noted in 24: 35 (68.5%) of BCW. For tumor markers, however, CEA 9:35 (25.7%) and Ca15- 3 11:35(31.14%) showed abnormal high concentrations among BCW in contrast to normal values noted among NSW. A battery of CD4/CD8 ratio, CEA and Ca-15-3 is recommended as diagnostic battery for BCW." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CD4/CD8 Ratio"," CEA","Ca15-3","As A Battery"], "publishers" : ["Ibrahim M.S. Shnawa","Kasim F.A. al-Maliky","Huda Daher Al-Mersomy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_526.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_526.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_526.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:18", "views" : 792, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :528 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Detection of diabetic autonomic neuropathy in diabetes mellitus type 2", "abstract" : "Fifty seven subjects (40 diabetic patients and 17 control subjects) were used in this study in Marjan Teaching Hospital/ Hilla between Dec. 2005 to Nov. 2006. The main measures were used; assessment of autonomic nervous system, Doppler ultrasonography and some laboratory tests. The FMD% was significantly less by 64% in diabetic patients in comparison to control subjects. All autonomic nervous system functions tests were impaired in diabetic patients. An increase in duration of illness, there was a significant proportional increase in HbA1c and plasma nitrite concentration. Duration of diabetic illness affected all autonomic function testes. The reported lipid profile in this study was a significant high in diabetic patients except high density lipoprotein (HDL) which showed a significant deceased 20% in comparison to control subjects. Plasma nitrite concentration was significantly increased 53.4% in diabetic patients in comparison to control subjects." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["diabetes mellitus type 2","diabetic autonomic","neuropathy"], "publishers" : ["Ghafil Seyhood Hassan","Bassam Talib Al-Gailani","Kahtan Ghanim Hameed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_528.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_528.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_528.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:10", "views" : 960, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :527 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Apoptosis and Apoptotic Factors (BCL2 and Bax Protein) in Recurrent Benign Nasal Polyp", "abstract" : "Apoptosis is an evolutionarily conserved form of cell death .In this respect, molecular characterization of the mechanisms involved in the regulation and execution of apoptosis could provide crucial information for understanding the pathogenesis of nasal polyps. The aims were as follow: 1. To study the percentage of apoptotic cells of nasal polyp by TUNEL assays (the recognized DNA fragmentation within the cells). 2. To study the role of versus reactions between anti apoptotic Bcl2 and pro apoptotic Bax proteins in surviving cells of nasal polyp. Polypectomy for 42 patient with recurrent nasal polypoidal masses was taken with a small piece of normal inferior turbinate as a control tissue & kept separately as biopsy for TUNEL assay for detection of percentage of apoptosis & for the detection of the percentage of Bcl2 & Bax protein immunohistochemical study. The Results showed that. the percentage of apoptotic cells in non nasal polyp tissue were significantly higher than the percentage of apoptotic cells in nasal polyp tissue (73.94±15.12, 18.86±6.56), with P-value<0.001). The percentage of Bcl2 protein in non nasal polyp tissue was significantly lower than the percentage of Bcl2 protein in nasal polyp tissue (20.25±4.46.12, 71.27±17.26) respectively with P-value <0.001) while the percentage of Bax protein in non nasal polyp tissue was significantly higher than the percentage of Bax protein in nasal polyp tissue (85.78.±5.42, 33.14±10.13) respectively, with P-value <0.001. The apoptotic mechanism is lower in the recurrent nasal polyp tissue than in the normal (inferior turbinate) tissue. this may have a rule in the aetiopathology of the recurrence of nasal polyps." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Apoptosis","Apoptotic Factors","Recurrent","Benign Nasal Polyp"], "publishers" : ["Musaab Habeeb Ali","Husam Majeed Hameed"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_527.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_527.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_527.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:40", "views" : 614, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :529 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Lipid Profile in Thalassemia Major Patients on Desferrioxamine Therapy", "abstract" : "Objectives: (a) To determine the differences in lipid profile parameters between thalassemia major (TM) patients not taking desferroxamine (DFO) who show signs of iron overload (IOL) and those wellcontrolled TM patients on DFO therapy. (b) To determine the effects of age and BMI on measured parameters in both groups. Subjects and Methods: The study was conducted in Thalassemia Center at Ibn-Al-Atheer Pediatric Hospital in Mosul from October 2007 to April 2008. Twenty patients with TM were selected as follows: Ten patients on DFO therapy with no signs of IOL and ten TM patients not on DFO therapy and showing signs of IOL. Data were presented as mean ± SD; independent samples t-test was used in comparing both groups, while effects of age and BMI on measured parameters were determined by using Pearson correlation. Results: Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), Very low density lipoprotein (VLDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and atherogenic index (AI) showed significant increase in IOL group, while serum high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) showed significant reduction in IOL group, when compared to the second group. Age and BMI show no significant correlation with measured parameters in wellcontrolled group, while in IOL group, BMI showed positive correlation with LDL-C and AI. Conclusion: Significant changes in lipid profile parameters were seen in TM patients not taking DFO therapy and showing signs of IOL compared to those well-controlled patients on DFO therapy" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lipid Profile","Thalassemia Major","patients","Desferrioxamine Therapy"], "publishers" : ["Adnan A. Zainal","Mohammad A. Al-Kataan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_529.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_529.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_529.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:02:06", "views" : 666, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :530 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlation between Dermatophytosis and caffeine- containing beverages", "abstract" : "Dermatophytosis is the most common skin diseases of humans. In order to determine any possible correlation between dermatophytosis and beverages containing caffeine (coffee, tea, cacao, and cola drink), an investigation was done for potential antidermatophytic effects of these beverages against three species with two variants of Trichophyton; Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes, Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale, Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton simii. On the other hand, a survey among dermatophytosis patients was performed to detect the effects of caffeine consuming on development of dermatophytic disease. The results revealed that there was no activities of beverages against dermatophytes, as well as no relationship between tea consuming and dermatophytosis development. Whereas, pure caffeine had been exhibited a well antifungal activities against dermatophytes." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Dermatophytosis","Trichophyton","interdigitale","Biosynthesis of caffeine"], "publishers" : ["Ali Abdul Hussein S. AL-Janabi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_530.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_530.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_530.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:06:21", "views" : 993, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :531 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Changes in creatine kinase values in the serum of mothers of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients", "abstract" : "Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy(DMD) is a sever x-chromosome linked degenerative disease of muscles affect boys due to mutations at a specific locus on the short arm of the X-chromosome. In the early stages of disease the affected young boys show loss of strength in their proximal muscles leading to waddling gait, to difficulty in standing up and eventually to very sever weakness. Serum creatine kinase (CK) levels were measured in nineteen women who are mothers of DMD patients and compared with another serum CK of nineteen women with negative history of DMD(control group). The results indicate that serum CK levels of patient ’s mothers are significantly higher than serum CK values of control group, and the serum CK values have markedly increased in52.1% of the patient’s mothers, this lead to conclusion that 52.1% of these patient’s mothers are carriers for disease and 47.9% are due to new mutations which may caused by the environmental factors." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy","sever x-chromosome","Serum creatine kinase"], "publishers" : ["Mohammad Obai’d Al-Muhammady "," Saa’d Merza Al-Aaraji","Ahlam K. Abood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_531.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_531.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_531.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:19", "views" : 1200, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :532 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "CO2 Laser Tonsillectomy :A Comparison with the Standard Technique", "abstract" : "Background: Tonsillectomy is the most frequent operation done in our specialty; many methods have been applied like the dissection method, the guillotine, the coblation method, tonsillectomy by the use of laser and other methods . Objectives: To evaluate laser excision of tonsillectomy versus the standard excision, the parameters monitored were post-operative pain and healing and intra-operative blood loss. Patients and method: This prospective study was carried out on 50 patients. One tonsil was removed with Co2 laser and the other was excised with conventional dissection and tie technique. The patients did not know which tonsil was removed with laser. Pain, healing and the intraoperative blood loss were assessed and a comparison between both sides was done. Results: On the evening of surgery 80% of patients select the site that underwent dissection method as the most painful, at mid week: 80% select the laser side as the most painful and about 70% of patients at day 10 also select the laser side as the most painful. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less with CO2 laser tonsillectomy but healing was not accelerated." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["CO2 Laser Tonsillectomy","A Comparison","Standard Technique"], "publishers" : ["Thamir M. Al-Rubeai","Hani M. Bader","Samar F. Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_532.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_532.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_532.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:47", "views" : 697, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :533 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Iron Overload and Treatment Methods on Serum Levels of Zinc (Zn) and Cupper (Cu) in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM) Patients", "abstract" : "This study is aimed to measure the serum levels of Zn and Cu in BTM patients with respect to their iron overload, and methods of treatment. A total of 81 BTM patients were enrolled in the study among them 12 patients were just diagnosed and received no treatment to serve as a second control group beside the first one which was composed of the healthy subjects. Patients on scheduled blood transfusions and those on subcutaneous (Sc.) Desferrioxamine (DFO) infusions beside blood transfusion were compared firstly with the healthy controls and secondly with the newly diagnosed thalassemics. A third type of comparisons was done among the study groups themselves. The results showed that in comparing the patients on blood transfusion with the healthy controls, a highly significant increase in Cu serum levels (p‹0.01) were found. Comparison of the patients on DFO infusions with the healthy controls showed a highly significant increase in serum Cu (p‹0.01), and a significant decreases in Zn serum levels (p‹0.05). In comparing the spleenectomized patients with the healthy controls a highly significant decrease were found in Zn serum levels (p‹0.01), and a significant increase in Cu serum levels (p‹0.05), and so did the non spleenectomized patients.. In comparing the newly diagnosed thalassemic patients with the healthy controls, a highly significant increase was found in Cu serum levels (p‹0.01), no significant correlation was found between serum levels of ferritin and either Zn or Cu. From this study it was concluded that treatment methods can significantly affect serum levels of both Zn and Cu." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effects of Iron Overload "," Serum Levels of Zinc (Zn) and Cupper (Cu) ","Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM) Patients"], "publishers" : ["Sabah"," N."," Al-Thamir Sherien"," M."," Mekkey"," Al-Hussainy*"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_533.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_533.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_533.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 01:03:41", "views" : 642, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :534 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Malondialdehyde, Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein and Vitamin C in Welder Workers", "abstract" : "Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the serum Malondialdehyde (MDA) total cholesterol (TC) high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and vitamin C concentration are affected in welder workers relative to non-welder subjects, and to clarify the relationship of MDA as marker of oxidative stress with these lipoproteins and vitamin C as antioxidant. Study design: A prospective case control study conducted at Basrah Province through a period of two months from the first of March till the end of April 2005.Venous blood samples were collected for sixty welder workers, who were classified into 3 groups according to their age and to another 3 groups related to their duration of working, and another sixty non welders workers saved as a control group whose aged range (20 - 60) years. Serum was analyzed for concentrations of MDA, TC, HDL – C and vitamin C using standard methods. Result: The results of the study showed significant increase in the concentrations of serum MDA, TC and HDL- C levels and significant decreases in the concentration of vitamin C (P<0.05) with advancing age in welders relative to non welder workers. Further more, there were significant gradual increase p<0.05 in the concentration of MDA and TC levels and significant gradual decrease p<0.05 in the concentration of vitamin C with increase the duration of working in the welder group. The effect of fruits and vegetable intakes and smoking habits on the above biochemical parameters in each group revealed significant decreases in the concentrations of MDA and TC and significant increases in the concentration of HDL-C and vitamin C p<0.05 with the increase the intake of both fruits and vegetables and give the adverse effect on both parameters due to the smoking habit in welder workers related to control subjects and to those having negative smoking habit. Conclusion: The increase in the concentrations of MDA and TC levels and the decreases in the concentration of vitamin C in welder workers with advancing age or with the increase of duration revealed that those subjects were at high risk of oxidative stress which might lead to increase the incidence of many cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. This effect had not been seen as soon as possible due to the increased in HDL-C level." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Malondialdehyde"," Total Cholesterol"," High Density Lipoprotein","Vitamin C in Welder Workers"], "publishers" : ["Jamal Ahmed Abdul- Barry","Lamia.M. AlNaama"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_534.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_534.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_534.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:20:51", "views" : 499, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :535 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Extracts Against Some Bacterial Species", "abstract" : "Antibacterial activity of some local plant extracts: Cumin (Cuminum cyminum), harmal (Peganum harmala) and pomegranate (Punica granatum)were determined against some bacterial species(Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, Salmonella typhi and Proteus mirabilis). These extracts showed variation in their inhibitory effects, the pomegranate(Punica granatum)extract revealed the highest inhibitory activity against most bacterial isolates. The minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC)was also varied with the type of plant extract and bacteria. The MIC of the cumin(Cuminum cyminum)was 2.5 gm/dl for E.coli, K.pneumonia and S.typhi. The MIC of harmal(Peganum harmala)was 5gm/dl for K.pneumonia, while the MIC of pomegranate (Punica granatum) was 2.5 gm/dl for E.coli and 5gm/dl for the other isolates." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cuminum cyminum","E.coli K.pneumonia","Salmonella typhi","Peganum harmala"], "publishers" : ["Abdalnabi J. Abid "," Senan A. Almashta "," Zainab A. Tolaifih"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_535.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_535.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_535.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:24:24", "views" : 1424, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :537 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Repair of Traumatic Arteriovenous Fistula of 24 Years Duration A Case Report", "abstract" : "Background: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation is an uncommon clinical manifestation of arterial trauma. A delayed diagnosis of AVF of 15 years had been reported, underscoring the potential for missing these injuries. Patient Presentation: A fifty years old male presented with left lower limb heaviness and pain associated with leg swelling, color changes, ulcerations and offensive discharge with physical signs of traumatic AVF at site of previous trauma and vascular exploration Results: Successful surgical repair of long standing left sided traumatic femoro-femoral fistula. Conclusion: In long standing traumatic AVF, the final surgical procedure undertaken will ultimately be determined by peroperative findings whatever the initial preoperative plan was." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Traumatic Arteriovenous Fistula ","24 Years Duration A Case Report"], "publishers" : ["Hayder Sabeeh Nsaif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_537.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_537.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_537.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:52:38", "views" : 648, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :536 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Correlation between the Level of Anti-Tissue Transglutinmase IgA and Marsh Classification in Celiac Disease", "abstract" : "Aim of study: evaluate the level Anti-tissue transglutinmase Anti body titer with the histopathological marsh classification in celiac disease patients Patients and materials: Fifty patients included in this study through the period between 2009-2010 All patients on gluen diet at the time of serum collection and histiopathological biopsy. all the patients included in this study above the age of 18 years . 44 patients present with G.I.T. symptoms 6 patients presented with non gastrointestinal symptoms oral endoscopic biopsy was taken from duodenum, The biopsy put in formalin fixation(10%), paraffin block and the slides was stained by (H&E), The Histopathological assessment for a celiac disease according to marsh classification, serum was collected and antitissue transglutinmase IgA Antibodies measured by ELIZA. Results: the histiopathological findings of second part duodenal biopsy as a following 8(16%) cases with Marsh I( intraepithelial lymphocytes infiltration), 10 (20%) cases with Marsh II (intraepithelial lymphocytes infiltration +crypt hyperplasia),16 (32%) cases Marsh IIIA (intraepithelial lymphocytes infiltration +crypt hyperplasia+ partial villous atrophy), 10 (20%) cases with Marsh IIIB (intraepithelial lymphocyte+crypt hyperplasia+ subtotal villous atrophy) 6 (12%) cases with Marsh IIIC(intraepithelial lymphocytes +crypt hyperplasia +total villous atrophy). Conclusion: In the present study the serum level of anti-tissue transglutinmase IgA anti body was higher in celiac with severe entropathy (Marsh IIIb-c) than in those with slight entropathy (Marsh IIIIa), so the serological tests with high level>100 IU/ml reveal in celiac disease while low serological test need histophalogical assessment to avoid underestimate the real prevalence of celiac disease." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Anti-Tissue Transglutinmase ","IgA ","Marsh Classification"], "publishers" : ["Hadi Al-Mosawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_2_536.jpg","full_file" : "8_2_536.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_2_536.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 16:50:53", "views" : 503, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :538 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Serum Ceruloplasmin, Copper, Zinc and Copper Zinc Ratio Levels in Different Types of Malignancy", "abstract" : "This study aimed to know the levels of serum ceruloplasmin (Cp), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) and Cu/Zn ratio concentrations in different type of malignancy and to clarify the relation ships of those parameters when used as a markers for detection the severity of malignancy. Study design: A prospective case-control study, conducted through a period of 8 months, from October 2000 to May 2001, during which 184 patients admitted to the Surgical Ward of Basrah General and Teaching Hospitals.There were 100 patients with different types of malignancy including 43 patients with gastro intestinal tract cancer (GIT), 18 females having breast cancer, 18 patients with urinary system malignancy and the reminder 21 patients having other types of malignancy. The other 84 patients suffered from surgical ailments other than malignancy serve as a control group. Venous blood sample was collected from each patient for measurement Cp, Cu, Zn, and Cu\Zn ratio by using standard methods. Results: Serum (Cp) level was significantly elevated (P‹0.05) in all types of malignang with respect to age (less than 45 years and between 45-65 years olds), sex, smoking and nutritional habit when compared with non malignant patients. Serum Cu concentrations not-significantly elevated (p>0.05) in all types of malignant patients in comparison with non malignant subjects. There was significant increase in its levels in specific type of malignant and within specific limits including age mainly less than 45 years, smoking and nutritional habit, particularly among those consuming fruits and vegetables 3-5\week. Serum Zn levels showed significant decrease (p<0.05) in malignant patients according to age, sex, smoking and nutritional habits mainly in patients characterized by less frequent intake of fruits and vegetables less than 3 times per week. Serum Cu\Zn ratio was highly significantly elevated (p<0.05) in all types of malignancy with respect to age, sex, smoking and nutritional habit particularly those consuming fruits and vegetables frequency >3 times and 3-5 times per week. Conclusion: On the basis of this study, it can be concluded that, substantial differences in those parameters studied in malignant and-non malignant patients and in different types of malignancy were important and useful for the measurement of the severity of malignancy." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Serum Ceruloplasmin"," Copper"," Zinc ","Copper Zinc Ratio Levels"], "publishers" : ["Jamal A Abdul-Barry","Lamia M Al- Naama","Zenib.A Al- Manaseer"," Hashim S Al- Khayat"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_538.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_538.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_538.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:12", "views" : 1352, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :539 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Factors Affects Two Stage Repair for Severe Type of Hypospadius", "abstract" : "Aim of the Study: To determine factors affecting the repair of the two stage repair for severe type of hypospadius Patients and Methods: Forty male patients age between 2-12 with mean 5 years, operated for penoscrotal(20) patients, scrotal(12) patients and perineal(8) patients hypospadius in Hilla teaching Hospital between 2003-2008. All patients underwent two stage repair including correction chordee in the first stage and neourethra formation with meatal advancement in second stage. Results: Twenty patients(50%) had penoscrotal, 12(30%) had scrotal and 8(20%) had perineal hypospadius. Twelve patients(30%) had undescended testis and 7(17.5%) had inguinal hernia.The chromosomal analysis was XY in 35(87.5%),3 patients(7.5%) had XYlXX mosiasim and 2(5%) patients had XYlXO while UlS result, 2(5%) had female internal organ (uterus). Androgen in form of testoteron given in 15(37.5%) patients for lengthening the phallus in dose of 100 mg single dose in 7 patients, two doses in 5 patients and three doses in 3 patients.The most common complications were local edema occuring in all patients,local hematoma in 6(15%) patients,urethrocutaneous fistula in18 (45%), meatal stenosis in 8(20%) and local infection in 3(7.5%). Conclusions: The main factors which help in getting optimal result of hypospadius repair include the preparation of the phallus with testosterone therapy in selected cases, use of water proof dressing, refined suture material and above all, tissue respect and meticulous surgical technique inspite of these precaution still the incidence of urethrocutaneous fistula carry high incidence in our patients because all our patients had severe type of hypospadius which expected to carry this incidence of fistula." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Factors Affects","Two Stage Repair","Severe Type of Hypospadius"], "publishers" : ["Emad Hassan Mahmood"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_539.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_539.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_539.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 07:36:15", "views" : 456, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :540 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Conventional Sinus Radiography Compared with CT in the Diagnosis of Sinusitis: Prospective Study", "abstract" : "Objective: To evaluate the value of plain film radiography in a prospective investigation of patients with clinical suspicion of sinusitis, in comparison with computed tomography findings . Methods: Between October 2007 and January 2009, 100 patients with signs and or symptoms of sinusitis and did not respond to classical treatment were selected , age range 5-30years; 60 male and 40 female; each patient underwent conventional X-ray and standard dose CT examinations during the same visit. The sensitivity and specificity of the plain film and computed tomography examination were calculated Results: The false negative results of plain x-ray was 30%in diagnosis of sinusitis ,the specificity of the plain film examination was 33%, but the sensitivity was 45% except for the maxillary sinus (sensitivity 80%). Thus, for maxillary sinusitis, plain film examination was reasonably accurate. A negative finding in the other sinuses could not be relied upon. While the false negative results of computed tomography was 2% for maxillary sinus and 5% for ethmoid sinus which was confirmed by endoscopy of sinus surgery, the sensitivity of computed tomography 96% in diagnosis of sinusitis of and specificity 90%. Conclusions: The sensitivity of plain film in the diagnosis of sinus disease, particularly of the ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses is low and shows limitation for use in directing endoscopic surgery, therefore should be replaced by coronal CT scan especially of the patients subjected as candidates for endoscopic sinus surgery to see middle meatal complex and this contents." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Conventional Sinus Radiography"," CT in the Diagnosis of Sinusitis","Prospective "], "publishers" : ["Kassim A. Hadi Taj-Aldean","Saffa Hussain al Turahy","Saffa Sahib Naji Sultan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_540.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_540.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_540.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:41:12", "views" : 590, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :541 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Study of the serum concentrations of TNF-? and Interleukin-2 in chronically patients with Hepatitis B and C", "abstract" : "Viral hepatitis is an important endemic disease in Iraq , this work was curried in the period between January and June 2007 . And was aimed to evaluate the serum levels of cytokines in the chronic patients. Obtained results showed that their is a clear elevation in the levels TNF- in HBsAg positive group (211.27±28 pg/ ml), and(189.77±23.5 pg/ ml) in patients with HCV in comparison to control group (59.45±22 pg/ ml). also levels of IL-2 recorded a remarkable increment , In HBsAg positive group (101.47± 29 pg/ml), and in HCV patients (88.78±19.5 pg/ml ) in comparison to control group (62.22±14 pg/ ml) . These results indicate the predominant role of Th-2 than Th-1 which lead to chronicity of the disease in those patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["serum concentrations","TNF-?","Interleukin-2","chronically patients"], "publishers" : ["Dina M. R. Al-Khafaf"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_541.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_541.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_541.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:41", "views" : 763, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :542 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Gender and Age Distribution of the Great Saphenous Vein Varicosities among Patients Attending Hilla Teaching Hospital", "abstract" : "The great saphenous vein is a part of the superficial venous system of the lower limb which runs at the dorsum of the foot, anterior to the medial malleolus, at the medial side of the leg, on the anterior surface of the thigh then joins the femoral vein at the saphenous opening. The study was done at the Surgical Outpatient clinic of Hilla Teaching hospital. It included the examination of 72 patients (11 males and 61 females) with varicose veins The study objective was to find out the gender and age distribution of varicose veins among patients attending the Hilla Teaching Hospital The study revealed that :- 1- varicose veins were more common in females (85%) than males (15%). 2- The majority of patients were in the young age group 3- The commonest predisposing factors were pregnancy, obesity and heredity. 4- The highest age frequency was (30-39). This could be explained by the fact that the majority of cases were females having pregnancy as a predisposing factor. 5- There was no significant difference between the right and left limbs regarding their involvement by varicose veins" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Gender and Age Distributionوthe Great SaphenousوVein Varicosities"], "publishers" : ["Haythem A. AL-SayighوFiras M. Ghazi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_542.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_542.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_542.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 08:02:29", "views" : 545, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :543 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The prophylactic effect of heat- killed Lactobacillus fermentum against Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in mice", "abstract" : "The protective effect of heat – killed Lactobacillus fermentum against Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in Swiss mice with age of 5 weeks . 0.5 mg of heat – killed Lactobacillus fermentum was injected in intraperitoneally ( I.P.) 5 days before challenge with 0.2 ml of viable P. aeruginosa ( 10 8 cell/ ml). Animals were sacrificed by Cervical disslocation after 12 h. from challenge dose. To follow bacterial growth in the peritoneal cavity of injected Mice , its contents were washed out with 5 ml of PBS .The number of colonies in 5 ml of harvested fluid was expressed as Log 10 CFU . Bacterial growth in the Spleen was determined by spreading the organ homogenates. Survival of mice after intraperitoneal ( I.P.) infection with P. aeruginosa was augmented in mice that had been pretreated I.P. with L. fermentum five days earlier. Mice became resistant to infection with P. aeruginosa after pretreatment with L. fermentum . Growth of P. aeruginosa in the peritoneal cavity and spleen was markedly inhibited in L. fermentum pretreated mice, wherease such inhibition of bacterial growth was not observed in control group ( mice don’t treated with L. fermentum ) The mean number of peritoneal cells in control mice was 3 x 106 CFU and 60 % of these cells were macrophages . It was suggested that macrophages activated by L. fermentum were involved in the protection against P. aeruginosa." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lactobacillus fermentum","Pseudomonas aeruginosa","mice"], "publishers" : ["Hassan A. Al-Saadi"," Mohammed F. Al- Marjani ","Ali H. Alowan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_543.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_543.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_543.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:56:13", "views" : 799, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :544 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Clinical Study on Cholera Patients in Babylon", "abstract" : "We made a clinical study on 52 patients with acute diarrhea illness during the Epidemic of Cholera that was anticipated in the city of Hilla, Babylon Governorate, during the years 1998 and 1999 and a plan was made to manage these cases . During the period of epidemic any patient with acute diarrhea admitted to Merjan Teaching hospital,was screened by stool culture using alkaline sea water, TCBS media, confirmatory biochemical and serological tests using monovalent diagnostic antiserum of specific substrains including Ogawa, Inaba; any patient with negative culture excluded from the study. The result of the study showed that 20% of cases were sever at presentation, also the complications of sever cases were described including metabolic acidosis, renal failure and hypotension and case fatality was 1.9%. The study may conclude that: Cholera is still present in our country, the predominant strain 01, El-Tor, Ogawa . Early planning to control dehydration & management of complications will greatly reduce mortality." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Clinical Study","Cholera Patients","in Babylon"], "publishers" : ["MoneenM. Al-Shok","Hassan A. Baey"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_544.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_544.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_544.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:14", "views" : 458, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :545 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Cheiroarithropathy in Diabetic Patients Babylon Province", "abstract" : "Cheiroarthropathy was assessed in 100 diabetics (50 Type I DM , 50 Type II DM) and (50 non diabetic control ) matched for age and sex, according to clinical examination (sign and symptoms). The are to study the prevalence of cheiroarthropathy in diabetic patients (both TYPE I DM and TYPE II DM) and evaluate association between this sequel and the duration of the disease. Prevalence of Cheiroarthropathy in TYPE I DM vs. TYPE II DM was (56% vs. 36%) There was significant statistical difference (P< 0.05) between TYPE I DM and TYPE II DM regarding this sequel. In which it is higher in TYPE I DM. Cheiroarthropathy occurs more frequently in both TYPE I DM and TYPE II DM than in the control group (P<0.05); its occuance appeared to be direcly related to disease duration" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Cheiroarithropathy","Diabetic Patients","Babylon Province"], "publishers" : ["Labeed AL. Sheikh"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_545.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_545.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_545.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:31", "views" : 507, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :546 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effect of human colostrums on Entamoeba histolytica in vitro", "abstract" : "This study was done to test the effect of human colostrums on Entamoeba histolytica trophozoite in culture media. Concentration of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of human colostrums were added to liver infusion agar containing E. histolytica trophozoites then incubated at 37?C for (60, 120, 180, 240 and 300) minutes. At the end of incubation periods the number of trophozoites was recorded, the results showed an inhibitory effect of human colostrums on E. histolytica trophozoites especially in high concentration which resulted in killing all trophozoites in culture media." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effect of","human colostrums","Entamoeba histolytica"], "publishers" : ["Hayam Khalis Al-Masoudi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_2_546.jpg","full_file" : "6_2_546.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_2_546.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:01", "views" : 616, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :547 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Electrocardiographic Criteria for Predicting Site of Coronary Artery Occlusion in Acute Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Background The determination of infarct related artery in acute inferior myocardial infarction is extremely important for the prediction of potential complication and predicting the probable site of occlusion is worthwhile because proximal occlusions are likely to cause greater myocardial damage and early invasive strategy is indicated. Objectives:To predict the culprit coronary artery whether right coronary artery or left circumflex artery by examining the surface electrocardiography in patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction and also to predict the correlation between the proximity of lesion in right coronary artery and severity of ST segment elevation in inferior electrocardiographic leads that is caused by right coronary artery occlusion . Methods: A total of 56 patients with inferior wall myocardial infarction were included in this study underwent coronary angiography. the electrocardiography of these patients were then compared with angiographic finding to correlate with culprit artery (either right coronary artery or left circumflex) and also to correlate the proximity of culprit lesion in right coronary artery with the degree of ST segment elevation in inferior limb leads. Results: After comparing the electrocardiographic findings in inferior and lateral leads ,it was evident that the degree of ST segment elevation in leads III and AVF was significantly higher in right coronary artery group (46 patients) vs left circumflex group (10 patients) 3.16±1.14mm vs 1.53±0.24mm (p<0.001) and 2.78±0.92mm vs 1.2±0.25(p<0.001)respectively. While its comparable in lead II 2.18±0.95mm vs 1.7±0.34mm (p>0.05).In respect to lateral limb leads (AVL and I), we found that deeper ST segment depression was in right coronary artery group as compared to left circumflex group 1.11±0.25mm vs 0.2 ±0.34mm (p<0.001) and 0.69±0.25mm vs 0.25±0.42mm (p<0.001). In precordial leads V2 and V3 we found that the left circumflex group had deeper ST segment depression compared to RCA group although the difference was of no statistical significance 1.9±0.56mm vs 1.55±0.76mm (p>0.05)and 2.1± 0.56mm vs 1.73±0.71mm (p>0.05) respectively. Also in right coronary artery group, 15(32.6%) patients had proximal culprit lesion, 19(41.6%) mid and 12(26%) distal culprit lesion. Patient with proximal right coronary artery disease showed a mean ST segment elevation of 11.7±1.8mm and with mid right coronary artery disease 7.2±0.97mm and with distal right coronary artery disease 5.8±0.82mm. Conclusion 1-It is possible to predict the culprit artery whether right coronary artery or left circumflex by examining the surface electrocardiography in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction. 2-The degree of ST segment elevation is correlated with proximity of the right coronary artery." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Electrocardiographic Criteria ","Predicting Site of Coronary Artery Occlusion ","Acute Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction"], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase "," Hassan Salim Abdul Sada Al-Jumaily"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "19 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_547.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_547.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_547.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:18", "views" : 601, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :548 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Vascular and Gallbladder Variations in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy", "abstract" : "Most laparoscopic cholecystectomies are performed after ultrasound examination in combination with clinical and biochemical parameters. The most reliable method to assess anatomy in living people is during the surgery, so a clean dissection, accurate visual identification, and a profound knowledge of expected variations are essential. In order to alert the surgeon and to reduce the incidence of complications, we describe the clinical anatomy of vascular and gallbladder variations faced during fifty laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Vascular anomalies were present in 18% of the patients; they include: caterpillar hump of the right hepatic artery, early division of cystic artery, low-inserted cystic artery, cystic artery originating from proper hepatic artery, and a rare anatomical variation whereby the right hepatic artery was found in the gallbladder bed. Gallbladder anomalies were present in 14% of the patients; they include: intrahepatic gallbladder, “Phrygian cap” gallbladder, and a case of situs inversus. The incidence, surgical anatomy, and operative maneuvers of the anomalous cases were discussed." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Gallbladder Variations","Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy","biochemical parameters","Vascular anomalies"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed Ubaid Hamza ","Akram Abood Jaffar ","Hassan Ahmed Hassan","Zainab Mohammeb Jasim"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_548.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_548.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_548.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:45", "views" : 1706, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :549 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Breast Feeding and Juvenial Rheumatoid Athritis ", "abstract" : "Objective to find history of breast feeding in patient with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and compare with general population and the effect on the coarse of disease and type of the treatment 43 patients with different type of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis had been survey as case control study and compare with general healthy population regarding the breast feed history and the duration of it and the effect on the coarse of the illness and the type of treatment and compare with 100 persons as control group with same age group during period of tow years with fallow up.35 0f patients were breast fed of different duration81.4%, while the control group breast fed was 87%, the risk of uveitis and need to admission to hospital and combination therapy more in the non breast fed patients than the breast fed patients, and poor response to the therapy and poor attendance to school, The need for breast fed was important for the prevention and decrease the risk of autoimmune disease including juvenile arthritis and for delay the development of the disease and improving the response to the therapy ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Breast Feeding","juvenile rheumatoid","the therapy","the child physically"], "publishers" : ["Ali Alkazzaz"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_549.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_549.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_549.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:32", "views" : 776, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :551 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A comparative study of antibacterial activity of antibiotics with different manufacturing origin", "abstract" : "This comparative study tested many antibiotics from different sources which were collected from local pharmacy in Iraq to determine their activities against some bacteria species. The antibiotics included in this study were 25 of 17 different origins from 5 countries against 5 types of bacteria .The Kirby-Bauer test has shown wide differences of inhibition zones of each origins of same antibiotics against same type of bacteria in vitro ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["antibacterial activity","manufacturing origin","local pharmacy"], "publishers" : ["Hussein K . Abdul-Sadda"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_551.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_551.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_551.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:02", "views" : 829, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :550 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Femoral hernia diagnosis in surgical practice", "abstract" : "Adult femoral hernia forms about 5-10 % of the groin hernias1,2,4, the aim of this study was to asses the accuracy of the diagnosis in adult people , 476 patients with groin hernias presented to the surgical clinic in(Karak Teaching hospital, Mu,tah University, Jordan). The patients examined by consultant surgeons in the surgical clinic . Result, a femoral hernia was confirmed at operation in (16) patients(3.36%) , only (7) patients were diagnosed preoperatively. The result suggested that the consultant surgeons may be poor at the diagnosis of femoral hernia, and a new way of groin hernia examination to differentiate between femoral hernia and inguinal hernia need to be considered ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Adult femoral hernia","the surgical clinic","Karak Teaching hospital","Mu","tah University"," Jordan",""], "publishers" : ["Falih Al-fihan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_550.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_550.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_550.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 09:17:45", "views" : 657, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :553 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Isolation of Bacteria from PatientsWith Blepharitis and Investigation of Beta-Lactamase Production", "abstract" : "In this study 31 eyelids swabs were obtained from patients suffering from blephatitis of different age groups and both sexes in Hilla province. Bacterial infections were detected in 26 (83.9%) samples and no growth resulted in 5 (16.1%) samples . It was found that Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest bacteria ( 15 isolates ), followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis ( 7 isolates ) and only ( 4 isolates ) of Streptococcus pneumoniae . The rapid iodometric method has been employed to investigate the production of beta-lactamase enzyme by common bacteria Staphylococci (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis ) which isolated from eyelid s margin of patients with blepharitis . It was found that (13) isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and (5) isolates of Staphylococcus epidermidis have revealed positive results. A number of common Beta-lactam antibiotics such as Penicillin, Ampiclox , Amoxicillin , Cephalexin and Cefazolin have also been used to investigate the ability of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis to produce ?-lactamase enzyme . The results showed that Staphylococci (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis ) were 100% resistant to Penicillin , Cephalexin and Cefazolin , other antibiotics Ampiclox and Amoxicillin showed remarkable variations in respect of resistance ratio ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Isolation of Bacteria","Blepharitis","Investigation","Beta-Lactamase Production"], "publishers" : ["Neran K. Frhood AL-Rubaey","Qasim K. AL-Rubaey","Mohammad Sabri"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_553.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_553.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_553.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:32:15", "views" : 931, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :554 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :1},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The effect of celery seeds with honey in treatment of bronchial asthma", "abstract" : "There are some defense mechanisms in the organism to avoid the harmful effects of free radicals .The enzymes responsible for antioxidant defense have trace elements like Zinc, Copper and Selenium within their structure. Decreased levels of these elements lead to a reduction in the antioxidant activity. In this study we aimed to determine the activity of the medicinal plant ( celery seed ) and honey in correcting the level of these elements in sera and their effect on pulmonary function (PF) by measuring the FEV1% ( Forced expiratory volume ) and FVC % ( Forced vital capacity ) that for detection the improvement of lung function as well as the effect of treatment in decrease in severity and numbers of attacks (symptomatically). All data reflect the effectiveness of the mixture to elevate serum zinc and selenium level also increase in pulmonary function parameters. This result indicated to the antioxidant activity of this treatment." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["celery seeds","bronchial asthma","Forced vital capacity","pulmonary function"], "publishers" : ["Al-bayati N.Jalal"," Abdul RazzakA. Latif "," Al-Muktar Entisar J."]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "20 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_1_554.jpg","full_file" : "5_1_554.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_1_554.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 947, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :557 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Orthodontic Mechano Treatment of Ectopic Eruption of the Permanent Mandibular Incisors of Iraqi Children (Early Mixed Dentition) A Longitudinal Clinical Study", "abstract" : "Fixed orthodontic appliances used to treat cases of bilateral distal ectopic eruption of the permanent mandibular central incisors. A total of 27 Iraqi children at average age of 7.5-years old selected for the study. 15 patients (9 females and 6 males) treated by extraction of the retained primary teeth and placement of fixed appliances for alignment and repositioning of the mandibular permanent incisors. while 7 patients (3 females and 4 males) treated by extraction of the corresponding retained primary tooth and later alignment of the mandibular incisors, and 5 patients (2 females and 3 males) treated by extraction of the relevant permanent lateral incisors and the corresponding retained primary teeth. The result of present study showed significant difference between the first method of early mechanical orthodontic and another two methods of later mechanical orthodontic treatment regarding time consuming, esthetic and complexity factors. No significant differences clinically between gender groups and sides in the jaw. clinically the first method was easier and faster if compared with other methods of later orthodontic mechanical which may need a serial extraction, expansion or other orthodontic intervention that increase the complexity of cases treatment" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Orthodontic Mechano Treatment","Ectopic Eruption","the Permanent Mandibular"], "publishers" : ["Wisam Wahab Sahib Al-hamadi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_557.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_557.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_557.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 13:37:11", "views" : 1067, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :555 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Iron Overload and Treatment Methods on Serum Levels of IgG, IgM, and IgA in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM) Patients", "abstract" : "This study is aimed to measure the serum levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA), (IgM), and (IgG) in BTM patients with respect to their iron overload, and methods of treatment. A total of 81 BTM patients were enrolled in the study among them 12 patients were just diagnosed under no treatment to serve as a second control group beside the first one which is composed of the healthy subjects. All of the study groups (patients on scheduled blood transfusions, subcutaneous (Sc.) Desferrioxamine (DFO) infusions beside blood transfusion, who were also subdivided into spleenectomized and non spleenectomized patients) were compared firstly with the healthy controls, secondly with the newly diagnosed thalassemics and a third type of comparisons was done among the study groups themselves. Blood samples were taken from every subject involved in the study to obtain the serum. The results showed that in comparison of the DFO infusioned thalassemics with the healthy controls a highly significant (p›0.01) increase in IgA, IgM, IgG were found. In comparing the spleenectomized patients with the healthy controls a highly significant increase were found in IgA, IgG, IgM, (p›0.01) while the non spleenectomized patients showed a highly significant increase in IgA, IgM(p›0.01). blood transfused thalassemics when compared to the newly diagnosed thalassemics showed a significant decrease in IgG and IgM levels(p›0.05). DFO infusioned thalassemics when compared to the newly diagnosed thalassemics showed a significant decrease in IgM(p›0.05). In comparing blood transfused with the DFO infused thalassemics, the latter group showed a significant increase in IgA, IgG and IgM(p›0.05).In comparing the newly diagnosed thalassemics with the healthy controls, a highly significant increase was found in IgG(p›0.01), while IgM showed a significant increase(p›0.05). The spleenectomized patients showed a significant increase in IgG only (p›0.05) when compared to the non spleenectomized patients. No significant correlation was found between serum levels of ferritin and any of the three immunoglobulins.It is concluded that repeated blood transfusion, iron overload, and spleenectomy are interacting contributing factors to the immune abnormality in BTM patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effects of Iron Overload ","Treatment Methods on Serum Levels"," IgG"," IgM"," and IgA in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM)Patients"], "publishers" : ["Sabah N. Al-Thamir "," Sherien M. Mekkey Al-Hussainy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "N/A","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "N/A" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:31", "views" : 589, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :558 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :4},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Effects of Iron Overload and Treatment Methods on Serum Levels of IgG, IgM, and IgA in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM) Patients", "abstract" : "This study is aimed to measure the serum levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA), (IgM), and (IgG) in BTM patients with respect to their iron overload, and methods of treatment. A total of 81 BTM patients were enrolled in the study among them 12 patients were just diagnosed under no treatment to serve as a second control group beside the first one which is composed of the healthy subjects. All of the study groups (patients on scheduled blood transfusions, subcutaneous (Sc.) Desferrioxamine (DFO) infusions beside blood transfusion, who were also subdivided into spleenectomized and non spleenectomized patients) were compared firstly with the healthy controls, secondly with the newly diagnosed thalassemics and a third type of comparisons was done among the study groups themselves. Blood samples were taken from every subject involved in the study to obtain the serum. The results showed that in comparison of the DFO infusioned thalassemics with the healthy controls a highly significant (p›0.01) increase in IgA, IgM, IgG were found. In comparing the spleenectomized patients with the healthy controls a highly significant increase were found in IgA, IgG, IgM, (p›0.01) while the non spleenectomized patients showed a highly significant increase in IgA, IgM(p›0.01). blood transfused thalassemics when compared to the newly diagnosed thalassemics showed a significant decrease in IgG and IgM levels(p›0.05). DFO infusioned thalassemics when compared to the newly diagnosed thalassemics showed a significant decrease in IgM(p›0.05). In comparing blood transfused with the DFO infused thalassemics, the latter group showed a significant increase in IgA, IgG and IgM(p›0.05).In comparing the newly diagnosed thalassemics with the healthy controls, a highly significant increase was found in IgG(p›0.01), while IgM showed a significant increase(p›0.05). The spleenectomized patients showed a significant increase in IgG only (p›0.05) when compared to the non spleenectomized patients. No significant correlation was found between serum levels of ferritin and any of the three immunoglobulins.It is concluded that repeated blood transfusion, iron overload, and spleenectomy are interacting contributing factors to the immune abnormality in BTM patients." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Effects of Iron Overload ","Treatment Methods on Serum Levels"," IgG"," IgM"," and IgA in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM)Patients"], "publishers" : ["Sabah N. Al-Thamir "," Sherien M. Mekkey Al-Hussainy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_4_558.jpg","full_file" : "8_4_558.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_4_558.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:18:24", "views" : 445, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :559 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Diabetes and Hypocalcemia among Thalassemic Patients in Thalassemia Center in Babylon Governorate", "abstract" : "A prospective study was conducted on 129 patients with thalassemia, classified as 67 patients with ?- thalassemia major, 52 patients ?-thalassemia intermedia and 10 patients with sickle cell thalassemia, who were attending the thalassemia center at Babylon Maternity and Children teaching Hospital, from period of July 2008 to April 2009, their age ranged from 6 months – 26 years with mean age of 10.9 years. They were studied for diabetes and hypocalcemia. Four patients (3.1%) have diabetes and 28 patients (21.7%) have hypocalcemia with a mean level of serum calcium 1.61 ± 0.23 mmol/L in comparison to control group where they have 0 % diabetes and 10 patients (10%) hypocalcemia with mean level of serum calcium 1.9 ± 0.16 mmol/L. Risk factors for diabetes are age older than 15 years, frequent blood transfusion of more than 200 units and S. ferritin of more than 2000 ?g/L. While, in hypocalcemia, the risk factors are age older than 5 years, blood transfusion of more than 50 unit and S. ferritin of more than 1000 ?g/L. Also the study showed that diabetic patients associated with 100% short statures, 75% (hepatitis, heart failure, and delay sexual development) and 25% hypothyroidism. While in hypocalcemic patients associated with 75% short stature , 50% delay sexual development, 32.2% heart failure, 21.4%hepatitis, and 17.8% hypothyroidism" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence of Diabetes","Hypocalcemia","Thalassemic Patients","Thalassemia"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Shemran M. Al-WtaifyوGhafil Saihood H. Al-Shujairi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_559.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_559.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_559.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:30", "views" : 803, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :561 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Diagnostic Lumbar Puncture and Associated Risk Factors in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia", "abstract" : "A study used to determine the risk factors for spontaneous (Bloody) and procedure related (Traumatic) hemorrhagic complications in diagnostic lumbar punctures (LPs) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) . In our study age of the patient and platelet count at time of diagnostic LPs are important risk factors for hemorrhagic problems related to the procedure. In the age less than 1 year , 25 procedure performed traumatic and bloody LPs (52% , 36 % respectively). With the low platelet count < 100 x109/L, high incidence of traumatic and bloody LPs (33.3 %, 25.5 % respectively) , and the majority seen in cases with sever thrombocytopenia (platelet count< 25x109) were traumatic and bloody LPs are (72 % , 27.9 % respectively)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Lumbar Puncture","Risk Factors","Lymphoblastic Leukemia","Children with Acute"], "publishers" : ["Hussien Naji Abdullah"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_2_561.jpg","full_file" : "5_2_561.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_2_561.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 20:11:38", "views" : 694, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :560 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Some Physiological Changes in Burn Patients", "abstract" : "This study was designed to estimate some physiological changes to the burn patients ,since the levels of these substances are very important in letting the health care team to know how the body is responding to the different therapies that being provided and this will help the medical staff for proper management with less morbidity and mortality. The study lasted from November/2007 to May/2008. There are 125 patients and 100 healthy controls (clinically assessed by specialist doctor) are taken in this study .The patients are classified in 5 groups .The ages of these groups were divided as follows: the first group (1-<3 years) ; the second group (3-<5 years) ; the third group (5-<10 years); the fourth group (10 - <18 years);and the fifth group (18 - 58 years old ) . Those patients were admitted to the burn unit at Al-Hilla General Teaching Hospital. They were suffering from second to third degree (flame and scald) burn injury . Concerning the hematological parameters , it is found that hemoglobin (Hb) and packed cell volume (PCV) shows significant decrease ( p<0.01) in comparison with healthy controls. Regarding the biochemical parameters ,it was found that the total serum protein , albumin and globulin of male and female burn patients shows significant decrease(p<0.01) for all age groups except the males of fourth and fifth groups and the females of fifth group which show significant decrease at level p<0.05. The serum electrolytes , serum sodium and potassium shows a significant decrease ( p<0.01) before resuscitation and significant increase ( p<0.01)within 2 days duration after resuscitation for male and female burn patients of all age groups . Finally , the serum of calcium ,copper and zinc shows significant decrease p<0.01) for males and females of all age groups except the males of first and fourth groups and the females of first and third group which show significant decrease at p<0.05 for zinc only in comparison with healthy controls. In view of the changes summarized , the increase or decrease in some hematological and biochemical parameters may be attributed to hyper metabolic state which arises mainly due to increase of adrenaline release ,loss of fluid and electrolytes , hemolysis and sepsis ." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Physiological Changes ","Burn Patients "], "publishers" : ["Muhammad Obaid Al-Muhammadi "," Hayder Abdulhussein Azeez"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_560.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_560.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_560.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 22:30:58", "views" : 1108, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :562 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :2},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Peroxidase enzyme activity in gingival tissues associated with aggressive periodontitis: Histochemical investigation", "abstract" : "Background: Cytochemical studies on peroxidase have contributed significantly to understanding of the movement of lysosomal enzymes and secretory protein through the various compartments of secretary pathway. The peroxidase in leukocytes (myeloperoxidase) could help in determining the severity of inflammation. Aim: To determine the severity of inflammation in gingival tissue associated with aggressive periodontitis by histochemical method and to determine peroxidase enzyme activity semiquantativity. Material and Method: Five gingival biopsies and five blood smears, three with aggressive periodontitis and two from healthy gingiva. Histochemical method for peroxidase activity using the technique described by Deimann et al (1991) was used. Results: sections clearly show a wide and intense distribution of the enzyme activity in gingival tissue with inflammation specifically in the subepithelial connective tissue, while a discrete low activity was obtained in the epithelial tissue. Control section showed small or few amounts of enzyme activity. In blood smears from aggressive periodontitis and control showed similar peroxidase activity in the section. Conclusion: PMNs dysfunction observed in periodontal lesions may be a localized phenomenon caused by plaque bacterial products not found in healthy sites." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Peroxidase enzyme","gingival tissues","Histochemical investigation","aggressive periodontitis"], "publishers" : ["Lehadh M. Al – Azzawi"," Khalid B. Mirza"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_2_562.jpg","full_file" : "5_2_562.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_2_562.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:17", "views" : 724, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :563 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antibacterial Efficiency for Alcoholic extracted of (Thymus vulgaris and Negilla sativa)", "abstract" : "The aim of this study was to evaluate the Antibacterial activity of various concentrations of mixtures of Thymus vulgaris and Negilla sativa on various pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Serratia sp. and Bacillus subtilis ) In general, all extracts in concentraction (40 ?g/ml) have the same effects on Gram positive bacteria (, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, and Bacillus subtilis) , whereas the less effect on Escherichia coli (60 ?g /ml), the biggest effect on Serratia sp. (20 ?g /ml) and Pseudomonas aeroginosa was (40 ?g /ml) The limits of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of all extracts are between (10-320 ?g /ml). The efficiency of antibacterial activity of T. vulgaris and N. sativa extract were compared with efficiency of standard antibiotics against (Ampicillin, Amikacin, Erythromycin, Kanamicin, Tobramycin, Imipenem, Neomycin, cephalothin, Cephalexin and Augmentin) the same bacterial types." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antibacterial Efficiency ","Alcoholic extracted ","Thymus vulgaris and Negilla sativa"], "publishers" : ["Taisir Abdulelah ","kadhim Hussein Ali ","Khayoon Azal Hamoody Juma’a"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_563.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_563.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_563.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:00", "views" : 601, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :564 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Prevalence of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci in Hilla City, Iraq", "abstract" : "Objectives: To identify the prevalence of enterococci species in hospitalized patients with urinary tract infection in Hilla City, to determine their susceptibilities to vancomycin and other antibiotics. Materials and methods: Two hundred urine samples were obtained from patients who were admitted to three main hospitals in Hilla city during a period of three months (from November 2010 to February 2011). After identification of enterococcal species by biochemical tests, the antibiotic susceptibility of isolates was determined by standard disk diffusion test according to CLSI. MIC tests for vancomycin and teicoplanin were also carried out for VRE isolates by methods of agar-dilution and HiComb test. Results: This study revealed that out of 200 samples, Enterococcous species was isolated only from 7 samples, which were identified to genus level. 5/7 isolates were catheter-related infection. According to susceptibility data obtained, Five isolates were resistant to vancomycin (71.43%) with an MIC ranging from 8-32 ?g/ml but they were sensitive to teicoplanin (MIC < 0.25 ?g/ml), thus exhibited VanB phenotype, and the majority of isolates (86%) showed multi-drug resistance pattern. All isolates were highly resistant (85.72%) for each of chloramphenicol, rifampicin and erythromycin. On the other hand, 71.43% of isolates were resistant to each of penicillin and tetracycline while they were moderately resistant to ampicillin (57.14%) and ciprofloxacin (42.86%), in comparison to relatively low resistance to nitrofurantoin 14.29%. Conclusion: Finding of this study shows an emergence of VRE along with increased rate of multidrug resistant enterococci in the area of the study." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Prevalence ","Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci"], "publishers" : ["Zainab A. Chabuck "," Alaa H. Al-Charrakh ","Mohammad A. K. Al-Sa adi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "22 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_564.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_564.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_564.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:59", "views" : 649, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :572 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Studying The Effect of Zinc and copper on Cellular Immunity in Tuberculosis Patients", "abstract" : "This study aims at studying the effect of zinc and copper level on the cell mediated immunity against tuberculosis.This work was applied on 60 TB patients admitted to the Babylon Center of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases from October 2009 to January 2010. TB patients consisted of 38 males and 22 females with age range 9-60 years .This study involved also 40 apparently health subjects as controls, which consisted of 25 males and 15 females with age range 10-60 years. Blood samples were collected from patients and control to estimate phagocytic index, and interferon gamma (IFN- ?). Zinc and copper level were also spectrophotometerically estimated. The cell mediated parameters showing a significantly decreased (p< 0.05) in phagocytosis activity in TB patients (7.3%) compared to control group (11.6%) and no significantly increased (p> 0.05) of IFN- ? level in the TB patients (0.123) IU/ml compared to control group (0.071) IU/ml .The zinc level in serum was significantly decreased (p<0.05) in the TB patients (58.27) ?g/dl compared with control (79.92) ?g/dl and copper level was significantly increased (p<0.05) in the TB patients (148.36) ?g/dl compared with control (89.16) ?g/dl .The results provide a good correlation between the levels of zinc and copper ;and the cellular immunity against tuberculosis." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Effect of Zinc and copper ","Cellular Immunity ","Tuberculosis Patients"], "publishers" : ["Mohammad A. Muhsin ","Mohammad A. K. Al-Sa’adi ","Ashwaq M. Salmman Al-Jubouri"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_572.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_572.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_572.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:51", "views" : 578, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :575 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "In Spinal Metastases: Spinal Percussion is Profiling As Predictor and a Red Flag in Patients Present with Back Pain", "abstract" : "Back ground: In patients with a history of systemic cancer(out side the spinal column) , presented with persistent back pain, the early detection and management of spinal metastases is of utmost important to help with pain control, prevent further spread and development of neurological complications. Objective: To determine and evaluate the importance of spinal percussion, as a physical sign , and as evidence of spinal metastases. Methods: A prospective study of 61 patients with a history of systemic cancer , presented with back pain and suspicion of spinal metastases, was carried out. Full medical history and physical examination, including entire spinal percussion with a reflex hammer, were done for all patients. All patients had ESR , serum alkaline phosphatase estimation and plain radiographic study of entire spine. All patients had MRI scanning. Results: The spinal percussion sign profiling as a red flag, carried a high sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 89.4% aiding in identifying the spinal metastases. Conclusions: This test will help in prediction which patient with a history of primary cancer presented with back pain , have a high possibility of spinal metastases that need the priority , or at least to put them on the first line of waiting list of MRI for final diagnosis" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Spinal Metastases ","Spinal Percussion ","Predictor ","Red Flag in Patients Present","Back Pain"], "publishers" : ["Sabah J. AL-Rubiae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_575.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_575.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_575.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:14", "views" : 660, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :573 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Electrocardiographic Criteria for Predicting Site of Coronary Artery Occlusion in Acute Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction", "abstract" : "Background The determination of infarct related artery in acute inferior myocardial infarction is extremely important for the prediction of potential complication and predicting the probable site of occlusion is worthwhile because proximal occlusions are likely to cause greater myocardial damage and early invasive strategy is indicated. Objectives:To predict the culprit coronary artery whether right coronary artery or left circumflex artery by examining the surface electrocardiography in patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction and also to predict the correlation between the proximity of lesion in right coronary artery and severity of ST segment elevation in inferior electrocardiographic leads that is caused by right coronary artery occlusion . Methods: A total of 56 patients with inferior wall myocardial infarction were included in this study underwent coronary angiography. the electrocardiography of these patients were then compared with angiographic finding to correlate with culprit artery (either right coronary artery or left circumflex) and also to correlate the proximity of culprit lesion in right coronary artery with the degree of ST segment elevation in inferior limb leads. Results: After comparing the electrocardiographic findings in inferior and lateral leads ,it was evident that the degree of ST segment elevation in leads III and AVF was significantly higher in right coronary artery group (46 patients) vs left circumflex group (10 patients) 3.16±1.14mm vs 1.53±0.24mm (p<0.001) and 2.78±0.92mm vs 1.2±0.25(p<0.001)respectively. While its comparable in lead II 2.18±0.95mm vs 1.7±0.34mm (p>0.05).In respect to lateral limb leads (AVL and I), we found that deeper ST segment depression was in right coronary artery group as compared to left circumflex group 1.11±0.25mm vs 0.2 ±0.34mm (p<0.001) and 0.69±0.25mm vs 0.25±0.42mm (p<0.001). In precordial leads V2 and V3 we found that the left circumflex group had deeper ST segment depression compared to RCA group although the difference was of no statistical significance 1.9±0.56mm vs 1.55±0.76mm (p>0.05)and 2.1± 0.56mm vs 1.73±0.71mm (p>0.05) respectively. Also in right coronary artery group, 15(32.6%) patients had proximal culprit lesion, 19(41.6%) mid and 12(26%) distal culprit lesion. Patient with proximal right coronary artery disease showed a mean ST segment elevation of 11.7±1.8mm and with mid right coronary artery disease 7.2±0.97mm and with distal right coronary artery disease 5.8±0.82mm. Conclusion 1-It is possible to predict the culprit artery whether right coronary artery or left circumflex by examining the surface electrocardiography in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction. 2-The degree of ST segment elevation is correlated with proximity of the right coronary artery." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Electrocardiographic Criteria ","Predicting Site of Coronary Artery Occlusion "," Acute Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction "], "publishers" : ["Ala Hussain Abbase "," Hassan Salim Abdul Sada Al-Jumaily"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_573.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_573.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_573.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:42", "views" : 563, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :574 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Use of Epidural Catheter for Anaesthesia and Relieving of Postoperative Pain in Transvesical Prostatectomy Using Bupivacaine", "abstract" : "Objective: To determine the impact of preemptive epidural anaesthesia and analgesia on postoperative pain and other clinically important outcome variables after transvesical retropubic prostatectomy. Patients and method: A total of 28 patients undergoing transvesical prostatectomy for the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy were randomized to either group A (10 patients underwent the surgery under general anaesthesia. And the other 18 patients scheduled in whom an epidural catheter for anaesthesia and treating postoperative pain. Epidural bupivacaine 0.5%, was administered for induction of anesthesia and throughout the entire operation, followed by aggressive postoperative epidural analgesia for all patients in group B, pain scores obtained 48 hours,Pain recorded by using visual analogue scale VAS.Evaluation of our perioperative anaesthesiologic regimen, in terms of safety, patient comfort, the time in operating room and recovery room, average blood loss(depending on pcv & Hb%). time to return of bowel function, duration for need to bladder wash. Results: There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to age, height, weight, or operation time. Regarding the operative time in the operating room revealed no differences in both groups ( 60--90 minutes including the time of induction of anaesthesia),but the time needed in recovery room for those patients with GA about 15—40 minutes. The recovery time of bowel function in group B (8—12 hours) was less than that for group A ( 16—24 hours).The duration for irrigation of bladder wash in group A was 42--72 hours, while for those in group B was 24—42 hours. The need for blood transfusion in 6/10(60%) in group A, and 4/18(22%) in group B. The postoperative pain score using VAS, The results revealed there is a significant difference of the pain score between group A(7.65+/- 1.56), and 1.25+/-0.2 in group B Conclusions: The epidural catheter for anaesthesia and preemptive administration of epidural analgesics can lead to long-term decreases in postoperative pain and earlier resumption of normal activities." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Epidural Catheter ","Anaesthesia ","Relieving ","Postoperative Pain ","Transvesical Prostatectomy ","Bupivacaine"], "publishers" : ["Abdul Razzaq Al-Salman "," Rafid Shamkhi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_574.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_574.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_574.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:42", "views" : 540, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :576 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Antimicrobial Activity of Ethanol Extracts of Propolis- Antibiotics Combination on Bacterial and Yeast Isolates", "abstract" : "Propolis samples were collected during spring and summer seasons (2010 and 2011). Bacterial and yeast strains; standard bacterial strain represented by E. coli ATCC 25922 and S. typhi TY21, while the local bacterial isolates represented by S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, S. pyogenes, L. monocytogenes, H. pylori, E.aerugenes, S. typhi, K. pneumoniae, and C. albicans. Antimicrobial activities of crude ethanolic extract of Al-Museiab propolis (EEMP) against bacterial and yeast isolates evaluated. Results revealed that S. aureus was higher sensitive to 10% concentration of EEMP than other Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, while standard E. coli strain was highly sensitive to EEMP than other Gram negative bacteria. EEP was not effective against C. albicans. The results of Amoxicillin–propolis combination on the bacterial isolates were; synergistic to words P. aeruginosa, H. pylori, E. coli and K. pneumoniae, while the results of clindamycin-propolis combination on the bacterial isolates were; synergistic to words P. aeruginosa, H. pylori, K. pneumonia, and E. aerugenes. The results of Rifampin-propolis combination on the bacterial isolates were; synergistic to words on P. aeruginosa, E. coli, K. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, and E. aerugenes. Last but not least, the effect of Nistatin and propolis combination against C. albicans isolates indicated for additive effect." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Antimicrobial Activity "," Ethanol Extracts "," Propolis- Antibiotics Combination ","Bacterial and Yeast Isolates"], "publishers" : ["Habeeb S. Naher ","Alaa H. Al-Charrakh ","Nada K.K. Hendi*"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_576.jpg","full_file" : "N/A" , "abstract_file" : "N/A" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:16", "views" : 713, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :577 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Risk Factors for Development of Dehydration in Children Below Five Years with Acute Diarrhea", "abstract" : "Background: Dehydration is the leading cause of death in diarrheal diseases. Poverty, lack of safe water and sanitation, early motherhood, inadequate health care, and lack of breast feeding have been associated with a poor prognosis for diarrhea among young children. Aim: To identify risk factors for development of dehydration in children below five year old with acute diarrhea. Patients and method: A case- control study was conducted to determine the risk factors for development of moderate to severe dehydration. A total of 200 children comprising 100 cases (moderate or severe dehydration) and 100 controls (non or mild dehydration) up to 5 years of age suffering from acute diarrhea were studied. Fourteen variables were investigated as risk factors. Results: By univariate analysis, Infancy, malnutrition, cessation of breast feeding, cessation or reduction of fluid and ORS during diarrheal episode, and no washing of mothers hand before preparation of food, after defecation and after disposal of feces, were identified as significant risk factors for development of moderate to sever dehydration in acute diarrhea. Conclusion: These findings may be useful for formulating intervention strategies for preventing death due to diarrheal dehydration" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Risk Factors","Development of Dehydration"," in Children Below Five Years with Acute Diarrhea"], "publishers" : ["Jasim M. Al-Marzoki","Bashar S. Khalaf"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_577.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_577.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_577.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 19:15:44", "views" : 857, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :578 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "An Analytic Study of 100 Patients with Laproscopic Cholecystectomy", "abstract" : "Surgical treatment of gallstone disease has changed dramatically because of the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy that is why The rapid and widespread adoption of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has aroused concern about the safety of the new procedure. this analytic study was conducted in Al-karama general hospital ,kut city,on 100 patients with symtomatic gallstones over 2years. 99% of patients were Iraqi citizens and only 1% was a palastinian. 75%were from Wasit,22%from Nassirya and 3%from Baghdad governorates.the vast majority were females(87.4%) ,the mean age was 39.9year with a range from14-70year .the patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy after complete preoperative assessment with a success rate of 94% ,while 6%of patient completed by conversion into open laparotomy. the mean operative time was 36.2 minutes ,ranged from(180-15)min. the mean hospital stay was 1.43 day, ranged from (1-18)days. there was no major complications and the intraoperative complications were managed intraoperatively. no death was encountered in this series . the mean time to return to work was12days.This study showed that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure with short operative time, less postoperative pain, a short hospital stay, early return to work, and a low morbidity and mortality rate." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["An Analytic Study","of 100 Patients","Laproscopic Cholecystectomy"], "publishers" : ["Khairallah -M.Al-rubaiee"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_578.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_578.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_578.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 14:07:16", "views" : 675, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
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{"articleID" :579 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bladder Preservation by Transurethral Resection and Radiotherapy in Invasive Bladder Cancer", "abstract" : "Purpose: We evaluate the use of a transurethral resection with radiotherapy in the treatment of operable transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with potential bladder preservation. Materials And Methods: A total of 143 consecutive patients with T2-T3 bladder tumors underwent as complete transurethral resection as possible. They then received radiation therapy for 6-7 weeks. Following that, patients were reevaluated cystoscopically and ultrasound imaging. Of the 143 patients 92 have complete clinical response, undergo 3-6months cystoscopic examination for two years. 48 Patients had incomplete responses. Results: Of the 143 patients 92 had no detectable tumor after induction therapy. 48 Patients who had incomplete responses, 11 of them were undergo an immediate radical cystectomy. 3 patients die during period of radiotherapy, and 12 patients, die during period of follow up and treatment. The mean age of our patients was 57 years, 106 male patients and 37 female patients Conclusions: This study demonstrates a high rate of response to this combined radiation regimen in conjunction with a visibly complete transurethral resection. The results of bladder sparing approach for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, using a combination of transurethral resection (TUR) and radiotherapy, are encouraging and increase the survival of patients treated by this method." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bladder Preservation ","Transurethral Resection "," Radiotherapy "," Invasive Bladder Cancer"], "publishers" : ["Ahmed Hussin ","Adnan Mutter"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_579.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_579.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_579.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:54", "views" : 544, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :570 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Bacteriological and Clinical Study of Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Urinary Tract Infection", "abstract" : "The study included (150) patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and or chronic prostatitis who referred Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital-Department of Urology, from (October) 2004 to (May) 2005. . Patients age ranged from (30-99) years with mean age of (63.9) years. It was found that (78%) of them had benign prostatic hyperplasia 13.3% had chronic prostatitis and 8.7% had benign prostatic hyperplasia and chronic prostatitis. The clinical features were frequency (98%), nocturia (90%), urgency (82%), hesitancy (53%), dysuria (51.3%), poor stream (46.7%), dribbling of urine (22%). Other clinical features were pain (22%) such as supra pubic pain, lower backache, groin and perineal pain. About (20.7%) of patients had post voiding residual urine, while (10%) had history of catheterization and cystoscopy was done to (4%). Results of general urine examination were pyuria (54%), red blood cells (20.7%), bacteruria (8%) and (12%) had sterile pyuria with urine culture and sensitivity negative. Regarding the results of urine cultures in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and or chronic prostatitis, (43.3%) had positive culture for bacteria. E.coli was the most common type of bacterial isolates (14.7%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus ,each of which represented (4%), Acinetobacter spp. (3.3%), Enterobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa represented (2.7%)for each, Proteus mirabilis (2%)." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Bacteriological","Clinical","Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia","Urinary Tract Infection"], "publishers" : ["Ban Hussein","Mohmmad Sbri","Emad Hssan"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_570.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_570.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_570.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:04:29", "views" : 819, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :571 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "The Value of Cytobrush Technique in The Diagnosis of Oral Ulcerative Lesions", "abstract" : "A total of 49 patients were included in this study, 29 patients with oral benign and malignant lesions, and 20 healthy individuals were included as control. All these cases were examined by using cytobrush technique. The study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of cytobrush method in the detection of precancerous and cancerous lesions of oral mucosa. The results of cytobrush method were compared with those of scalpel biopsy of suspicious oral lesions. The brush method has high sensitivity and specificity rate (88% sensitivity, 100% specificity). The cytobrush method was a highly accurate method of detecting oral precancerous andcancerous lesions (93% accuracy rate). Although the histological pattern was the definitive diagnosis in those patients, but when the lesion was doubtful, the cytological examination (cytobrush technique) was not only supportive but also diagnostic. It can aid in confirming the nature of apparently benign oral lesionsand, more significantly, revealing those that are precancerous and cancerous when they are not clinically suspected of being so. All cytobrush positive results should be referred for scalpel biopsy and histology to completely characterize the lesion." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["The Value of Cytobrush","Technique in The Diagnosis","Oral Ulcerative Lesions"], "publishers" : ["Bashar H. Abdullah","Ahlam .H .Majeed","Kutaiba.Kb. Al-Rawy"," Halaa .F.Al-Ani"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "23 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_571.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_571.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_571.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:25", "views" : 565, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :580 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Evaluation of ponseti method in treatment of congenital idiopathic clubfoot", "abstract" : "Idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus is the most common deformity of the foot. we report our initial experience in using ponseti method for conservative treatment of club foot .we studied 42 patients with 62 club feet from July 2002-to-december 2006-in orthopaedic clinic in Al-Hilla teaching hospital and in private clinic, age from 1st day to 10 months ,by serial correction and casting (2-8 times, for 7-10 days in each times).tendoachilles tenotomy is used in 6 cases only(with local or general anesthesia),with follow up after treatment for one year, four patients(6feet were lost from follow up) . we achieve 82% success rate, failure of correction is mainly related to poor compliance of the patients to the cast , late presentation of the patient to the orthopaedic clinic, and the severity of deformity is the third cause. Complications are only 5 cases including, fore foot swelling, cast slippage and skin necrosis, all complications are treated. We think that ponseti method is a safe and effective treatment for congenital idiopathic club foot and decreases the need for extensive surgical correction." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ponseti method","congenital","idiopathic clubfoot"], "publishers" : ["Adel H.Al-hindawi"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_3_580.jpg","full_file" : "5_3_580.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_3_580.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"24/11/2017 00:00:43", "views" : 950, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :581 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "BURN TRAUMA IN BABYLON", "abstract" : "From Feb. 1999 to Feb. 2001, There were 1000 patients to be treated for burn in Hilla Surgical Teaching Hospital burn unit in Babylon. -596 male patients (59.6 %), 404 female (40.4 %). -66o (66%) of cases were children, young adults 330 (33%), and old age group form 10 (1%).The vast majority of cases fall in the group of moderate to major burns. Flame burn formed 653 (65.3 %), 332 ( 33.2 % ) cases hotliquid ,and 15 (1.5 % ) sustained electric burn .- 100 patients (10 %) treated surgicaly.Hospital stay extended from 1-12 weeks.Bacterial study showed 54% psuedomonas, staph. Aureus 22%, Klebsiella 13 %Proteus 9 % and E coli 2 %,175 patients died due to : - inhalation injury 55%, septicemia 44%, G. I. bleeding one case. The study has shown the burn injury problem as amajor national health problem , and prolonged morbidity and temporary or perminant disability associated with it to result in astaggering economic drain on social resources and finantial support is required.Prophylaxis against burn is better than treatment.Teamwork approach to burn care is found to be of great importance.This study can be regarded as amessage to whome it may concern." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["burn injury","prolonged morbidity","Prophylaxis","Hilla Surgical Teaching Hospital"], "publishers" : ["Mohammed B. Hatif"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_3_581.jpg","full_file" : "5_3_581.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_3_581.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:53", "views" : 767, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :582 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 8}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Treatment Recalcitrant Vitiligo with Narrow Band UVB", "abstract" : "Background: Vitiligo is a common and chronic disease with a great impact on patients’ quality of life. Phototherapy with narrowband ultraviolet B radiation is one modalities that are used increasingly for the management of the disease with variable results. In this study we review the efficacy, adverse effects, of narrowband ultraviolet B in the treatment of recalcitrant vitiligo in patients not responding to the topical and systemic steroid nor to topical or systemic psoralen. Patients and methods: Twenty-two patients with vitiligo (whom not response to topical steroid or topical or systemic psoralen) were included in this study their ages ranged from 6 to 45 years with a mean of 26.733 years ±8.11 SD, with vitiligo and Fitzpatrick’s skin type II–IV from our outpatient clinic were included in the study. The duration of the disease was ranged from 1-17 years, with mean of 6.71 years ± 4.22 SD. All patients did not taken treatment for at least 3 months. exclusion criteria were patients with a history of skin cancer or dysplastic naevus syndrome, photosensitivity or using photosensitizing medicine, psychiatric or epileptic disorders. Before the study the surface area patches ranged between 4 cm2 to 38 cm2. The initial irradiation time was 36 seconds (200 mJ/cm2) then increase gradually with every visit by 9 second (50 mJ/cm2) if no any side effect was occur continue with increasing scale up to 3 minutes (1666 mJ/cm2) for five months (forty sessions) . All patients were treated with narrow band UVB machine twice weekly (not consecutive days) .No phototesting was done before the treatment. Results: All twenty-two patients with vitiligo were completed this study. (10 males and 12 females). The results of 22 patients treated with narrow band UVB machine twice weekly (not consecutive days) as follow. The mean size of patches before treatment were 16.61±7.99 cm2 after one month become 15.23±7.27 cm2 , this size continued to decrease reaching to 12.96±6.521 cm2 by two months; at three months the size of lesions become 10.73±5.841 cm2 , the size continued to decrease reaching to 9 ±5.790cm2 in the end of fourth month, while reaching to 8 ±5.581cm2 in the 5th month .The repigmentation grading was as follows after 20 weeks of treatment grade 0 were 2 patients (9.09 %) , grade I were 3 patients (13.63 %) , grade II were 5 patients (22.72 %), grade III were 7 patients (31.81%), grade IV were 5 patients (22.27 %) . 54.54% of the patients showed more than 50% (grade III and grade IV) reduction in the size of vitiligenous area. P value was extremely significant (p=0.0003) . Conclusion: Treatment with narrow band UVB was relatively safe and effective in treatment of recalcitrant vitiligo and has no side effects except transient erythema." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Treatment Recalcitrant Vitiligo ","Narrow Band UVB"], "publishers" : ["Wisam Ali Ameen"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "8_3_582.jpg","full_file" : "8_3_582.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "8_3_582.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:08:20", "views" : 551, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :583 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Spinal Hydatid disease in Iraq "endemic area”", "abstract" : "spinal hydatid disease is rare, even in endemic areas that considered hydatid disease a significant problem. Twelve cases of spinal hydatid were presented, and their management discussed. The authors reviewed most of the recent literatures and proposed a simple classification for hydatid lesions in the spine. The study stressed on consideration of this disease in the differential diagnosis of backache and spinal cord compression in endemic areas before surgical intervention so that measures can be taken to decrease complications and rate of recurrence." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["endemic area","Spinal Hydatid disease","spinal cord compression"], "publishers" : ["Adel H. Al-hindawi","Ibrahim H. Witwit","Esam A. Al-sudany"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_3_583.jpg","full_file" : "5_3_583.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_3_583.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:03:28", "views" : 697, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :584 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 5}], "article_details" : {"title" : "EVALUATIVE STUDY FOR THE BIOCHEMICAL & PHYSIOLOICAL EFEECTS OF ORAL CONTRACEPTION IN IRAQI WOMEN", "abstract" : "Objective: This is study to evaluate the effects of combined oral contraception, low esterogen type on some liver function , other physiological and biochemical charecterstics of the blood. Study design&Setting: prospective b study atBabylon medical college teaching maternity hospital,Department of Obstetric s& Gynecology,from july 2006 to june 2007. Materials&methods: the study enrolled 330 women ,attending family planning center of the hospital. They were divided into 2 groups, The study group of 250 women ( they were all pills usres for a variable time), the control group of 80 healthy women ( were using natural methods of contraception),Liver enzymes ALT,ALP, serum bilirubin , serum cholesterol, blood sugar , blood pressure, body mass index were compared between both group , statistical analysis was carried out using student t test, p value was calculated , any value more than 0.005 was considered not significant." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["ORAL CONTRACEPTION","BIOCHEMICAL & PHYSIOLOICAL EFEECTS","IRAQI WOMEN"], "publishers" : ["DR.HUDA M.SHACKER"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "5_3_584.jpg","full_file" : "5_3_584.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "5_3_584.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 21:53:31", "views" : 711, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :585 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Functional Disturbances of the General Gastrointestinal Tract in Diabetes Mellitus", "abstract" : "Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. The various diabetic complications including GI dysfunction have been widely studied and documented. Objective: To assess the prevalence of GI symptoms in diabetic patients in Al-Najaf city. Methods: A prospective case controlled questionnaire-based study surveys the prevalence of symptoms of GI dysfunction in 100 diabetic patients and 70 non-diabetic subjects. Results: The prevalence of GI symptoms in the diabetic and control subjects was 40% and 12% respectively. The common symptoms were constipation, belching, epigastric pain and diarrhea. Conclusion: The prevalence of GI symptoms is higher in diabetics than control. Poor control and longer duration of DM are associated with significant increase in the prevalence of GI symptoms in diabetic patients" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Functional Disturbancesوthe General GastrointestinalوTract in Diabetes Mellitus"], "publishers" : ["Zehraa Abdulali Al-Mudhafer"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_585.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_585.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_585.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:01:15", "views" : 532, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :586 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "A New Keynote of Hemorrhoids Patients as Oxidative Stress Indicators", "abstract" : "This study evaluated the effect of hemorrhoids on the levels of antioxidants such as vitamin E and C, as well as the malondialdehyde(MDA) levels as the end product of lipid peroxidation and peroxynitrite (ONOO-) levels as a parameter of peroxidative stress for 35 patients(20 males,15 females) affected by hemorrhoids, before and after rubber band ligation by using baron band ligation device compared with healthy control groups of 35(20 males, 15 females) . It has been found that the levels of vit. E and C are significantly decreased, where as the MDA and peroxynitrite levels are increased among patients (males and females) before the treatment compared with controls, while the vitamins values are significantly increased when the MDA and peroxynitrite(ONOO-) levels are non significantly decreased after 7 days of treatment which is safe and easy procedure. The results suggest that the measurement of lipid peroxidation and peroxidative product matched with evaluation of antioxidants, may be a best indictors for that hemorrhoids induce oxidative stress compared with healthy controls and the treatment, due to decrease of oxidative stress and tissue damage." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["A New Keynote","Hemorrhoids Patients","as Oxidative","Stress Indicators"], "publishers" : ["Saad"," K. Al-Fallouji","Lamia"," A.M. Al-Mashhedy"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_586.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_586.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_586.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"22/11/2017 15:19:25", "views" : 639, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :587 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Knowledge, Attitude and Beliefs of College Students in Baghdad and Mousel / Iraq about AIDS", "abstract" : "The problem of AIDS is being increasingly recognized in the Middle East, and as the disease is fatal and incurable it is important to spread health education messages about prevention and control of the disease which depends mainly on knowledge of mode of transmission of the infectious agent and how to prevent it. Aim: This study aims to identify the level of college students knowledge and attitudes about the disease and to find out some of their beliefs about it. Methods: this is a cross sectional survey conducted in Baghdad and Mousel among College students as a representative of the educated young adult, males and females. The study sample included 594 students from the 2nd, third and 4th year. Questions included knowledge about transmission of the disease, and the way to prevent its occurrence, and their beliefs about the most risky group to be infected with that disease and what is their attitude towards infected people. Results: rate for correct response on 70% of questions about knowledge of mode of transmission of the disease was 42.4%. Knowledge of transmission by shared drug injection was 83.3%, by blood 94.4% and by sex 97.3%. As for prevention, 48.5% answered correctly for more than 75% of questions. 97.6% knew that it is prevented by avoiding illegitimate sex, 97.1% said by examination of donated blood and 92.4% said by using disposable syringes. The students believed that the risky group to be infected is women of infected person (82.8%), men who have illegitimate sex (94.9%) and medical and health personnel (62.9%). As for the attitude towards infected people 71.5% of respondents accepted within the community without being isolated in especial places. The source of the students knowledge was from TV and private readings." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Knowledge"," students"," college"], "publishers" : ["Sulaf A. Hussain"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_587.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_587.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_587.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 11:02:59", "views" : 537, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :588 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Carcinoma of Larynx A Clinical Study", "abstract" : "This thesis is a retrospective study of 270 patients with carcinoma of larynx admitted from January 2, 1991 to May 31, 1995 in E.N.T. - Head and Neck Surgery Center in Medical City in Baghdad. The age ranging between 5th – 8th decades with peak incidence in the 7th decade in males and 6th decade in females. 77.4% were males and 23.4% were females and male: Female ratio was 3.3:1. The majority of the patients presented with hoarseness. Supraglottic carcinoma was the commonest region. The incidence of lymph node metastases was 23.5% and it was highest in transglottic carcinoma followed by supraglottic carcinoma. Stage T1N0M0 was more common than other stages and radiotherapy was the mainstay of treatment of our patients" , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Carcinoma","Larynx A Clinical Study"], "publishers" : ["Sadiq Musa Ahmed وSafa Noury Mohammad Ali"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_588.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_588.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_588.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:08:27", "views" : 562, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :589 , "journaling" : [{"issueID" :3},{"volume" : 6}], "article_details" : {"title" : "Shall we Keep Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs behind the Counter?", "abstract" : "A five hundred and thirty one (531) on the counter (OTC) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) users, were directly interviewed by pre-structured questionares. The study was conducted at Rheumatology and rehabilitation unit of Merjan teaching hospital in period from March 2008 to August 2008. The items of pre-structured questionare, measures the knowledge and the attitude of patients toward the use of these medications. The results showed that most of studied users were not using these agents correctly and frequently ignore the potential adverse effects. Lack of knowledge of most of users, and lack of direct or labeled instructions were considered the corner stone for abusing these hazardous agents." , "type" :3, "keywords" : ["Non-Steroidal","Anti-Inflammatory","Drugs behind the Counte"], "publishers" : ["Sabah J. Al-Rubiae"]}, "admin" : {"submitted" : "2014" , "published" : "24 June 2014"}, "media":{"icon_file": "6_3_589.jpg","full_file" : "6_3_589.pdf" , "abstract_file" : "6_3_589.pdf" , "figure_file" : "N/A" , "tables_file": "N/A" , "add_file": "N/A"}, "stats": {"lastaccess":"23/11/2017 17:08:31", "views" : 574, "flags":[0,1,2,1,2,2] , "accessability" : [true,true,null,1]}}
,


{"articleID" :590 , "journali